THE word “ Organicism,” although it may seem unfamiliar to the younger generation of biologists, is not a new one, and has been heard of already in that shadowy limbo where philosophical and biological conceptions meet on common ground. The genius of its original minting is not known, but it figured largely in the great work of Yves Delage, the French zoologist, in which he attempted to survey and criticize every important biological theory which had ever been seriously produced. His (...) l'Hérédité et les grands Problèmes de la Biologie appeared in 1903, and in it he classified all biological theories, past, present, and future, under the four heads of. (shrink)
Those who still interest themselves in problems connected with God, Freedom, and Immortality are not accustomed to look to natural science for any light on these dark places. It is usually admitted that the scientific method operates with basic assumptions which are far from binding on philosophers, and which indeed have no very satisfactory metaphysical authority. In spite of a few protests by philosophers, scientific thinkers have on the whole felt entitled to neglect the philosophical consequences of their theories, and (...) have gone ahead in the investigation of nature by accepting only such hypotheses as explained the maximum number of known facts, irrespective of their possible results on other fields of work. When a strictly scientific theory is invested with philosophical importance, some form of materialism, however well disguised, usually results. (shrink)
Comprises 11 major essays by Joseph Needham, one of the pre-eminent scholars in the study of the history of science in Chinese civilization and critic of the dominating role of science in Western societies. The essays examine the relationships between science, religion and politics.
Originally published in 1942, this book contains the text of eleven lectures originally delivered the previous year to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the visit of the great educator Jan Amos Komenský to Cambridge in 1641. The lectures all come from a background in education or writing, and each describes the effect that Comenius has had on their experience of education, the world, and social order. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in Comenius or the (...) history of education. (shrink)