Results for 'Josef ��majs'

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  1. Understanding the Representational Mind.Josef Perner - 1991 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    A model of writing in cognitive development, Understanding the Representational Mind synthesizes the burgeoning literature on the child’s theory of mind to provide an integrated account of children’s understanding of representational and mental processes, which is crucial in their acquisition of our commonsense psychology. Perner describes experimental work on children’s acquisition of a theory of mind and representation, offers a theoretical account of this acquisition, and gives examples of how the increased sophistication in children’s theory of mind improves their understanding (...)
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  2.  43
    Abductive Reasoning and the Formation of Scientific Knowledge Within Nursing Research.Maj-Britt Råholm - 2010 - Nursing Philosophy 11 (4):260-270.
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  3.  24
    Uncovering the Ethics of Suffering Using a Narrative Approach.Maj-Britt Råholm - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (1):62-72.
    The purpose of this article is to portray the ethics of suffering based on the published literature. Narrative use has become common in the fields of nursing education and curriculum development and in the determination of practice competencies. Understanding the ethics of suffering implies a hermeneutic movement between alienation and dedication. To understand the ethical significance of human suffering, the scene of suffering is described through the concepts of: to endure, to struggle, to sacrifice life and health, and to become. (...)
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  4.  39
    Simulating Rational Social Normative Trust, Predictive Trust, and Predictive Reliance Between Agents.Maj Tuomela & Solveig Hofmann - 2003 - Ethics and Information Technology 5 (3):163-176.
    A program for the simulation of rational social normative trust, predictive `trust,' and predictive reliance between agents will be introduced. It offers a tool for social scientists or a trust component for multi-agent simulations/multi-agent systems, which need to include trust between agents to guide the decisions about the course of action. It is based on an analysis of rational social normative trust (RSNTR) (revised version of M. Tuomela 2002), which is presented and briefly argued. For collective agents, belief conditions for (...)
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  5.  5
    Being in the World of the Suffering Patient: A Challenge to Nursing Ethics.Maj-Britt Råholm & Lisbet Lindholm - 1999 - Nursing Ethics 6 (6):528-539.
    Ethics in caring is what we actually make explicit through our approach and how we invite the suffering patient into a caring relationship. This phenomenological study investigates suffering and health and how this presupposes a deeper reflection on ethics in caring. The aim was to try to discover, describe and understand how patients experience their life situation three years after undergoing surgery. The theoretical approach is based on central aspects of Eriksson’s caritative theory (i.e. the view of the person as (...)
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  6.  1
    Search for a New Humanity: A Dialogue Between Josef Derbolav and Daisaku Ikeda.Josef Derbolav - 1992 - Weatherhill.
    Together, Daisaku Ikeda and Josef Derbulav explore a wide range of topics, starting with a discussion of the tension between tradition and modernization in Japan and elsewhere. They compare humanism in East and West, and Buddhism and Christianity. Focusing on the crucial topic of education, they consider the roles of ethics and religion, and zero in on concrete problems and issues: education and political authority, absenteeism, violence in schools, and juvenile delinquency.
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  7. Verantwortung in der Globalen Ökonomie Gestalten: Governanceethik Und Wertemanagement: Festschrift für Josef Wieland.Josef Wieland & Stephan Grüninger (eds.) - 2011 - Metropolis.
  8. Philosophie Als Sprachkritik Im 19. Jahrhundert. Textauswahl. Hrsg. Von Hermann-Josef Cloeren [Und Siegfried J. Schmidt.]. [REVIEW]Hermann-Josef Cloeren & Siegfried J. Schmidt - 1971 - Frommann-Holzboog.
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  9. Phenomenal Consciousness and Self-Awareness: A Phenomenological Critique of Representational Theory.Josef Parnas & Dan Zahavi - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (5-6):687-705.
    Given the recent interest in the subjective or phenomenal dimension of consciousness it is no wonder that many authors have once more started to speak of the need for pheno- menological considerations. Often however the term ‘phenomenology’ is being used simply as a synonym for ‘folk psychology', and in our article we argue that it would be far more fruitful to turn to the argumentation to be found within the continental tradition inaugurated by Husserl. In order to exemplify this claim, (...)
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  10.  34
    Zivot a Dilo Vaclava Prokopa Divise. . Josef Haubelt.Josef Smolka - 1984 - Isis 75 (4):763-764.
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  11. Self, Solipsism, and Schizophrenic Delusions.Josef Parnas & Louis A. Sass - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (2-3):101-120.
  12.  27
    Mysticism and Schizophrenia: A Phenomenological Exploration of the Structure of Consciousness in the Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders.Josef Parnas & Mads Gram Henriksen - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 43:75-88.
  13. Unshadowed Thought: Representation in Thought and Language.Josef Stern - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):805-812.
  14. The Structure of Self-Consciousness in Schizophrenia.Josef Parnas & Louis Sass - 2011 - In Shaun Gallagher (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Self. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the structure of self-consciousness in people with schizophrenia. The findings indicate that our self-experience is not neutral with respect to the metaphysical status of the self and that it is important to attend carefully to the experience of the subject in order to understand schizophrenia. The results also suggest that the variable disruptions in the sense of self-presence, first-person perspective, and the phenomenality of experience in schizophrenics directly affect the minimal self and it may also have implications (...)
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  15. From Infants' to Children's Appreciation of Belief.Josef Perner & Johannes Roessler - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (10):519-525.
  16. Review: Josef Stern, Metaphor in Context. [REVIEW]Elisabeth Camp - 2005 - Noûs 39 (4):715-731.
    Metaphor is a crucially context-dependent linguistic phenomenon. This fact was not clearly recognized until some time in the 1970’s. Until then, most theorists assumed that a sentence must have a fixed set of metaphorical meanings, if it had any at all. Often, they also assumed that metaphoricity was the product of grammatical deviance, in the form of a category mistake. To compensate for this deviance, they thought, at least one of the sentence’s constituent terms underwent a meaning-changing ‘metaphorical twist’, which (...)
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  17.  35
    Corticocentric Myopia: Old Bias in New Cognitive Sciences.Josef Parvizi - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (8):354-359.
  18.  96
    Contemporary Hermeneutics: Hermeneutics as Method, Philosophy, and Critique.Josef Bleicher - 1980 - Routledge.
  19.  37
    Self and Schizophrenia: A Phenomenological Perspective.Josef Parnas - 2003 - In Tilo Kircher & Anthony S. David (eds.), The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press. pp. 217--241.
  20.  18
    The Anti-Specker Property, a Heine–Borel Property, and Uniform Continuity.Josef Berger & Douglas Bridges - 2008 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (7-8):583-592.
    Working within Bishop’s constructive framework, we examine the connection between a weak version of the Heine–Borel property, a property antithetical to that in Specker’s theorem in recursive analysis, and the uniform continuity theorem for integer-valued functions. The paper is a contribution to the ongoing programme of constructive reverse mathematics.
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  21.  18
    Modernism as a Philosophical Problem: On the Dissatisfactions of European High Culture.Josef Chytry & Robert B. Pippin - 1995 - History and Theory 34 (1):106.
  22.  41
    Reports of the Death of Value-Free Science Are Greatly Exaggerated.Josef Mattes - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (4):689-699.
    The present paper discusses the claim that value-free science is impossible. After applauding the observation of Colombo et al. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7: 743–763, that this is at least to a considerable extent a psychological question, and should therefore be studied using the methods of psychological science, the studies performed by these authors were examined and unfortunately found seriously wanting in various respects. Beyond the merits or demerits of that particular piece of work, the discussion lead to a (...)
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  23. Metaphor and Minimalism.Josef Stern - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 153 (2):273 - 298.
    This paper argues first that, contrary to what one would expect, metaphorical interpretations of utterances pass two of Cappelan and Lepore's Minimalist tests for semantic context-sensitivity. I then propose how, in light of that result, one might analyze metaphors on the model of indexicals and demonstratives, expressions that (even) Minimalists agree are semantically context-dependent. This analysis builds on David Kaplan's semantics for demonstratives and refines an earlier proposal in (Stern, Metaphor in context, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2000). In the course of (...)
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  24.  58
    He Thinks He Knows: And More Developmental Evidence Against the Simulation (Role Taking) Theory.Josef Perner & Deborrah Howes - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (1-2):72-86.
  25. When Does Depression Become a Mental Disorder?Mario Maj - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press.
  26.  12
    Reports of the Death of Value-Free Science Are Greatly Exaggerated.Josef Mattes - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (4):689-699.
    The present paper discusses the claim that value-free science is impossible. After applauding the observation of Colombo et al. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7: 743–763, that this is at least to a considerable extent a psychological question, and should therefore be studied using the methods of psychological science, the studies performed by these authors were examined and unfortunately found seriously wanting in various respects. Beyond the merits or demerits of that particular piece of work, the discussion lead to a (...)
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  27. Mental Files and Belief: A Cognitive Theory of How Children Represent Belief and its Intensionality.Josef Perner, Michael Huemer & Brian Leahy - 2015 - Cognition 145:77-88.
    We provide a cognitive analysis of how children represent belief using mental files. We explain why children who pass the false belief test are not aware of the intensionality of belief. Fifty-one 3½- to 7-year old children were familiarized with a dual object, e.g., a ball that rattles and is described as a rattle. They observed how a puppet agent witnessed the ball being put into box 1. In the agent’s absence the ball was taken from box 1, the child (...)
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  28. Development of Theory of Mind and Executive Control.Josef Perner & Birgit Lang - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (9):337-344.
  29.  24
    Knowledge for Hunger: Children's Problem with Representation in Imputing Mental States.Josef Perner & Jane E. Ogden - 1988 - Cognition 29 (1):47-61.
  30.  86
    Teleology and Causal Understanding in Children's Theory of Mind.Josef Perner & Johannes Roessler - unknown
    The causal theory of action is widely recognized in the literature of the philosophy of action as the "standard story" of human action and agency--the nearest approximation in the field to a theoretical orthodoxy. This volume brings together leading figures working in action theory today to discuss issues relating to the CTA and its applications, which range from experimental philosophy to moral psychology. Some of the contributors defend the theory while others criticize it; some draw from historical sources while others (...)
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  31.  42
    Leisure, the Basis of Culture.Josef Pieper - 1952 - Liberty Fund.
    The philosophical classic explores the value and significance of leisure, arguing that it is the foundation of any culture, necessary for the development of religion and the contemplation of the nature of God, and issues a warning about the loss of insight due to our substitution of hectic amusements for nonactivity, silence, and true leisure.
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  32. Karl Marx Bilder Seit 1981 : Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, 22. Mai Bis 23. Juni 1986 ; Kunstmuseum Luzern, 2. Oktober Bis 16. November 1986. [REVIEW]Karl Marx, Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle & Kunstmuseum Luzern - 1986 - Joseph-Haubrich-Kunsthalle.
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  33.  17
    Evaluation of Environmental Problems: A Coherence Model of Cognition and Emotion.Josef Nerb & Hans Spada - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (4):521-551.
  34.  4
    A Pragmatic Approach to Historical Semantics, with Special Reference to Markers of Clausal Negation in Medieval French.Maj-Britt Mosegaard Hansen - 2011 - In Kathryn Allan & Justyna A. Robinson (eds.), Current Methods in Historical Semantics. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 233.
  35.  17
    Augumentationen Festschrift Für Josef König.Harald Delius, Günther Patzig & Josef König - 1964 - Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
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  36.  15
    Polemics on Ethical Aspects in the Compost Business.Josef Maroušek, Simona Hašková, Robert Zeman, Jaroslav Žák, Radka Vaníčková, Anna Maroušková, Jan Váchal & Kateřina Myšková - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (2):581-590.
    This paper focuses on compost use in overpasses and underpasses for wild animals over roads and other similar linear structures. In this context, good quality of compost may result in faster and more resistant vegetation cover during the year. Inter alia, this can be interpreted also as reduction of damage and saving lives. There are millions of tones of plant residue produced every day worldwide. These represent prospective business for manufacturers of compost additives called “accelerators”. The opinions of the sale (...)
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  37.  14
    The Self and Intentionality in the Pre-Psychotic Stages of Schizophrenia.Josef Parnas - 2000 - In Dan Zahavi (ed.), Exploring the Self. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 115--47.
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  38.  76
    Mental Files in Development: Dual Naming, False Belief, Identity and Intensionality.Josef Perner & Brian Leahy - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (2):491-508.
    We use mental files to present an analysis of children's developing understanding of identity in alternative naming tasks and belief. The core assumption is that younger children below the age of about 4 years create different files for an object depending on how the object is individuated. They can anchor them to the same object, hence think of the same object whether they think of it as a rabbit or as an animal. However, the claim is, they cannot yet link (...)
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  39. Wissenschaft Und Religion Im Vormärz der Briefwechsel Bernard Bolzanos Mit Michael Josef Fesl, 1822-1848.Bernard Bolzano, Michael Josef Fesl, Eduard Winter & Wilhelm Zeil - 1965 - Akademie Verlag.
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  40.  16
    Acting as a Group Member and Collective Commitments.Raimo Tuomela & Maj Tuomela - 2003 - ProtoSociology 18:7-65.
    In this paper we will study two central social notions, acting as a group member and collective commitment. Our study of the first of these notions is -- as far as we know -- the first systematic work on the topic. Acting as a group member is a central notion that obviously must be understood when speaking of the "we-perspective", group life, and of social life more generally. Thus, not only philosophy of sociality, philosophy of social science, political and moral (...)
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  41.  49
    The Ethics of Governance.Josef Wieland - 2001 - Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (1):73-87.
    This article addresses the issue of whether and to what extent moral values can be attributed to collective actors. The paperstarts from the premise that business ethics as the ethics of an organization is to be distinguished from the virtues of its members.This point is elaborated in both economic- and organization-theoretic terms within the framework of the New Economics of Organization. The result is the development of a concept of governance ethics. The ethics of governance is about the incorporation of (...)
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  42.  42
    Brouwer's Fan Theorem and Unique Existence in Constructive Analysis.Josef Berger & Hajime Ishihara - 2005 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (4):360-364.
    Many existence propositions in constructive analysis are implied by the lesser limited principle of omniscience LLPO; sometimes one can even show equivalence. It was discovered recently that some existence propositions are equivalent to Bouwer's fan theorem FAN if one additionally assumes that there exists at most one object with the desired property. We are providing a list of conditions being equivalent to FAN, such as a unique version of weak König's lemma. This illuminates the relation between FAN and LLPO. Furthermore, (...)
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  43. Belief and Pathology of Self-Awareness: A Phenomenological Contribution to the Classification of Delusions.Josef Parnas - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (10-11):148-161.
    Delusions are usually defined as false beliefs about the state of affairs in the public world. Taking this premise as unquestionable, the debate in cognitive science tends to oscillate between the so-called 'rationalist approach'- proposing some breakdown in the central intellective modules embodying human rationality - and the 'empiricist approach' - proposing a primary peripheral deficit , followed by explanatory efforts in the form of delusions. In this article the foundational assumption about delusion is questioned. Especially in the case of (...)
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  44. Analytical Thermodynamics. Part I. Thermostatics—General Theory.Josef-Maria Jauch - 1975 - Foundations of Physics 5 (1):111-132.
    A new axiomatic treatment of equilibrium thermodynamics—thermostatics—is presented. The equilibrium states of a thermal system are assumed to be represented by a differentiable manifold of dimensionn + 1 (n finite). The empirical temperature is defined by the notion of thermal equilibrium. Empirical entropy is shown to exist for all systems with the property that the total work delivered along closed adiabats is zero. Absolute entropy and temperature follow from the additivity of heat and energy for two separate systems in thermal (...)
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  45.  7
    Philosophical Perspectives on Metaphor.Josef Stern - 1982 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 41 (2):231-234.
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  46.  63
    Objects of Desire, Thought, and Reality: Problems of Anchoring Discourse Referents in Development.Josef Perner, Bibiane Rendl & Alan Garnham - 2007 - Mind and Language 22 (5):475–513.
    Our objectives in this article are to bring some theoretical order into developmental sequences and simultaneities in children’s ability to appreciate multiple labels for single objects, to reason with identity statements, to reason hypothetically, counterfactually, and with beliefs and desires, and to explain why an ‘implicit’ understanding of belief occurs before an ‘explicit’ understanding. The central idea behind our explanation is the emerging grasp of how objects of thought and desire relate to real objects and to each other. To capture (...)
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  47.  50
    Does the Autistic Child Have a Metarepresentational Deficit?Susan R. Leekam & Josef Perner - 1991 - Cognition 40 (3):203-218.
  48.  59
    Varieties of "Phenomenology" : On Description, Understanding, and Explanation in Psychiatry.Josef Parnas & Louis A. Sass - 2008 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 239.
  49.  37
    The Practical Other : Teleology and its Development.Josef Perner, Beate Priewasser & Johannes Roessler - 2018 - Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 43 (2).
    We argue for teleology as a description of the way in which we ordinarily understand others’ intentional actions. Teleology starts from the close resemblance between the reasoning involved in understanding others’ actions and one’s own practical reasoning involved in deciding what to do. We carve out teleology’s distinctive features more sharply by comparing it to its three main competitors: theory theory, simulation theory, and rationality theory. The plausibility of teleology as our way of understanding others is underlined by developmental data (...)
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  50.  14
    From Kant to Goethe.Josef Bleicher - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (6):139-158.
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