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Joseph Shaw [17]Joseph W. Shaw [1]
  1.  94
    Intentions and Trolleys.Joseph Shaw - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):63 - 83.
    The series of 'trolley' examples issue a challenge to moral principles based on intentions, since it seems that these give the wrong answers in two important cases: 'Fat Man', where they seem to say that it is permissible to push someone in front of a trolley to save others, and 'Loop', where they seem to say that it is wrong to divert a trolley towards a single person whose body will stop it and save others. I reply, first, that there (...)
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  2.  53
    Reasonable Faith. By John Haldane.Joseph Shaw - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (253):830-832.
    © 2013 The Editors of The Philosophical QuarterlyProfessor Haldane's collection of essays covers not only topics of Philosophy of Religion, but issues in metaphysics and the philosophy of mind. They are treated not so much from a particular religious viewpoint, or from a philosophical tradition associated with religious principles, but by using materials inspired by such viewpoints and traditions. Haldane is explicitly combating an influential strand of thought in academic philosophy which would exclude such materials in principle, even while the (...)
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  3. Book Review: Joseph Pilsner, The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006). 246 Pp. 55.00 (Hb), ISBN 978--0-- 19--928605--. [REVIEW]Joseph Shaw - 2009 - Studies in Christian Ethics 22 (1):105-108.
  4.  79
    The Virtue of Obedience.Joseph Shaw - 2002 - Religious Studies 38 (1):63-75.
    In this paper I give an account and defence of the thought and practice associated with the notion of obedience in religious ethics, especially in reply to the claim that obedience is necessarily unconscientious. First, I argue that it is conscientious to give weight to commands if they are identifiable as pieces of authoritative advice, or, as theists commonly believe, if they have intrinsic moral force. Second, I argue that a theist's strictly moral reasons for fulfilling obligations are not replaced (...)
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  5. Intention in Ethics.Joseph Shaw - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (2):187-223.
    The use of intention in ethics has been the subject of intense debate for many years, but no consensus has emerged over whether intention is morally relevant, or even how it should be understood. In this paper I wish to make a thorough, though by no means exhaustive, examination of the concept and the concepts around it, some to be seen as near-synonyms, and some as contrasting ideas. My interest is in the ethical use of the concept, though my own (...)
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  6.  88
    Divine Commands at the Foundations of Morality.Joseph Shaw - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (3):419 - 439.
    The claim that they are the ‘Divine Command Theory of Morality’ might seem to be the neatest and most obvious way to account for the moral force of divine commands. In this paper I shall argue that the Divine Command Theory fails as an account of God’s relationship with morality, both in terms of coherence and in terms of fidelity to the traditional theist practice of obedience to God, while a more modest account of how God is to be understood (...)
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  7.  94
    The Application of Divine Commands.Joseph Shaw - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (3):307-321.
    Divine commands are typically held, by theists, to be made not only at the foundations of morality, but also in an 'everyday' setting, when there are already moral considerations applicable to the addressee(s). My aim is to show how a particular command could relate to these pre-existing moral considerations, if it is more than just a repetition of them. If it is right that an action be obligatory, wrong or supererogatory, why would God want to change its status? Anyone can (...)
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  8.  38
    Wiencke Lerna, a Preclassical Site in the Argolid. Results of Excavations Conducted by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. Vol. 4: The Architecture, Stratification, and Pottery of Lerna III. Princeton UP/American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 2000. 2 Vols. Pp. Xvii + 799, Ill. 0876612265. $125. [REVIEW]Joseph W. Shaw - 2002 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 122:194-195.
  9.  10
    Intention in Ethics.Joseph Shaw - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (2):187-223.
    The use of intention in ethics has been the subject of intense debate for many years, but no consensus has emerged over whether intention is morally relevant, or even how it should be understood. In this paper I wish to make a thorough, though by no means exhaustive, examination of the concept and the concepts around it, some to be seen as near-synonyms, and some as contrasting ideas. My interest is in the ethical use of the concept, though my own (...)
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  10.  18
    The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts. [REVIEW]Joseph Shaw - 2017 - Philosophical Quarterly 67 (268):654-656.
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  11.  42
    Metaphysics and God: Essays in Honor of Eleonore Stump, Edited by Kevin Timpe.Joseph Shaw - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (3):358-362.
  12.  34
    Moral Dilemma in Medieval Thought: From Gratian to Aquinas.Joseph Shaw - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (1):196-199.
  13.  25
    Death and Other Harms.Joseph Shaw - 2015 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 89 (3):421-439.
    This paper considers the problem of closeness in the ethical use of intention. In section I, attempts inspired by Anscombe to use a “coarse grained” understanding of intention, to deal with certain difficult cases, are rejected. In section II it is argued that the difficult cases can be addressed using other moral principles. In section III a more detailed account of intention is set out, analysing intention as a reason for action, and in section IV two paradoxes apparently created by (...)
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  14.  15
    David Decosimo, Ethics as a Work of Charity: Thomas Aquinas and Pagan Virtue. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014. Pp. Xiii, 354. $65. ISBN: 978-0-8047-9063-5. [REVIEW]Joseph Shaw - 2016 - Speculum 91 (4):1094-1095.
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  15.  12
    Kevin Timpe, Editor: Metaphysics and the Good: Essays in Honor of Eleonore Stump.Joseph Shaw - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (3):358.
  16.  41
    Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil – T.A. Cavanaugh.Joseph Shaw - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):186-190.
  17.  25
    Intention, Proportionality, and the Duty of Aid.Joseph Shaw - 2006 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (1):99-105.
    When moral rules are formulated in terms of intentions, agents are forbidden to countenance harms that are out of proportion with the good they are intending to achieve. Shelly Kagan has argued that if resources are not used for the most value-producing purpose, the agent will be allowing a harm or loss greater than the good intended. I argue that this understanding of proportionality is incorrect, since it displaces the common-sense understanding of the duty of aid, which varies in stringency (...)
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  18.  19
    Worth and Welfare in the Controversy Over Abortion – Christopher Miles Coope.Joseph Shaw - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):566–569.
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