Results for 'Joseph Robert Shoenfield'

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  1.  30
    Mathematical Logic.Joseph Robert Shoenfield - 1967 - Reading, MA, USA: Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley Pub. Co..
    8.3 The consistency proof -- 8.4 Applications of the consistency proof -- 8.5 Second-order arithmetic -- Problems -- Chapter 9: Set Theory -- 9.1 Axioms for sets -- 9.2 Development of set theory -- 9.3 Ordinals -- 9.4 Cardinals -- 9.5 Interpretations of set theory -- 9.6 Constructible sets -- 9.7 The axiom of constructibility -- 9.8 Forcing -- 9.9 The independence proofs -- 9.10 Large cardinals -- Problems -- Appendix The Word Problem -- Index.
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  2.  32
    Degrees of Unsolvability.Joseph Robert Shoenfield - 1971 - New York: American Elsevier.
  3.  20
    Joseph R. Shoenfield. Degrees of Unsolvability. North-Holland Mathematical Studies 2. North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam-London, and American Elsevier Publishing Company, Inc., New York, 1971, VIII + 111 Pp. [REVIEW]Leonard P. Sasso - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):452-453.
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  4.  41
    Joseph R. Shoenfield. Mathematical Logic. Republication of JSL XL 234. Association for Symbolic Logic, Urbana, and A K Peters, Natick, Mass., 2001, Viii + 344 Pp. [REVIEW]J. Donald Monk - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):376.
  5.  20
    Joseph R. Shoenfield. Mathematical Logic. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Mass., Menlo Park, Calif., London, and Don Mills, Ontario, 1967, Viii + 344 Pp. [REVIEW]Donald Monk - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):234-236.
  6. JOSEPH R. SHOENFIELD, Degrees of unsolvability. [REVIEW]Roman Murawski - 1975 - Studia Logica 34:284.
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  7.  23
    Joseph R. Shoenfield. Recursion Theory, Lecture Notes in Logic, No. 1. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Etc., 1993, V + 84 Pp. [REVIEW]Steffen Lempp - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (3):1105.
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  8.  22
    Health and Human Rights: An Area of Neglect in the Core Curriculum?Joseph Robert Fitchett, Elena Ferran, Katherine Footer & Natasha Ahmed - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (4):258-260.
    Next SectionMedical ethics and law education in the UK is undergoing continuous transformation. In parallel, human rights teaching with respect to health is expanding as a distinct field. Yet a resistance to the inclusion of human rights in the medical ethics and law curriculum persists. In response to Stirrat and colleagues, this article seeks to highlight the mutual benefit that could be derived from an integration of human rights into the already established medical ethics and law teaching in medical schools. (...)
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  9.  26
    Gender and Social Environment Modulate the Effects of Testosterone on Social Behavior: Comment on Eisenegger Et Al.Robert A. Josephs, Pranjal H. Mehta & Justin M. Carré - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):509-510.
  10.  6
    Judgment by Quantity.Robert A. Josephs, R. Brian Giesler & David H. Silvera - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 123 (1):21-32.
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  11.  11
    Review: Joseph R. Shoenfield, Degrees of Unsolvability. [REVIEW]Leonard P. Sasso - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):452-453.
  12. In Memoriam: Joseph R. Shoenfield 1927–2000.Carl G. Jockusch - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):393-396.
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  13.  24
    Review: Joseph R. Shoenfield, Mathematical Logic. [REVIEW]J. Donald Monk - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):376-376.
  14.  24
    Review: Joseph R. Shoenfield, Mathematical Logic. [REVIEW]Donald Monk - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):234-236.
  15.  3
    Review: Joseph R. Shoenfield, Recursion Theory. [REVIEW]Steffen Lempp - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (3):1105-1105.
  16.  6
    Review: Georg Kreisel, Daniel Lacombe, Joseph R. Shoenfield, Fonctionnelles Recursivement Definissables et Fonctionnelles Recursives. [REVIEW]Martin Davis - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):48-48.
  17.  53
    The Problem of Predicativity.Joseph R. Shoenfield - 1961 - In Bar-Hillel, Yehoshua & [From Old Catalog] (eds.), Essays on the Foundations of Mathematics. Jerusalem, Magnes Press, Hebrew University;. pp. 132--139.
  18. IN MEMORIAM-In Memoriam: Joseph R. Shoenfield. 1927-2000.Carl G. Jockush Jr - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (3).
  19. Susceptibility to the Muller-Lyer Illusion, Theory-Neutral Observation, and the Diachronic Penetrability of the Visual Input System.Robert N. McCauley & Joseph Henrich - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):79-101.
    Jerry Fodor has consistently cited the persistence of illusions--especially the M.
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  20. “Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range of (...)
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  21.  52
    An Opportunity Cost Model of Subjective Effort and Task Performance.Robert Kurzban, Angela Duckworth, Joseph W. Kable & Justus Myers - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):661-679.
    Why does performing certain tasks cause the aversive experience of mental effort and concomitant deterioration in task performance? One explanation posits a physical resource that is depleted over time. We propose an alternative explanation that centers on mental representations of the costs and benefits associated with task performance. Specifically, certain computational mechanisms, especially those associated with executive function, can be deployed for only a limited number of simultaneous tasks at any given moment. Consequently, the deployment of these computational mechanisms carries (...)
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  22.  45
    Axioms of Set Theory.Joseph R. Shoenfield - 1977 - In Jon Barwise & H. Jerome Keisler (eds.), Handbook of Mathematical Logic. North-Holland Pub. Co.. pp. 90.
  23.  12
    People with Williams Syndrome Process Faces Holistically.Helen Tager-Flusberg, Daniela Plesa-Skwerer, Susan Faja & Robert M. Joseph - 2003 - Cognition 89 (1):11-24.
  24. A Relative Consistency Proof.Joseph R. Shoenfield - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (1):21-28.
    LetCbe an axiom system formalized within the first order functional calculus, and letC′ be related toCas the Bernays-Gödel set theory is related to the Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. Ilse Novak [5] and Mostowski [8] have shown that, ifCis consistent, thenC′ is consistent. Mostowski has also proved the stronger result that any theorem ofC′ which can be formalized inCis a theorem ofC.The proofs of Novak and Mostowski do not provide a direct method for obtaining a contradiction inCfrom a contradiction inC′. We could, (...)
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  25.  9
    Foundations of Human Sociality - Economic Experiments and Ethnographic: Evidence From Fifteen Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr & Herbert Gintis (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What motives underlie the ways humans interact socially? Are these the same for all societies? Are these part of our nature, or influenced by our environments?Over the last decade, research in experimental economics has emphatically falsified the textbook representation of Homo economicus. Literally hundreds of experiments suggest that people care not only about their own material payoffs, but also about such things as fairness, equity and reciprocity. However, this research left fundamental questions unanswered: Are such social preferences stable components of (...)
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  26.  5
    Hormones and Ethics: Understanding the Biological Basis of Unethical Conduct.Jooa Julia Lee, Francesca Gino, Ellie Shuo Jin, Leslie K. Rice & Robert A. Josephs - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (5):891-897.
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  27.  32
    Raw Feeling.Joseph Levine & Robert Kirk - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (1):94.
    Kirk’s aim in this book is to bridge what he calls “the intelligibility gap,” expressed in the question, “How could complex patterns of neural firing amount to this?”. He defends a position that he describes as “broadly functionalist,” which consists of several theses. I will briefly review them.
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  28.  37
    A Pilot Evaluation of Portfolios for Quality Attestation of Clinical Ethics Consultants.Joseph J. Fins, Eric Kodish, Felicia Cohn, Marion Danis, Arthur R. Derse, Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Barbara Goulden, Mark Kuczewski, Mary Beth Mercer, Robert A. Pearlman, Martin L. Smith, Anita Tarzian & Stuart J. Youngner - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):15-24.
    Although clinical ethics consultation is a high-stakes endeavor with an increasing prominence in health care systems, progress in developing standards for quality is challenging. In this article, we describe the results of a pilot project utilizing portfolios as an evaluation tool. We found that this approach is feasible and resulted in a reasonably wide distribution of scores among the 23 submitted portfolios that we evaluated. We discuss limitations and implications of these results, and suggest that this is a significant step (...)
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  29.  12
    Postphenomenological Investigations: Essays on Human–Technology Relations.Robert Joseph Rosenberger & Peter-Paul Verbeek (eds.) - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This book provides an introduction to postphenomenology, an emerging school of thought in the philosophy of technology and science and technology studies, which addresses the relationships users develop with the devices they use.
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  30.  24
    Knowledge and Power: Toward a Political Philosophy of Science.Robert Ackermann & Joseph Rouse - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (3):474.
  31.  53
    Tarski’s 1944 Polemical Remarks and Naess’ “Experimental Philosophy”.Robert Barnard & Joseph Ulatowski - 2016 - Erkenntnis 81 (3):457-477.
    Many of Tarski’s better known papers are either about or include lengthy discussions of how to properly define various concepts: truth, logical consequence, semantic concepts, or definability. In general, these papers identify two primary conditions for successful definitions: formal correctness and material adequacy. Material adequacy requires that the concept expressed by the formal definition capture the intuitive content of truth. Our primary interest in this paper is to better understand Tarski’s thinking about material adequacy, and whether components of his view (...)
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  32.  19
    On the Unusual Effectiveness of Logic in Computer Science.Joseph Y. Halpern, Robert Harper, Neil Immerman, Phokion G. Kolaitis, Moshe Y. Vardi & Victor Vianu - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (2):213-236.
  33.  13
    Robert H. Hurlbutt III, 1925-2004.Robert Audi & Joseph Mendola - 2006 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 79 (5):126 -.
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  34.  47
    An Examination of the Alleged Role of "Fixation" in the Solution of Several "Insight" Problems.Robert W. Weisberg & Joseph W. Alba - 1981 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 110 (2):169-192.
  35. Classical Conditioning, Awareness, and Brain Systems.Robert E. Clark, Joseph R. Manns & Larry R. Squire - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):524-531.
  36.  34
    A Content Analysis of Ethical Policy Statements Regarding Marketing Activities.Robert E. Hite, Joseph A. Bellizzi & Cynthia Fraser - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (10):771 - 776.
    Many large corporations now have written codes of ethics to guide the business/marketing activities of employees. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and types of topics which are covered in the ethics policy statements of large U.S. corporations. The results indicated that the topics covered most often (respectively) were: misuse of funds/improper accounting, conflicts of interest, political contributions, and confidential information. It is concluded that in addition to written ethics policy statements, top management should communicate ethical (...)
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  37.  8
    Shoenfield Joseph R.. A Relative Consistency Proof.L. Gál - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (4):367-367.
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  38.  43
    Quality Attestation for Clinical Ethics Consultants: A Two‐Step Model From the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities.Eric Kodish, Joseph J. Fins, Clarence Braddock, Felicia Cohn, Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Marion Danis, Arthur R. Derse, Robert A. Pearlman, Martin Smith, Anita Tarzian, Stuart Youngner & Mark G. Kuczewski - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):26-36.
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  39.  24
    Economy Suspended: The Possibilities of a Badiouian Business Ethics.Robert B. Couch & Joseph M. Spencer - 2013 - Business Ethics: A European Review 22 (4):404-416.
    In the philosophy of Alain Badiou, ethics can only arise in relation to an evental truth procedure that breaks from the economic logic of a situation. Further, because for Badiou there cannot be economic truths per se – rather, economic matters must be understood in their relation to one or more truths in the domain of love, art, science or politics – a Badiouian business ethics would look entirely distinct from any ethics that simply places limits on certain kinds of (...)
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  40. Truth, Correspondence, and Gender.Robert Barnard & Joseph Ulatowski - 2013 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (4):621-638.
    Philosophical theorizing about truth manifests a desire to conform to the ordinary or folk notion of truth. This practice often involves attempts to accommodate some form of correspondence. We discuss this accommodation project in light of two empirical projects intended to describe the content of the ordinary conception of truth. One, due to Arne Naess, claims that the ordinary conception of truth is not correspondence. Our more recent study is consistent with Naess’ result. Our findings suggest that contextual factors and (...)
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  41.  47
    An Experiment Testing the Determinants of Non-Compliance with Insider Trading Laws.Joseph D. Beams, Robert M. Brown & Larry N. Killough - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):309 - 323.
    Recent stories of corporate insiders avoiding losses and, in some cases, generating enormous personal profits as their companies crumbled have led investors to question the integrity of American business and the fairness of the United States stock markets. The SEC tries to ensure the fairness of the stock markets by making and enforcing laws against unfair practices such as insider trading. In the United States, when insiders trade stock based on non-public information, they have broken the law and betrayed the (...)
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  42. Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe, John Q. Patton & David Tracer - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):838-855.
    We would like to thank the commentators for their generous comments, valuable insights and helpful suggestions. We begin this response by discussing the selfishness axiom and the importance of the preferences, beliefs, and constraints framework as a way of modeling some of the proximate influences on human behavior. Next, we broaden the discussion to ultimate-level (that is evolutionary) explanations, where we review and clarify gene-culture coevolutionary theory, and then tackle the possibility that evolutionary approaches that exclude culture might be sufficient (...)
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  43.  48
    Social Dexterity in Inquity and Argumentation: An Apologia of Socrates.Robert Colter & Joseph Ulatowski - 2016 - American Association of Philosophy Teachers Studies in Pedagogy 2:6-27.
    While Euthyphro and Apology are widely taught, they do not offer a complete picture of the variety of ways in which Socrates interacts with his interlocutors in Plato’s dialogues. Perhaps the most important point we wish to bring home is that most, if not all, of Socrates’ discussions are carefully calibrated according to a certain social awareness. Through careful analysis of sections of the dialogues, we argue that aspects of discussions between Socrates and his interlocutors should serve as lessons for (...)
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  44. The objectivity of truth, a core truism?Robert Barnard & Joseph Ulatowski - 2017 - Synthese 198 (2):717-733.
    A typical guiding principle of an account of truth is: “truth is objective,” or, to be clear, judging whether an assertion is true or false depends upon how things are in the world rather than how someone or some community believes it to be. Accordingly, whenever a claim is objectively true, its truth conditions ought not depend upon the context in which it is uttered or the utterer making the claim. Part of our ongoing empirical studies surveying people’s responses to (...)
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  45.  20
    Autonomy, Competence and Non-Interference.Joseph Roberts - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (3):235-252.
    In light of the variety of uses of the term autonomy in recent bioethics literature, in this paper, I suggest that competence, not being as contested, is better placed to play the anti-paternalistic role currently assigned to autonomy. The demonstration of competence, I will argue, can provide individuals with robust spheres of non-interference in which they can pursue their lives in accordance with their own values. This protection from paternalism is achieved by granting individuals rights to non-interference upon demonstration of (...)
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  46. Division of Labor, Economic Specialization, and the Evolution of Social Stratification.Joseph Henrich & Robert Boyd - 2008 - Current Anthropology 49 (4):715-724.
    This paper presents a simple mathematical model that shows how economic inequality between social groups can arise and be maintained even when the only adaptive learning process driving cultural evolution increases individuals’ economic gains. The key assumptions are that human populations are structured into groups and that cultural learning is more likely to occur within than between groups. Then, if groups are sufficiently isolated and there are potential gains from specialization and exchange, stable stratification can sometimes result. This model predicts (...)
     
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  47.  21
    Problem Solving is Not Like Perception: More on Gestalt Theory.Robert W. Weisberg & Joseph W. Alba - 1982 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 111 (3):326-330.
  48. Does Anyone Really Think That ⸢Φ⸣ Is True If and Only If Φ?Robert Barnard & Joseph Ulatowski - 2019 - In Andrew Aberdein & Matthew Inglis (eds.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 145-171.
     
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  49.  20
    A Cost/Benefit Model of Subjective Effort and Task Performance.Robert Kurzban, Angela Duckworth, Joseph W. Kable & Justus Myers - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):661-679.
    Why does performing certain tasks cause the aversive experience of mental effort and concomitant deterioration in task performance? One explanation posits a physical resource that is depleted over time. We propose an alternative explanation that centers on mental representations of the costs and benefits associated with task performance. Specifically, certain computational mechanisms, especially those associated with executive function, can be deployed for only a limited number of simultaneous tasks at any given moment. Consequently, the deployment of these computational mechanisms carries (...)
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  50.  42
    Reasoning About Cultural and Genetic Transmission: Developmental and Cross‐Cultural Evidence From Peru, Fiji, and the United States on How People Make Inferences About Trait Transmission.Cristina Moya, Robert Boyd & Joseph Henrich - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):595-610.
    Using samples from three diverse populations, we test evolutionary hypotheses regarding how people reason about the inheritance of various traits. First, we provide a framework for differentiat-ing the outputs of mechanisms that evolved for reasoning about variation within and between biological taxa and culturally evolved ethnic categories from a broader set of beliefs and categories that are the outputs of structured learning mechanisms. Second, we describe the results of a modified “switched-at-birth” vignette study that we administered among children and adults (...)
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