Results for 'Joseph B. Murphy'

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  1.  21
    The progress of affirmative action: Accreditation and diversity.Joseph B. Murphy, Sarah R. Blanshei, James F. Guyot, Howard L. Simmons, Joel Segall, Robert H. Chambers & Jim Sleeper - 1992 - Minerva 30 (4):531-552.
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  2.  16
    The progress of affirmative action: Accreditation and diversity. [REVIEW]Joseph B. Murphy, Sarah R. Blanshei, James F. Guyot, Howard L. Simmons, Joel Segall & Jim Sleeper - 1992 - Minerva 30 (4):531-552.
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  3.  10
    Key Physician Behaviors that Predict Prudent, Preference Concordant Decisions at the End of Life.Andre Morales, Alan Murphy, Joseph B. Fanning, Shasha Gao, Kevan Schultz, Daniel E. Hall & Amber Barnato - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (4):215-226.
    Background This study introduces an empirical approach for studying the role of prudence in physician treatment of end-of-life (EOL) decision making.Methods A mixed-methods analysis of transcripts from 88 simulated patient encounters in a multicenter study on EOL decision making. Physicians in internal medicine, emergency medicine, and critical care medicine were asked to evaluate a decompensating, end-stage cancer patient. Transcripts of the encounters were coded for actor, action, and content to capture the concept of Aristotelian prudence, and then quantitatively and qualitatively (...)
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  4.  24
    The Duty to Obey the Law: Selected Philosophical Readings.Leslie Green, Kent Greenawalt, Nancy J. Hirschmann, George Klosko, Mark C. Murphy, John Rawls, Joseph Raz, Rolf Sartorius, A. John Simmons, M. B. E. Smith, Philip Soper, Jeremy Waldron, Richard A. Wasserstrom & Robert Paul Wolff (eds.) - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The question 'Why should I obey the law?' introduces a contemporary puzzle that is as old as philosophy itself. The puzzle is especially troublesome if we think of cases in which breaking the law is not otherwise wrongful, and in which the chances of getting caught are negligible. Philosophers from Socrates to H.L.A. Hart have struggled to give reasoned support to the idea that we do have a general moral duty to obey the law but, more recently, the greater number (...)
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  5.  14
    The concept of Botho and HIV&AIDS in Botswana.Joseph B. R. Gaie & Sana Mmolai (eds.) - 2007 - Eldoret, Kenya: Zapf Chancery.
    Ever since the publication of Placide Tempel's epoch-making work Bantu Philosophy, African philosophers have worked to dispel the myth that there is no metaphysics in Africa.
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  6.  43
    Hobbes on Tacit Covenants.Mark C. Murphy - 1994 - Hobbes Studies 7 (1):69-94.
    Tacit consent theories of political obligation have fallen into disfavor. The difficulties that plague such accounts have been well-known since Hume's "Of the Original Contract"1 and have recently been forcefully reformulated by M. B. E. Smith, A. John Simmons, and Joseph Raz.2 In this article, though, I shall argue that Hobbes' version of the argument from tacit consent escapes the criticisms leveled by Hume, Smith, Simmons, and Raz against tacit consent theories as a class. Crucial to my defense of (...)
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  7.  15
    Feeling and facial efference: Implications of the vascular theory of emotion.R. B. Zajonc, Sheila T. Murphy & Marita Inglehart - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (3):395-416.
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  8.  32
    The Brain’s Heterogeneous Functional Landscape.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1010-1022.
    Multifunctionality poses significant challenges for human brain mapping. Cathy Price and Karl Friston argue that brain regions perform many functions in one sense and a single function in another. Thus, neuroscientists must revise their “cognitive ontologies” to obtain systematic mappings. Colin Klein draws a different lesson from these findings: neuroscientists should abandon systematic mappings for context-sensitive ones. I claim that neither account succeeds as a general treatment of multifunctionality. I argue that brain areas, like genes or organs, are multifunctional in (...)
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  9.  37
    Evolving Concepts of Functional Localization.Joseph B. McCaffrey - 2023 - Philosophy Compass 18 (5):e12914.
    Functional localization is a central aim of cognitive neuroscience. But the nature and extent of functional localization in the human brain have been subjects of fierce theoretical debate since the 19th Century. In this essay, I first examine how concepts of functional localization have changed over time. I then analyze contemporary challenges to functional localization drawing from research on neural reuse, neural degeneracy, and the context-dependence of neural functions. I explore the consequences of these challenges for topics in philosophy of (...)
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  10.  14
    Human–Autonomy Teaming: Definitions, Debates, and Directions.Joseph B. Lyons, Katia Sycara, Michael Lewis & August Capiola - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12:589585.
    Researchers are beginning to transition from studying human–automation interaction to human–autonomy teaming. This distinction has been highlighted in recent literature, and theoretical reasons why the psychological experience of humans interacting with autonomy may vary and affect subsequent collaboration outcomes are beginning to emerge (de Visser et al., 2018;Wynne and Lyons, 2018). In this review, we do a deep dive into human–autonomy teams (HATs) by explaining the differences between automation and autonomy and by reviewing the domain of human–human teaming to make (...)
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  11.  26
    The reification objection to bottom-up cognitive ontology revision.Joseph B. McCaffrey & Edouard Machery - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  12. Is Ignorance Bliss?Joseph B. Kadane, Mark Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (1):5-36.
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  13.  63
    Consumers’ Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility: Scale Development and Validation.Magdalena Öberseder, Bodo B. Schlegelmilch, Patrick E. Murphy & Verena Gruber - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (1):101-115.
    Researchers and companies are paying increasing attention to corporate social responsibility programs and the reaction to them by consumers. Despite such corporate efforts and an expanding literature exploring consumers’ response to CSR, it remains unclear how consumers perceive CSR and which “Gestalt” consumers have in mind when considering CSR. Academics and managers lack a tool for measuring consumers’ perceptions of CSR. This research explores CPCSR and develops a measurement model. Based on qualitative data from interviews with managers and consumers, the (...)
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  14.  75
    The Challenges of the Modes of Agrippa.Joseph B. Bullock - 2016 - Apeiron 49 (4):409-435.
    The standard “gladiatorial” interpretation of the Modes of Agrippa has undergone several recent attacks. Scholars have criticized it because it seems to portray the skeptic as a dogmatist about logical support and because it does not treat all five Modes as part of the system. Although some have attempted to patch up the standard interpretation to address these issues, I raise a further problem: The gladiatorial interpretation cannot make sense of the skeptic using the Modes on herself, to suspend her (...)
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  15.  8
    Sucking Results Out of Children’ Reflective Lifeworld Case Study of a Primary School Teacher Striving for Authenticity.Urszula Plust, Stephen Joseph & David Murphy - 2022 - British Journal of Educational Studies 70 (6):719-736.
    This qualitative study presents an analysis of the experiences of a teacher who had recently left working in an England state funded primary school. Using reflective lifeworld methodology, this study explored the teacher’s struggle to be authentic in the context of state funded education. Three prominent themes were identified as: 1) enhancement of every learner; 2) systemic oppression; and 3) tensions in being a teacher. The study concludes that being authentic as a teacher was experienced as being incompatible with the (...)
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  16. Rethinking the Foundations of Statistics.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important collection of essays is a synthesis of foundational studies in Bayesian decision theory and statistics. An overarching topic of the collection is understanding how the norms for Bayesian decision making should apply in settings with more than one rational decision maker and then tracing out some of the consequences of this turn for Bayesian statistics. There are four principal themes to the collection: cooperative, non-sequential decisions; the representation and measurement of 'partially ordered' preferences; non-cooperative, sequential decisions; and pooling (...)
     
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  17. Let's Enjoy Living Today.Joseph B. Hutchinson - unknown
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  18.  43
    Sortilin: An unusual suspect in cholesterol metabolism.Joseph B. Dubé, Christopher T. Johansen & Robert A. Hegele - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (6):430-437.
    The concentration of low‐density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (C) in plasma is a key determinant of cardiovascular disease risk and human genetic studies have long endeavoured to elucidate the pathways that regulate LDL metabolism. Massive genome‐wide association studies (GWASs) of common genetic variation associated with LDL‐C in the population have implicated SORT1 in LDL metabolism. Using experimental paradigms and standards appropriate for understanding the mechanisms by which common variants alter phenotypic expression, three recent publications have presented divergent and even contradictory findings. (...)
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  19.  31
    Marital fertility and income: Moderating effects of the church of Jesus Christ of latter-day saints religion in Utah.Joseph B. Stanford & Ken R. Smith - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 45 (2):239-248.
    SummaryUtah has the highest total fertility of any state in the United States and also the highest proportion of population affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Data were used from the 1996 Utah Health Status Survey to investigate how annual household income, education and affiliation with the LDS Church affect fertility for married women in Utah. Younger age and higher education were negatively correlated with fertility in the sample as a whole and among non-LDS respondents. Income (...)
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  20.  9
    Catullus: The Shorter Poems (review).Joseph B. Solodow - 2001 - American Journal of Philology 122 (2):283-287.
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  21.  9
    Ovidio: Metamorfosi. Volume VI (Libri XIII–XV) ed. by P. Hardie.Joseph B. Solodow - 2017 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 110 (2):280-282.
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  22.  13
    Virgilio, Eneide 2: Introduzione, traduzione e commento ed. by Sergio Casali.Joseph B. Solodow - 2018 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 111 (3):449-451.
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  23. The mission: journalism, ethics and the world.Joseph B. Atkins (ed.) - 2002 - Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Contributors ix -- Foreword by Douglas A. Boyd andJoseph D. Straubhaar xiii -- Preface byMariaHenson xv -- Acknowledgments xvii -- Part I. Introduction 1 -- Chapter 1. Journalism as a Mission: Ethics and Purpose -- from an International Perspective -- by Joseph B. Atkins 3 -- Chapter 2. Chaos and Order: Sacrificing the Individual for the -- Sake of Social Harmony -- by John C. Merrill 17 -- Part II. In the United States and Latin (...)
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  24.  2
    Logic.Joseph B. Walsh - 1940 - New York, NY, USA: Fordham University Press.
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  25.  33
    The Mind of St. Thomas on the Principle of Individuation.Joseph B. Wall - 1941 - Modern Schoolman 18 (3):41-44.
  26.  63
    The Responsibilities of the Lawyer.Joseph B. Warner - 1897 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (2):204-226.
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  27.  5
    "Lecons Sociales: Dans la lumiere des encycliques pontificales par l'Abbe Clement Baribeau.Joseph B. Schuyler - 1944 - Modern Schoolman 21 (3):187-188.
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  28.  26
    What does Ghiselin mean by “individual”?Joseph B. Kruskal - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):294-295.
  29.  53
    Social Exclusion Shifts Personal Network Scope.Joseph B. Bayer, David J. Hauser, Kinari M. Shah, Matthew Brook O’Donnell & Emily B. Falk - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  30.  30
    Reviews. [REVIEW]B. J., John W. Murphy & M. L. Rybarczyk - 1977 - Studies in East European Thought 17 (3):124-127.
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  31.  1
    ECS-produced disruption of a go, no-go discrimination in rats.Joseph B. Keyes - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (6):439-440.
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  32.  6
    The changing medical scene (1929-1985): a personal perspective.Joseph B. Kirsner - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (2):227.
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  33. Images of Judaism in Luke-Acts.Joseph B. Tyson - 1992
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  34. Luke, Judaism, and the Scholars: Critical Approaches to Luke-Acts.Joseph B. Tyson - 1999
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  35. The Death of Jesus in Luke-Acts.Joseph B. Tyson - 1986
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  36.  8
    The Emerging Church and the Problem of Authority in Acts.Joseph B. Tyson - 1988 - Interpretation 42 (2):132-145.
    The interpreter must keep constantly in mind the fact that Luke did not intend to write a constitution for the emerging church but rather a narrative of its beginnings which stressed equally both continuity and change.
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  37.  51
    A Rubinesque Theory of Decision.Joseph B. Kadane, Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark J. Schervish - unknown
  38. BOLESWA Conference proceedings 2001: God.Joseph B. R. Gaie, Leslie S. Nthoi & Johanna Stiebert (eds.) - 2002 - [Gaborone]: Dept. of Theology and Religious Studies, University of Botswana.
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  39.  76
    The ethics of medical involvement in capital punishment: a philosophical discussion.Joseph B. R. Gaie - 2004 - Boston: Kluwer Academic.
    This book examines the extremely important issue of the consistency of medical involvement in ending lives in medicine, law and war. It uses philosophical theory to show why medical doctors may be involved at different stages of the capital punishment process. The author uses the theories of Emmanuel Kant and John S. Mill, combined with Gerwith's principle of generic consistency, to concretize ethics in capital punishment practice. This book does not discuss the moral justification of capital punishment, but rather looks (...)
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  40.  23
    Causation and channeling.Joseph B. Gavrin - 1944 - Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):69-78.
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  41.  64
    Biblical anthropology in 'the guide of the perplexed' by Moses Maimonides, and its reversal in the 'tractatus theologico-politicus' by Baruch Spinoza.Joseph B. Sermoneta - 1988 - Topoi 7 (3):241-247.
  42.  13
    Cue and secondary reinforcement effects with children.Joseph B. Sidowski, Norman Kass & Helen Wilson - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (4):340.
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  43.  10
    Drive, verbal performance, and muscle action potential.Joseph B. Sidowski & Robert G. Eason - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (6):365.
  44.  28
    Induced muscular tension, incentive, and blink rate in a verbal learning task.Joseph B. Sidowski & Conrad Nuthmann - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (4):295.
  45.  16
    Influence of awareness of reinforcement on verbal conditioning.Joseph B. Sidowski - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (5):355.
  46.  6
    Influence of task complexity and instructions upon simple and discrimination reaction times.Joseph B. Sidowski, Ross Morgan & Gordon Eckstrand - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (2):163.
  47.  17
    Reward and punishment in a minimal social situation.Joseph B. Sidowski - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (5):318.
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  48.  35
    Freedom and the Spirit.Joseph B. Collins - 1936 - New Scholasticism 10 (1):56-60.
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  49.  11
    Forensic issues in the treatment of addictions.Joseph B. Layde - 2008 - In Cynthia M. A. Geppert & Laura Weiss Roberts (eds.), The book of ethics: expert guidance for professionals who treat addiction. Center City, Minn.: Hazelden. pp. 87.
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  50.  9
    Searching for evil.Joseph B. Layde - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):392 – 393.
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