Results for 'Joseph D. Matarazzo'

985 found
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  1.  16
    Secondary and generalized reinforcement in human learning.Frederick H. Kanfer & Joseph D. Matarazzo - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (5):400.
  2.  9
    The Relationship Between Encoding-Decoding of Visual Nonverbal Emotional Cues.Robert G. Harper, Arthur N. Wiens & Joseph D. Matarazzo - 1979 - Semiotica 28 (1-2).
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  3. The Logical Structure of Mathematical Physics.Joseph D. Sneed - 1975 - Erkenntnis 9 (3):423-436.
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  4.  82
    Is the Contingentist/Inevitabilist Debate a Matter of Degrees?Joseph D. Martin - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):919-930.
    The contingentist/inevitabilist debate contests whether the results of successful science are contingent or inevitable. This article addresses lingering ambiguity in the way contingency is defined in this debate. I argue that contingency in science can be understood as a collection of distinct concepts, distinguished by how they hold science contingent, by what elements of science they hold contingent, and by what those elements are contingent upon. I present a preliminary taxonomy designed to characterize the full-range positions available and illustrate that (...)
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  5.  71
    Structuralism and scientific realism.Joseph D. Sneed - 1983 - Erkenntnis 19 (1-3):345 - 370.
  6.  59
    Von Neumann's argument for the projection postulate.Joseph D. Sneed - 1966 - Philosophy of Science 33 (1/2):22-39.
    Much of the recent discussion of problematic aspects of quantum-mechanical measurement centers around that feature of quantum theory which is called "the projection postulate." This is roughly the claim that a change of a certain sort occurs in the state of a physical system when a measurement is made on the system. In this paper an argument for the projection postulate due to von Neumann is considered. Attention is focused on trying to provide an understanding of the notion of "the (...)
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  7.  20
    Solid State Insurrection: How the Science of Substance Made American Physics Matter.Joseph D. Martin - 2018 - Pittsburgh, PA, USA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Solid state physics, the study of the physical properties of solid matter, was the most populous subfield of Cold War American physics. Despite prolific contributions to consumer and medical technology, such as the transistor and magnetic resonance imaging, it garnered less professional prestige and public attention than nuclear and particle physics. Solid State Insurrection argues that solid state physics was essential to securing the vast social, political, and financial capital Cold War physics enjoyed in the twentieth century. Solid state’s technological (...)
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  8. Quantum mechanics and classical probability theory.Joseph D. Sneed - 1970 - Synthese 21 (1):34 - 64.
  9.  44
    Strategy and the logic of decision.Joseph D. Sneed - 1966 - Synthese 16 (3-4):270 - 283.
    The theory of subjective probability and utility recently proposed by professor richard jeffrey has several unique features and appears to be in some ways distinctly more satisfactory than earlier theories. There is, However, One very important class of decision problems which is not discussed by professor jeffrey--Problems concerned with decisions about strategies for using information. The principal task of this paper is to point out some questions which arise in attempting to deal with these decision problems within jeffrey's theory. To (...)
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  10.  41
    Meaningful learning: The essential factor for conceptual change in limited or inappropriate propositional hierarchies leading to empowerment of learners.Joseph D. Novak - 2002 - Science Education 86 (4):548-571.
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  11.  10
    Maquiladoras: the First World Abusing the Third World?Joseph D. Gordon - 1998 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 7 (1):7-11.
    The industrial border region between Mexico and the USA is notorious for its physical, social and moral squalor. But is it entirely a matter of total exploitation or is the answer to the title’s question more complex than a simple yes? The author is completing his MBA degree at London Business School, is an American citizen and has a background as a consultant in information technology.
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  12.  7
    Reel Spirituality: Theology and Film in Dialogue.Joseph D. Wooddell - 2003 - Philosophia Christi 5 (2):667-669.
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  13. Moving Questions: A History of Membrane Transport and Bioenergetics.Joseph D. Robinson & John B. West - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):402-405.
     
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  14. Protestant Spiritual Exercises: Theology, History, and Practice.Joseph D. Driskill - 1999
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  15. Prolegomena to a Structuralist Reconstruction of Quantum Mechanics.Joseph D. Sneed - 2011 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 1:93--130.
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  16.  31
    John Rawls and the liberal theory of society.Joseph D. Sneed - 1976 - Erkenntnis 10 (1):1 - 19.
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  17. The Christological Foundation for Contemporary Theological Education.Joseph D. Ban - 1988
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  18.  19
    Appreciating Key Experiments.Joseph D. Robinson - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1):51-56.
    Gilbert and Mulkay, in their paper ‘Experiments Are the Key’, present responses of scientists to questions about the development of the chemiosmotic hypothesis of energy coupling in oxidative and photophosphorylation, and infer from these responses both the meaninglessness of the concept ‘key experiment’ and the hopelessness of searching for any data as a bedrock for historical analysis. Gilbert and Mulkay's nihilism is, however, rooted in a lack of understanding of the specific scientific issues involved. A closer look at a proposed (...)
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  19.  68
    An experiment testing the determinants of non-compliance with insider trading laws.Joseph D. Beams, Robert M. Brown & Larry N. Killough - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):309 - 323.
    Recent stories of corporate insiders avoiding losses and, in some cases, generating enormous personal profits as their companies crumbled have led investors to question the integrity of American business and the fairness of the United States stock markets. The SEC tries to ensure the fairness of the stock markets by making and enforcing laws against unfair practices such as insider trading. In the United States, when insiders trade stock based on non-public information, they have broken the law and betrayed the (...)
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  20.  56
    Thematizing embeddedness: Reflexive sociology as interpretation.Joseph D. Lewandowski - 2000 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (1):49-66.
    This article examines the interpretive dimensions of human action. Although it takes the reflexive sociology of Pierre Bourdieu as its starting point, the article attempts to develop a more robust hermeneutical account of the reflexivity of social actors and those who study them than Bourdieu himself has considered. It is argued that interpretation is best understood not as the homologous expression of inculcated structures but rather as context-sensitive and reflexively context-transforming action—or what the author wishes to characterize, respectively, as first- (...)
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  21.  72
    Entropy, informantion, and decision.Joseph D. Sneed - 1967 - Synthese 17 (1):392 - 407.
  22.  32
    Prestige Asymmetry in American Physics: Aspirations, Applications, and the Purloined Letter Effect.Joseph D. Martin - 2017 - Science in Context 30 (4):475-506.
    Why do similar scientific enterprises garner unequal public approbation? High energy physics attracted considerable attention in the late-twentieth-century United States, whereas condensed matter physics – which occupied the greater proportion of US physicists – remained little known to the public, despite its relevance to ubiquitous consumer technologies. This paper supplements existing accounts of this much remarked-upon prestige asymmetry by showing that popular emphasis on the mundane technological offshoots of condensed matter physics and its focus on human-scale phenomena have rendered it (...)
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  23.  45
    Reduction, explanation, and the quests of biological research.Joseph D. Robinson - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (3):333-353.
    A major theme in biological research is the quest for mechanism, embodied in explanatory reductionism: the interpretation of phenomena through links to the entities and laws of more fundamental sciences. For example, the form of Starling's Law of the Heart, relating contractile force to heart volume, follows from the sliding-filament hypothesis of muscle contraction, a molecular concept. Although alternative mechanisms for muscle contraction and cardiac regulation could be deduced from biochemical principles, the formulation provides clear correspondence with the phenomena and (...)
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  24.  12
    Law and Precaution in the European Risk Society: The Case of EU Environmental Policy.Joseph D. Mathis & Luigi D. A. Corrias - 2017 - Ratio Juris 30 (3):322-340.
    Ulrich Beck characterized the transition from modern to late modern society as a shift from an industrial to a “risk society.” Contemporary society is challenged by negative side effects of modernization, including the increasing and imminent threat of global climate change. This article will test the validity of conceivable prescriptive elements associated with this sociological theory. In doing so, it will focus on the most recent legal developments aimed at tackling climate change within the EU. This paper finds that the (...)
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  25.  15
    Teaching Ethics, Teaching Science.Joseph D. McInerney - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (1):33-34.
  26.  45
    Teamwork as Reflexive Social Cooperation.Joseph D. Lewandowski - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 42 (1):43-49.
    In this response to Paul Gaffney’s “The Nature and Meaning of Teamwork,” I draw on recent work in analytic social philosophy to provide a more robust vocabulary for understanding teamwork as a distinctly social fact. I argue that teamwork entails complex reflexive social cooperation aimed at achieving shared excellence within constraints of various kinds.
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  27.  11
    Political Institutions as Means to Economic Justice: A Critique of Rawls’ Contractarianism.Joseph D. Sneed - 1979 - Analyse & Kritik 1 (2):125-146.
    It is argued that John Rawls’ theory of social justice as well as the contract argument for it are misleading, if not actually mistaken, in that they appear to take institutional features of societies as fundamental objects of moral evaluation. An alternative view: is expounded. Principles involving institutional features are only contingently related to principles involving the distribution of things people care about. These distributions are taken as the fundamental objects of moral evaluation. Social, political and economic institutions are means (...)
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  28.  12
    Structuralism and Scientific Discovery.Joseph D. Sneed - 1992 - In Javier Echeverria, Andoni Ibarra & Thomas Mormann (eds.), The Space of Mathematics: Philosophical, Epistemological, and Historical Explorations. De Gruyter. pp. 379.
  29.  12
    Sex differences and effects of sex of examiner in early conservation ability.Joseph D. Sclafani & Richard C. LaBarba - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (4):191-193.
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  30.  40
    Between rounds: the aesthetics and ethics of sixty seconds.Joseph D. Lewandowski - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 47 (3):438-450.
    ABSTRACT This paper seeks to develop a philosophical framework for what I argue are the Nietzschean and Kantian aspects of professional boxing matches: narrative dissimulation and moral obligation. The overarching objective of the analysis is to shed a critical light on brief intervals of boxing competitions (the minute between rounds) that are crucial but often overlooked in the philosophical literature devoted to boxing and, indeed, combat sport more generally. Additionally, in characterizing more fully the philosophical complexities of cornerman and boxer (...)
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  31.  20
    Whitney A. Bauman and Kevin J. O'Brien, Environmental Ethics and Uncertainty: Wrestling with Wicked Problems.Joseph D. Witt - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (5):625-627.
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  32.  23
    Between rounds: the aesthetics and ethics of sixty seconds.Joseph D. Lewandowski - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 47 (3):438-450.
    ABSTRACT This paper seeks to develop a philosophical framework for what I argue are the Nietzschean and Kantian aspects of professional boxing matches: narrative dissimulation and moral obligation. The overarching objective of the analysis is to shed a critical light on brief intervals of boxing competitions (the minute between rounds) that are crucial but often overlooked in the philosophical literature devoted to boxing and, indeed, combat sport more generally. Additionally, in characterizing more fully the philosophical complexities of cornerman and boxer (...)
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  33.  17
    Notes on the Structure of Scientific Literature.Joseph D. Sneed - unknown
    A method of using co-citation data to identify scientific specialties and trace their development through time is outlined. These are related to the structuralist "theory net" construct. The method is purely "theoretical in that no algorithms for implementing the method are suggested. Even at this theoretical level, the discussion is incomplete in several ways. Important formal properties of some of the concepts employed remain to be clarified. The specific way these constructs relate to theory nets remains to be specified in (...)
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  34. Problemas filosóficos en la ciencia empírica de la ciencia.Joseph D. Sneed - 1977 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 7 (3-4):315-322.
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  35. Quantities as theoretical with respect to qualities.Joseph D. Sneed - 1979 - Epistemologia 2 (2):215.
  36.  9
    Teorías de partículas. Esbozo de una reconstrucción estructuralista.Joseph D. Sneed - 2020 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 11 (1):33-52.
    Particle theories intend to describe the fundamental constituents from which all matter is constructed and the interactions among them. These constituents include atoms and molecules as well as their subatomic constituents, nuclei and their component parts including elementary particles. We consider an alternative to the usual particle theories, but dealing with the same phenomena. We call these theories ‘QT’s’. This is an attempt to provide a formal description of the essential features of elementary particle theories within the framework of metatheoretical (...)
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  37.  57
    Philosophical problems in the empirical science of science: A formal approach. [REVIEW]Joseph D. Sneed - 1976 - Erkenntnis 10 (2):115 - 146.
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  38. The sexuality of Adonis.Joseph D. Reed - 1995 - Classical Antiquity 14 (2):317-346.
    This paper seeks to ascertain the ways in which Adonis and his ritual lament were used by Classical men and women in their constructions of their own gender and the other. The evidence from Classical Athens turns out to originate mainly among men and thus outside the cult, from which men were excluded; the myths and descriptions of the rite that we possess say more about men's attitudes toward themselves and toward women than about the celebrants' motives. Nevertheless, women's attitudes (...)
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  39. Medical Technology and Society: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.Joseph D. Bronzino, Vincent H. Smith, Maurice L. Wade & Russell C. Maulitz - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):493.
     
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  40.  27
    Aims and achievements of the reductionist approach in biochemistry/molecular biology/cell biology: A response to Kincaid.Joseph D. Robinson - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (3):465-470.
    Kincaid argues that molecular biology provides little support for the reductionist program, that biochemistry does not reveal common mechanisms, indeed that biochemical theory obstructs discovery. These assertions clash with biologists' stated advocacy of reductionist programs and their claims about the consequent unity of experimental biology. This striking disagreement goes beyond differences in meaning granted to the terms. More significant is Kincaid's misunderstanding of what biochemists do, for a closer look at scientific practice-- and one of Kincaid's examples--reveals substantial progress toward (...)
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  41.  26
    On the definition of an infinitely-many-valued predicate calculus.Joseph D. Rutledge - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):212-216.
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  42.  20
    Nursing Ethics, Caring and Culture.Joseph D. Cortis & Kevin Kendrick - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (1):77-88.
    Recent years have witnessed the publication of numerous articles that draw a critical alignment between ethics and caring. In essence, this theme suggests that caring is a moral pursuit centred on the beneficent attention of one person shown to another. Yet, if such language is to have real poignancy, it must be geared towards an inclusive agenda that meets the needs of all within the community. Research evidence suggests that this is not always the case, especially in terms of the (...)
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  43.  50
    Nietzsche, Tristan, and the Rehabilitation of Erotic Distance.Joseph D. Kuzma - 2013 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 44 (1):69-89.
    ABSTRACT Though Nietzsche's lifelong fascination with Wagner's Tristan and Isolde is well documented, its impact upon the developmental trajectory of his philosophy and in particular, his thinking on the nature of eroticism remains far from obvious. This article examines the previously unheralded influence of Wagner's opera on Nietzsche's various attempts, throughout the 1880s, at forging an alternative conception of erotic desire—a conception no longer subordinated to the pursuit for fusional reconciliation but rather linked to the eternal return and the unconditional (...)
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  44.  8
    Medical Professionalism in China and the United States: A Transcultural Interpretation.Joseph D. Tucker, Linying Hu, Yali Cong, Kirk L. Smith & Jing-Bao Nie - 2015 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 26 (1):48-60.
    As in other societies, medical professionalism in the Peoples’ Republic of China has been rapidly evolving. One of the major events in this process was the endorsement in 2005 of the document, “Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium: A Physician Charter,” by the Chinese Medical Doctor Association (hereafter, the Charter). More recently, a national survey, the first on such a large scale, was conducted on Chinese physicians’ attitudes toward the fundamental principles and core commitments put forward in the Charter. Based (...)
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  45.  8
    Maquiladoras: The first world abusing the third world?Joseph D. Gordon - 1998 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 7 (1):7–11.
    The industrial border region between Mexico and the USA is notorious for its physical, social and moral squalor. But is it entirely a matter of total exploitation or is the answer to the title’s question more complex than a simple yes? The author is completing his MBA degree at London Business School, is an American citizen and has a background as a consultant in information technology.
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  46.  32
    Identifying error types on behalf of better science.Joseph D. Robinson - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (4):643-647.
    Philosophy of science may indeed perform a valuable normative function through historical analyses of characteristic errors, as Bechtel argues. But considerations of the two types of errors elected for this role, and harder looks at some of the historical examples prosecuted for these errors, disclose few helpful hints beyond the wisdom provided in Chapter I of freshman science texts coupled to a clear view of the future. To avoid churlishly spurning at first glance this offer of assistance, however, let us (...)
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  47.  11
    The Death of Osiris in Aeneid 12.458.Joseph D. Reed - 1998 - American Journal of Philology 119 (3):399-418.
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  48.  7
    The Eroticization of Distance: Nietzsche, Blanchot, and the Legacy of Courtly Love.Joseph D. Kuzma - 2016 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    The Eroticization of Distance engages with the theme of eroticism in Blanchot’s writings, and uncovers the nature of Nietzsche’s influence upon Blanchot’s writings of the 1940s and early 1950s.
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  49.  29
    Binocular integration in line rivalry.Joseph D. Anderson, Harold P. Bechtoldt & Gregory L. Dunlap - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (6):399-402.
  50. Baudelaire.Joseph D. Bennett - 1946 - Philosophical Review 55:310.
     
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