8 found
Order:
  1. AI Extenders: The Ethical and Societal Implications of Humans Cognitively Extended by AI.Jose Hernandez-Orallo & Karina Vold - 2019 - In Proceedings of the AAAI/ACM 2019 Conference on AIES. pp. 507-513.
    Humans and AI systems are usually portrayed as separate sys- tems that we need to align in values and goals. However, there is a great deal of AI technology found in non-autonomous systems that are used as cognitive tools by humans. Under the extended mind thesis, the functional contributions of these tools become as essential to our cognition as our brains. But AI can take cognitive extension towards totally new capabil- ities, posing new philosophical, ethical and technical chal- lenges. To (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. The Facets of Artificial Intelligence: A Framework to Track the Evolution of AI.Fernando Martínez-Plumed, Bao Sheng Loe, Peter Flach, Sean O. O. HEigeartaigh, Karina Vold & José Hernández-Orallo - 2018 - In Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence Evolution of the contours of AI. pp. 5180-5187.
    We present nine facets for the analysis of the past and future evolution of AI. Each facet has also a set of edges that can summarise different trends and contours in AI. With them, we first conduct a quantitative analysis using the information from two decades of AAAI/IJCAI conferences and around 50 years of documents from AI topics, an official database from the AAAI, illustrated by several plots. We then perform a qualitative analysis using the facets and edges, locating AI (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Beyond the Turing Test.Jose Hernandez-Orallo - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (4):447-466.
    The main factor of intelligence is defined as the ability tocomprehend, formalising this ability with the help of new constructsbased on descriptional complexity. The result is a comprehension test,or C- test, which is exclusively defined in computational terms. Due toits absolute and non-anthropomorphic character, it is equally applicableto both humans and non-humans. Moreover, it correlates with classicalpsychometric tests, thus establishing the first firm connection betweeninformation theoretical notions and traditional IQ tests. The TuringTest is compared with the C- test and the (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  4. Universal Psychometrics: Measuring Cognitive Abilities in the Machine Kingdom.Jose Hernandez-Orallo, David Dowe & M. Victoria Hernandez-Lloreda - unknown
  5. On Potential Cognitive Abilities in the Machine Kingdom.José Hernández-Orallo & David L. Dowe - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (2):179-210.
    Animals, including humans, are usually judged on what they could become, rather than what they are. Many physical and cognitive abilities in the ‘animal kingdom’ are only acquired (to a given degree) when the subject reaches a certain stage of development, which can be accelerated or spoilt depending on how the environment, training or education is. The term ‘potential ability’ usually refers to how quick and likely the process of attaining the ability is. In principle, things should not be different (...)
    Direct download (16 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  16
    Explanatory and Creative Alternatives to the MDL Priciple.Ismael García-Varea & José Hernández-Orallo - 2000 - Foundations of Science 5 (2):185-207.
    The Minimum Description Length principle is the modernformalisation of Occam's razor. It has been extensively and successfullyused in machine learning, especially for noisy and long sources ofdata. However, the MDL principle presents some paradoxes andinconveniences. After discussing all these, we address two of the mostrelevant: lack of explanation and lack of creativity. We present newalternatives to address these problems. The first one, intensionalcomplexity, avoids extensional parts in a description, so distributingcompression ratio in a more even way than the MDL principle. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  26
    A Computational Definition of 'Consilience'.José Hernandez-Orallo - 1998 - Philosophica 61 (1):19-37.
    This paper defines in a formal and computational way the notion of ‘consilience’, a term introduced by Whewell in 1847 for the evaluation of scientific theories. Informally, as has been used to date, a model or theory is ‘consilient’ if it is predictive, explanatory and unifies the evide-nce. Centred in a constructive framework, where new terms can be intro-duced, we essay a formalisation of the idea of unification based on the avoidance of ‘sepa-ration’. However, it is soon manifest that this (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  20
    Derek Partridge: What Makes You Clever: The Puzzle of Intelligence: World Scientific, 2013, Xvi+447, $25.00, ISBN: 978-981-4513.José Hernández-Orallo - 2015 - Minds and Machines 25 (1):97-101.
    Mundus vult decipi, ergo decipiatur—the world wants to be deceived, so let it be deceived.Artificial intelligence has been a deceiving discipline: AI addresses those tasks that, if performed by humans, would require intelligence, but have been solved without featuring any genuine intelligence. This delusion has come, in return, with algorithmic techniques that can reliably solve many of these tasks, from game playing to pattern recognition. AI applications are a success.However, AI has not solved “what makes [us] clever, the puzzle of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark