Results for 'Joseph R. Millum'

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  1. Informed consent to HIV cure research.Danielle Bromwich & Joseph R. Millum - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (2):108-113.
    Trials with highly unfavourable risk–benefit ratios for participants, like HIV cure trials, raise questions about the quality of the consent of research participants. Why, it may be asked, would a person with HIV who is doing well on antiretroviral therapy be willing to jeopardise his health by enrolling in such a trial? We distinguish three concerns: first, how information is communicated to potential participants; second, participants’ motivations for enrolling in potentially high risk research with no prospect of direct benefit; and (...)
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  2. Preventing Sin: The Ethics of Vaccines Against Smoking.Sarah R. Lieber & Joseph Millum - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (3):23-33.
    Advances in immunotherapy pave the way for vaccines that target not only infections, but also unhealthy behaviors such as smoking. A nicotine vaccine that eliminates the pleasure associated with smoking could potentially be used to prevent children from adopting this addictive and dangerous behavior. This paper offers an ethical analysis of such vaccines. We argue that it would be permissible for parents to give their child a nicotine vaccine if the following conditions are met: (1) the vaccine is expected to (...)
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  3. Should health research funding be proportional to the burden of disease?Joseph Millum - 2023 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 22 (1):76-99.
    Public funders of health research have been widely criticized on the grounds that their allocations of funding for disease-specific research do not reflect the relative burdens imposed by different diseases. For example, the US National Institutes of Health spends a much greater fraction of its budget on HIV/aids research and a much smaller fraction on migraine research than their relative contribution to the US burden of disease would suggest. Implicit in this criticism is a normative claim: Insofar as the scientific (...)
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  4.  12
    Beyond Harms and Benefits: Rethinking Duties to Disclose Misattributed Parentage.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (4):37-38.
    In this issue of the Hastings Center Report, Amulya Mandava, Joseph Millum, and Benjamin E. Berkman revisit an old conundrum—whether to disclose incidental findings of misattributed parentage—in light of new developments in genomic sequencing that will make that conundrum both more complex and more common. While the authors’ defense of nondisclosure as the appropriate default action in genomic research aligns with prior thinking and practice, their exploration of philosophical foundations is refreshingly rigorous and developed. The final product of (...)
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  5.  55
    Mathematical logic.Joseph R. Shoenfield - 1967 - Reading, Mass.,: Addison-Wesley.
    8.3 The consistency proof -- 8.4 Applications of the consistency proof -- 8.5 Second-order arithmetic -- Problems -- Chapter 9: Set Theory -- 9.1 Axioms for sets -- 9.2 Development of set theory -- 9.3 Ordinals -- 9.4 Cardinals -- 9.5 Interpretations of set theory -- 9.6 Constructible sets -- 9.7 The axiom of constructibility -- 9.8 Forcing -- 9.9 The independence proofs -- 9.10 Large cardinals -- Problems -- Appendix The Word Problem -- Index.
  6. Future directions in engineering ethics research: Microethics, macroethics and the role of professional societies.Joseph R. Herkert - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):403-414.
    Three frames of reference for engineering ethics are discussed—individual, professional and social—which can be further broken down into “microethics” concerned with individuals and the internal relations of the engineering profession and “macroethics” referring to the collective social responsibility of the engineering profession and to societal decisions about technology. Few attempts have been made at integrating microethical and macroethical approaches to engineering ethics. The approach suggested here is to focus on the role of professional engineering societies in linking individual and professional (...)
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  7. An introduction to business ethics.Joseph R. DesJardins - 2014 - Dubuque, IA: McGraw Hill LLC.
    The overarching goal in the seventh edition of this text remains what it was for the first edition: "to provide a clear, concise, and reasonably comprehensive introductory survey of the ethical choices available to us in business." This book arose from the challenges encountered in my own teaching of business ethics. Over the years I have taught business ethics in many settings and with many formats. I sometimes relied on an anthology of readings, other times I emphasized case studies.
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  8.  22
    Pain and Addiction in Specialty and Primary Care: The Bookends of a Crisis.Joseph R. Schottenfeld, Seth A. Waldman, Abbe R. Gluck & Daniel G. Tobin - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (2):220-237.
    Specialists and primary care physicians play an integral role in treating the twin epidemics of pain and addiction. But inadequate access to specialists causes much of the treatment burden to fall on primary physicians. This article chronicles the differences between treatment contexts for both pain and addiction — in the specialty and primary care contexts — and derives a series of reforms that would empower primary care physicians and better leverage specialists.
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  9.  83
    The problem of predicativity.Joseph R. Shoenfield - 1961 - In Bar-Hillel, Yehoshua & [From Old Catalog] (eds.), Essays on the Foundations of Mathematics. Jerusalem,: Magnes Press. pp. 132--139.
  10.  10
    Confessions of a Shoveler: STS Subcultures and Engineering Ethics.Joseph R. Herkert - 2006 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 26 (5):410-418.
    Mainstream science, technology, and society scholars have shown little interest in engineering ethics, one going so far as to label engineering ethics activists as “shit shovelers.” Detachment from engineering ethics on the part of most STS scholars is related to a broader and long-standing split between the scholar-oriented and activist-oriented wings of STS. This article discusses the various STS “subcultures” and argues that the much-maligned activist STS subculture is far more likely than the mainstream scholar subculture to have a significant (...)
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  11.  18
    In Search of Wealth and Power: Yen Fu and the West.Joseph R. Levenson & Benjamin Schwartz - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (3):437.
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  12.  35
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau: a friend of virtue.Joseph R. Reisert - 2003 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    The Problem of Virtue The shortest and surest way of making men happy is not to adorn their cities, nor even to enrich them, but to make them good. ...
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  13.  43
    Collaborative learning in engineering ethics.Joseph R. Herkert - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (4):447-462.
    This paper discusses collaborative learning and its use in an elective course on ethics in engineering. Collaborative learning is a form of active learning in which students learn with and from one another in small groups. The benefits of collaborative learning include improved student performance and enthusiasm for learning, development of communication skills, and greater student appreciation of the importance of judgment and collaboration in solving real-world problems such as those encountered in engineering ethics. Collaborative learning strategies employed in the (...)
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  14.  63
    Axioms of set theory.Joseph R. Shoenfield - 1977 - In Jon Barwise (ed.), Handbook of mathematical logic. New York: North-Holland. pp. 90.
  15.  54
    Partition theorems and computability theory.Joseph R. Mileti - 2005 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 11 (3):411-427.
    The connections between mathematical logic and combinatorics have a rich history. This paper focuses on one aspect of this relationship: understanding the strength, measured using the tools of computability theory and reverse mathematics, of various partition theorems. To set the stage, recall two of the most fundamental combinatorial principles, König's Lemma and Ramsey's Theorem. We denote the set of natural numbers by ω and the set of finite sequences of natural numbers by ω<ω. We also identify each n ∈ ω (...)
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  16.  30
    Contemporary issues in business ethics.Joseph R. DesJardins - 2000 - Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning. Edited by John J. McCall.
    CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN BUSINESS ETHICS, 6E introduces readers to business ethics by focusing on the influence of market mechanisms and social values on workplace norms. And because business is increasingly a global enterprise, this edition emphasizes the role of ethics both at home and abroad.
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  17.  24
    Correction of tracking errors without sensory feedback.Joseph R. Higgins & Ronald W. Angle - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (3):412.
  18.  82
    Ways of thinking about and teaching ethical problem solving: Microethics and macroethics in engineering. [REVIEW]Joseph R. Herkert - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):373-385.
    Engineering ethics entails three frames of reference: individual, professional, and social. “Microethics” considers individuals and internal relations of the engineering profession; “macroethics” applies to the collective social responsibility of the profession and to societal decisions about technology. Most research and teaching in engineering ethics, including online resources, has had a “micro” focus. Mechanisms for incorporating macroethical perspectives include: integrating engineering ethics and science, technology and society (STS); closer integration of engineering ethics and computer ethics; and consideration of the influence of (...)
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  19.  39
    Engineering Ethics and Computer Ethics.Joseph R. Herkert - 2004 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (1):36-56.
  20.  4
    Some consequences of the Morass and diamond.Joseph R. Rebholz - 1975 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 7 (4):361-385.
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  21. Property rights in Celtic Irish law.Joseph R. Peden - 1977 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 1 (2):81-95.
  22.  65
    Journal of Libertarian Studies.Joseph R. Stromberg - unknown
    In 1792, Thomas Paine sounded a cautionary note about the economics of empire: The most unprofitable of all commerce is that connected with foreign dominion. To a few individuals it may be beneficial, merely because it is commerce; but to the nation it is a loss. The expense of maintaining dominion more than absorbs the profit of any trade.1 Had Americans consistently heeded Paine’s advice, the United States might have avoided much of the overseas bloodshed, as well as domestic bureaucratization, (...)
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  23. Rothbard and Burke vs. the Cold War Burkeans.Joseph R. Stromberg - unknown
    The monarchic, and aristocratical, and popular partisans have been jointly laying their axes to the root of all government, and have in their turns proved each other absurd and inconvenient. In vain you tell me that artificial government is good, but that I fall out only with the abuse. The thing! the thing itself is the abuse! ~ Edmund Burke, 1756..
     
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  24. The Role of Mono poly Capitalism in the Age of Empire.Joseph R. Stromberg - 2001 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 14 (3).
     
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  25.  40
    An Interview with Jacques Rancière: Playing Freely, from the Other, to the Letter.Joseph R. Shafer & Jacques Rancière - 2021 - Substance 50 (2):173-191.
    When I first contacted Jacques Rancière in March 2017, nearly three-and-a-half years before the completion of this interview, a few basic questions were growing heavy. Questions limited to current political climates, trending philosophical systems, specific literary works, designated historical shifts, or particular Rancièrean terms would be reluctantly put aside in pursuit of certain elemental distinctions that might better inform the rest. The original proposal was to work around such slippery paradoxes as resistance, and to readdress tangible material like the letter, (...)
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  26.  3
    Business's Environmental Responsibility.Joseph R. DesJardins - 1999 - In Robert Frederick (ed.), A companion to business ethics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. pp. 280–289.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Responsibility for environmental harm to humans Responsibilities to the natural world Business ethics in the age of sustainable economics.
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  27. Lincoln's reflective patriotism: an alternative to nationalism and cosmopolitanism.Joseph R. Fornieri - 2011 - In Lee Trepanier & Khalil M. Habib (eds.), Cosmopolitanism in the Age of Globalization: Citizens Without States. University Press of Kentucky.
  28. The sacred gone astray : Eliade, Fanon, Wynter, and the terror of colonial settlement.Joseph R. Winters - 2021 - In An Yountae & Eleanor Craig (eds.), Beyond man: race, coloniality, and philosophy of religion. Durham: Duke University Press.
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  29.  74
    The Limbic System and the Soul: Evolution and the Neuroanatomy of Religious Experience.R. Joseph - 2001 - Zygon 36 (1):105-136.
    The evolutionary neurological foundations of religious experience are detailed. Human beings have been burying and preparing their dead for the Hereafter for more than 100,000 years. These behaviors and beliefs are related to activation of the amygdala, hippocampus, and temporal lobe, which are responsible for religious, spiritual, and mystical trancelike states, dreaming, astral projection, near‐death and out‐of‐body experiences, and the hallucination of ghosts, demons, angels, and gods. Abraham, Moses, Muhammad, and Jesus Christ, and others who have communed with angels or (...)
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  30.  95
    Single-cue delay eyeblink conditioning is unrelated to awareness.Joseph R. Manns, Robert E. Clark & Larry R. Squire - 2001 - Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 1 (2):192-198.
  31. A relative consistency proof.Joseph R. Shoenfield - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (1):21-28.
    LetCbe an axiom system formalized within the first order functional calculus, and letC′ be related toCas the Bernays-Gödel set theory is related to the Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. Ilse Novak [5] and Mostowski [8] have shown that, ifCis consistent, thenC′ is consistent. Mostowski has also proved the stronger result that any theorem ofC′ which can be formalized inCis a theorem ofC.The proofs of Novak and Mostowski do not provide a direct method for obtaining a contradiction inCfrom a contradiction inC′. We could, (...)
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  32. However incompletely, human.Joseph R. Slaughter - 2014 - In Costas Douzinas & Conor Gearty (eds.), The meanings of rights: the philosophy and social theory of human rights. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
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  33.  15
    Listening time and the short-term perceptual deprivation effect.Joseph R. Levine, Alice Pettit & Bruce T. Leckart - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (1):10-11.
  34.  26
    The Evolution of Chinese Tz'u Poetry: From Late T'ang to Northern Sung.Joseph R. Allen, Kang-I. Sun Chang & Tz'U. - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (4):801.
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  35.  10
    The conceptual range of “cognitivism”.Joseph R. Royce - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):634-634.
  36.  7
    Spotlight on health and human rights.Joseph R. Fitchett - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (2):111-112.
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  37. The encapsulated man.Joseph R. Royce - 1964 - Princeton, N.J.,: Van Nostrand.
  38.  10
    Experimental extinction and drive during extinction in a discrimination habit.Joseph R. Cautela - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (5):299.
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  39.  10
    Du musée-écrin au musée-objet.Joseph R. Moukarzel - 2011 - Hermes 61:, [ p.].
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  40. The Inception and Displacement of Confucianism: From History as the Base of Culture to Historicism and Shifting Sands.Joseph R. Levenson - 1963 - Diogenes 11 (42):65-80.
    The problem of leaders and followers is a famous one in intellectual history. Marx once remarked wryly that he was not a Marxist. Dostoevski and Kierkegaard, in mordant moments, saw Christians severed from Jesus. What was the relation between Confucius (551-479 B.C.), an ineffective political adviser in a disintegrating feudal society, and the enormously influential Confucianists in the later highly organized bureaucratic imperial regimes?
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  41.  25
    A History of Chinese Literature.Joseph R. Allen & Herbert A. Giles - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):122.
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  42.  16
    Anthology of Modern Chinese Poetry.Joseph R. Allen & Michelle Yeh - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (2):324.
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  43. The Role of State Monopoly Capitalism in the American Empire.Joseph R. Stromberg - 2001 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 15 (3; SEAS SUM):57-94.
     
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  44.  19
    Philosophy By Way of the Sciences.Joseph R. Mueller - 1932 - Modern Schoolman 9 (2):39-39.
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  45.  65
    Collegiality and academic community.Joseph R. Urgo - 2005 - Symploke 13 (1):30-42.
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  46.  25
    Concerning instincts.Joseph R. Geiger - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (3):57-68.
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  47.  25
    Prayer and behavior adjustments.Joseph R. Geiger - 1930 - International Journal of Ethics 41 (1):75-85.
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  48.  28
    Du musée-écrin au musée-objet.Joseph R. Moukarzel - 2011 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 61 (3):, [ p.].
    Les musées contemporains sont en pleine mutation, ils passent du statut de « temples de l’art et de la culture » à celui de pourvoyeurs d’activités culturelles et ludiques. Censés instruire, ils s’engagent dans la voie controversée de plaire en vue d’exister, le but ultime étant de drainer le plus de « clients » possible pour assurer la continuation. Et dans la mouvance, ils n’hésitent pas à s’exporter au même titre que les enseignes commerciales vers des cités-nations à la recherche (...)
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  49.  16
    Félix Guattari and the highways of memory.Joseph R. Johnson - 2021 - Angelaki 26 (6):128-143.
    One of the last major works of “French Theory,” Félix Guattari’s notoriously dense 1989 Schizoanalytic Cartographies has only recently been made available to English-speaking audiences by Andr...
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  50.  4
    High-Risk Technology and Technological Literacy.Joseph R. Herkert - 1987 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 7 (5-6):730-737.
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