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Jonathan D. Moreno [99]Jonathan Moreno [13]Jonathan David Moreno [2]
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  1. Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain.James F. Childress, Ruth R. Faden, Ruth D. Gaare, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard J. Bonnie, Nancy E. Kass, Anna C. Mastroianni, Jonathan D. Moreno & Phillip Nieburg - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):170-178.
    Public health ethics, like the field of public health it addresses, traditionally has focused more on practice and particular cases than on theory, with the result that some concepts, methods, and boundaries remain largely undefined. This paper attempts to provide a rough conceptual map of the terrain of public health ethics. We begin by briefly defining public health and identifying general features of the field that are particularly relevant for a discussion of public health ethics.Public health is primarily concerned with (...)
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  2.  18
    Deciding Together: Bioethics and Moral Consensus.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
    Western society today is less unified by a set of core values than ever before. Undoubtedly, the concept of moral consensus is a difficult one in a liberal, democratic and pluralistic society. But it is imperative to avoid a rigid majoritarianism where sensitive personal values are at stake, as in bioethics. Bioethics has become an influential part of public and professional discussions of health care. It has helped frame issues of moral values and medicine as part of a more general (...)
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  3.  50
    Deciding for Others: The Ethics of Surrogate Decision Making.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1992 - Ethics 103 (1):172-175.
  4.  14
    What Is a Clinical Ethicist?Jonathan D. Moreno - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (4):4-5.
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  5.  46
    Ethics Consultation as Moral Engagement.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1991 - Bioethics 5 (1):44–56.
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  6. Informed Consent: Patient Autonomy and Physician Beneficence Within Clinical Medicine. [REVIEW]Stephen Wear & Jonathan D. Moreno - 1994 - HEC Forum 6 (5):323-325.
    Substantial efforts have recently been made to reform the physician-patient relationship, particularly toward replacing the `silent world of doctor and patient' with informed patient participation in medical decision-making. This 'new ethos of patient autonomy' has especially insisted on the routine provision of informed consent for all medical interventions. Stronly supported by most bioethicists and the law, as well as more popular writings and expectations, it still seems clear that informed consent has, at best, been received in a lukewarm fashion by (...)
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  7.  60
    Ethics by Committee: The Moral Authority of Consensus.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1988 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (4):411-432.
    Consensus is commonly identified as the goal of ethics committee deliberation, but it is not clear what is morally authoritative about consensus. Various problems with the concept of an ethics committee in a health care institution are identified. The problem of consensus is placed in the context of the debate about realism in moral epistemology, and this is shown to be of interest for ethics committees. But further difficulties, such as the fact that consensus at one level of discourse need (...)
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  8.  23
    Mind Wars: Brain Science and the Military.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2013 - Monash Bioethics Review 31 (2):83-99.
    This article is based on a public lecture hosted by the Monash University Centre for Human Bioethics in Melbourne, Australia on 11 April 2013. The lecture recording was transcribed by Vicky Ryan; and, the original transcript has been edited — for clarity and brevity — by Vicky Ryan, Michael Selgelid and Jonathan Moreno.
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  9.  32
    Ethics of Research Involving Mandatory Drug Testing of High School Athletes in Oregon.Adil E. Shamoo & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):25 – 31.
    There is consensus that children have questionable decisional capacity and, therefore, in general a parent or a guardian must give permission to enroll a child in a research study. Moreover, freedom from duress and coercion, the cardinal rule in research involving adults, is even more important for children. This principle is embodied prominently in the Nuremberg Code (1947) and is embodied in various federal human research protection regulations. In a program named "SATURN" (Student Athletic Testing Using Random Notification), each school (...)
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  10. The End of the Great Bioethics Compromise.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (1):14-15.
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  11.  33
    Bioethics is a Naturalism.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1999 - Pragmatic Bioethics 2:3-16.
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  12.  12
    In the Wake of Terror: Medicine and Morality in a Time of Crisis.Jonathan D. Moreno (ed.) - 2003 - MIT Press.
    Timely and provocative essays on bioethical questions brought to the forefront by the bioterrorist threat.
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  13.  30
    The Task Force Responds.Baruch Brody, Nancy Dubler, Jeff Blustein, Arthur Caplan, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Nancy Kass, Bernard Lo, Jonathan Moreno, Jeremy Sugarman & Laurie Zoloth - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (3):22-23.
  14.  66
    Ethics in Clinical Practice.Judith C. Ahronheim, Jonathan Moreno, Connie Zuckerman & Laurence B. McCullough - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (6):377-378.
  15.  24
    Biotechnology and the New Right: Neoconservatism's Red Menace.Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):7 – 13.
    Although the neoconservative movement has come to dominate American conservatism, this movement has its origins in the old Marxist Left. Communists in their younger days, as the founders of neoconservatism, inverted Marxist doctrine by arguing that moral values and not economic forces were the primary movers of history. Yet the neoconservative critique of biotechnology still borrows heavily from Karl Marx and owes more to the German philosopher Martin Heidegger than to the Scottish philosopher and political economist Adam Smith. Loath to (...)
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  16.  5
    Belmont in Context.Will Schupmann & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2020 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 63 (2):220-239.
    The Belmont Report has had an enormous influence on the ethics of biomedical research over the last several decades. It has served as a philosophical foundation for federal regulations governing human subjects research, and its principles are well known to individuals across the research enterprise. Given the outsized influence Belmont has enjoyed as a core document in bioethics, it is worth reminding ourselves of the historical context in which it came to be. In this article, we examine the societal forces (...)
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  17.  8
    Goodbye to All That The End of Moderate Protectionism in Human Subjects Research.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (3):9-17.
  18.  12
    Mapping Bioethics in Latin America: History, Theoretical Models, and Scientific Output.Lucas F. Garcia, Marcia S. Fernandes, Jonathan D. Moreno & Jose R. Goldim - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (3):323-331.
    Objective: To present a narrative review of the history of bioethics in Latin America and of scientific output in this interdisciplinary field. Methods: This was a mixed-methods study. Results: A total of 1458 records were retrieved, of which 1167 met the inclusion criteria. According to the Web of Science classification, the predominant topics of study were medical ethics, social sciences and medicine, and environmental and public health topics. Four themes of bioethics output in the Latin American literature have emerged: issues (...)
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  19.  16
    Bioethics After the Terror.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):60-64.
    Bioethics as a field has been fortunate that its values and concerns have mirrored the values and concerns of society. In light of the September 11th attacks, it is possible that we are witnessing the beginning of a transition in American culture, one fraught with implications for bioethics. The emphasis on autonomy and individual rights may come to be tempered by greater concern over the collective good. Increased emphasis on solidarity over autonomy could greatly alter public response to research abuses (...)
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  20.  18
    In the Wake of Katrina: Has “Bioethics” Failed?Jonathan D. Moreno - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):W18-W19.
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  21. Introduction.Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger - 2010 - In Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. MIT Press.
     
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  22.  5
    The Birth of Bioethics.Jonathan D. Moreno & Albert R. Jonsen - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (4):42.
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  23. The Body Politic: The Battle Over Science in America.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2011 - Bellevue Literary Press.
    Who owns science? -- Science in America -- Thepolitics of heredity -- Dangerous ideas -- The stem Cell debate -- Valuing humanity -- Crossing lines -- In defense of "progress".
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  24.  15
    From Frankenstein to Hawking: Which is the Real Face of Science?Jonathan D. Moreno - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (5):5-5.
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  25.  3
    Beecher Reconsidered.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (3):3-3.
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  26.  17
    Slouching Toward Policy: Lazy Bioethics and the Perils of Science Fiction.Ruth Levy Guyer & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):W14-W17.
    Too much contemporary bioethical discourse is weak on science, lazily citing and adopting science fiction scenarios rather than science facts in the framing of analyses and policies. We challenge bioethicists to take more seriously the role of providing informed insight into and oversight over contemporary science and its implications and applications. Bioethicists must work harder to understand the fast-changing truths and limits of basic science, and they must incorporate only appropriate and authentic science into their discourse, just as they did (...)
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  27.  2
    Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics.Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (eds.) - 2010 - MIT Press.
    Leading scholars debate politically progressive perspectives on bioethics and the implications for society, politics, and science in the twenty-first century.
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  28. A Taxonomy of Value in Clinical Research.David J. Casarett, Jason H. T. Karlawish & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2002 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 24 (6):1.
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  29.  32
    Acid Brothers: Henry Beecher, Timothy Leary, and the Psychedelic of the Century.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (1):107-121.
    Henry Knowles Beecher, an icon of human research ethics, and Timothy Francis Leary, a guru of the counterculture, are bound together in history by the synthetic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide. Beecher was a U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel who received five battle stars, was inducted into the Legion of Merit, held the first endowed chair in his discipline, wrote at least three path-breaking papers, and is honored by two prestigious ethics awards in his name. Leary was a West Point dropout who (...)
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  30. Afterword.Sam Berger & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2010 - In Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. MIT Press.
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  31.  16
    It's Not About the Money.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):46 – 47.
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  32.  22
    Consensus, Contracts, and Committees.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (4):393-408.
    Following a brief account of the puzzle that ethics committees present for the Western Philosophical tradition, I will examine the possibility that social contract theory can contribute to a philosophical account of these committees. Passing through classical as well as contemporary theories, particularly Rawls' recent constructivist approach, I will argue that social contract theory places severe constraints on the authority that may legitimately be granted to ethics committees. This, I conclude, speaks more about the suitability of the theory to this (...)
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  33.  69
    The Triumph of Autonomy in Bioethics and Commercialism in American Healthcare.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (4):415.
    Justifying his proposal for “health savings accounts,” which would allow individuals to set aside tax-free dollars against future healthcare needs, President Bush has said that “Health savings accounts all aim at empowering people to make decisions for themselves.” Who could disagree with such a sentiment? Although bioethicists may be among those who express skepticism that personal health savings accounts will be part of the needed “fix” of our healthcare financing system, self determination has long been part of their mantra. Indeed, (...)
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  34.  3
    Autonomy and Social Responsibility: The Post-Pandemic Challenge.Jonathan D. Moreno, Judit Sándor & Ulf Schmidt - 2022 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 65 (3):426-441.
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  35.  22
    The Natural History of Vulnerability.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):52 – 53.
  36.  21
    Research with Captive Populations.Valerie H. Bonham & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 461--474.
  37.  10
    Children of Capital: Eugenics in the World of Private Biotechnology.Nicholas G. Evans & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2015 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 6 (3-4):285-297.
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  38.  65
    Making Sense of Consensus: Responses to Engelhardt, Hester, Kuczewski, Trotter, and Zoloth.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):61-64.
    It has been a pleasure to read these papers and to contemplate their importance for what I believe to be a useful and provocative prism though which to view the field of bioethics: the nature of moral consensus. In my own most extended contribution to this literature, DecidingTogether, I did not attempt to prescribe so much as to understand the role of moral consensus in the practice of bioethics. At the end of the book, I expressed the hope that it (...)
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  39.  13
    IRBs Under the Microscope.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (3):329-337.
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  40.  16
    Perspective: "Of Uncertain Viability": The New Federal Rules for Fetal and Neonatal Research.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (5):47.
  41.  35
    Revising the History of Cold War Research Ethics.Susan E. Lederer & Jonathan D. Moreno - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):223-237.
    : President Clinton's charge to the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments included the identification of ethical and legal standards for evaluating government-sponsored radiation experiments conducted during the Cold War. In this paper, we review the traditional account of the history of American research ethics, and then highlight and explain the significance of a number of the Committee's historical findings as they relate to this account. These findings include both the national defense establishment's struggles with legal and insurance issues concerning (...)
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  42. Bioethics Progressing.Sam Berger & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2010 - In Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. MIT Press. pp. 1.
     
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  43.  8
    The Vaccination Cold War.Jonathan D. Moreno, Judit Sándor & Ulf Schmidt - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (5):12-17.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 51, Issue 5, Page 12-17, September‐October 2021.
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  44.  26
    Is Ethics Consultation an Elegant Distraction?Jonathan D. Moreno - 1996 - HEC Forum 8 (1):12-21.
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  45.  15
    Call Me Doctor? Confessions of a Hospital Philosopher.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1991 - Journal of Medical Humanities 12 (4):183-196.
    Accustomed as many of us have become in the era of clinical bioethics to the idea of a “hospital philosopher”, on reflection the historical novelty of the role is astonishing, as are its ambiguities. As a result of considering my own experience I found myself writing this miniature intellectual autobiography. In the course of this essay I raise two specific questions: what can the Western philosophical tradition contribute to the clinical setting; and (a question that is rarely asked), what are (...)
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  46.  8
    Deciding Together: Bioethics and Moral Consensus.Martin Benjamin, Kurt Bayertz & Jonathan D. Moreno - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (1):39.
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  47.  59
    Human Experiments and National Security: The Need to Clarify Policy.Jonathan D. Moreno - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (2):192-195.
    On September 4, 2001, press reports indicated that the Defense Intelligence Agency of the U.S. Department of Defense planned to reproduce a strain of anthrax virus suspected of being held in Russian laboratories. According to the same reports, the Central Intelligence Agency, under the auspices of Project Clear Vision, is engaged in building replicas of bomblets believed to have been developed by the former Soviet Union. These small bombs were designed to disperse biological agents, including anthrax. Government attorneys were said (...)
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  48.  15
    Surgical Research, an Elusive Entity.Angelique M. Reitsma & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):49-50.
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  49. Juicing the Brain.Jonathan D. Moreno - unknown
    Physicians have long tinkered with ways to "improve" the human brain, but as our understanding of that organ's inner workings quickly grows, artificial enhancement is becoming more feasible. Military research is at the forefront of this work, much of it focused on drugs. The goal is to produce a better soldier, but the emerging techniques could just as easily be applied to any individual. The military wants to juice up personnel's brains because the human being is the weakest instrument of (...)
     
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  50.  3
    Promoting Ethical Deployment of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Healthcare.Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Vasiliki Rahimzadeh, Kaitlyn Jaffe & Jonathan Moreno - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (5):4-7.
    The ethics of artificial intelligence and machine learning exemplify the conceptual struggle between applying familiar pathways of ethical analysis versus generating novel strategies. Mel...
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