Results for 'Joseph B. Beck'

987 found
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  1.  47
    Health Care: A Brave New World.Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (1):88-105.
    The current U.S. health care system, with both rising costs and demands, is unsustainable. The combination of a sense of individual entitlement to health care and limited acceptance of individual responsibility with respect to personal health has contributed to a system which overspends and underperforms. This sense of entitlement has its roots in a perceived right to health care. Beginning with the so-called moral right to health care, the issue of who provides health care has evolved as individual rights have (...)
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  2.  21
    Erratum to: Health Care: A Brave New World. [REVIEW]Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (1):106-106.
    Erratum to: Health Care Anal DOI 10.1007/s10728-013-0244-5In the original version of this paper, unfortunately, there happened to be a mistake in the paragraph “Several studies have compared health…better results or lower costs [7].” under the section “Health Care is NOT a Right?”The incorrect sentence is: For example, hip and knee replacements are not performed on Canadian and UK citizens after 77 .The correct sentence is: For example, hip and knee replacements in Canada and the UK are prioritized by age such (...)
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  3.  5
    A Sketch of Ancient Philosophy: From Thales to Cicero.Joseph B. Mayor - 1904 - Cambridge,: Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1881, as part of the Pitt Press Series, this book presents a guide to classical philosophy aimed at undergraduates and those studying the works of Cicero, Plato or Aristotle. All quotations are in the original Greek and Latin. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of philosophy and perspectives on classical thought.
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  4.  13
    Understanding Ubuntu for enhancing intercultural communications.Joseph B. Mukuni & Josiah S. Tlou (eds.) - 2021 - Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
    The objective of this book is to shed some light through a variety of contributed chapters on Ubuntu, Africa's unique philosophy because Knowledge of 'Ubuntu' will help minimize cross-cultural communication barriers when people from outside Sub-Saharan Africa interact with those of other regions of the world.
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  5.  29
    The Brain’s Heterogeneous Functional Landscape.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1010-1022.
    Multifunctionality poses significant challenges for human brain mapping. Cathy Price and Karl Friston argue that brain regions perform many functions in one sense and a single function in another. Thus, neuroscientists must revise their “cognitive ontologies” to obtain systematic mappings. Colin Klein draws a different lesson from these findings: neuroscientists should abandon systematic mappings for context-sensitive ones. I claim that neither account succeeds as a general treatment of multifunctionality. I argue that brain areas, like genes or organs, are multifunctional in (...)
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  6.  36
    Evolving Concepts of Functional Localization.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2023 - Philosophy Compass 18 (5):e12914.
    Functional localization is a central aim of cognitive neuroscience. But the nature and extent of functional localization in the human brain have been subjects of fierce theoretical debate since the 19th Century. In this essay, I first examine how concepts of functional localization have changed over time. I then analyze contemporary challenges to functional localization drawing from research on neural reuse, neural degeneracy, and the context-dependence of neural functions. I explore the consequences of these challenges for topics in philosophy of (...)
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  7.  23
    The reification objection to bottom-up cognitive ontology revision.Joseph B. McCaffrey & Edouard Machery - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  8.  11
    Human–Autonomy Teaming: Definitions, Debates, and Directions.Joseph B. Lyons, Katia Sycara, Michael Lewis & August Capiola - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12:589585.
    Researchers are beginning to transition from studying human–automation interaction to human–autonomy teaming. This distinction has been highlighted in recent literature, and theoretical reasons why the psychological experience of humans interacting with autonomy may vary and affect subsequent collaboration outcomes are beginning to emerge (de Visser et al., 2018;Wynne and Lyons, 2018). In this review, we do a deep dive into human–autonomy teams (HATs) by explaining the differences between automation and autonomy and by reviewing the domain of human–human teaming to make (...)
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  9.  57
    A mathematical approach for establishing treatment priorities among patients.Joseph S. Pliskin & Clyde H. Beck - 1980 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):29-38.
    Medical decision making often utilizes subjective observations to arrive at concrete judgments. The decisions frequently affect who receives scarce medical treatments and, thus, who lives or dies. In this paper, a model health status index is described. It is specific for the problem of choosing patients for hemodialysis or transplantation. Such a health status index may be designed for any medical decision involving such issues as drug treatment priorities, identification of salvageable patients, and selection of patients for scarce medical treatment. (...)
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  10.  10
    A mathematical approach for establishing treatment priorities among patients.Joseph S. Pliskin & Clyde H. Beck - 1980 - Metamedicine 1 (1):29-38.
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  11.  14
    The concept of Botho and HIV&AIDS in Botswana.Joseph B. R. Gaie & Sana Mmolai (eds.) - 2007 - Eldoret, Kenya: Zapf Chancery.
    Ever since the publication of Placide Tempel's epoch-making work Bantu Philosophy, African philosophers have worked to dispel the myth that there is no metaphysics in Africa.
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  12. Is Ignorance Bliss?Joseph B. Kadane, Mark Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (1):5-36.
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  13.  39
    Further Notes on the Fourth Eclogue.Joseph B. Mayor - 1908 - The Classical Review 22 (05):140-144.
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  14.  11
    An Elementary Handbook of Logic.Joseph B. McAllister - 1950 - New Scholasticism 24 (4):463-465.
  15.  29
    Conspectus Cosmologiae.Joseph B. McAllister - 1943 - New Scholasticism 17 (3):295-296.
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  16. Dr. Northrop, Technology and Religion.Joseph B. Mcallister - 1949 - The Thomist 12:336.
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  17. Ethics, with special application to the nursing profession.Joseph B. McAllister - 1947 - London,: W. B. Saunders Company.
     
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  18.  32
    History and Science.Joseph B. McAllister - 1940 - New Scholasticism 14 (3):318-320.
  19.  32
    Northrop’s Concepts by Intuition and Concepts by Postulation.Joseph B. McAllister - 1950 - New Scholasticism 24 (2):115-135.
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  20.  30
    Nicolaus of Autrecourt.Joseph B. McAllister - 1949 - New Scholasticism 23 (2):237-238.
  21.  8
    Philosophy and Finality.Joseph B. McAllister - 1949 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 23:177-177.
  22.  15
    Psychoanalysis and Morality.Joseph B. McAllister - 1956 - New Scholasticism 30 (3):310-329.
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  23.  26
    Psychologie Réflexive.Joseph B. McAllister - 1950 - New Scholasticism 24 (1):100-101.
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  24.  41
    Report of the Treasurer.Joseph B. Mcallister - 1949 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 23:177-177.
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  25.  7
    Report of the Treasurer.Joseph B. Mcallister - 1950 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 24:169-169.
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  26.  9
    Report of the Treasurer.Joseph B. McAllister - 1954 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 28:261-262.
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  27.  11
    Report of the Treasurer.Joseph B. McAllister - 1956 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 30:223-224.
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  28.  21
    Saint Augustine.Joseph B. McAllister - 1940 - New Scholasticism 14 (1):80-84.
  29.  20
    Summa Cosmologiae seu Philosophia naturalis generalis.Joseph B. McAllister - 1942 - New Scholasticism 16 (3):305-306.
  30.  9
    The Existence and Nature of God.Joseph B. McAllister - 1954 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 28:261-262.
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  31.  10
    The Influence of Immanuel Kant’s Concept of Liberty.Joseph B. Mcallister - 1940 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 16:38-53.
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  32.  45
    The Influence of Immanuel Kant's Concept of Liberty.Joseph B. McAllister - 1940 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 16:38.
  33.  12
    The Logic of the Sciences and the Humanities.Joseph B. McAllister - 1948 - New Scholasticism 22 (4):463-465.
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  34.  8
    The Natural Law and International Relations.Joseph B. McAllister - 1950 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 24:169-169.
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  35.  8
    The Role of Philosophy in the Catholic Liberal College.Joseph B. McAllister - 1956 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 30:223-224.
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  36.  14
    The World As I See It.Joseph B. McAllister - 1952 - New Scholasticism 26 (1):103-106.
  37.  25
    Concepts in the Brain: Neuroscience, Embodiment, and Categorization.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2013 - ProtoSociology 30:167-190.
    What does cognitive neuroscience contribute to our philosophical understanding of concepts? Over the past several decades, brain researchers have employed the tools of cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology to probe the structure and func­tion of the conceptual system. The results of this effort, which are often extremely surprising, raise more questions than they resolve. Brain research has invigorated age-old philosophical debates about the nature of concepts—such as whether concepts are perceptual representations—and generated new controversies about how conceptual knowledge is organized. In (...)
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  38.  25
    The Nature of Agriculture. II.Joseph B. McDonald - 1959 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 15 (1):87.
  39.  22
    The Nature of Agriculture. I.Joseph B. McDonald - 1958 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 14 (2):186.
  40. Rethinking the Foundations of Statistics.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important collection of essays is a synthesis of foundational studies in Bayesian decision theory and statistics. An overarching topic of the collection is understanding how the norms for Bayesian decision making should apply in settings with more than one rational decision maker and then tracing out some of the consequences of this turn for Bayesian statistics. There are four principal themes to the collection: cooperative, non-sequential decisions; the representation and measurement of 'partially ordered' preferences; non-cooperative, sequential decisions; and pooling (...)
     
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  41. Let's Enjoy Living Today.Joseph B. Hutchinson - unknown
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  42.  73
    The Challenges of the Modes of Agrippa.Joseph B. Bullock - 2016 - Apeiron 49 (4):409-435.
    The standard “gladiatorial” interpretation of the Modes of Agrippa has undergone several recent attacks. Scholars have criticized it because it seems to portray the skeptic as a dogmatist about logical support and because it does not treat all five Modes as part of the system. Although some have attempted to patch up the standard interpretation to address these issues, I raise a further problem: The gladiatorial interpretation cannot make sense of the skeptic using the Modes on herself, to suspend her (...)
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  43. The mission: journalism, ethics and the world.Joseph B. Atkins (ed.) - 2002 - Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Contributors ix -- Foreword by Douglas A. Boyd andJoseph D. Straubhaar xiii -- Preface byMariaHenson xv -- Acknowledgments xvii -- Part I. Introduction 1 -- Chapter 1. Journalism as a Mission: Ethics and Purpose -- from an International Perspective -- by Joseph B. Atkins 3 -- Chapter 2. Chaos and Order: Sacrificing the Individual for the -- Sake of Social Harmony -- by John C. Merrill 17 -- Part II. In the United States and Latin (...)
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  44.  28
    Marital fertility and income: Moderating effects of the church of Jesus Christ of latter-day saints religion in Utah.Joseph B. Stanford & Ken R. Smith - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 45 (2):239-248.
    SummaryUtah has the highest total fertility of any state in the United States and also the highest proportion of population affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Data were used from the 1996 Utah Health Status Survey to investigate how annual household income, education and affiliation with the LDS Church affect fertility for married women in Utah. Younger age and higher education were negatively correlated with fertility in the sample as a whole and among non-LDS respondents. Income (...)
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  45.  20
    The Role of Decision Authority and Stated Social Intent as Predictors of Trust in Autonomous Robots.Joseph B. Lyons, Sarah A. Jessup & Thy Q. Vo - forthcoming - Topics in Cognitive Science.
    Prior research has demonstrated that trust in robots and performance of robots are two important factors that influence human–autonomy teaming. However, other factors may influence users’ perceptions and use of autonomous systems, such as perceived intent of robots and decision authority of the robots. The current study experimentally examined participants’ trust in an autonomous security robot (ASR), perceived trustworthiness of the ASR, and desire to use an ASR that varied in levels of decision authority and benevolence. Participants (N = 340) (...)
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  46.  9
    Catullus: The Shorter Poems (review).Joseph B. Solodow - 2001 - American Journal of Philology 122 (2):283-287.
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  47.  7
    Ovidio: Metamorfosi. Volume VI (Libri XIII–XV) ed. by P. Hardie.Joseph B. Solodow - 2017 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 110 (2):280-282.
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  48.  13
    Virgilio, Eneide 2: Introduzione, traduzione e commento ed. by Sergio Casali.Joseph B. Solodow - 2018 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 111 (3):449-451.
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  49.  23
    What does Ghiselin mean by “individual”?Joseph B. Kruskal - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):294-295.
  50.  15
    The Role of Decision Authority and Stated Social Intent as Predictors of Trust in Autonomous Robots.Joseph B. Lyons, Sarah A. Jessup & Thy Q. Vo - forthcoming - Topics in Cognitive Science.
    Prior research has demonstrated that trust in robots and performance of robots are two important factors that influence human–autonomy teaming. However, other factors may influence users’ perceptions and use of autonomous systems, such as perceived intent of robots and decision authority of the robots. The current study experimentally examined participants’ trust in an autonomous security robot (ASR), perceived trustworthiness of the ASR, and desire to use an ASR that varied in levels of decision authority and benevolence. Participants (N = 340) (...)
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