Results for 'Joseph LeSauter'

985 found
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  1.  32
    Studying restoration of brain function with fetal tissue grafts: Optimal models.Rae Silver & Joseph LeSauter - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):70-70.
    We concur that basic research on the use of CNS grafts is needed. Two important model systems for functional studies of grafts are ignored by Stein & Glasier. In the first, reproductive function is restored in hypogonadal mice by transplantation of GnRH-synthesizing neurons. In the second, circadian rhythmicity is restored by transplantation of the suprachiasmatic nucleus.
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  2. Benardete paradoxes, patchwork principles, and the infinite past.Joseph C. Schmid - 2024 - Synthese 203 (2):51.
    Benardete paradoxes involve a beginningless set each member of which satisfies some predicate just in case no earlier member satisfies it. Such paradoxes have been wielded on behalf of arguments for the impossibility of an infinite past. These arguments often deploy patchwork principles in support of their key linking premise. Here I argue that patchwork principles fail to justify this key premise.
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  3.  6
    The concept of a legal system.Joseph Raz - 1970 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press.
    What does it mean to assert or deny the existence of a legal system? How can one determine whether a given law belongs to a certain legal system? What kind of structure do these systems have, that is--what necessary relations obtain between their laws? The examination of these problems in this volume leads to a new approach to traditional jurisprudential question, though the conclusions are based on a critical appraisal, particularly those of Bentham, Austin, Kelsen, and Hart.
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  4.  2
    Chu Hsi and his masters.Joseph Percy Bruce - 1923 - [New York,: AMS Press.
  5.  61
    An Adversarial Ethic for Business: or When Sun-Tzu Met the Stakeholder.Joseph Heath - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 72 (4):359-374.
    In the economic literature on the firm, especially in the transaction–cost tradition, a sharp distinction is drawn between so-called “market transactions” and “administered transactions.” This distinction is of enormous importance for business ethics, since market transactions are governed by the competitive logic of the market, whereas administered transactions are subject to the cooperative norms that govern collective action in a bureaucracy. The widespread failure to distinguish between these two types of transactions, and thus to distinguish between adversarial and non-adversarial relations, (...)
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  6.  54
    Business Ethics Without Stakeholders.Joseph Heath - 2006 - Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (4):533-557.
    One of the most influential ideas in the field of business ethics has been the suggestion that ethical conduct in a business contextshould be analyzed in terms of a set of fiduciary obligations toward various “stakeholder” groups. Moral problems, according to this view, involve reconciling such obligations in cases where stakeholder groups have conflicting interests. The question posed in this paper is whether the stakeholder paradigm represents the most fruitful way of articulating the moral problems that arise in business. By (...)
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  7.  27
    The legacy of Vico in modern cultural history: from Jules Michelet to Isaiah Berlin.Joseph Mali - 2012 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Jules Michelet: Vico and the origins of nationalism -- James Joyce: Vico and the origins of modernism -- Erich Auerbach: Vico and the origins of historism -- Isaiah Berlin: Vico and the origins of pluralism.
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  8.  11
    Bibliographie der Sowjetischen Philosophie = Bibliography of Soviet Philosophy.Joseph M. Bochenski & Thomas J. Blakeley - 1959 - D. Reidel.
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  9. Yesod Yosef.Joseph ben Solomon Calahora, Ḥayim Yitsḥaḳ Aharon, Eliyahu Saliman Mani, Moses ben Menahem Graf, Shimʻon ben Daṿid Abayov & Avraham Bar Shem Ṭov (eds.) - 1977 - [Yerushalayim: Ḥ. Mo. L..
     
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  10. Ancients and moderns; essays on the tradition of political philosophy in honor of Leo Strauss. Cropsey, Joseph & [From Old Catalog] - 1964 - New York,: Basic Books. Edited by Leo Strauss.
  11. Die Erkenntnislehre Richards von St. Viktor.Joseph Ebner - 1917 - Münster i. W.: Aschendorff.
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  12. Mitsvot ha-musar.Joseph David Epstein - 1973 - Nyu-Yorḳ,: "Yiśraʼel ha-Tsaʻir,".
     
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  13. Sefer Mitsvot ha-bayit.Joseph David Epstein - unknown
     
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  14.  3
    Writers on ethics: classical and contemporary.Joseph Katz - 1973 - Huntington, N.Y.,: R. E. Krieger Pub. Co.. Edited by Philip Nochlin & Robert Capner Stover.
  15. Benardete Paradoxes, Causal Finitism, and the Unsatisfiable Pair Diagnosis.Joseph C. Schmid & Alex Malpass - forthcoming - Mind.
    We examine two competing solutions to Benardete paradoxes: causal finitism, according to which nothing can have infinitely many causes, and the unsatisfiable pair diagnosis (UPD), according to which such paradoxes are logically impossible and no metaphysical thesis need be adopted to avoid them. We argue that the UPD enjoys notable theoretical advantages over causal finitism. Causal finitists, however, have levelled two main objections to the UPD. First, they urge that the UPD requires positing a ‘mysterious force’ that prevents paradoxes from (...)
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  16. Symmetry Breakers for the Modal Ontological Argument.Joseph C. Schmid - manuscript
    The modal ontological argument (MOA) proceeds from God’s possible existence to God’s actual existence. A prominent objection to the MOA is that it suffers from a symmetry problem: an exactly parallel modal ontological argument can be given for God's non-existence. Several attempts have been made to break the symmetry between the arguments. This draft is a mostly comprehensive survey of those attempts. -/- The draft was initially written as a supplement to the 2024 Summer edition of the SEP entry on (...)
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  17.  74
    Arguing for teaching as a practice: A reply to Alasdair Macintyre.Joseph Dunne - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 37 (2):353–369.
    This essay takes issue with Alasdair MacIntyre's denial that teaching is a practice. It does so less by appeal to MacIntyre's concept of practice than by criticism of his conception of teaching. It argues that this conception, as reconstructed from adversions to teaching in a range of his writings, does less than justice to what good teachers accomplish; and that, if this inadequacy is rectified—as much else in his writings suggests that it ought to be—there are clearer grounds for acknowledging (...)
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  18.  25
    Arguing for Teaching as a Practice: a Reply to Alasdair MacIntyre.Joseph Dunne - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 37 (2):353-369.
    This essay takes issue with Alasdair MacIntyre’s denial that teaching is a practice. It does so less by appeal to MacIntyre’s concept of practice than by criticism of his conception of teaching. It argues that this conception, as reconstructed from adversions to teaching in a range of his writings, does less than justice to what good teachers accomplish; and that, if this inadequacy is rectified—as much else in his writings suggests that it ought to be—there are clearer grounds for acknowledging (...)
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  19.  10
    A history of formal logic.Joseph M. Bochenski & Ivo Thomas - 1970 - New York,: Chelsea Pub. Co..
  20.  10
    Rigidity and Kind.Joseph LaPorte - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 97 (3):293-316.
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  21.  58
    Phenomenology and the natural sciences: essays and translations.Joseph J. Kockelmans (ed.) - 1970 - Evanston,: Northwestern University Press.
    Edmund Husserl EDMUND GUSTAVE ALBRECHT HUSSERL was born in Prossnitz, Moravia, on April 8, 1859. After receiving his secondary education in Vienna, ...
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  22. Cochlear Implantation, Enhancements, Transhumanism and Posthumanism: Some Human Questions.Joseph Lee - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):67-92.
    Biomedical engineering technologies such as brain–machine interfaces and neuroprosthetics are advancements which assist human beings in varied ways. There are exciting yet speculative visions of how the neurosciences and bioengineering may influence human nature. However, these could be preparing a possible pathway towards an enhanced and even posthuman future. This article seeks to investigate several ethical themes and wider questions of enhancement, transhumanism and posthumanism. Four themes of interest are: autonomy, identity, futures, and community. Three larger questions can be asked: (...)
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  23.  71
    Commonsense Pluralism about Truth: An Empirical Defence.Joseph Ulatowski - 2017 - Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Truth is a pervasive feature of ordinary language, deserving of systematic study, and few theorists of truth have endeavoured to chronicle the tousled conceptual terrain forming the non-philosopher’s ordinary view. Joseph Ulatowski recasts the philosophical treatment of truth in light of historical and recent work in experimental philosophy. He argues that the commonsense view of truth is deeply fragmented along two axes, across different linguistic discourses and among different demographics. Call this endoxic alethic pluralism. To defend this view, four (...)
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  24.  12
    The deep history of ourselves: the four-billion-year story of how we got conscious brains.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2019 - New York City: Viking Press. Edited by Caio Sorrentino.
    Longlisted for the PEN/E.O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award A leading neuroscientist offers a history of the evolution of the brain from unicellular organisms to the complexity of animals and human beings today Renowned neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux digs into the natural history of life on earth to provide a new perspective on the similarities between us and our ancestors in deep time. This page-turning survey of the whole of terrestrial evolution sheds new light on how nervous systems evolved in (...)
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  25.  13
    The Arts and the Definition of the Human: Toward a Philosophical Anthropology.Joseph Margolis - 2008 - Stanford University Press.
    _The Arts and the Definition of the Human_ introduces a novel theory that our selves—our thoughts, perceptions, creativity, and other qualities that make us human—are determined by our place in history, and more particularly by our culture and language. Margolis rejects the idea that any concepts or truths remain fixed and objective through the flow of history and reveals that this theory of the human being as culturally determined and changing is necessary to make sense of art. He shows that (...)
  26.  2
    The Technique of Theory Construction.Joseph Henry Woodger - 1964 - University of Chicago Press.
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  27.  18
    The Philosophy of Ecology and Sustainability: New Logical and Informational Dimensions.Joseph E. Brenner - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (2):16.
    Ecology and sustainability are current narratives about the behavior of humans toward themselves and the environment. Ecology is defined as a science, and a philosophy of ecology has become a recognized domain of the philosophy of science. For some, sustainability is an accepted, important moral goal. In 2013, a Special Issue of the journal Sustainability dealt with many of the relevant issues. Unfortunately, the economic, ideological, and psychological barriers to ethical behavior and corresponding social action remain great as well as (...)
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  28.  17
    Paleoclimate analogues and the threshold problem.Joseph Wilson - 2023 - Synthese 202 (1):1-30.
    Climate models calibrated exclusively with observations from the 19th through 21st centuries are unsuitable for assessing many important hypotheses about the future. Many systems in the modern climate are expected to cross dynamic thresholds in the near future, requiring more than the instrumental record for adequate calibration. In this paper I argue that paleoclimate analogues from earth’s past can mitigate this threshold problem, even if the modern climate exhibits features that make it historically unique. While this requires that paleoclimatologists be (...)
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  29.  33
    Proxy measurement in paleoclimatology.Joseph Wilson & F. Garrett Boudinot - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 12 (1):1-20.
    In this paper we argue that the difference between standard measurement and proxy measurement in paleoclimatology should not be understood in terms of ‘directness’. Measurements taken by climatologists to be paradigmatically non-proxy exhibit the kinds of indirectness that are thought to separate them proxy measurement. Rather, proxy measurements and standard measurements differ in how they account for confounding causal factors. Measurements are ‘proxy’ to the extent that the measurements require vicarious controls, while measurements are not proxy, but rather ‘standard’, to (...)
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  30.  5
    John Dewey, Confucius, and Global Philosophy.Joseph Grange - 2004 - SUNY Press.
    Joseph Grange's beautifully written book provides a unique synthesis of two major figures of world philosophy, John Dewey and Confucius, and points the way to a global philosophy based on American and Confucian values. Grange concentrates on the major themes of experience, felt intelligence, and culture to make the connections between these two giants of Western and Eastern thought. He explains why the Chinese called Dewey "A Second Confucius," and deepens our understanding of Confucius's concepts of the way (dao) (...)
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  31.  52
    The unraveling of scientism: American philosophy at the end of the twentieth century.Joseph Margolis - 2003 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    The Unraveling of Scientism, a companion to Joseph Margolis's Reinventing Pragmatism, follows the thread of American analytic philosophy through the second half ...
  32. Agency, Reason, and the Good.Joseph Raz - 1999 - In Engaging Reason. International Phenomenological Society.
    The connection between action, reason, and value is explored by examining the connection between reasons and intentions, and between reasons and what we take to be good. This is done in comparison to the classical view, which maintains that valuable aspects of the world constitute reasons for agents. In attempting to explain common features of what it is for people to be rational agents, Raz examines whether there are reasons, which are neutral in values, the explanatory and justificatory role of (...)
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  33.  10
    How Do We Acquire Parental Responsibilities?Joseph Millum - 2008 - Social Theory and Practice 34 (1):71-93.
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  34.  68
    Automated Remote Sensing with Near Infrared Reflectance Spectra: Carbonate Recognition.Joseph Ramsey, Peter Spirtes & Clark Glymour - unknown
    Reflectance spectroscopy is a standard tool for studying the mineral composition of rock and soil samples and for remote sensing of terrestrial and extraterrestrial surfaces. We describe research on automated methods of mineral identification from reflectance spectra and give evidence that a simple algorithm, adapted from a well-known search procedure for Bayes nets, identifies the most frequently occurring classes of carbonates with reliability equal to or greater than that of human experts. We compare the reliability of the procedure to the (...)
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  35.  67
    Interior colors.Joseph Thomas Tolliver - 1994 - Philosophical Topics 22 (1/2):411-41.
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  36.  38
    Intuitive Hedonism.Joseph Endola - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 128 (2):441-477.
    The hoary philosophical tradition of hedonism – the view that pleasure is the basic ethical or normative value – suggests that it is at least reasonably and roughly intuitive. But philosophers no longer treat hedonism that way. For the most part, they think that they know it to be obviously false on intuitive grounds, much more obviously false on such grounds than familiar competitors. I argue that this consensus is wrong. I defend the intuitive cogency of hedonism relative to the (...)
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  37.  10
    Practical Reason.Joseph Dunne & Shirley Pendlebury - 2002 - In Nigel Blake, Paul Smeyers, Richard D. Smith & Paul Standish (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Education. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 194–211.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction I II.
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  38.  18
    Distinguishing genetic from nongenetic medical tests: Some implications for antidiscrimination legislation.Joseph Alper & Jon Beckwith - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (2):141-150.
    Genetic discrimination is becoming an increasingly important problem in the United States. Information acquired from genetic tests has been used by insurance companies to reject applications for insurance policies and to refuse payment for the treatment of illnesses. Numerous states and the United States Congress have passed or are considering passage of laws that would forbid such use of genetic information by health insurance companies. Here we argue that much of this legislation is severely flawed because of the difficulty in (...)
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  39. Reply to Colyvan.Joseph Melia - 2002 - Mind 111:75-9.
  40. Introduction.Joseph Raz - 1999 - In Engaging Reason. International Phenomenological Society.
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  41.  52
    The problem of existential import.Joseph S. Wu - 1969 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 10:415.
  42.  28
    Contemporary European philosophy.Joseph M. Bochenski - 1956 - Berkeley,: University of California Press.
    GRAF PAUL YORCK VON WARTENBURG I Origin of Contemporary Philosophy i . The Nineteenth Century a. the nature and growth of modern philosophy Modern ...
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  43.  15
    The Transcendental Necessity of Morality.Joseph Heath - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):378-395.
    David Gauthier tries to defend morality by showing that rational agents would choose to adopt a fundamental choice disposition that permits them to cooperate in prisoner's dilemmas. In this paper, I argue that Gauthier, rather than trying to work out a prudential justification for his favored choice disposition, should opt for a transcendental justification. I argue that the disposition in question is the product of socialization, not rational choice. However, only agents who are socialized in such a way that they (...)
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  44.  23
    Health Care Decision Making.S. Joseph Tham & Marie Catherine Letendre - 2014 - The New Bioethics 20 (2):174-185.
    This paper addresses three factors that have contributed to shifts in decision making in health care. First, the notion of patient autonomy, which has changed due to the rise of patient-centred approaches in contemporary health care and the re-conceptualization of the physician-patient relationship. Second, the understanding of patient autonomy has broadened to better engage patient participation. Third, the need to develop cross-cultural health care ethics. Our paper shows that the shift in the West from the individual to the relational self (...)
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  45.  30
    Protagoras - or Plato?Joseph P. Maguire - 1973 - Phronesis 18 (1):115-138.
  46. Explaining Normativity: On Rationality and the Justification of Reason.Joseph Raz - 1999 - In Engaging Reason. International Phenomenological Society.
    Explaining normativity requires, amongst other things, an examination of the relationship between rationality and reasons and the connection between reasons and principles of reasoning. Essentially, explaining normativity will consist in demonstrating what it is to be a reason and solving related puzzles about reasons. The capability to reason, to justify our reasons for acting, whether we require substantive principles of reason, and the standing of formal reason is considered. The claim that normativity should be defended and justified amounts to a (...)
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  47. Explaining Normativity: Reason and the Will.Joseph Raz - 1999 - In Engaging Reason. International Phenomenological Society.
    The relation between reason and the will is explored in reference to the nature of reasons and of normativity. Must we hold beliefs for decisive reasons? Can we be unreflectively motivated by reasons? It is maintained that one need not necessarily be motivated by all the reasons that apply to an agent. Reasons are argued to be optional to the extent that the fact that there are reasons for a certain response make it an eligible response, but not one that (...)
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  48. When We Are Ourselves: The Active and the Passive.Joseph Raz - 1999 - In Engaging Reason. International Phenomenological Society.
    One's sense of self and control over our actions and intentions shape the form and direction of one's life. We are responsible for not only our actions but also for all that which is our own and under our control. Raz explores the active/passive distinction for questions of responsibility and how our life becomes our own when it is under our control and guided by reason. We are ourselves when we are responsive to reasons—when we act for intentional reasons with (...)
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  49.  82
    Continuants and occurrents, II.Joseph Melia - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):77–92.
    [Peter Simons] Commonsense ontology contains both continuants and occurrents, but are continuants necessary? I argue that they are neither occurrents nor easily replaceable by them. The worst problem for continuants is the question in virtue of what a given continuant exists at a given time. For such truthmakers we must have recourse to occurrents, those vital to the continuant at that time. Continuants are, like abstract objects, invariants under equivalences over occurrents. But they are not abstract, and their being invariants (...)
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  50. Explanation constrains learning, and prior knowledge constrains explanation.Joseph Jay Williams & Tania Lombrozo - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
    A great deal of research has demonstrated that learning is influenced by the learner’s prior background knowledge (e.g. Murphy, 2002; Keil, 1990), but little is known about the processes by which prior knowledge is deployed. We explore the role of explanation in deploying prior knowledge by examining the joint effects of eliciting explanations and providing prior knowledge in a task where each should aid learning. Three hypotheses are considered: that explanation and prior knowledge have independent and additive effects on learning, (...)
     
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