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Jonathan Sholl [12]Jonathan7 Sholl [1]
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Jonathan Sholl
Université de Bordeaux
  1.  19
    Can Aging Research Generate a Theory of Health?Jonathan Sholl - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (2):1-26.
    While aging research and policy aim to promote ‘health’ at all ages, there remains no convincing explanation of what this ‘health’ is. In this paper, I investigate whether we can find, implicit within the sciences of aging, a way to know what health is and how to measure it, i.e. a theory of health. To answer this, I start from scientific descriptions of aging and its modulators and then try to develop some generalizations about ‘health’ implicit within this research. After (...)
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  2.  65
    Putting Phenomenology in its Place: Some Limits of a Phenomenology of Medicine.Jonathan Sholl - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (6):391-410.
    Several philosophers have recently argued that phenomenology is well-suited to help understand the concepts of health, disease, and illness. The general claim is that by better analysing how illness appears to or is experienced by ill individuals—incorporating the first-person perspective—some limitations of what is seen as the currently dominant third-person or ‘naturalistic’ approaches to understand health and disease can be overcome. In this article, after discussing some of the main insights and benefits of the phenomenological approach, I develop three general (...)
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  3.  43
    The Muddle of Medicalization: Pathologizing or Medicalizing?Jonathan Sholl - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (4):265-278.
    Medicalization appears to be an issue that is both ubiquitous and unquestionably problematic as it seems to signal at once a social and existential threat. This perception of medicalization, however, is nothing new. Since the first main writings in the 1960s and 1970s, it has consistently been used to describe inappropriate or abusive instances of medical authority. Yet, while this standard approach claims that medicalization is a growing problem, it assumes that there is simply one “medical model” and that the (...)
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  4. The Knowledge of Life in Canguilhem’s Critical Naturalism.Jonathan Sholl - 2012 - Pli 23.
     
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  5.  7
    Escaping the Conceptual Analysis Straightjacket: Pathological Mechanisms and Canguilhem’s Biological Philosophy.Jonathan Sholl - 2015 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 58 (4):395-418.
    This essay discusses four key criticisms recently leveled against the main attempts to use conceptual analysis to understand health and disease. First, it examines the weaknesses of these attempts and suggests a better way to proceed. Next, it briefly discusses another disease debate concerning pathological mechanisms and suggests that this approach could be more fruitful than that of conceptual analysis. The final section demonstrates how Georges Canguilhem's biological philosophy of disease avoids some of the problems associated with conceptual analysis, and (...)
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  6.  45
    The Knowledge of Life in Canguilhem's Critical Naturalism.Jonathan Sholl - 2012 - Pli 23:107-127.
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  7.  4
    Evolution and Normativity.Jonathan Sholl - 2014 - Dissertation, KU Leuven
    Defining the concepts of health and disease has proved rather difficult and many philosophers of medicine have simply concluded that we would be better off giving up on such endeavors. I feel that this view is misguided mainly because it seems to rest on a rather inadequate understanding of how philosophers use biology to clarify medical concepts. While some philosophers appeal to biology so as to clarify what we mean by the concepts of health and disease, others attempt to use (...)
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  8.  3
    Towards a Critique of Normalization: Canguilhem and Boorse.Andreas Block & Jonathan Sholl - 2015 - In Darian Meacham (ed.), Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Verlag.
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  9.  2
    Everything in moderation or moderating everything? Nutrient balancing in the context of evolution and cancer metabolism.Jonathan Sholl - 2022 - Biology and Philosophy 37 (2):1-32.
    While philosophers of science have marginally discussed concepts such as ‘nutrient’, ‘naturalness’, ‘food’, or the ‘molecularization’ of nutrition, they have yet to seriously engage with the nutrition sciences. In this paper, I offer one way to begin this engagement by investigating conceptual challenges facing the burgeoning field of nutritional ecology and the question of how organisms construct a ‘balanced’ diet. To provide clarity, I propose the distinction between nutrient balance as a property of foods or dietary patterns and nutrient balancing (...)
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  10.  41
    Thought and Repetition in Bergson and Deleuze.Jonathan Sholl - 2012 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 6 (4):544-563.
    This essay explores the relation between repetition and thought in Bergson and Deleuze. In Bergson, this relation is seen in the method of intuition by which thought is made to think in time and in the ‘rhythms’ at work in how intuition is a contact with time or life, urging conceptual precision. This framework is used to clarify Deleuze's thought without image as that contingent encounter with the persistent forces of life that demand the perseverance of thought. Far from stressing (...)
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  11.  15
    S teeves D emazeux and P atrick S ingy , The DSM - 5 in Perspective: Philosophical Reflections on the Psychiatric Babel, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer, 2015, Series: History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences, Vol. 10, 238 pp, £90. [REVIEW]Jonathan Sholl - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):15.
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  12.  5
    Philippe Huneman, Gérard Lambert and Marc Silberstein Classification, Disease and Evidence: New Essays in the Philosophy of Medicine: Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer, 2015, Series: History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences, Vol. 7, 211 Pp, €83,29.Jonathan Sholl - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 37 (3):339-341.