Results for 'Joseph E. Dunsmoor'

998 found
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  1.  14
    Insight problem solving ability predicts reduced susceptibility to fake news, bullshit, and overclaiming.Carola Salvi, Nathaniel Barr, Joseph E. Dunsmoor & Jordan Grafman - 2023 - Thinking and Reasoning 29 (4):760-784.
    1. False information takes many shapes. While misinformation has long been a feature of conveying the human experience to others, the rise of the internet and social media has created conditions in...
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  2.  6
    Adaptive memory systems for remembering the salient and the seemingly mundane.Maureen Ritchey, Vishnu P. Murty & Joseph E. Dunsmoor - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  3.  22
    The Effect of Dopaminergic Replacement Therapy on Creative Thinking and Insight Problem-Solving in Parkinson's Disease Patients.Carola Salvi, Emily K. Leiker, Beatrix Baricca, Maria A. Molinari, Roberto Eleopra, Paolo F. Nichelli, Jordan Grafman & Joseph E. Dunsmoor - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Parkinson's disease patients receiving dopaminergic treatment may experience bursts of creativity. Although this phenomenon is sometimes recognized among patients and their clinicians, the association between dopamine replacement therapy in PD patients and creativity remains underexplored. It is unclear, for instance, whether DRT affects creativity through convergent or divergent thinking, idea generation, or a general lack of inhibition. It is also unclear whether DRT only augments pre-existing creative attributes or generates creativity de novo. Here, we tested a group of PD patients (...)
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  4.  38
    Conspiracy Theories: A Primer.Joseph E. Uscinski - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    While engaging in rich discussion, Conspiracy Theories analyzes current arguments and evidence while providing real-world examples so students can contextualize and visualize the debates. Each chapter addresses important current questions, provides conceptual tools, defines important terms, and introduces the appropriate methods of analysis.
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  5. Aḥmad al-Ghazali, remembrance, and the metaphysics of love.Joseph E. B. Lumbard - 2016 - Albany: SUNY Press.
    Why study Aḥmad al-Ghazali -- Initiatic influence -- Literary influence -- Studies on Aḥmad al-Ghazali -- The goal of this book -- Sources for the Aḥmad al-Ghazali tradition -- The life and times of Aḥmad al-Ghazali -- Aḥmad al-Ghazali's spiritual practice -- The roots of Aḥmad al-Ghazali's teachings -- Aḥmad al-Ghazali's metaphysics of love -- Conclusion.
     
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  6.  39
    The Epistemology of Fact Checking (Is Still Naìve): Rejoinder to Amazeen.Joseph E. Uscinski - 2015 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 27 (2):243-252.
    ABSTRACTMichelle Amazeen's rebuttal of Uscinski and Butler 2013 is unsuccessful. Amazeen's attempt to infer the accuracy of fact checks from their agreement with each other fails on its own terms and, in any event, could as easily be explained by fact checkers’ political biases as their common access to the objective truth. She also ignores the distinction between verifiable facts and unverifiable claims about the future, as well as contestable claims about the causes of political, social, and economic phenomena. The (...)
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  7.  7
    Sein, Mensch und Symbol: Heidegger und die Auseinandersetzung mit dem neukantianischen Symbolbegriff.Joseph E. Doherty - 1972 - Bonn,: Bouvier Verlag H. Grundmann.
  8.  11
    To fix or to heal: patient care, public health, and the limits of biomedicine.Joseph E. Davis & Ana Marta González (eds.) - 2016 - New York: New York University Press.
    Do doctors fix patients? Or do they heal them? For all of modern medicine’s many successes, discontent with the quality of patient care has combined with a host of new developments, from aging populations to the resurgence of infectious diseases, which challenge medicine’s overreliance on narrowly mechanistic and technical methods of explanation and intervention, or “fixing’ patients. The need for a better balance, for more humane “healing” rationales and practices that attend to the social and environmental aspects of health and (...)
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  9.  25
    Organizational Meeting Orientation: Setting the Stage for Team Success or Failure Over Time.Joseph E. Mroz, Nicole Landowski, Joseph Andrew Allen & Cheryl Fernandez - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  98
    Cognitive-Emotional Interactions in the Brain.Joseph E. Ledoux - 1989 - Cognition and Emotion 3 (4):267-289.
  11.  92
    Logic in reality.Joseph E. Brenner - 2008 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    The work is the presentation of a logical theory - Logic in Reality (LIR) - and of applications of that theory in natural science and philosophy, including ...
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  12.  91
    The slippery slope of fear.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):155-156.
    'Fear' is used scientifically in two ways, which causes confusion: it refers to conscious feelings and to behavioral and physiological responses. Restricting the use of 'fear' to denote feelings and using 'threat-induced defensive reactions' for the responses would help avoid misunderstandings about the brain mechanisms involved.
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  13.  65
    On the neurophysiology of consciousness, part II: Constraining the semantic problem.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):137-58.
    The main idea in this series of essays is that subjective awareness depends upon the intralaminar nuclei of each thalmus. This implies that the internal structure and external relations of ILN make subjective awareness possible. An array of material relevant to this proposal was briefly reviewed in Part I. This Part II considers in more detail some semantic aspects and a bit of philosophic background as these pertain to propositions 0, 1, and 2 of Part I. Part II should be (...)
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  14. The Epistemology of Fact Checking.Joseph E. Uscinski & Ryden W. Butler - 2013 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 25 (2):162-180.
    Fact checking has become a prominent facet of political news coverage, but it employs a variety of objectionable methodological practices, such as treating a statement containing multiple facts as if it were a single fact and categorizing as accurate or inaccurate predictions of events yet to occur. These practices share the tacit presupposition that there cannot be genuine political debate about facts, because facts are unambiguous and not subject to interpretation. Therefore, when the black-and-white facts—as they appear to the fact (...)
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  15.  91
    Further discussion of split brains and hemispheric capabilities.Joseph E. Bogen - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (September):281-6.
  16.  96
    Why there is no salt in the sea.Joseph E. Earley - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):85-102.
    What, precisely, is `salt'? It is a certainwhite, solid, crystalline, material, alsocalled sodium chloride. Does any of that solidwhite stuff exist in the sea? – Clearly not.One can make salt from sea water easily enough,but that fact does not establish thatsalt, as such, is present in brine. (Paper andink can be made into a novel – but no novelactually exists in a stack of blank paper witha vial of ink close by.) When salt dissolves inwater, what is present is no (...)
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  17.  39
    The Anatomy of a Murder: Who Killed America's Economy?Joseph E. Stiglitz - 2009 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 21 (2-3):329-339.
    ABSTRACT The main cause of the crisis was the behavior of the banks—largely a result of misguided incentives unrestrained by good regulation. Conservative ideology, along with unrealistic economic models of perfect information, perfect competition, and perfect markets, fostered lax regulation, and campaign contributions helped the political process along. The banks misjudged risk, wildly overleveraged, and paid their executives handsomely for being short‐sighted; lax regulation let them get away with it—putting at risk the entire economy. The mortgage brokers neglected due diligence, (...)
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  18.  12
    The deep history of ourselves: the four-billion-year story of how we got conscious brains.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2019 - New York City: Viking Press. Edited by Caio Sorrentino.
    Longlisted for the PEN/E.O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award A leading neuroscientist offers a history of the evolution of the brain from unicellular organisms to the complexity of animals and human beings today Renowned neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux digs into the natural history of life on earth to provide a new perspective on the similarities between us and our ancestors in deep time. This page-turning survey of the whole of terrestrial evolution sheds new light on how nervous systems evolved in (...)
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  19.  99
    Theories are buildings revisited.Joseph E. Grady - 1997 - Cognitive Linguistics 8 (4):267-290.
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  20. The other side of the brain: An appositional mind.Joseph E. Bogen - 1968 - Bulletin of the Los Angeles Neurological Society 34:135-62.
  21. On the neurophysiology of consciousness, part I: An overview.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4:52-62.
  22. How chemistry shifts horizons: Element, substance, and the essential.Joseph E. Earley - 2008 - Foundations of Chemistry 11 (2):65-77.
    In 1931 eminent chemist Fritz Paneth maintained that the modern notion of “element” is closely related to (and as “metaphysical” as) the concept of element used by the ancients (e.g., Aristotle). On that basis, the element chlorine (properly so-called) is not the elementary substance dichlorine, but rather chlorine as it is in carbon tetrachloride. The fact that pure chemicals are called “substances” in English (and closely related words are so used in other European languages) derives from philosophical compromises made by (...)
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  23.  73
    On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: 1. An Overview.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):52-62.
    How certain neural mechanisms momentarily endow with the subjective awareness percepts and affects represented elsewhere is more likely to be clarified when structures essential to Mc are identified. The loss of C with bilateral thalmic lesions involving the intralaminar nuclei contrasts with retention of C after large cortical ablations depriving C of specific contents. A role of ILN in the perception of primitive sensations is suggested by their afference of directly ascending pathways. A role for ILN in awareness of cortical (...)
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  24.  33
    Would introductory chemistry courses work better with a new philosophical basis?Joseph E. Earley - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 6 (3):137-160.
    One of the main functions that introductory chemistry courses have fulfilled during the past century has been to provide evidence for the general validity of 'the atomic hypothesis.' A second function has been to demonstrate that an analytical approach has wide applicability in rationalizing many kinds of phenomena. Following R.G. Collingwood, these two functions can be recognized as related to a philosophical 'cosmology' (worldview, weltanshauung) that became dominant in the later Renaissance. Recent developments in many areas of science, and in (...)
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  25.  11
    Open notes: Unintended consequences and teachable moments.George Patrick Joseph Hutchins, Valerie E. Stone & Kathryn T. Hall - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (1):28-29.
    While positive information in the context of clinical care can lead to placebo effects, negatively framed information can have negative or nocebo effects. Extant literature documents how doctor–patient encounters are fertile ground for suboptimal interactions leading to negative experiences for ethnoracial minority patients. In their _JME_ paper, Blease presents a critical perspective on the potential for patients’ access to their doctors’ clinical notes, ‘open notes’, to engender nocebo effects. 1 In this commentary, we affirm the central claim that nocebo effects (...)
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  26. A neglected aspect of the puzzle of chemical structure: how history helps.Joseph E. Earley - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):235-243.
    Intra-molecular connectivity (that is, chemical structure) does not emerge from computations based on fundamental quantum-mechanical principles. In order to compute molecular electronic energies (of C 3 H 4 hydrocarbons, for instance) quantum chemists must insert intra-molecular connectivity “by hand.” Some take this as an indication that chemistry cannot be reduced to physics: others consider it as evidence that quantum chemistry needs new logical foundations. Such discussions are generally synchronic rather than diachronic —that is, they neglect ‘historical’ aspects. However, systems of (...)
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  27.  7
    Book Review: Jannel, R. Yamauchi Tokuryū (1890–1982). Philosophie occidentale et pensée bouddhique; Éditions Kimé: Paris, France, 2023; ISBN: 978-2-38072-114-0. [REVIEW]Joseph E. Brenner - 2024 - Philosophies 9 (1):24.
    A recent book by Romaric Jannel on the work of the 20th Century Japanese philosopher Yamauchi Tokuryū is reviewed as a prolegomenon in this journal to more detailed studies of Oriental philosophy. Emphasis is placed on the similarities and overlaps of Eastern and Western thought.
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  28.  98
    The philosophical logic of Stéphane Lupasco (1900–1988).Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (3):243-285.
    The advent of quantum mechanics in the early 20 th Century had profound consequences for science and mathematics, for philosophy (Schrödinger), and for logic (von Neumann). In 1968, Putnam wrote that quantum mechanics required a revolution in our understanding of logic per se. However, applications of quantum logics have been little explored outside the quantum domain. Dummett saw some implications of quantum logic for truth, but few philosophers applied similar intuitions to epistemology or ontology. Logic remained a truth-functional ’science’ of (...)
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  29.  74
    Chemical "substances" that are not "chemical substances".Sr Joseph E. Earley - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):841-852.
    The main scientific problems of chemical bonding were solved half a century ago, but adequate philosophical understanding of chemical combination is yet to be achieved. Chemists routinely use important terms ("element," "atom," "molecule," "substance") with more than one meaning. This can lead to misunderstandings. Eliminativists claim that what seems to be a baseball breaking a window is merely the action of "atoms, acting in concert." They argue that statues, baseballs, and similar macroscopic things "do not exist." When macroscopic objects like (...)
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  30.  77
    Some neurophysiologic aspects of consciousness.Joseph E. Bogen - 1997 - Seminars in Neurology 17:95-103.
  31.  2
    Monsoon Asia.Joseph E. Schwartzberg & E. H. G. Dobby - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (1):110.
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  32.  10
    The Historical Geography and Topography of Bihar.Joseph E. Schwartzberg & Mithila Sharan Pandey - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (3):476.
  33.  23
    On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: Part II. Constraining the Semantic Problem.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):137-158.
  34.  40
    Self-Organization and Agency.Joseph E. Earley - 1981 - Process Studies 11 (4):242-258.
    Nature abounds in compound individuals. Discrete, functioning entities are made up of components which are, in some sense, also individuals. Scientists sometimes need to be concerned with whether aggregates (e.g.. species of plants) or components (e.g., quarks) exist. but such questions are not generally regarded as having great importance for science. It has often happened, however, that scientific developments have had major significance for subsequent philosophical discussion of problems of the one and the many. Recently, there has been considerable increase (...)
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  35.  89
    Process in Reality: A logical offering.Joseph E. Brenner - 2005 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (2):165-202.
    The conjunction of process and reality is familiar from the original theory of A. N. Whitehead and the subsequent development of process philosophy and metaphysics by Nicholas Rescher. Classical logic, however, is either ignored or stated to be inappropriate to a discussion of process. In this paper, I will show that the value of a process view of reality can be enhanced by reference to a new, transconsistent logic of reality that is grounded in the physical properties of energy in (...)
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  36.  44
    A Logic of Ethical Information.Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1):109-133.
    The work of Luciano Floridi lies at the interface of philosophy, information science and technology, and ethics, an intersection whose existence and significance he was one of the first to establish. His closely related concepts of a philosophy of information (PI), informational structural realism, information logic (IL), and information ethics (IE) provide a new ontological perspective from which moral concerns can be addressed, especially but not limited to those arising in connection with the new information and communication technologies. In this (...)
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  37.  18
    Modes of Chemical Becoming.Joseph E. Earley - 1998 - Hyle 4 (2):105 - 115.
    In the characterization of the ArCl2 'van der Waals complex', a recognizable pattern of well-defined peaks is observed in the microwave absorption spectrum. In the control of chaos in a chemical oscillatory reaction the power spectrum progressively becomes simpler, at length yielding a single peak. Since both of these cases generate coherences that are centers of agency, they should be considered to produce new chemical entities. Applicability of this ontological approach to coherences of wider societal interest is suggested.
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  38. Ontologically significant aggregation: Process structural realism (PSR).Joseph E. Earley - 2008 - In Michel Weber and Will Desmond (ed.), Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought. De Gruyter. pp. 2--179.
    Combinations of molecules, of biological individuals, or of chemical processes can produce effects that are not simply attributable to the constituents. Such non-redundant causality warrants recognition of those coherences as ontologically significant whenever that efficacy is relevant. With respect to such interaction, the effective coherence is more real than are the components. This ontological view is a variety of structural realism and is also a kind of process philosophy. The designation ‘process structural realism’ (PSR) seems appropriate.
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  39.  57
    The bioethics committee in long-term care institutions for the developmentally disabled.Joseph E. Beltran & D. Min - 1992 - HEC Forum 4 (3):163-173.
  40.  9
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.Joseph E. Earley (ed.) - 2003 - New York: New York Academy of Science.
    This volume addresses relations between macroscopic and microscopic description; essential roles of visualization and representation in chemical understanding; historical questions involving chemical concepts; the impacts of chemical ideas on wider cultural concerns; and relationships between contemporary chemistry and other sciences. The authors demonstrate, assert, or tacitly assume that chemical explanation is functionally autonomous. This volume should he of interest not only to professional chemists and philosophers, but also to workers in medicine, psychology, and other fields in which relationships between explanations (...)
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  41.  17
    Comment: What’s Basic About the Brain Mechanisms of Emotion?Joseph E. LeDoux - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (4):318-320.
    While it is common to think that neuroscientists are proponents of basic emotions theory, this is not necessarily the case. My ideas, for example are more aligned with cognitive than basic emotions theories.
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  42. Making Salmon: An Environmental History of the Northwest Fisheries Crisis.Joseph E. Taylor - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (2):390-392.
     
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  43.  23
    Moral emotions, principles, and the locus of moral perception.Joseph E. Corbi - 2006 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 2 (2):61-80.
    I vindicate the thrust of the particularist position in moral deliberation. this purpose, I focus on some elements that seem to play a crucial role in first-person moral deliberation and argue that they cannot be incorporated into a more sophisticated system of moral principles. More specifically, I emphasize some peculiarities of moral perception in the light of which I defend the irreducible deliberative relevance of a certain phenomenon, namely: the phenomenon of an agent morally coming across a particular situation. Following (...)
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  44. The History of Mathematics.Joseph E. Hofmann, Frank Gaynor & Henrietta P. Midonick - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (4):378-379.
  45.  12
    Group Lending, Joint Liability, and Social Capital: Insights From the Indian Microfinance Crisis.Joseph E. Stiglitz & Antara Haldar - 2016 - Politics and Society 44 (4):459-497.
    This article grapples with the causes of India’s microfinance crisis. By contrasting Bangladesh’s highly successful Grameen model with the allegedly “universalizable” version of India’s SKS Microfinance, trust or social capital is isolated—not just narrowly interpreted within standard economic theory, but more broadly construed—as the essential element accounting for the early success of microfinance. It is argued that the microfinance experience has been widely misinterpreted, in both analytical and policy terms. This article suggests inherent limits in extending the model to for-profit (...)
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  46.  18
    The Philosophy of Ecology and Sustainability: New Logical and Informational Dimensions.Joseph E. Brenner - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (2):16.
    Ecology and sustainability are current narratives about the behavior of humans toward themselves and the environment. Ecology is defined as a science, and a philosophy of ecology has become a recognized domain of the philosophy of science. For some, sustainability is an accepted, important moral goal. In 2013, a Special Issue of the journal Sustainability dealt with many of the relevant issues. Unfortunately, the economic, ideological, and psychological barriers to ethical behavior and corresponding social action remain great as well as (...)
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  47. Life in the Interstices: Systems Biology and Process Thought.Joseph E. Earley - 2014 - In Spyridon A. Koutroufinis (ed.), Life and Process: Towards a New Biophilosophy. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 157-170.
    When a group of processes achieves such closure that a set of states of affairs recurs continually, then the effect of that coherence on the world differs from what would occur in the absence of that closure. Such altered effectiveness is an attribute of the system as a whole, and would have consequences. This indicates that the network of processes, as a unit, has ontological significance. Whenever a network of processes generates continual return to a limited set of states of (...)
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  48.  32
    Cognition versus emotion, again-this time in the brain: a response to Parrott and Schulkin.Joseph E. Ledoux - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (1):61-64.
  49.  56
    The brain and the split brain: A duel with duality as a model of mind.Joseph E. LeDoux & Michael S. Gazzaniga - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):109-110.
  50.  24
    Classical conditioning of the rabbit eyelid response with mossy fiber stimulation as the conditioned stimulus.Joseph E. Steinmetz, David G. Lavond & Richard F. Thompson - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):245-248.
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