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Jonathan L. Kvanvig [131]Jonathan Lee Kvanvig [1]
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Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Washington University in St. Louis
  1. The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Epistemology has for a long time focused on the concept of knowledge and tried to answer questions such as whether knowledge is possible and how much of it there is. Often missing from this inquiry, however, is a discussion on the value of knowledge. In The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding Jonathan Kvanvig argues that epistemology properly conceived cannot ignore the question of the value of knowledge. He also questions one of the most fundamental assumptions in epistemology, (...)
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  2.  8
    The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2004 - Mind 113 (452):763-766.
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  3.  14
    Anselmian Adversities.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-15.
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  4. Swain on the basing relation.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1985 - Analysis 45 (3):153.
    Suppose we want to know whether a person justifiably believes a certain claim. Further, suppose that our interest in this question is because we take such justification to be necessary for knowledge. To justifiably believe a claim requires more than there being a justification for that claim. Presumably, there is a justification for accepting all sorts of scientific theories of which I have no awareness; because of my lack of awareness, I do not justifiably believe those theories. Further, even if (...)
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  5.  98
    Pointless Truth.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2008 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 32 (1):199-212.
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  6. Lewis on Finkish Dispositions.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1999 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):703-710.
    Finkish dispositions, those dispositions that are lost when their conditions of realization occur, pose deep problems for counterfactual accounts of dispositions. David Lewis has argued that the counterfactual approach can be rescued, offering such an account that purports to handle finkish as well as other dispositions. The paper argues that Lewis's account fails to account for several kinds of dispositions, one of which involves failure to distinguish parallel processes from unitary processes.
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  7. Truth is Not the Primary Epistemic Goal.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2005 - In Matthias Steup & Ernest Sosa (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Malden, Ma: Blackwell. pp. 285-295.
     
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  8. The Intellectual Virtues and the Life of the Mind: On the Place of the Virtues in Contemporary Epistemology.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1992 - Savage, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.
     
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  9.  75
    Affective Theism and People of Faith.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2013 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 37 (1):109-128.
  10. ``Norms of Assertion&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2010 - In Jessica Brown & Herman Cappellan (eds.), Assertion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  11. Contextualism, Contrastivism, Relevant Alternatives, and Closure.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 134 (2):131-140.
    Contextualists claim two important virtues for their view. First, contextualism is a non-skeptical epistemology, given the plausible idea that not all contexts invoke the high standards for knowledge needed to generate the skeptical conclusion that we know little or nothing. Second, contextualism is able to preserve closure concerning knowledge – the idea that knowledge is extendable on the basis of competent deduction from known premises. As long as one keeps the context fixed, it is plausible to think that some closure (...)
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  12.  34
    Destiny and Deliberation: Essays in Philosophical Theology.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2011 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Jonathan Kvanvig presents a compelling new work in philosophical theology on the universe, creation, and the afterlife. Organised thematically by the endpoints of time, the volume begins by addressing eschatological matters and the doctrines of heaven and hell and ends with an account of divine deliberation and creation. Kvanvig develops a coherent theistic outlook which reconciles a traditional, high conception of deity, with full providential control over all aspects of creation, with a conception of human beings who are free and (...)
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  13. Closure Principles.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (3):256–267.
    A dispute in epistemology has arisen over whether some class of things epistemic (things known or justified, for example) is closed under some operation involving the notion of what follows deductively from members of this class. Very few philosophers these days believe that if you know that p, and p entails q, then you know that q. But many philosophers think that something weaker holds, for instance that if you know that p, and p entails q, then you are in (...)
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  14. Tennant on Knowability.Michael Hand & Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1999 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (4):422 – 428.
    The knowability paradox threatens metaphysical or semantical antirealism, the view that truth is epistemic, by revealing an awful consequence of the claim [i] that all truths are knowable. Various attempts have been made to find a way out of the paradox.
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  15.  61
    Nozickian Epistemology and the Value of Knowledge.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):201–218.
  16.  84
    ``The Swamping Problem Redux: Pith and Gist&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2010 - In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 89-112.
  17.  46
    Warrant and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays in Honor of Plantinga's Theory of Knowledge.Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.) - 1996 - Savage, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.
    Alvin Plantinga responds to the essays in a concluding chapter.
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  18. The Basic Notion of Justification.Jonathan L. Kvanvig & Christopher Menzel - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 59 (3):235-261.
    Epistemologists often offer theories of justification without paying much attention to the variety and diversity of locutions in which the notion of justification appears. For example, consider the following claims which contain some notion of justification: B is a justified belief, S's belief that p is justified, p is justified for S, S is justified in believing that p, S justifiably believes that p, S's believing p is justified, there is justification for S to believe that p, there is justification (...)
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  19.  55
    Justification and Proper Basing.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2003 - In Erik Olsson (ed.), The Epistemology of Keith Lehrer. Dordrecht: Kluwer Publishing Co.. pp. 43-62.
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  20.  74
    Can a Coherence Theory Appeal to Appearance States?Jonathan L. Kvanvig & Wayne D. Riggs - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 67 (3):197-217.
    Coherence theorists have universally defined justification as a relation only among (the contents of) belief states, in contradistinction to other theories, such as some versions of founda­tionalism, which define justification as a relation on belief states and appearance states.
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  21. Why Should Inquiring Minds Want to Know?: "Meno" Problems and Epistemological Axiology.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1998 - The Monist 81 (3):426 - 451.
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  22.  15
    The Possibility of an All-Knowing God.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1986 - London: Macmillan Press.
  23. ``Curiosity and a Response-Dependent Account of the Value of Understanding&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2012 - In Timothy Henning & David Schweikard (eds.), Epistemic Virtues.
     
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  24.  26
    Virtue Epistemology.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2010 - In Sven Bernecker & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Routledge Companion to Epistemology. New York: Routledge. pp. 199--207.
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  25. ``Why Should Inquiring Minds Want to Know?&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1998 - The Monist 81 (3):426--451.
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  26.  22
    Rationality and Reflection: How to Think About What to Think.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Jonathan L. Kvanvig presents a new account of rationality, Perspectivalism, which both avoids elevating rationality so that only the most reflective of us are capable of rational beliefs, and avoids reducing it to the level of beasts. He defends optionality about what it is reasonable to think, and provides a framework for rational disagreement.
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  27. Contrastivism and Closure.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2008 - Social Epistemology 22 (3):247 – 256.
    This paper argues for a solution to a problem that contrastivism faces. The problem is that contrastivism cannot preserve closure, in spite of claims to the contrary by its defenders. The problem is explained and a response developed.
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  28.  83
    Millar on the Value of Knowledge.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):83-99.
    Alan Millar's paper (2011) involves two parts, which I address in order, first taking up the issues concerning the goal of inquiry, and then the issues surrounding the appeal to reflective knowledge. I argue that the upshot of the considerations Millar raises count in favour of a more important role in value-driven epistemology for the notion of understanding and for the notion of epistemic justification, rather than for the notions of knowledge and reflective knowledge.
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  29. Perspectivalism and Reflective Assent.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2013 - In David Christensen & Jennifer Lackey (eds.), The Epistemology of Disagreement: New Essays. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 223-242.
     
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  30.  69
    ``Closure and Alternative Possibilities&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2008 - In John Greco (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 456-484.
  31.  90
    Conservatism and its Virtues.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1989 - Synthese 79 (1):143 - 163.
  32. Subjective Justification.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1984 - Mind 93 (369):71-84.
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  33.  28
    Against Pragmatic Encroachment.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2011 - Logos and Episteme 2 (1):77-85.
    Anti-intellectualist theories of knowledge claim that in some way or other, practical stakes are involved in whether knowledge is present. Interest in pragmatic encroachment arose with the development of contextualist theories concerning knowledge ascriptions. In these cases, there is an initial situation in which hardly anything is at stake, and knowledge is easily ascribed. The subsequent situation is one where the costs of being wrong are fairly significant from a practical point of view, and the claim made by pragmatic encroachers (...)
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  34. A Critique of Van Fraassen's Voluntaristic Epistemology.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1994 - Synthese 98 (2):325-348.
    Van Fraassen's epistemology is forged from two commitments, one to a type of Bayesianism and the other to what he terms voluntarism. Van Fraassen holds that if one is going to follow a rule in belief-revision, it must be a Bayesian rule, but that one does not need to follow a rule in order to be rational. It is argued that van Fraassen's arguments for rejecting non-Bayesian rules is unsound, and that his voluntarism is subject to a fatal dilemma arising (...)
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  35. Religious Pluralism and the Buridan's Ass Paradox.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2009 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 1 (1):1-26.
    The paradox of ’Buridan’s ass’ involves an animal facing two equally adequate and attractive alternatives, such as would happen were a hungry ass to confront two bales of hay that are equal in all respects relevant to the ass’s hunger. Of course, the ass will eat from one rather than the other, because the alternative is to starve. But why does this eating happen? What reason is operative, and what explanation can be given as to why the ass eats from, (...)
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  36.  51
    The Occasionalist Proselytizer: A Modified Catechism.Hugh J. McCann & Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1991 - Philosophical Perspectives 5:587-615.
  37.  75
    He Who Lapse Last Lapse Best: Plantinga on Leibniz 'Lapse'.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1994 - Southwest Philosophy Review 10 (1):137-146.
    Alvin Plantinga thinks Leibniz made a mistake. Leibniz claimed that God could have created any possible world, but Plantinga thinks this view amounts to a lapse in judgment on Leibniz =s part. = Plantinga terms this mistake ALeibniz= Lapse,@ and his rejection of this Leibuizian claim plays an important role in Plantinga =s free wili defense against the problem of evil. I will argue that Plantinga fails to show that Leibniz lapsed in thinking about which worlds are actualizable by God; (...)
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  38.  12
    The Intellectual Virtues and the Life of the Mind. [REVIEW]Steven D. Hales & Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (175):254.
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  39. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1998 - Boston: Routledge.
     
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  40. ``Divine Conservation and the Persistence of the World&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig & Hugh J. McCann - 1988 - In Thomas V. Morris (ed.), Divine and Human Action: Essays in the Metaphysics of Theism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. pp. 13-49.
     
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  41.  33
    On Denying a Presupposition of Sellars' Problem:A Defense of Propositionalism.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2005 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 50 (4):173-190.
    There is a great divide between two approaches to epistemology over the past thirty to forty years. Some label the divide that between internalists and externalists, and that characterization may be accurate on some account of the distinction. I will pursue the divide from a different direction, in part because the literature on the distinction between internalism and externalism has become a mess, and I don’t want to clean up the mess here.
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  42. ``Conservatism and its Virtues&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1989 - Synthese 79 (1):143-163.
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  43.  19
    Reply to Simion.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2017 - Logos and Episteme 8 (1):113-116.
    Mona Simion questions whether there is a distinction between taking back an assertion and taking back only the content of an assertion, as I have claimed. After arguing against the distinction in question, Simion grants that there is a difference between the cases that I use to illustrate the distinction, and thus turns to the task of explaining the difference in a way that keeps it from undermining the knowledge norm. The explanation she offers is in terms of a distinction (...)
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  44.  62
    What is Wrong with Minimal Foundationalism?Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1984 - Erkenntnis 21 (2):175-184.
    attacks new defenders of foundationalism. Some simply took on the critics, 2 but others attempted to argue that even if the critics were right, only one form of foundationalism was suspect, not foundationalism itself. For, according to these defenders, foundationalism is not to be identified with the view of Classical Foundationalism (CE) that all of our knowledge rests on incorrigible beliefs. Rather foundationalism is the view that all of our knowledge rests on beliefs that are self-warranting in some sense. Thus, (...)
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  45.  95
    The Confusion Over Foundationalism.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (3-4):345-354.
    Foundationalism came under attack in two areas in the first half of this century. First, some doubted whether the foundations were adequate to support the entire structure of knowledge, and second, the doctrine of the Agiven@ came under serious attack. = However, many epistemologists were not convinced that foundationalism was to be abandoned even if the criticisms were granted. According to these epistemologist, far from having shown that foundationalism itself was at fault, the critics of foundationalism had only been attacking (...)
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  46.  3
    The Problem of Hell.A. A. Howsepian & Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (3):487.
  47.  40
    ``He Who Lapse Last Lapse Best: Plantinga on Leibniz' Lapse&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1994 - Southwest Philosophy Review 10 (1):137-146.
  48.  22
    ``Omniscience and Eternity: A Reply to Craig&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2001 - Faith and Philosophy 18 (3):369-376.
  49.  68
    Adams on Actualism and Presentism.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (2):289-298.
    According to the TDT, no singular propositions about an individual and no "thisnesses" of individuals exist prior to the existence of the indivi­dual in question, where a thisness "is the property of being x, or of being identical with x" and a "singular proposition about an individual x is a proposition that involves or refers to x directly, perhaps by having x or the thisness of x as a constituent, and not merely by way of x's qualitative properties or relations (...)
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  50.  12
    Intellectual Humility.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (3):509-532.
    One response to the preface paradox—the paradox that arises when each claim in a book is justified for the author and yet in the preface the author avers that errors remain—counsels against the preface belief. It is this line of thought that poses a problem for any view that places a high value on intellectual humility. If we become suspicious of preface beliefs, it will be a challenge to explain how expressions of fallibility and intellectual humility are appropriate, whether voiced (...)
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