Results for 'Joseph B. Beck'

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  1.  36
    Health Care: A Brave New World.Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (1):88-105.
    The current U.S. health care system, with both rising costs and demands, is unsustainable. The combination of a sense of individual entitlement to health care and limited acceptance of individual responsibility with respect to personal health has contributed to a system which overspends and underperforms. This sense of entitlement has its roots in a perceived right to health care. Beginning with the so-called moral right to health care, the issue of who provides health care has evolved as individual rights have (...)
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  2.  16
    Erratum To: Health Care: A Brave New World. [REVIEW]Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (1):106-106.
    Erratum to: Health Care Anal DOI 10.1007/s10728-013-0244-5In the original version of this paper, unfortunately, there happened to be a mistake in the paragraph “Several studies have compared health…better results or lower costs [7].” under the section “Health Care is NOT a Right?”The incorrect sentence is: For example, hip and knee replacements are not performed on Canadian and UK citizens after 77 .The correct sentence is: For example, hip and knee replacements in Canada and the UK are prioritized by age such (...)
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  3.  42
    De Finetti on Risk Aversion: Joseph B. Kadane and Gaia Bellone.Joseph B. Kadane - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):153-159.
    According to Mark Rubinstein ‘In 1952, anticipating Kenneth Arrow and John Pratt by over a decade, he [de Finetti] formulated the notion of absolute risk aversion, used it in connection with risk premia for small bets, and discussed the special case of constant absolute risk aversion.’ The purpose of this note is to ascertain the extent to which this is true, and at the same time, to correct certain minor errors that appear in de Finetti's work.
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  4.  6
    Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres: Selective Hemispheric Activation and Capacity Limitations.Joseph B. Hellige, Pamela J. Cox & Lidia Litvac - 1979 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 108 (2):251-279.
  5.  16
    The Brain’s Heterogeneous Functional Landscape.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1010-1022.
    Multifunctionality poses significant challenges for human brain mapping. Cathy Price and Karl Friston argue that brain regions perform many functions in one sense and a single function in another. Thus, neuroscientists must revise their “cognitive ontologies” to obtain systematic mappings. Colin Klein draws a different lesson from these findings: neuroscientists should abandon systematic mappings for context-sensitive ones. I claim that neither account succeeds as a general treatment of multifunctionality. I argue that brain areas, like genes or organs, are multifunctional in (...)
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  6.  5
    Hemispheric Processing Differences Revealed by Differential Conditioning and Reaction Time Performance.Joseph B. Hellige - 1975 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (4):309-326.
  7.  99
    Is Ignorance Bliss?Joseph B. Kadane, Mark Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (1):5-36.
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  8.  33
    Research Ethics in Internet-Enabled Research: Human Subjects Issues and Methodological Myopia. [REVIEW]Joseph B. Walther - 2002 - Ethics and Information Technology 4 (3):205-216.
    As Internet resources are usedmore frequently for research on social andpsychological behavior, concerns grow aboutwhether characteristics of such research affecthuman subjects protections. Early efforts toaddress such concerns have done more toidentify potential problems than to evaluatethem or to seek solutions, leaving bodiescharged with human subjects oversight in aquagmire. This article critiques some of theseissues in light of the US Code of FederalRegulations' policies for the Protection ofHuman Subjects, and argues that some of theissues have no pertinence when examined in thecontext (...)
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  9.  60
    A Source Book of Gestalt Psychology.Joseph B. Gavrin - 1939 - Journal of Philosophy 36 (11):302-304.
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  10.  55
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation. [REVIEW]Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (3):275-291.
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation Content Type Journal Article Pages 275-291 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9101-1 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, (...)
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  11. Rethinking the Foundations of Statistics.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important collection of essays is a synthesis of foundational studies in Bayesian decision theory and statistics. An overarching topic of the collection is understanding how the norms for Bayesian decision making should apply in settings with more than one rational decision maker and then tracing out some of the consequences of this turn for Bayesian statistics. There are four principal themes to the collection: cooperative, non-sequential decisions; the representation and measurement of 'partially ordered' preferences; non-cooperative, sequential decisions; and pooling (...)
     
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  12.  12
    The Reification Objection to Bottom-Up Cognitive Ontology Revision.Joseph B. McCaffrey & Edouard Machery - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  13.  9
    The Concept of Botho and Hiv/Aids in Botswana.Joseph B. R. Gaie & Sana Mmolai (eds.) - 2007 - Zapf Chancery.
    Ever since the publication of Placide Tempel's epoch-making work Bantu Philosophy, African philosophers have worked to dispel the myth that there is no metaphysics in Africa.
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  14. The African Ethic of Ubuntu/Botho: Implications for Research on Morality.Thaddeus Metz & Joseph B. R. Gaie - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (3):273-290.
    In this article we provide a theoretical reconstruction of sub-Saharan ethics that we argue is a strong competitor to typical Western approaches to morality. According to our African moral theory, actions are right roughly insofar as they are a matter of living harmoniously with others or honouring communal relationships. After spelling out this ethic, we apply it to several issues in both normative and empirical research into morality. With regard to normative research, we compare and contrast this African moral theory (...)
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  15. The Mission: Journalism, Ethics and the World.Joseph B. Atkins (ed.) - 2002 - Iowa State University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Contributors ix -- Foreword by Douglas A. Boyd andJoseph D. Straubhaar xiii -- Preface byMariaHenson xv -- Acknowledgments xvii -- Part I. Introduction 1 -- Chapter 1. Journalism as a Mission: Ethics and Purpose -- from an International Perspective -- by Joseph B. Atkins 3 -- Chapter 2. Chaos and Order: Sacrificing the Individual for the -- Sake of Social Harmony -- by John C. Merrill 17 -- Part II. In the United States and Latin (...)
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  16.  43
    The Challenges of the Modes of Agrippa.Joseph B. Bullock - 2016 - Apeiron 49 (4):409-435.
    The standard “gladiatorial” interpretation of the Modes of Agrippa has undergone several recent attacks. Scholars have criticized it because it seems to portray the skeptic as a dogmatist about logical support and because it does not treat all five Modes as part of the system. Although some have attempted to patch up the standard interpretation to address these issues, I raise a further problem: The gladiatorial interpretation cannot make sense of the skeptic using the Modes on herself, to suspend her (...)
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  17. Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? [REVIEW]Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):171-171.
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? Content Type Journal Article Pages 171-171 DOI 10.1007/s10730-010-9132-7 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Saint Louis University Tenet Chair of Health Care Ethics, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics Salus Center, Room 527, 3545 Lafayette Ave St. Louis MO 63104-1314 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Ave., 4th Floor, Suite 400 Nashville TN 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt (...)
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  18.  36
    A Rubinesque Theory of Decision.Joseph B. Kadane, Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark J. Schervish - unknown
  19.  2
    The Philosophy of Joseph B. Soloveitchik.Heshey Zelcer & Mark Zelcer - 2021 - Routledge.
    Providing a concise but comprehensive overview of Joseph B. Soloveitchik's larger philosophical program, this book studies one of the most important modern Orthodox Jewish thinkers. It incorporates much relevant biographical, philosophical, religious, legal, and historical background so that the content and difficult philosophical concepts are easily accessible. The volume describes his view of Jewish law and how he answers the fundamental question of Jewish philosophy, namely, the "reasons" for the commandments. It shows how many of his disparate books, essays, (...)
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  20. A Mathematical Approach for Establishing Treatment Priorities Among Patients.Joseph S. Pliskin & Clyde H. Beck - 1980 - Metamedicine 1 (1):29-38.
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  21.  63
    When Several Bayesians Agree That There Will Be No Reasoning to a Foregone Conclusion.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):289.
    When can a Bayesian investigator select an hypothesis H and design an experiment (or a sequence of experiments) to make certain that, given the experimental outcome(s), the posterior probability of H will be lower than its prior probability? We report an elementary result which establishes sufficient conditions under which this reasoning to a foregone conclusion cannot occur. Through an example, we discuss how this result extends to the perspective of an onlooker who agrees with the investigator about the statistical model (...)
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  22.  37
    A Mathematical Approach for Establishing Treatment Priorities Among Patients.Joseph S. Pliskin & Clyde H. Beck - 1980 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):29-38.
    Medical decision making often utilizes subjective observations to arrive at concrete judgments. The decisions frequently affect who receives scarce medical treatments and, thus, who lives or dies. In this paper, a model health status index is described. It is specific for the problem of choosing patients for hemodialysis or transplantation. Such a health status index may be designed for any medical decision involving such issues as drug treatment priorities, identification of salvageable patients, and selection of patients for scarce medical treatment. (...)
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  23.  1
    Human–Autonomy Teaming: Definitions, Debates, and Directions.Joseph B. Lyons, Katia Sycara, Michael Lewis & August Capiola - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Researchers are beginning to transition from studying human–automation interaction to human–autonomy teaming. This distinction has been highlighted in recent literature, and theoretical reasons why the psychological experience of humans interacting with autonomy may vary and affect subsequent collaboration outcomes are beginning to emerge. In this review, we do a deep dive into human–autonomy teams by explaining the differences between automation and autonomy and by reviewing the domain of human–human teaming to make inferences for HATs. We examine the domain of human–human (...)
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  24.  25
    Beyond the Recommendation: Discerning Achievable Goals in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Joseph B. Fanning, Nanibaa’ A. Garrison & Larry R. Churchill - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):42-44.
  25.  43
    Healthy Scepticism as an Expected-Utility Explanation of the Phenomena of Allais and Ellsberg.Joseph B. Kadane - 1992 - Theory and Decision 32 (1):57-64.
  26.  23
    Marital Fertility and Income: Moderating Effects of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Religion in Utah.Joseph B. Stanford & Ken R. Smith - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 45 (2):239-248.
    SummaryUtah has the highest total fertility of any state in the United States and also the highest proportion of population affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Data were used from the 1996 Utah Health Status Survey to investigate how annual household income, education and affiliation with the LDS Church affect fertility for married women in Utah. Younger age and higher education were negatively correlated with fertility in the sample as a whole and among non-LDS respondents. Income (...)
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  27.  26
    Standards for Modest Bayesian Credences.Jessi Cisewski, Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Rafael Stern - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (1):53-78.
    Gordon Belot argues that Bayesian theory is epistemologically immodest. In response, we show that the topological conditions that underpin his criticisms of asymptotic Bayesian conditioning are self-defeating. They require extreme a priori credences regarding, for example, the limiting behavior of observed relative frequencies. We offer a different explication of Bayesian modesty using a goal of consensus: rival scientific opinions should be responsive to new facts as a way to resolve their disputes. Also we address Adam Elga’s rebuttal to Belot’s analysis, (...)
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  28.  7
    When Several Bayesians Agree That There Will Be No Reasoning to a Foregone Conclusion.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S281-S289.
    When can a Bayesian investigator select an hypothesis H and design an experiment to make certain that, given the experimental outcome, the posterior probability of H will be lower than its prior probability? We report an elementary result which establishes sufficient conditions under which this reasoning to a foregone conclusion cannot occur. Through an example, we discuss how this result extends to the perspective of an onlooker who agrees with the investigator about the statistical model for the data but who (...)
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  29. Let's Enjoy Living Today.Joseph B. Hutchinson - unknown
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  30.  56
    The Responsibilities of the Lawyer.Joseph B. Warner - 1897 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (2):204-226.
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  31.  26
    Freedom and the Spirit.Joseph B. Collins - 1936 - New Scholasticism 10 (1):56-60.
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  32. Images of Judaism in Luke-Acts.Joseph B. Tyson - 1992
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  33. The Death of Jesus in Luke-Acts.Joseph B. Tyson - 1986
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  34.  13
    On the Shared Preferences of Two Bayesian Decision Makers.Teddy Seidenfeld, Joseph B. Kadane & Mark J. Schervish - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (5):225.
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  35.  17
    What Does Ghiselin Mean by “Individual”?Joseph B. Kruskal - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):294-295.
  36.  23
    Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik and Western Culture: An Enigmatic Dialogue.David Shatz - 2019 - Critical Inquiry 45 (2):506-530.
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  37. Logic.Joseph B. Walsh - 1940 - New York, NY, USA: Fordham University Press.
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  38.  37
    The Influence of Immanuel Kant's Concept of Liberty.Joseph B. McAllister - 1940 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 16:38.
  39.  39
    On the Shared Preferences of Two Bayesian Decision Makers.Teddy Seidenfeld, Joseph B. Kadane & Mark J. Schervish - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (5):225-244.
  40.  59
    Biblical Anthropology in 'the Guide of the Perplexed' by Moses Maimonides, and its Reversal in the 'Tractatus Theologico-Politicus' by Baruch Spinoza.Joseph B. Sermoneta - 1988 - Topoi 7 (3):241-247.
  41. A Report: Philosophy in the People's Republic of China.Joseph B. Mow - 1980 - Philosophical Forum 12 (1):95.
     
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  42.  30
    Sleeping Beauty’s Credences.Jessi Cisewski, Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Rafael Stern - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (3):324-347.
    The Sleeping Beauty problem has spawned a debate between “thirders” and “halfers” who draw conflicting conclusions about Sleeping Beauty's credence that a coin lands heads. Our analysis is based on a probability model for what Sleeping Beauty knows at each time during the experiment. We show that conflicting conclusions result from different modeling assumptions that each group makes. Our analysis uses a standard “Bayesian” account of rational belief with conditioning. No special handling is used for self-locating beliefs or centered propositions. (...)
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  43.  38
    Sortilin: An Unusual Suspect in Cholesterol Metabolism.Joseph B. Dubé, Christopher T. Johansen & Robert A. Hegele - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (6):430-437.
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  44.  29
    The Mind of St. Thomas on the Principle of Individuation.Joseph B. Wall - 1941 - Modern Schoolman 18 (3):41-44.
  45.  10
    Virgilio, Eneide 2: Introduzione, traduzione e commento ed. by Sergio Casali.Joseph B. Solodow - 2018 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 111 (3):449-451.
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  46.  16
    Metamorphoses 5–6 Rosati Ovidio Metamorfosi. Volume III. Libri V–VI. Translated by Gioachino Chiarini. Pp. xlii + 359. Milan: Fondazione Lorenzo Valla, 2009. Cased, €30. ISBN: 978-88-04-58348-6. [REVIEW]Joseph B. Solodow - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (1):133-136.
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  47.  60
    Elizabeth Creature of Circumstance.Joseph B. Code - 1943 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 18 (1):135-136.
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  48.  49
    Philosophie Et Incarnation.Joseph B. McAllister - 1948 - New Scholasticism 22 (2):235-237.
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  49.  4
    Book Review: The Early Christians: Their World Mission and Self-Discovery. [REVIEW]Joseph B. Tyson - 1988 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 42 (1):96-97.
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  50.  24
    Review of American Society for Bioethics and Humanities' Clinical Ethics Consultation Affairs Committee, Addressing Patient-Centered Ethical Issues in Health Care: A Case-Based Study Guide1. [REVIEW]Joseph B. Fanning - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (2):1-2.
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