Results for 'Joseph B. Beck'

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  1.  35
    Health Care: A Brave New World.Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (1):88-105.
    The current U.S. health care system, with both rising costs and demands, is unsustainable. The combination of a sense of individual entitlement to health care and limited acceptance of individual responsibility with respect to personal health has contributed to a system which overspends and underperforms. This sense of entitlement has its roots in a perceived right to health care. Beginning with the so-called moral right to health care, the issue of who provides health care has evolved as individual rights have (...)
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  2.  16
    Erratum To: Health Care: A Brave New World. [REVIEW]Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (1):106-106.
    Erratum to: Health Care Anal DOI 10.1007/s10728-013-0244-5In the original version of this paper, unfortunately, there happened to be a mistake in the paragraph “Several studies have compared health…better results or lower costs [7].” under the section “Health Care is NOT a Right?”The incorrect sentence is: For example, hip and knee replacements are not performed on Canadian and UK citizens after 77 .The correct sentence is: For example, hip and knee replacements in Canada and the UK are prioritized by age such (...)
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  3.  42
    De Finetti on Risk Aversion: Joseph B. Kadane and Gaia Bellone.Joseph B. Kadane - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):153-159.
    According to Mark Rubinstein ‘In 1952, anticipating Kenneth Arrow and John Pratt by over a decade, he [de Finetti] formulated the notion of absolute risk aversion, used it in connection with risk premia for small bets, and discussed the special case of constant absolute risk aversion.’ The purpose of this note is to ascertain the extent to which this is true, and at the same time, to correct certain minor errors that appear in de Finetti's work.
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  4.  14
    Concepts in the Brain: Neuroscience, Embodiment, and Categorization.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2013 - ProtoSociology 30:167-190.
    What does cognitive neuroscience contribute to our philosophical understanding of concepts? Over the past several decades, brain researchers have employed the tools of cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology to probe the structure and func­tion of the conceptual system. The results of this effort, which are often extremely surprising, raise more questions than they resolve. Brain research has invigorated age-old philosophical debates about the nature of concepts—such as whether concepts are perceptual representations—and generated new controversies about how conceptual knowledge is organized. In (...)
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  5. The Mission: Journalism, Ethics and the World.Joseph B. Atkins (ed.) - 2002 - Iowa State University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Contributors ix -- Foreword by Douglas A. Boyd andJoseph D. Straubhaar xiii -- Preface byMariaHenson xv -- Acknowledgments xvii -- Part I. Introduction 1 -- Chapter 1. Journalism as a Mission: Ethics and Purpose -- from an International Perspective -- by Joseph B. Atkins 3 -- Chapter 2. Chaos and Order: Sacrificing the Individual for the -- Sake of Social Harmony -- by John C. Merrill 17 -- Part II. In the United States and Latin (...)
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  6.  6
    Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres: Selective Hemispheric Activation and Capacity Limitations.Joseph B. Hellige, Pamela J. Cox & Lidia Litvac - 1979 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 108 (2):251-279.
  7.  5
    The Concept of Botho and Hiv&Aids in Botswana.Joseph B. R. Gaie & Sana Mmolai (eds.) - 2007 - Zapf Chancery.
    Ever since the publication of Placide Tempel's epoch-making work Bantu Philosophy, African philosophers have worked to dispel the myth that there is no metaphysics in Africa.
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  8.  5
    Hemispheric Processing Differences Revealed by Differential Conditioning and Reaction Time Performance.Joseph B. Hellige - 1975 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (4):309-326.
  9. A Sketch of Ancient Philosophy: From Thales to Cicero.Joseph B. Mayor - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1881, as part of the Pitt Press Series, this book presents a guide to classical philosophy aimed at undergraduates and those studying the works of Cicero, Plato or Aristotle. All quotations are in the original Greek and Latin. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of philosophy and perspectives on classical thought.
     
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  10.  55
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation. [REVIEW]Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (3):275-291.
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation Content Type Journal Article Pages 275-291 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9101-1 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, (...)
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  11.  14
    The Brain’s Heterogeneous Functional Landscape.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1010-1022.
    Multifunctionality poses significant challenges for human brain mapping. Cathy Price and Karl Friston argue that brain regions perform many functions in one sense and a single function in another. Thus, neuroscientists must revise their “cognitive ontologies” to obtain systematic mappings. Colin Klein draws a different lesson from these findings: neuroscientists should abandon systematic mappings for context-sensitive ones. I claim that neither account succeeds as a general treatment of multifunctionality. I argue that brain areas, like genes or organs, are multifunctional in (...)
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  12.  31
    Research Ethics in Internet-Enabled Research: Human Subjects Issues and Methodological Myopia. [REVIEW]Joseph B. Walther - 2002 - Ethics and Information Technology 4 (3):205-216.
    As Internet resources are usedmore frequently for research on social andpsychological behavior, concerns grow aboutwhether characteristics of such research affecthuman subjects protections. Early efforts toaddress such concerns have done more toidentify potential problems than to evaluatethem or to seek solutions, leaving bodiescharged with human subjects oversight in aquagmire. This article critiques some of theseissues in light of the US Code of FederalRegulations' policies for the Protection ofHuman Subjects, and argues that some of theissues have no pertinence when examined in thecontext (...)
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  13. Ethics, with Special Application to the Nursing Profession.Joseph B. McAllister - 1947 - London: W. B. Saunders Company.
     
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  14.  82
    Is Ignorance Bliss?Joseph B. Kadane, Mark Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (1):5-36.
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  15. Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? [REVIEW]Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):171-171.
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? Content Type Journal Article Pages 171-171 DOI 10.1007/s10730-010-9132-7 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Saint Louis University Tenet Chair of Health Care Ethics, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics Salus Center, Room 527, 3545 Lafayette Ave St. Louis MO 63104-1314 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Ave., 4th Floor, Suite 400 Nashville TN 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt (...)
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  16.  60
    A Source Book of Gestalt Psychology.Joseph B. Gavrin - 1939 - Journal of Philosophy 36 (11):302-304.
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  17. Rethinking the Foundations of Statistics.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important collection of essays is a synthesis of foundational studies in Bayesian decision theory and statistics. An overarching topic of the collection is understanding how the norms for Bayesian decision making should apply in settings with more than one rational decision maker and then tracing out some of the consequences of this turn for Bayesian statistics. There are four principal themes to the collection: cooperative, non-sequential decisions; the representation and measurement of 'partially ordered' preferences; non-cooperative, sequential decisions; and pooling (...)
     
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  18. The African Ethic of Ubuntu/Botho: Implications for Research on Morality.Thaddeus Metz & Joseph B. R. Gaie - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (3):273-290.
    In this article we provide a theoretical reconstruction of sub-Saharan ethics that we argue is a strong competitor to typical Western approaches to morality. According to our African moral theory, actions are right roughly insofar as they are a matter of living harmoniously with others or honouring communal relationships. After spelling out this ethic, we apply it to several issues in both normative and empirical research into morality. With regard to normative research, we compare and contrast this African moral theory (...)
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  19.  42
    Healthy Scepticism as an Expected-Utility Explanation of the Phenomena of Allais and Ellsberg.Joseph B. Kadane - 1992 - Theory and Decision 32 (1):57-64.
  20.  39
    The Challenges of the Modes of Agrippa.Joseph B. Bullock - 2016 - Apeiron 49 (4):409-435.
    The standard “gladiatorial” interpretation of the Modes of Agrippa has undergone several recent attacks. Scholars have criticized it because it seems to portray the skeptic as a dogmatist about logical support and because it does not treat all five Modes as part of the system. Although some have attempted to patch up the standard interpretation to address these issues, I raise a further problem: The gladiatorial interpretation cannot make sense of the skeptic using the Modes on herself, to suspend her (...)
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  21.  8
    The Reification Objection to Bottom-Up Cognitive Ontology Revision.Joseph B. McCaffrey & Edouard Machery - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  22.  25
    Beyond the Recommendation: Discerning Achievable Goals in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Joseph B. Fanning, Nanibaa’ A. Garrison & Larry R. Churchill - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):42-44.
  23.  24
    Standards for Modest Bayesian Credences.Jessi Cisewski, Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Rafael Stern - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (1):53-78.
    Gordon Belot argues that Bayesian theory is epistemologically immodest. In response, we show that the topological conditions that underpin his criticisms of asymptotic Bayesian conditioning are self-defeating. They require extreme a priori credences regarding, for example, the limiting behavior of observed relative frequencies. We offer a different explication of Bayesian modesty using a goal of consensus: rival scientific opinions should be responsive to new facts as a way to resolve their disputes. Also we address Adam Elga’s rebuttal to Belot’s analysis, (...)
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  24.  32
    A Rubinesque Theory of Decision.Joseph B. Kadane, Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark J. Schervish - unknown
  25.  23
    Marital Fertility and Income: Moderating Effects of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Religion in Utah.Joseph B. Stanford & Ken R. Smith - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 45 (2):239-248.
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  26.  63
    When Several Bayesians Agree That There Will Be No Reasoning to a Foregone Conclusion.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):289.
    When can a Bayesian investigator select an hypothesis H and design an experiment (or a sequence of experiments) to make certain that, given the experimental outcome(s), the posterior probability of H will be lower than its prior probability? We report an elementary result which establishes sufficient conditions under which this reasoning to a foregone conclusion cannot occur. Through an example, we discuss how this result extends to the perspective of an onlooker who agrees with the investigator about the statistical model (...)
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  27.  27
    Sleeping Beauty’s Credences.Jessi Cisewski, Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Rafael Stern - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (3):324-347.
    The Sleeping Beauty problem has spawned a debate between “thirders” and “halfers” who draw conflicting conclusions about Sleeping Beauty's credence that a coin lands heads. Our analysis is based on a probability model for what Sleeping Beauty knows at each time during the experiment. We show that conflicting conclusions result from different modeling assumptions that each group makes. Our analysis uses a standard “Bayesian” account of rational belief with conditioning. No special handling is used for self-locating beliefs or centered propositions. (...)
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  28.  7
    When Several Bayesians Agree That There Will Be No Reasoning to a Foregone Conclusion.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S281-S289.
    When can a Bayesian investigator select an hypothesis H and design an experiment to make certain that, given the experimental outcome, the posterior probability of H will be lower than its prior probability? We report an elementary result which establishes sufficient conditions under which this reasoning to a foregone conclusion cannot occur. Through an example, we discuss how this result extends to the perspective of an onlooker who agrees with the investigator about the statistical model for the data but who (...)
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  29.  17
    What Does Ghiselin Mean by “Individual”?Joseph B. Kruskal - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):294-295.
  30.  69
    The Ethics of Medical Involvement in Capital Punishment: A Philosophical Discussion.Joseph B. R. Gaie - 2004 - Kluwer Academic.
    This book examines the extremely important issue of the consistency of medical involvement in ending lives in medicine, law and war. It uses philosophical theory to show why medical doctors may be involved at different stages of the capital punishment process. The author uses the theories of Emmanuel Kant and John S. Mill, combined with Gerwith's principle of generic consistency, to concretize ethics in capital punishment practice. This book does not discuss the moral justification of capital punishment, but rather looks (...)
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  31.  26
    Freedom and the Spirit.Joseph B. Collins - 1936 - New Scholasticism 10 (1):56-60.
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  32.  39
    On the Shared Preferences of Two Bayesian Decision Makers.Teddy Seidenfeld, Joseph B. Kadane & Mark J. Schervish - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (5):225-244.
  33.  12
    On the Shared Preferences of Two Bayesian Decision Makers.Teddy Seidenfeld, Joseph B. Kadane & Mark J. Schervish - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (5):225.
  34.  29
    Progress Toward a More Ethical Method for Clinical Trials.Joseph B. Kadane - 1986 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (4):385-404.
    Methodology for conducting clinical trials of new drugs and treatments on people need not be regarded as fixed. After reviewing the currently most popular method (randomization) and its ethical problems, this paper explores the possibilities of a new method for conducting such trials. It relies on new Bayesian technology for eliciting the opinions of medical experts. These opinions are conditioned on specific predictor variables, and are held in a computer. At any stage in a trial, these opinions can be updated (...)
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  35.  26
    Beck Greek Education, 450–350 B.C. London: Methuen. 1964. Pp. 381. 16 Plates. £2 5s.H. C. Baldry & F. A. G. Beck - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86 (2):231-232.
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  36.  27
    Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):73-84.
    Guiding our response in this essay is our view that current efforts to demarcate the role of the clinical ethicist risk reducing its complex network of authorizations to sites of power and payment. In turn, the role becomes susceptible to various ideologies—individualisms, proceduralisms, secularisms—that further divide the body from the web of significances that matter to that body, where only she, the patient, is located. The security of policy, standards, and employment will pull against and eventually sever the authorization secured (...)
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  37.  20
    The Nature of Agriculture. II.Joseph B. McDonald - 1959 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 15 (1):87.
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  38.  20
    The Nature of Agriculture. I.Joseph B. McDonald - 1958 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 14 (2):186.
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  39.  7
    Influence of Awareness of Reinforcement on Verbal Conditioning.Joseph B. Sidowski - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (5):355.
  40.  13
    Eyelid Conditioning Performance When the Mode of Reinforcement is Changed From Classical to Instrumental Avoidance and Vice Versa.Joseph B. Hellige & David A. Grant - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):710.
  41.  9
    Response Rate and Development of Response Topography in Eyelid Conditioning Under Different Conditions of Reinforcement.Joseph B. Hellige & David A. Grant - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):574.
  42.  8
    Case Effects in Letter-Name Matching: A Qualitative Visual Field Difference.Joseph B. Hellige & Ron Webster - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (4):179-182.
  43.  40
    Sleeping Beauty’s Credences.Jessica Cisewski, Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Rafael Stern - unknown
    The Sleeping Beauty problem has spawned a debate between “Thirders” and “Halfers” who draw conflicting conclusions about Sleeping Beauty’s credence that a coin lands Heads. Our analysis is based on a probability model for what Sleeping Beauty knows at each time during the Experiment. We show that conflicting conclusions result from different modeling assumptions that each group makes. Our analysis uses a standard “Bayesian” account of rational belief with conditioning. No special handling is used for self-locating beliefs or centered propositions. (...)
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  44. Sham Surgery and Genuine Standards of Care: Can the Two Be Reconciled?Alex John London & Joseph B. Kadane - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):61-64.
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  45.  23
    Academic-Industrial Relationships: Opportunities and Pitfalls.Joseph B. Martin & Thomas P. Reynolds - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):443-454.
    Over the past 50 years, academic-industrial collaborations and technology transfer have played an increasingly prominent role in the biomedical sciences. These relationships can speed the delivery of innovative drugs and medical technologies to clinical practice, creating important public health benefits as well as income for universities and their faculty. At the same time, they raise ethical concerns, particularly when research involves human subjects in clinical trials. Lapses in oversight of industry sponsored clinical trials at universities, and especially patient deaths in (...)
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  46. What Experiment Did We Just Do?Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - unknown
    Experimenters sometimes insist that it is unwise to examine data before determining how to analyze them, as it creates the potential for biased results. I explore the rationale behind this methodological guideline from the standpoint of an error statistical theory of evidence, and I discuss a method of evaluating evidence in some contexts when this predesignation rule has been violated. I illustrate the problem of potential bias, and the method by which it may be addressed, with an example from the (...)
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  47.  8
    An Introduction to Logic.H. W. B. Joseph - 1906 - Clarendon Press.
  48.  8
    Applying Moral Theories.Joseph B. Mow - 1989 - Idealistic Studies 19 (1):92-92.
    Mr. Harris’s book in ethics is an excellent text for an introductory course. It has the virtues of simplicity, clarity, and relevance. It is one of the best available in the recent proliferation of such texts.
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  49.  37
    A Mathematical Approach for Establishing Treatment Priorities Among Patients.Joseph S. Pliskin & Clyde H. Beck - 1980 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):29-38.
    Medical decision making often utilizes subjective observations to arrive at concrete judgments. The decisions frequently affect who receives scarce medical treatments and, thus, who lives or dies. In this paper, a model health status index is described. It is specific for the problem of choosing patients for hemodialysis or transplantation. Such a health status index may be designed for any medical decision involving such issues as drug treatment priorities, identification of salvageable patients, and selection of patients for scarce medical treatment. (...)
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  50. A Mathematical Approach for Establishing Treatment Priorities Among Patients.Joseph S. Pliskin & Clyde H. Beck - 1980 - Metamedicine 1 (1):29-38.
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