Results for 'Jonathan R��e'

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  1. I and Tao: Martin Buber's Encounter with Chuang Tzu.Robert E. Allinson & Jonathan R. Herman - 1998 - Philosophy East and West 48 (3):529.
    This review confirms Herman’s work as a praiseworthy contribution to East-West and comparative philosophical literature. Due credit is given to Herman for providing English readers with access to Buber’s commentary on, a personal translation of, the Chuang-Tzu; Herman’s insight into the later influence of I and Thou on Buber’s understanding of Chuang-Tzu and Taoism is also appropriately commended. In latter half of this review, constructive criticisms of Herman’s work are put forward, such as formatting inconsistencies, a tendency toward verbosity and (...)
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  2.  33
    Standards of Practice in Empirical Bioethics Research: Towards a Consensus.Jonathan Ives, Michael Dunn, Bert Molewijk, Jan Schildmann, Kristine Bærøe, Lucy Frith, Richard Huxtable, Elleke Landeweer, Marcel Mertz, Veerle Provoost, Annette Rid, Sabine Salloch, Mark Sheehan, Daniel Strech, Martine de Vries & Guy Widdershoven - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):68.
    This paper responds to the commentaries from Stacy Carter and Alan Cribb. We pick up on two main themes in our response. First, we reflect on how the process of setting standards for empirical bioethics research entails drawing boundaries around what research counts as empirical bioethics research, and we discuss whether the standards agreed in the consensus process draw these boundaries correctly. Second, we expand on the discussion in the original paper of the role and significance of the concept of (...)
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  3.  19
    On Classifying the Field of Medical Ethics.Kristine Bærøe, Jonathan Ives, Martine de Vries & Jan Schildmann - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):30.
    In 2014, the editorial board of BMC Medical Ethics came together to devise sections for the journal that would give structure to the journal help ensure that authors’ research is matched to the most appropriate editors and help readers to find the research most relevant to them. The editorial board decided to take a practical approach to devising sections that dealt with the challenges of content management. After that, we started thinking more theoretically about how one could go about classifying (...)
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  4. The Kierkegaard Reader.Jane Chamberlain, R.é & Jonathan E. (eds.) - 2001 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  5.  26
    Glycosaminoglycan‐Protein Interactions: Definition of Consensus Sites in Glycosaminoglycan Binding Proteins.Ronald E. Hileman, Jonathan R. Fromm, John M. Weiler & Robert J. Linhardt - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (2):156-167.
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  6.  7
    Glycosaminoglycan-Protein Interactions: Definition of Consensus Sites in Glycosaminoglycan Binding Proteins.Ronald E. Hileman, Jonathan R. Fromm, John M. Weiler & Robert J. Linhardt - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (2):156-167.
    Although interactions of proteins with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), such as heparin and heparan sulphate, are of great biological importance, structural requirements for protein‐GAG binding have not been well‐characterised. Ionic interactions are important in promoting protein‐GAG binding. Polyelectrolyte theory suggests that much of the free energy of binding comes from entropically favourable release of cations from GAG chains. Despite their identical charges, arginine residues bind more tightly to GAGs than lysine residues. The spacing of these residues may determine protein‐GAG affinity and specificity. (...)
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  7.  6
    Law and the perils of philosophical grafts.R. E. Ashcroft - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (1):72-72.
    Charles Foster and Jonathan Herring are to be congratulated on their useful presentation of the roles played by concepts of personhood and identity in English medical law. 1 However, I fear that the project they have undertaken here is misconceived. It is an interesting and important misconception, which is widely shared in the literature on medical law and ethics; but a misconception it remains. The problem is this. What we call ‘the Law’ is in fact a complex assemblage of (...)
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  8.  33
    A Diamond-Based Electrode for Detection of Neurochemicals in the Human Brain.Kevin E. Bennet, Jonathan R. Tomshine, Hoon-Ki Min, Felicia S. Manciu, Michael P. Marsh, Seungleal B. Paek, Megan L. Settell, Evan N. Nicolai, Charles D. Blaha, Abbas Z. Kouzani, Su-Youne Chang & Kendall H. Lee - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  9.  34
    Commentary on “the Social Responsibilities of Biological Scientists” (S. J. Reiser and R. E. Bulger).Jonathan Beckwith & Lisa N. Geller - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (2):145-148.
  10.  18
    The Philosophical and Satirical Context of the "Suenos" of Quevedo.Jonathan R. Ellis - unknown
    Quevedo brings together a number of philosophical traditions in the Suenos. One chapter of the thesis examines Quevedo's use of Epicurean dream theory as well as the larger ramifications of the dream setting for the satires. Another chapter analyzes the exact nature of Quevedo's sceptical views and their classical sources with emphasis on the content of El mundo por de dentro. Included is a discussion of the moral philosophy presented in the Suenos, deriving primarily from Stoic sources. In each case, (...)
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  11.  57
    Beyond “Does It Pay to Be Green?” A Meta-Analysis of Moderators of the CEP–CFP Relationship.Heather R. Dixon-Fowler, Daniel J. Slater, Jonathan L. Johnson, Alan E. Ellstrand & Andrea M. Romi - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (2):353-366.
    Review of extant research on the corporate environmental performance (CEP) and corporate financial performance (CFP) link generally demonstrates a positive relationship. However, some arguments and empirical results have demonstrated otherwise. As a result, researchers have called for a contingency approach to this research stream, which moves beyond the basic question “does it pay to be green?” and instead asks “when does it pay to be green?” In answering this call, we provide a meta-analytic review of CEP–CFP literature in which we (...)
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  12.  31
    The Role of Board Environmental Committees in Corporate Environmental Performance.Heather R. Dixon-Fowler, Alan E. Ellstrand & Jonathan L. Johnson - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (3):423-438.
    This study explores the relationship between board environmental committees and corporate environmental performance. We propose that board environmental committees will be positively associated with CEP. Moreover, we argue that the composition of the committee as well as the presence of a sustainability manager will influence this relationship. Our results find support for a positive association between board environmental committees and CEP. Further, the presence of a senior-level environmental manager positively moderates this relationship, but is not effective in isolation. Unexpectedly, no (...)
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  13.  42
    Executive Attitudes, Organizational Size and Ethical Issues: Perspectives on a Service Industry. [REVIEW]Paul R. Murphy, Jonathan E. Smith & James M. Daley - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):11 - 19.
    Responding to Randall and Gibson''s (1990) call for more rigorous methodologies in empirically-based ethics research, this paper develops propositions — based on both previous ethics research as well as the larger organizational behavior literature — examining the impact of attitudes, leadership, presence/absence of ethical codes and organizational size on corporate ethical behavior. The results, which come from a mail survey of 149 companies in a major U.S. service industry, indicate that attitudes and organizational size are the best predictors of ethical (...)
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  14.  22
    Determining Transformation Distance in Similarity: Considerations for Assessing Representational Changes a Priori.Lisa R. Grimm, Jonathan R. Rein & Arthur B. Markman - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (1):59 - 80.
    The representational distortion (RD) approach to similarity (e.g., Hahn, Chater, & Richardson, 2003) proposes that similarity is computed using the transformation distance between two entities. We argue that researchers who adopt this approach need to be concerned with how representational transformations can be determined a priori. We discuss several roadblocks to using this approach. Specifically we demonstrate the difficulties inherent in determining what transformations are psychologically salient and the importance of considering the directionality of transformations.
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  15.  67
    Entropy and Information in Evolving Biological Systems.Daniel R. Brooks, John Collier, Brian A. Maurer, Jonathan D. H. Smith & E. O. Wiley - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):407-432.
    Integrating concepts of maintenance and of origins is essential to explaining biological diversity. The unified theory of evolution attempts to find a common theme linking production rules inherent in biological systems, explaining the origin of biological order as a manifestation of the flow of energy and the flow of information on various spatial and temporal scales, with the recognition that natural selection is an evolutionarily relevant process. Biological systems persist in space and time by transfor ming energy from one state (...)
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  16. Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain.James F. Childress, Ruth R. Faden, Ruth D. Gaare, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard J. Bonnie, Nancy E. Kass, Anna C. Mastroianni, Jonathan D. Moreno & Phillip Nieburg - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):170-178.
    Public health ethics, like the field of public health it addresses, traditionally has focused more on practice and particular cases than on theory, with the result that some concepts, methods, and boundaries remain largely undefined. This paper attempts to provide a rough conceptual map of the terrain of public health ethics. We begin by briefly defining public health and identifying general features of the field that are particularly relevant for a discussion of public health ethics.Public health is primarily concerned with (...)
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  17.  85
    An Academic Publisher’s Response to Plagiarism.Bruce R. Lewis, Jonathan E. Duchac & S. Douglas Beets - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (3):489-506.
    Plagiarism strikes at the heart of academe, eroding the fundamental value of academic research. Recent evidence suggests that acts of plagiarism and awareness of these acts are on the rise in academia. To address this issue, a vein of research has emerged in recent years exploring plagiarism as an area of academic inquiry. In this new academic subject, case studies and analysis have been one of the most influential methodologies employed. Case studies provide a venue where acts of plagiarism can (...)
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  18. An Ethical Framework for Global Vaccine Allocation.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Adam Kern, Allen E. Buchanan, Cecile Fabre, Daniel Halliday, Joseph Heath, Lisa M. Herzog, R. J. Leland, Ephrem T. Lemango, Florencia Luna, Matthew McCoy, Ole F. Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, G. Owen Schaefer, Kok-Chor Tan, Christopher Heath Wellman, Jonathan Wolff & Henry S. Richardson - 2020 - Science 1:DOI: 10.1126/science.abe2803.
    In this article, we propose the Fair Priority Model for COVID-19 vaccine distribution, and emphasize three fundamental values we believe should be considered when distributing a COVID-19 vaccine among countries: Benefiting people and limiting harm, prioritizing the disadvantaged, and equal moral concern for all individuals. The Priority Model addresses these values by focusing on mitigating three types of harms caused by COVID-19: death and permanent organ damage, indirect health consequences, such as health care system strain and stress, as well as (...)
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  19.  55
    Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: I. A Comparative Investigation of 17 Interventions.Calvin K. Lai, Maddalena Marini, Steven A. Lehr, Carlo Cerruti, Jiyun-Elizabeth L. Shin, Jennifer A. Joy-Gaba, Arnold K. Ho, Bethany A. Teachman, Sean P. Wojcik, Spassena P. Koleva, Rebecca S. Frazier, Larisa Heiphetz, Eva E. Chen, Rhiannon N. Turner, Jonathan Haidt, Selin Kesebir, Carlee Beth Hawkins, Hillary S. Schaefer, Sandro Rubichi, Giuseppe Sartori, Christopher M. Dial, N. Sriram, Mahzarin R. Banaji & Brian A. Nosek - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1765-1785.
  20. Another Argument for the Knowledge Norm.Jonathan E. Adler - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):407-411.
    The knowledge norm of assertion is mainly in competition with a high probability or rational credibility norm. The argument for the knowledge norm that I offer turns on cases in which a hearer responds to a speaker's assertion by asserting another sentence that would lower the probability of the speaker's assertion, were its probability less than one. In cases like this, though with qualifications, is the hearer's contribution a challenge to the speaker's assertion or complementary to it? My answer is (...)
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  21.  3
    Structure and Assembly of Hemidesmosomes.Jonathan C. R. Jones, Susan B. Hopkinson & Lawrence E. Goldfinger - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (6):488-494.
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  22.  11
    E. R. Eells and T. Maruszewski., Probability and Rationality: Studies on L. Jonathan Cohen's Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]Rom Harré - 1994 - International Studies in Philosophy 26 (4):124-125.
  23.  9
    G. E. R. Lloyd. Methods and Problems in Greek Science: Selected Papers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Pp. Xiv + 457. ISBN 0-521-37419-7. £45.00, $59.50. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (3):357-358.
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  24.  30
    Parents’ Attitudes Toward Consent and Data Sharing in Biobanks: A Multisite Experimental Survey.Armand H. Matheny Antommaria, Kyle B. Brothers, John A. Myers, Yana B. Feygin, Sharon A. Aufox, Murray H. Brilliant, Pat Conway, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Nanibaa’ A. Garrison, Carol R. Horowitz, Gail P. Jarvik, Rongling Li, Evette J. Ludman, Catherine A. McCarty, Jennifer B. McCormick, Nathaniel D. Mercaldo, Melanie F. Myers, Saskia C. Sanderson, Martha J. Shrubsole, Jonathan S. Schildcrout, Janet L. Williams, Maureen E. Smith, Ellen Wright Clayton & Ingrid A. Holm - 2018 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 9 (3):128-142.
  25. LLOYD, G. E. R. "Magic, Reason and Experience". [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1981 - Philosophy 56:433.
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  26. History of American Political Thought.John Agresto, John E. Alvis, Donald R. Brand, Paul O. Carrese, Laurence D. Cooper, Murray Dry, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Thomas S. Engeman, Christopher Flannery, Steven Forde, David Fott, David F. Forte, Matthew J. Franck, Bryan-Paul Frost, David Foster, Peter B. Josephson, Steven Kautz, John Koritansky, Peter Augustine Lawler, Howard L. Lubert, Harvey C. Mansfield, Jonathan Marks, Sean Mattie, James McClellan, Lucas E. Morel, Peter C. Meyers, Ronald J. Pestritto, Lance Robinson, Michael J. Rosano, Ralph A. Rossum, Richard S. Ruderman, Richard Samuelson, David Lewis Schaefer, Peter Schotten, Peter W. Schramm, Kimberly C. Shankman, James R. Stoner, Natalie Taylor, Aristide Tessitore, William Thomas, Daryl McGowan Tress, David Tucker, Eduardo A. Velásquez, Karl-Friedrich Walling, Bradley C. S. Watson, Melissa S. Williams, Delba Winthrop, Jean M. Yarbrough & Michael Zuckert - 2003 - Lexington Books.
    This book is a collection of secondary essays on America's most important philosophic thinkers—statesmen, judges, writers, educators, and activists—from the colonial period to the present. Each essay is a comprehensive introduction to the thought of a noted American on the fundamental meaning of the American regime.
     
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  27.  9
    Recognition Decisions From Visual Working Memory Are Mediated by Continuous Latent Strengths.J. Ricker Timothy, E. Thiele Jonathan, R. Swagman April & N. Rouder Jeffrey - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1510-1532.
    Making recognition decisions often requires us to reference the contents of working memory, the information available for ongoing cognitive processing. As such, understanding how recognition decisions are made when based on the contents of working memory is of critical importance. In this work we examine whether recognition decisions based on the contents of visual working memory follow a continuous decision process of graded information about the correct choice or a discrete decision process reflecting only knowing and guessing. We find a (...)
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  28.  64
    Andrews, Naomi J.:“La Mère Humanité”: Femininity in the Romantic Socialism of Pierre Leroux and the Abbé A.-L. Constant........... Boyle, Marjorie O'Rourke: Pure of Heart: From Ancient Rites to Renaissance Plato..................................... [REVIEW]Craig Brandist, James G. Buickerood, James E. Crimmins, Jonathan Elukin, Matt Erlin, Matthew R. Goodrum, Paul Guyer, Leor Halevi, Neil Hargraves & Peter Harrison - 2002 - Journal of the History of Ideas 63 (1):745-746.
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  29.  29
    Corrado Böhm and Wolf Gross. Introduction to the CUCH. Automata Theory, Edited by E. R. Caianiello, Academic Press, New York and London1966, Pp. 35–65. Reprinted in Pubblicazioni dell'Istituto Nazionale Per le Applicazioni Del Calcolo, Ser. 11 No. 669, Rome 1966. - C. Böhm. The CUCH as a Formal and Description Language. Formal Language Description Languages for Computer Programming, Proceedings of the IFIP Working Conference on Formal Language Description Languages, Edited by T. B. SteelJr., North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam1966, Pp. 179–197. [REVIEW]Jonathan P. Seldin - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (1):81-83.
  30.  21
    Magic, Reason and Experience G. E. R. Lloyd Cambridge University Press, 1979, Xii + 335 Pp., £20. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (217):433-.
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  31.  9
    Human Needs in Modern Society. By B. T. Reynolds and R. G. Coulson . (London: Jonathan Cape. 1938. Pp. 274. Price 10s. 6d. Net.). [REVIEW]A. E. Elder - 1939 - Philosophy 14 (54):225-.
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  32.  6
    Gathering Rare Ores: The Diplomacy of Uranium Acquisition, 1943-1954. Jonathan E. Helmreich.Ruth R. Harris - 1987 - Isis 78 (2):311-312.
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  33.  58
    Mary Anne O'Neil, William E. Cain, Christopher Wise, C. S. Schreiner, Willis Salomon, James A. Grimshaw, Jr., Donald K. Hedrick, Wendell V. Harris, Paul Duro, Julia Epstein, Gerald Prince, Douglas Robinson, Lynne S. Vieth, Richard Eldridge, Robert Stoothoff, John Anzalone, Kevin Walzer, Eric J. Ziolkowski, Jacqueline LeBlanc, Anna Carew-Miller, Alfred R. Mele, David Herman, James M. Lang, Andrew J. McKenna, Michael Calabrese, Robert Tobin, Sandor Goodhart, Moira Gatens, Paul Douglass, John F. Desmond, James L. Battersby, Marie J. Aquilino, Celia E. Weller, Joel Black, Sandra Sherman, Herman Rapaport, Jonathan Levin, Ali Abdullatif Ahmida, David Lewis Schaefer. [REVIEW]Donald Phillip Verene - 1994 - Philosophy and Literature 18 (1):131.
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  34.  36
    The Social Medicine Reader, Second Edition: Volume One: Patients, Doctors, and Illness, Nancy M.P. King, Ronald P. Strauss, Larry R. Churchill, Sue E. Estroff, and Gail E. Henderson, Eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2005. 294 Pp. ISBN 978‐0822335689, $24.95. And The Social Medicine Reader, Second Edition: Volume Two: Social and Cultural Contributions to Health, Difference, and Inequality, Gail E. Henderson, Larry R. Churchill, Nancy M.P. King, Jonathan Oberlander, and Ronald P. Strauss, Eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2005. 323 Pp. ISBN 978‐0822335931, $24.95. [REVIEW]Anita Chary - 2013 - Anthropology of Consciousness 24 (1):76-81.
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  35. Nieburg Phillip.F. Childress James, R. Faden Ruth, D. Gaare Ruth, O. Gostin Lawrence, Bonnie Richard J. Kahn Jeffrey, E. Kass Nancy, C. Mastroianni Anna & D. Moreno Jonathan - 2002 - Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain. J Law Med Ethics 30 (2):170-178.
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  36. New Books. [REVIEW]P. F. Strawson, H. J. Paton, H. L. A. Hart, Richard Robinson, A. C. Lloyd, R. Rhees, J. L. Spilsbury, Dorothy Emmet, George E. Hughes, D. R. Cousin, Basil Mitchell, Richard Peters, B. A. Farrell, Antony Flew, J. O. Urmson, O. P. Wood & Jonathan Cohen - 1951 - Mind 60 (238):265-295.
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  37.  3
    Catholicism Engaging Other Faiths: Vatican Ii and its Impact.Michael Amaladoss S. J., Roberto Catalano, Francis X. Clooney S. J., Archbishop Michael L. Fitzgerald, Richard Girardin, Roger Haight S. J., Sallie B. King, Vladimir Latinovic, Leo D. Lefebure, Archbishop Felix Machado, Gerard Mannion, Alexander E. Massad, Sandra Mazzolini, Dawn M. Nothwehr O. S. F., John T. Pawlikowski O. S. M., Peter C. Phan, Jonathan Ray, William Skudlarek O. S. B., Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, Jason Welle O. F. M. & Taraneh R. Wilkinson (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  38. Brill Online Books and Journals.M. F. Burnyeat, Daniel W. Graham, G. E. R. Lloyd, Jonathan Lear, Theodore Scaltsas & Charles H. Kahn - 1992 - Phronesis 37 (2).
  39.  20
    Letters to the Editor.J. B. Schneewind, Paul Humphreys, Leonard Katz, Celia Wolf-Devine, George Graham, Daniel P. Anderson, Mary Ellen Waithe, Tibor R. Machan & Jonathan E. Adler - 1996 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 69 (5):141 - 150.
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  40.  60
    New Books. [REVIEW]Isaiah Berlin, P. F. Strawson, R. Rhees, F. E. Sparshott, Michael Scriven, R. F. Holland, Jonathan Harrison, H. G. Alexander, C. A. Mace, J. L. Evans, D. A. Rees, W. Mays, C. K. Grant, Basil Mitchell & G. C. J. Midgley - 1952 - Mind 61 (243):405-439.
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  41.  4
    Necessary Truth: A Book of Readings. [REVIEW]A. R. E. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):352-352.
    The average, general readings in philosophy anthology have five to seven readings on necessary truth. This volume has fourteen. The old workhorses are here: Kant on synthetic and analytic propositions, Mill on necessary truths, Ayer on the a priori, Quine, Grice, and Strawson on dogmas of empiricism. In addition, Pap has two items, one in the middle of an exchange with Putnam over reds, greens, and the synthetic a priori. There is a tough logical analysis by Hintikka, contributions by (...) Bennett and Hanson, and a final exchange between Katz and Quine. The selections are by no means comprehensive, but, as the editors note, this would have been impossible. A seventeen-page bibliography comes closer to fulfilling the completeness criterion. The editors include a short introduction, which really should have been expanded, since it raises some of the ontological issues that implicitly guide the debate that takes place among the selections.--E. A. R. (shrink)
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  42.  11
    The Problem of Free Will: Selected Readings. [REVIEW]A. R. E. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (2):389-389.
    The volume includes representative and self-contained selections from fifteen authors covering various aspects of the problem of free will. Included are readings from Jonathan Edwards, Calvin, Schlick, Peirce, James, Mill, F. S. C. Schiller, Hospers, Swedenborg, Hume, Stace, Bertocci, Ledger Wood, and Douglas Browning. Enteman has added an elementary introduction and an appendix on "Microphysics and Free Will." Noticeably absent are selections from existential and phenomenological sources. There is a good bibliography, one which makes the reader envious that it (...)
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  43. Directions in Connectionist Research: Tractable Computations Without Syntactically Structured Representations.Jonathan Waskan & William Bechtel - 1997 - Metaphilosophy 28 (1‐2):31-62.
    Figure 1: A pr ototyp ical exa mple of a three-layer feed forward network, used by Plunkett and M archm an (1 991 ) to simulate learning the past-tense of En glish verbs. The inpu t units encode representations of the three phonemes of the present tense of the artificial words used in this simulation. Th e netwo rk is trained to produce a representation of the phonemes employed in the past tense form and the suffix (/d/, /ed/, or /t/) (...)
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  44.  32
    Deconstructing Community Self-Paternalism.Jonathan Schonsheck - 1991 - Law and Philosophy 10 (1):29 - 49.
    Typically the justification of criminal statutes is based on "liberty-limiting principles" -- e.g., the Harm Principle, the Offense Principle, Legal Paternalism, Legal Moralism, etc. Two philosophers of the criminal law, however -- Richard J. Arneson and Cass R. Sunstein -- take an entirely different tack. Both countenance the use of the criminal law to foreclose one's future options, seeking to preserve one's "true self" from the temptations of one's baser desires. (For reasons which become clear, I call this "community self-paternalism".) (...)
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  45.  83
    Moore's Defence of Common Sense: A Reappraisal After Fifty Years: R. E. Tully.R. E. Tully - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (197):289-306.
    G. E. Moore's ‘A Defence of Common Sense’ has generated the kind of interest and contrariety which often accompany what is new, provocative, and even important in philosophy. Moore himself reportedly agreed with Wittgenstein's estimate that this was his best article, while C. D. Broad has lamented its very great but largely unfortunate influence. Although the essay inspired Wittgenstein to explore the basis of Moore's claim to know many propositions of common sense to be true, A. J. Ayer judges its (...)
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  46.  43
    Motivation and Motivating Reason.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen - 2013 - In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 464--485.
    For quite some time now philosophers have stressed the need to distinguish between explanatory (motivating) reasons and justifying (good) reasons. The distinction is often illustrated with an example of someone doing something that is intended to strike the reader or listener, at least at the outset, as incomprehensible. The story of Abraham on Mount Moriah, who decided to sacrifice his son, Isaac, illustrates this pattern. Killing one’s own child is a horrific thing to do, and it is hard to understand (...)
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  47.  37
    Cognitive Demands of Error Processing Associated with Preparation and Execution of a Motor Skill.Wing Kai Lam, Richard S. W. Masters & Jonathan P. Maxwell - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1058-1061.
    Maxwell et al. [Maxwell, J. P., Masters, R. S. W., Kerr, E., & Weedon, E. . The implicit benefit of learning without errors. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54A, 1049–1068. The implicit benefit of learning without errors. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54A, 1049–1068] suggested that, following unsuccessful movements, the learner forms hypotheses about the probable causes of the error and the required movement adjustments necessary for its elimination. Hypothesis testing is an explicit process that places demands on (...)
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  48.  36
    Biology in the Service of Natural Theology: Paley, Darwin, and the Bridgewater Treatises.Jonathan R. Topham - 2010 - In Denis Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.), Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. University of Chicago Press.
    In his Natural Theology, the eighteenth-century Anglican theologian William Paley compares a watch with objects in nature, arguing that “every manifestation of design, which existed in the watch, exists in the works of nature…” Charles Darwin read Paley's Natural Theology as a young man and offered natural selection as an alternative, naturalistic explanation of Paley's explanandum: the appearance of design in nature. Many of Paley's successors diverged from him in their approach to the living world. This chapter examines some of (...)
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  49.  5
    Introduction.Jonathan R. Topham - 2009 - Isis 100 (2):310-318.
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  50.  17
    MEG Evidence for Incremental Sentence Composition in the Anterior Temporal Lobe.Jonathan R. Brennan & Liina Pylkkänen - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S6).
    Research investigating the brain basis of language comprehension has associated the left anterior temporal lobe with sentence-level combinatorics. Using magnetoencephalography, we test the parsing strategy implemented in this brain region. The number of incremental parse steps from a predictive left-corner parsing strategy that is supported by psycholinguistic research is compared with those from a less-predictive strategy. We test for a correlation between parse steps and source-localized MEG activity recorded while participants read a story. Left-corner parse steps correlated with activity in (...)
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