Results for 'Joseph L. Balloun'

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  1.  88
    Ethical Decision-Making Differences Between American and Moroccan Managers.A. Ben Oumlil & Joseph L. Balloun - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):457-478.
    Our research’s aim is to assess the effect of cultural factors on business ethical decision-making process in a Western cultural context and in a non-Western cultural context. Specifically, this study investigates ethical perceptions, religiosity, personal moral philosophies, corporate ethical values, gender, and ethical intentions of U.S. and Moroccan business managers. The findings demonstrate that significant differences do exist between the two countries in idealism and relativism. Moroccan managers tend to be more idealistic than the U.S. managers. There is a strong (...)
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  2.  17
    History, Religion, and Spiritual Democracy: Essays in Honor of Joseph L. Blau.Joseph L. Blau & Maurice Wohlgelernter (eds.) - 1980 - Columbia University Press.
  3. Evolutionary Metaphysics the Development of Peirce's Theory of Categories /by Joseph L. Esposito. --. --.Joseph L. Esposito - 1980 - Ohio University Press, C1980.
     
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  4. A Prosentential Theory of Truth.Dorothy L. Grover, Joseph L. Camp & Nuel D. Belnap - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 27 (1):73--125.
  5. Love & Conflict a Covenantal Model of Christian Ethics.Joseph L. Allen - 1984 - Abingdon Press.
     
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  6.  48
    Retraction: End-of-Life Discontinuation of Destination Therapy with Cardiac and Ventilatory Support Medical Devices: Physician-Assisted Death or Allowing the Patient to Die?L. Verheijde Joseph & Y. Rady Mohamed - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):20-.
    BackgroundBioethics and law distinguish between the practices of "physician-assisted death" and "allowing the patient to die."DiscussionAdvances in biotechnology have allowed medical devices to be used as destination therapy that are designed for the permanent support of cardiac function and/or respiration after irreversible loss of these spontaneous vital functions. For permanent support of cardiac function, single ventricle or biventricular mechanical assist devices and total artificial hearts are implanted in the body. Mechanical ventilators extrinsic to the body are used for permanent support (...)
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  7. Seeking Confirmation Is Rational for Deterministic Hypotheses.Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (3):499-526.
    The tendency to test outcomes that are predicted by our current theory (the confirmation bias) is one of the best-known biases of human decision making. We prove that the confirmation bias is an optimal strategy for testing hypotheses when those hypotheses are deterministic, each making a single prediction about the next event in a sequence. Our proof applies for two normative standards commonly used for evaluating hypothesis testing: maximizing expected information gain and maximizing the probability of falsifying the current hypothesis. (...)
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  8.  59
    Confusion: A Study in the Theory of Knowledge.Joseph L. Camp - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
    To attribute confusion to someone is to take up a paternalistic stance in evaluating his reasoning.
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  9.  57
    Brain Death, States of Impaired Consciousness, and Physician-Assisted Death for End-of-Life Organ Donation and Transplantation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):409-421.
    In 1968, the Harvard criteria equated irreversible coma and apnea with human death and later, the Uniform Determination of Death Act was enacted permitting organ procurement from heart-beating donors. Since then, clinical studies have defined a spectrum of states of impaired consciousness in human beings: coma, akinetic mutism, minimally conscious state, vegetative state and brain death. In this article, we argue against the validity of the Harvard criteria for equating brain death with human death. Brain death does not disrupt somatic (...)
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  10. Confusion: A Study in the Theory of Knowledge.Joseph L. Camp - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
    Everyone has mistaken one thing for another, such as a stranger for an acquaintance. A person who has mistaken two things, Joseph Camp argues, even on a massive scale, is still capable of logical thought. In order to make that idea precise, one needs a logic of confused thought that is blind to the distinction between the objects that have been confused. Confused thought and language cannot be characterized as true or false even though reasoning conducted in such language (...)
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  11.  35
    Neural Circuits Underlying the Pathophysiology of Mood Disorders.Joseph L. Price & Wayne C. Drevets - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):61-71.
  12.  10
    Schelling’s Idealism and Philosophy of Nature.Joseph L. Esposito - 1977 - Bucknell University Press, C1977.
    Analyzes Schelling's arguments for his idealism and pieces together a description of his theory of nature from among the large number of his writings in this area. It also traces the influence of Naturphilosophie on 19th-century science and connects it with recent System Theory.
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  13.  44
    Recovery of Transplantable Organs After Cardiac or Circulatory Death: Transforming the Paradigm for the Ethics of Organ Donation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:8-.
    Organ donation after cardiac or circulatory death (DCD) has been introduced to increase the supply of transplantable organs. In this paper, we argue that the recovery of viable organs useful for transplantation in DCD is not compatible with the dead donor rule and we explain the consequential ethical and legal ramifications. We also outline serious deficiencies in the current consent process for DCD with respect to disclosure of necessary elements for voluntary informed decision making and respect for the donor's autonomy. (...)
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  14.  17
    Brain Death, States of Impaired Consciousness, and Physician-Assisted Death for End-of-Life Organ Donation and Transplantation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):491-491.
  15.  31
    Justifying Physician-Assisted Death in Organ Donation.Joseph L. Verheijde & Mohamed Y. Rady - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):52-54.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 52-54, August 2011.
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  16.  11
    Random Walks on Semantic Networks Can Resemble Optimal Foraging.Joshua T. Abbott, Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):558-569.
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  17.  11
    A Nonparametric Bayesian Framework for Constructing Flexible Feature Representations.Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (4):817-851.
  18.  74
    Commentary on the Concept of Brain Death Within the Catholic Bioethical Framework.Joseph L. Verheijde & Michael Potts - 2010 - Christian Bioethics 16 (3):246-256.
    Since the introduction of the concept of brain death by the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death in 1968, the validity of this concept has been challenged by medical scientists, as well as by legal, philosophical, and religious scholars. In light of increased criticism of the concept of brain death, Stephen Napier, a staff ethicist at the National Catholic Bioethics Center, set out to prove that the whole-brain death criterion serves as (...)
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  19.  49
    Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860-1915.Joseph L. Blau - 1945 - Journal of Philosophy 42 (7):191-193.
  20.  10
    Confusion: A Study in the Theory of Knowledge.Joseph L. Camp - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (3):692-699.
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  21.  8
    Learning How to Generalize.Joseph L. Austerweil, Sophia Sanborn & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (8):e12777.
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  22.  1
    Evolutionary Metaphysics the Development of Peirce's Theory of Categories.Joseph L. Esposito - 1980 - Ohio University Press.
  23.  21
    Learning Hypothesis Spaces and Dimensions Through Concept Learning.Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 73--78.
  24.  24
    Possible-Worlds Metaphysics and the Logical Problem of Evil.Joseph L. Lombardi - 2018 - International Philosophical Quarterly 58 (1):19-29.
    Alvin Plantinga’s solution to J. L. Mackie’s logical problem of evil invokes possible-worlds metaphysics. There are reasons for thinking that the solution is, at least, problematic. Difficulties emerge in the attempts to answer four related questions. Can God’s necessary existence, understood in terms of possible-world metaphysics, make God’s actual existence impossible to explain? Can an omniscient being with knowledge of the contents of every possible world prove ignorant of the consequences of his creative acts? Can an immoral action performed by (...)
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  25.  69
    The Nationalist International: Or What American History Can Teach Us About the Fascist Revolution.Joseph L. Yannielli - 2012 - European Journal of Political Theory 11 (4):438-458.
    In challenging Marxist theorists to confront the radical rebirth at the core of the fascist revolution, Roger Griffin has carried fascist studies to a new and valuable plateau. Likewise, David D. Roberts’s elaboration of Griffin’s model offers a provocative and fruitful avenue to rethink fascist political culture. This article seeks to advance the dialogue to the next level by considering what an international approach can add to these primarily nationalist interpretations of generic fascism. Drawing on examples from the history of (...)
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  26. Evolutionary Metaphysics: The Development of Peirce's Theory of Categories.Joseph L. Esposito - 1980 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 17 (3):279-283.
     
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  27.  6
    The Metaphysics of Edmund Burke.Joseph L. Pappin - 1993 - Fordham University Press.
    The most recent commentators on Edmund Burke have renewed the charge that his political thought lacks the consistency and coherency necessary to even claim the status of a political philosophy and that he is indeed a "utilitarian." They mark him off as an "ideologist," a "rhetorician," and a "deliberate propagandist." Even Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France, his most profound statement of a political philosophy, is regarded by some as a work of mere "persuasion," not "philosophy." All this occurs (...)
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  28.  70
    Presumed Consent for Organ Preservation in Uncontrolled Donation After Cardiac Death in the United States: A Public Policy with Serious Consequences. [REVIEW]Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor - 2009 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:1-8.
    Organ donation after cessation of circulation and respiration, both controlled and uncontrolled, has been proposed by the Institute of Medicine as a way to increase opportunities for organ procurement. Despite claims to the contrary, both forms of controlled and uncontrolled donation after cardiac death raise significant ethical and legal issues. Identified causes for concern include absence of agreement on criteria for the declaration of death, nonexistence of universal guidelines for duration before stopping resuscitation efforts and techniques, and assumption of presumed (...)
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  29.  27
    The United States Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (2006): New Challenges to Balancing Patient Rights and Physician Responsibilities.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:19.
    Advance health care directives and informed consent remain the cornerstones of patients' right to self-determination regarding medical care and preferences at the end-of-life. However, the effectiveness and clinical applicability of advance health care directives to decision-making on the use of life support systems at the end-of-life is questionable. The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA) has been revised in 2006 to permit the use of life support systems at or near death for the purpose of maximizing procurement opportunities of organs medically (...)
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  30.  6
    Analyzing Knowledge Retrieval Impairments Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease Using Network Analyses.Jeffrey C. Zemla & Joseph L. Austerweil - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-12.
    A defining characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease is difficulty in retrieving semantic memories, or memories encoding facts and knowledge. While it has been suggested that this impairment is caused by a degradation of the semantic store, the precise ways in which the semantic store is degraded are not well understood. Using a longitudinal corpus of semantic fluency data, we derive semantic network representations of patients with Alzheimer’s disease and of healthy controls. We contrast our network-based approach with analyzing fluency data with (...)
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  31.  41
    Play and Possibility.Joseph L. Esposito - 1974 - Philosophy Today 18 (2):137-146.
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  32.  61
    Against God’s Moral Goodness.Joseph L. Lombardi - 2005 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (2):313-326.
    While denying that God has moral obligations, William Alston defends divine moral goodness based on God’s performance of supererogatory acts. The present article argues that an agent without obligations cannot perform supererogatory acts. Hence, divine moral goodness cannot be established on that basis. Defenses of divine moral obligation by Eleonore Stump and Nicholas Wolterstorff are also questioned. Against Stump, it is argued (among other things) that the temptations of Jesus do not establish the existence of a tendency to sin in (...)
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  33. Transformative Communication as a Cultural Tool for Guiding Inquiry Science.Joseph L. Polman & Roy D. Pea - 2001 - Science Education 85 (3):223-238.
     
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  34.  8
    The Internet, Intel and the Vigilante Stakeholder.Joseph L. Badaracco - 1997 - Business Ethics: A European Review 6 (1):18-29.
  35.  3
    War: A Primer for Christians.Joseph L. Allen - 2014 - Texas A & M University Press.
    War: A Primer for Christians provides a concise introduction to the main approaches that Christians have taken toward war and examines each approach critically. Some Christians have supported their country's wars as crusades of good against evil. Others, as pacifists, have rejected participation in or support for any war. Still others have followed the just-war tradition in holding that it can be justifiable under some conditions to resort to war, but that then Christian love must limit the conduct of war. (...)
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  36.  92
    Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences. [REVIEW]Mohamed Y. Rady, Joseph L. Verheijde & Muna S. Ali - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (2):175-205.
    Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences Content Type Journal Article Pages 175-205 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9095-8 Authors Mohamed Y. Rady, Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix 5777 East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix Arizona USA 85054 Joseph L. Verheijde, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine 5777 East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix Arizona USA 85054 Muna S. Ali, Arizona State University Phoenix Arizona USA Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal Issue (...)
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  37.  30
    The Uses of Argument--An Apology for Logic.Joseph L. Cowan - 1964 - Mind 73 (289):27-45.
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  38.  49
    A Freireian Critique of American Adult Literacy Policy.Joseph L. Armstrong & John A. Dale - 2003 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 23 (1/2):5-10.
    At first glance, legislation intended to shape American adult Iiteracy programs appears egalitarian and hopeful. After a more thorough reading, the legislative objectives are Iimited, culturally biased, and largely unattainable. In order to develop coherent Iiteracy pedagogy, we explore Paulo Freire’s definition of critical thinking. From a critical theory perspective, we argue that a vocational education of learning basic skills is insufficient. Furthermore, we believe that more is needed to help adult learners beconle self-sufficient in a modern, dynamic economy. Critical (...)
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  39.  6
    Compound and Simple Responses in Paired-Associate Learning.Joseph L. Young & Robert L. Schiffer - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (2):206.
  40.  44
    Pleasure and Pain: A Study in Philosophical Psychology.Joseph L. Cowan - 1968 - Macmillan.
  41.  35
    G. Pico Della Mirandola. Sincretismo Religioso-Filosofico, 1463-1494.Joseph L. Blau - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (20):556-556.
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  42. Book Review: Clergy Ethics in a Changing Society: Mapping the Terrain. [REVIEW]Joseph L. Allen - 1993 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 47 (2):217-217.
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  43. Continuity and Change: The Church and the Contemporary Social Revolution.Joseph L. Allen - 1968 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 22 (4):461-474.
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  44. Power and Political Community.Joseph L. Allen - 1993 - The Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics 13:3-20.
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  45. The Inclusive Covenant and Special Covenants.Joseph L. Allen - 1979 - Selected Papers From the Annual Meeting: American Society of Christian Ethics 5:95-116.
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  46.  71
    Ethical Challenges with the Left Ventricular Assist Device as a Destination Therapy.Aaron G. Rizzieri, Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:1-15.
    The left ventricular assist device was originally designed to be surgically implanted as a bridge to transplantation for patients with chronic end-stage heart failure. On the basis of the REMATCH trial, the US Food and Drug Administration and the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services approved permanent implantation of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy in Medicare beneficiaries who are not candidates for heart transplantation. The use of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy (...)
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  47.  12
    A Freireian Critique of American Adult Education Policy.Joseph L. Armstrong & John A. Dale - 2003 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 23 (1-2):5-10.
    At first glance, legislation intended to shape American adult Iiteracy programs appears egalitarian and hopeful. After a more thorough reading, the legislative objectives are Iimited, culturally biased, and largely unattainable. In order to develop coherent Iiteracy pedagogy, we explore Paulo Freire’s definition of critical thinking. From a critical theory perspective, we argue that a vocational education of learning basic skills is insufficient. Furthermore, we believe that more is needed to help adult learners beconle self-sufficient in a modern, dynamic economy. Critical (...)
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  48.  71
    Mindreading: Mental State Ascription and Cognitive Architecture.Joseph L. H. Cruz - 1998 - Mind and Language 13 (3):323-340.
    The debate between the theory-theory and simulation has largely ignored issues of cognitive architecture. In the philosophy of psychology, cognition as symbol manipulation is the orthodoxy. The challenge from connectionism, however, has attracted vigorous and renewed interest. In this paper I adopt connectionism as the antecedent of a conditional: If connectionism is the correct account of cognitive architecture, then the simulation theory should be preferred over the theory-theory. I use both developmental evidence and constraints on explanation in psychology to support (...)
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  49.  42
    Request for Help.Joseph L. Barbiero - 1990 - The Chesterton Review 16 (2):115-115.
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  50.  17
    Synechism, Socialism, and Cybernetics.Joseph L. Esposito - 1973 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 9 (2):63 - 78.
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