Results for 'Joshua Crook'

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  1. Much ado about nothing: An investigation of the causal nature of omissions.Joshua Crook - 2010 - Emergent Australasian Philosophers 3 (1).
    A punches B in the face and B subsequently develops a black eye. There seems to be little doubt that there is a causal relation here between A‟s punch and B‟s injury. However, what happens when there is no positive physical connection between A and B such as the punch? Can an omission, which is essentially an absence of positive physical action, ever be considered a cause of some particular effect? There are certain cases in which we intuit a clear (...)
     
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  2.  46
    Experimental Philosophy: An Introduction.Joshua Alexander - 2012 - Polity.
    Experimental philosophy uses experimental research methods from psychology and cognitive science in order to investigate both philosophical and metaphilosophical questions. It explores philosophical questions about the nature of the psychological world - the very structure or meaning of our concepts of things, and about the nature of the non-psychological world - the things themselves. It also explores metaphilosophical questions about the nature of philosophical inquiry and its proper methodology. This book provides a detailed and provocative introduction to this innovative field, (...)
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  3. Analytic epistemology and experimental philosophy.Joshua Alexander & Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 2 (1):56–80.
    It has been standard philosophical practice in analytic philosophy to employ intuitions generated in response to thought-experiments as evidence in the evaluation of philosophical claims. In part as a response to this practice, an exciting new movement—experimental philosophy—has recently emerged. This movement is unified behind both a common methodology and a common aim: the application of methods of experimental psychology to the study of the nature of intuitions. In this paper, we will introduce two different views concerning the relationship that (...)
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  4.  20
    OB1-reader: A model of word recognition and eye movements in text reading.Joshua Snell, Sam van Leipsig, Jonathan Grainger & Martijn Meeter - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (6):969-984.
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  5. Accentuate the Negative.Joshua Alexander, Ronald Mallon & Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):297-314.
    Our interest in this paper is to drive a wedge of contention between two different programs that fall under the umbrella of “experimental philosophy”. In particular, we argue that experimental philosophy’s “negative program” presents almost as significant a challenge to its “positive program” as it does to more traditional analytic philosophy.
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  6. Value and parity.Joshua Gert - 2004 - Ethics 114 (3):492-510.
  7.  17
    Liberalism in dark times: the liberal ethos in the twentieth century.Joshua L. Cherniss - 2021 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Today, liberals face a predicament: how to defend liberal principles, when adherence to them seems to constitute a fatal disadvantage against unprincipled opponents. The challenge is not new. In the early years of the twentieth century, liberalism was attacked, by critics on both the right and, especially, the left for being hypocritical, naïve, irresponsible, and impotent. It couldn't, for example (anti-liberalists thought), address the acute inequality of imperial rule, racial segregation, and socio-economic poverty. These issues of social justice it was (...)
  8.  78
    Neural computations that underlie decisions about sensory stimuli.Joshua I. Gold & Michael N. Shadlen - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (1):10-16.
  9. Accentuate the Negative.Joshua Alexander, Ronald Mallon & Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2013 - In Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Experimental Philosophy: Volume 2. New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    There are two ways of understanding experimental philosophy's process of appealing to intuitions as evidence for or against philosophical claims: the positive and negative programs. This chapter deals with how the positivist method of conceptual analysis is affected by the results of the negative program. It begins by describing direct extramentalism, semantic mentalism, conceptual mentalism, and mechanist mentalism, all of which argue that intuitions are credible sources of evidence and will therefore be shared. The negative program challenges this view by (...)
     
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  10. Continuity as a Guide to Possibility.Joshua Rasmussen - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):525-538.
    I propose a new guide for assessing claims about what is possible. I offer examples of modal claims that are, in a certain intuitive respect, ?continuous? with one another. I then put forward a general, defeasible principle of modal continuity that can account for our intuitions about those examples. According to this principle, statements that differ by a mere quantitative term don't normally differ with respect to being possibly true. I offer a precise statement of the principle, and then I (...)
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  11.  68
    Practical Rationality, Morality, and Purely Justificatory Reasons.Joshua Gert - 2000 - American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (3):227 - 243.
  12.  11
    Technology, Law, and Annihilation: Carl Schmitt's Critique of Utopianism.Joshua Smeltzer - 2020 - Journal of the History of Ideas 81 (1):107-129.
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  13.  25
    Psychological Pragmatism and the Imperative of Aims: A New Approach for business Ethics.Joshua D. Margolis - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):409-430.
    Abstract:Psychological forces in play across individual, group, and organizational levels of analysis increase the likelihood that people in business organizations will engage in misconduct. Therefore, it is argued, we must turn our attention from dominant normative and empirical trends in business ethics, which revolve around boundaries and constraints, and instead concentrate on methods for promoting ethical behavior in practice, exploiting psychological forces conducive to ethical conduct. This calls for a better understanding of how organizations and their inhabitants function, and, in (...)
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  14. The arc of the moral universe and other essays.Joshua Cohen - 2010 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    The arc of the moral universe -- Structure, choice, and legitimacy: Locke's theory of the state -- Democratic equality -- A more democratic liberalism -- For a democratic society -- Knowledge, morality and hope: the social thought of Noam Chomsky: with Joel Rogers -- Reflections on Habermas on democracy -- A matter of demolition?: Susan Okin on justice and gender -- Minimalism about human rights: the most we can hope for? -- Is there a human right to democracy? -- Extra (...)
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  15.  47
    In Defence of the Belief-Plus Model of Faith.Joshua Mugg - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 8 (2):201--219.
    I defend the claim that propositional religious faith that p implies belief that p. While this claim might seem trivial, it has been criticized by Alston, Pojman, Audi, and McKaughan and Howard-Snyder. I begin by defending this view against four objections. In addition to criticizing the belief-plus model, each of the above philosophers have offered their own alternatives to the belief-plus model. I focus on McKaughan’s recent accounts of faith: ”trusting acceptance’ and ”hopeful affirmation’. I argue, following Howard-Snyder, that hopeful (...)
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  16. Color Constancy, Complexity, and Counterfactual.Joshua Gert - 2010 - Noûs 44 (4):669-690.
  17.  28
    AI ethics discourse: a call to embrace complexity, interdisciplinarity, and epistemic humility.Joshua C. Gellers - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-2.
  18.  21
    Tree‐Huggers Versus Human‐Lovers: Anthropomorphism and Dehumanization Predict Valuing Nature Over Outgroups.Joshua Rottman, Charlie R. Crimston & Stylianos Syropoulos - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (4):e12967.
    Previous examinations of the scope of moral concern have focused on aggregate attributions of moral worth. However, because trade‐offs exist in valuing different kinds of entities, tabulating total amounts of moral expansiveness may conceal significant individual differences in the relative proportions of moral valuation ascribed to various entities. We hypothesized that some individuals (“tree‐huggers”) would ascribe greater moral worth to animals and ecosystems than to humans from marginalized or stigmatized groups, while others (“human‐lovers”) would ascribe greater moral worth to outgroup (...)
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  19.  45
    Naturalness, Wilsonian renormalization, and “fundamental parameters” in quantum field theory.Joshua Rosaler & Robert Harlander - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 66:118-134.
  20.  35
    Does Death Render Life Absurd?Joshua Lewis Thomas - 2019 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 57 (3):428-453.
    In this paper, I assess the claim that death renders life absurd. First, I characterize absurdity as something we perceive in situations involving extreme disharmonies which strike us as unexpected or unacceptable. Next, I outline several potential disharmonies which death might introduce into our existence (such as the disharmony between our dignity and capacities, and the undignified annihilation which death promises), but suggest that these examples need not be seen as necessarily absurd; there are perspectives available to us from which (...)
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  21. Littleness and the Constitution of the Irreducible Person.Joshua Taccolini - forthcoming - In forthcoming volume. Vernon Press.
    I introduce the phenomenon of "littleness" to French phenomenology which opens a way toward preparing for the the manifestation of the person, the saturated phenomenon par excellence.
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  22.  26
    “You Can Carry the Torch Now:” A Qualitative Analysis of Parents’ Experiences Caring for a Child with Trisomy 13 or 18.Joshua D. Arthur & Divya Gupta - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (3):223-240.
    Trisomy 13 and 18 are rare chromosomal abnormalities associated with high morbidity and mortality. Improved survival rates and increased prevalence of aggressive medical intervention have resulted in families and physicians holding different perspectives regarding the appropriate management of children with T 13/18. Families were invited for open-ended interviews regarding their experiences with the medical care of a child with T 13/18 over the past 5 years. Seven of 33 invited families were surveyed; those who had spent more than 40 days (...)
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  23.  10
    Hertz's Mechanics and a Unitary Notion of Force.Joshua Eisenthal - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1 (90):226-234.
    Heinrich Hertz dedicated the last four years of his life to a systematic reformulation of mechanics. One of the main issues that troubled Hertz in the customary formulation of mechanics was a "logical obscurity" in the notion of force. However, it is unclear what this logical obscurity was, hence it is unclear how Hertz took himself to have avoided it. -/- In this paper, I argue that a subtle ambiguity in Newton's original laws of motion lay at the basis of (...)
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  24.  11
    Institutional Quality and Economic Performance Assessment: Evidence From Nigeria.Ojo Joshua, Anthony Osobase & Ochada Matthew - 2023 - Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 62 (2):1-21.
    _The assessment of institutional quality and its influence on economic performance is highly relevant in Nigeria due to the country's constantly changing governmental institutions, dynamic market circumstances, and diversified socioeconomic atmosphere. Thus, the study aims to investigate the impact of institutional quality on the economic performance of Nigeria. This study employed ex post facto research, while time series data was used, which spans from 1996 to 2021, sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI). (...)
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  25.  43
    Neopragmatist semantics.Joshua Gert - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 106 (1):107-135.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  26. Can a Robot, an Insect or God Be Aware?Joshua Knobe - 2008 - Scientific American.
  27.  95
    Parity, Preference and Puzzlement.Joshua Gert - 2015 - Theoria 81 (3):249-271.
    Ruth Chang has argued for the existence of a fourth positive value relation, distinct from betterness, worseness and equality, which she calls “parity.” In an earlier article I seemed to criticize Chang's suggestion by offering an interval model for the values of items that I claimed could accommodate all the phenomena characteristic of parity. Wlodek Rabinowicz, offering his own model of value relations, endorsed one central feature of my proposal: the need to distinguish permissible preferences from required ones. But he, (...)
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  28.  9
    Is it Possible to Preserve a Language using only Data?Joshua Bensemann, Jason Brown, Michael Witbrock & Vithya Yogarajan - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (6):e13300.
    Many of our spoken languages are endangered and rapidly becoming extinct. Due to this, there are attempts to preserve as many of those languages as possible. One preservation approach is combining data collection and artificial intelligence‐based language models. However, current data collection methods may only capture static data from a dynamic cognitive process. If data are not genuinely capturing the dynamic process, it raises questions about whether they capture all the essential knowledge about how a language functions. Here, we discuss (...)
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  29. Saadya Gaon, The book of doctrines and beliefs.Joshua Parens & Joseph C. Macfarland - 2011 - In Joshua Parens & Joseph C. Macfarland (eds.), Medieval political philosophy: a sourcebook. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
     
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  30. Strauss on Maimonides's secretive political science.Joshua Parens - 2013 - In Rafael Major (ed.), Leo Strauss's defense of the philosophic life: reading "What is political philosophy?". London: University of Chicago Press.
  31.  10
    The crucible.Joshua E. Polster - 2010 - In Harold Bloom Blake Hobby (ed.), Bloom's Literary Themes: Civil Disobedience. pp. 129.
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  32. Seven Discourses Delivered in the Royal Academy.Joshua Reynolds - 1778 - Printed for T. Cadell.
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  33. A note on Dasgupta’s Generalism.Joshua Babic & Lorenzo Cocco - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (8):2153-2162.
    Dasgupta :35–67, 2009) has argued that material individuals, such as particles and laptops, are metaphysically objectionable and must be eliminated from our fundamental theories of the world. He proposes to eliminate them by redescribing all the fundamental facts of the world in a variant of predicate functor logic. We study the status, on this theory, of a putative fact particularly recalcitrant to a formulation within predicate functor logic: his own claim that there are no fundamental or primitive material individuals. We (...)
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  34.  33
    Logic for update products and steps into the past.Joshua Sack - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (12):1431-1461.
    This paper provides a sound and complete proof system for a language that adds to Dynamic Epistemic Logic a discrete previous-time operator as well as single symbol formulas that partially reveal the most recent event that occurred. The completeness theorem is by filtration followed by model unraveling and other model transformations. Decidability follows from the completeness proof. The degree to which it is important to include the additional single symbol formulas is addressed in a discussion about the difficulties of the (...)
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  35.  30
    Violence, Aggression, and Ethics: The Link Between Exposure to Human Violence and Unethical Behavior.Joshua R. Gubler, Skye Herrick, Richard A. Price & David A. Wood - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (1):25-34.
    Can exposure to media portrayals of human violence impact an individual’s ethical decision making at work? Ethical business failures can result in enormous financial losses to individuals, businesses, and society. We study how exposure to human violence—especially through media—can cause individuals to make less ethical decisions. We present three experiments, each showing a causal link between exposure to human violence and unethical business behavior, and show this relationship is mediated by an increase in individual hostility levels as a result of (...)
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  36.  5
    Groups of Morley Rank 4.Joshua Wiscons - 2016 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 81 (1):65-79.
    We show that any simple group of Morley rank 4 must be a bad group with no proper definable subgroups of rank larger than 1. We also give an application to groups acting on sets of Morley rank 2.
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  37.  52
    From Kant to Auschwitz.Joshua Halberstam - 1988 - Social Theory and Practice 14 (1):41-54.
  38.  14
    In Appreciation of Gyula Klima.Joshua P. Hochschild - 2023 - In Metaphysics Through Semantics: The Philosophical Recovery of the Medieval Mind. Springer.
    To help frame the Festschrift for Gyula Klima (Metaphysics Through Semantics: The Philosophical Recovery of the Medieval Mind), this appreciation offers perspective on the scholar's person and project. Drawing on biographical details and reflecting on signal contributions, it seeks to honor a distinguished philosopher who deserves to be celebrated by friends and introduced to a new generation of readers. Download with frontmatter from: link[dot]springer[dot]com/content/pdf/bfm:978-3-031-15026-5/1?pdf=chapter%20toc.
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  39.  60
    Framing how we think about disagreement.Joshua Alexander, Diana Betz, Chad Gonnerman & John Philip Waterman - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (10):2539-2566.
    Disagreement is a hot topic right now in epistemology, where there is spirited debate between epistemologists who argue that we should be moved by the fact that we disagree and those who argue that we need not. Both sides to this debate often use what is commonly called “the method of cases,” designing hypothetical cases involving peer disagreement and using what we think about those cases as evidence that specific normative theories are true or false, and as reasons for believing (...)
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  40.  37
    Neopragmatist semantics.Joshua Gert - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 106 (1):107-135.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  41.  8
    Buber and humanistic education.Joshua Weinstein - 1975 - New York: Philosophical Library.
  42.  32
    Collective Identity and Cultural Pluralism: Alain Locke on Stereotypes in Literature.Joshua Anderson - 2023 - Southwest Philosophy Review 39 (1):209-216.
    In this paper, I consider Alain Locke’s critical pragmatism to see how he might address the problem of racist literature, particularly, the use of stereotypes. For my purposes here, it will be assumed that stereotypes are sustained by evil and malicious intentions, whether consciously acknowledged or not. Two issues arise when considering Locke’s critical pragmatism. First, Locke denies the objective status of morality—objective in the sense that moral absolutes exist “out there” and can be classified rightly or wrongly. Thus, claiming (...)
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  43.  14
    Nik Software Tools Bundle.Joshua A. Haftel - 2012 - Visual.
    This e-book set includes two winning guides on Nik Software tools Designed to save time in the digital workflow, Nik Software?s entire suite of products (Dfine 2.0, Color Efex Pro 4.0, Sharpener Pro 3.0, Silver Efex Pro 2, VIVEZA 2.0, and ...
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  44. Metaphysics Through Semantics: The Philosophical Recovery of the Medieval Mind.Joshua P. Hochschild (ed.) - 2023 - Springer.
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  45. Logic Programming in a Fragment of Intuitionistic Linear Logic Extended Abstract.Joshua S. Hodas & Dale Miller - 1991 - LFCS, Department of Computer Science, University of Edinburgh.
     
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  46. Radhakrishnan, A.G. Hogg, and Hindu-Christian Apologetics.Joshua Kalapati - 2002 - Philosophy, Culture, and Traditions 1:11-25.
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  47. Maimonides, Eight chapters.Joshua Parens & Joseph C. Macfarland - 2011 - In Joshua Parens & Joseph C. Macfarland (eds.), Medieval political philosophy: a sourcebook. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
     
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  48.  86
    Color constancy and the color/value analogy.Joshua Gert - 2010 - Ethics 121 (1):58-87.
    This article explains and defends the existence of value constancy, understood on the model of color constancy. Color constancy involves a phenomenal distinction between the transient color appearances of objects and the unchanging colors that those objects appear to have. The existence of value constancy allows advocates of response-dependent accounts of value to reject the question “What is the uniquely appropriate attitude to have toward this evaluative property?” as containing a false uniqueness assumption. Rejecting this assumption allows response-dependent accounts of (...)
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  49. Dating - Philosophy for Everyone: Flirting with Big Ideas.Joshua Wolf Shenk - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell.
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  50. Solar Geoengineering and Democracy.Joshua Horton, Jesse Reynolds, Holly Jean Buck, Daniel Edward Callies, Stefan Schaefer, David Keith & Steve Rayner - 2018 - Global Environmental Politics 3 (18):5-24.
    Some scientists suggest that it might be possible to reflect a portion of incoming sunlight back into space to reduce climate change and its impacts. Others argue that such solar radiation management (SRM) geoengineering is inherently incompatible with democracy. In this article, we reject this incompatibility argument. First, we counterargue that technologies such as SRM lack innate political characteristics and predetermined social effects, and that democracy need not be deliberative to serve as a standard for governance. We then rebut each (...)
     
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