Results for 'Joshua D. Guttman'

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  1.  44
    A Set Theory with Support for Partial Functions.William M. Farmer & Joshua D. Guttman - 2000 - Studia Logica 66 (1):59-78.
    Partial functions can be easily represented in set theory as certain sets of ordered pairs. However, classical set theory provides no special machinery for reasoning about partial functions. For instance, there is no direct way of handling the application of a function to an argument outside its domain as in partial logic. There is also no utilization of lambda-notation and sorts or types as in type theory. This paper introduces a version of von-Neumann-Bernays-Gödel set theory for reasoning about sets, proper (...)
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  2. François Lepage, Elias Thijsse, Heinrich Wansing/In-Troduction 1 J. Michael Dunn/Partiality and its Dual 5 Jan van Eijck/Making Things Happen 41 William M. Farmer, Joshua D. Guttman/A Set Theory. [REVIEW]René Lavendhomme, Thierry Lucas & Sequent Calculi - 2000 - Studia Logica 66:447-448.
  3.  12
    Navigating Social and Ethical Challenges of Biobanking for Human Microbiome Research.Kieran C. O’Doherty, David S. Guttman, Yvonne C. W. Yau, Valerie J. Waters, D. Elizabeth Tullis, David M. Hwang & Kim H. Chuong - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):1.
    BackgroundBiobanks are considered to be key infrastructures for research development and have generated a lot of debate about their ethical, legal and social implications. While the focus has been on human genomic research, rapid advances in human microbiome research further complicate the debate.DiscussionWe draw on two cystic fibrosis biobanks in Toronto, Canada, to illustrate our points. The biobanks have been established to facilitate sample and data sharing for research into the link between disease progression and microbial dynamics in the lungs (...)
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  4.  3
    The Fetus as Organ Farm.Nick Fotion, Howard Brody, R. D. Guttman & Virginia McFarland Feldman - 1979 - Hastings Center Report 9 (3):4.
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  5.  37
    Linee Fondametale d'Una Filosofia Dello Spirito. [REVIEW]B. B. D. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):477-477.
    An examination of the contemporary Italian movement associated with M. P. Sciacca, and the serious application of dialectical and phenomenological methods to unveil the structure of "intentionality" or "spirit." An appraisal of Sciacca together with a sample critique of Dante follows a competent summary of the prevailing positions.--D. B. B.
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  6.  97
    Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them, Written by Joshua D. Greene. [REVIEW]Simon Rosenqvist - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):225-228.
  7.  19
    National Education. H. E. Armstrong, H. W. Eve, Joshua Fitch, W. A. Hewins, John C. Medd, T. A. Organ, A. D. Provand, B. Reynolds, Francis Stoves, Laurie Magnus. [REVIEW]A. D. Sanger - 1903 - International Journal of Ethics 13 (3):395-398.
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  8.  36
    Book Review:National Education. H. E. Armstrong, H. W. Eve, Joshua Fitch, W. A. Hewins, John C. Medd, T. A. Organ, A. D. Provand, B. Reynolds, Francis Stoves, Laurie Magnus. [REVIEW]A. D. Sanger - 1903 - Ethics 13 (3):395-.
  9. National Education, by H. E. Armstrong, H. W. Eve Joshua Fitch W. A. Hewins John C. Medd T. A. Organe A. D. Provand, B. Reynolds, Francis Stoves and Laurie Magnus. [REVIEW]A. D. Sanger - 1902 - Ethics 13:395.
     
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  10.  1
    Princely Authority in the Early Marwānid State: The Life of ʿAbd Al-ʿAzīz Ibn Marwān (D. 86/705) By Joshua Mabra.Gerald Hawting - 2020 - Journal of Islamic Studies 31 (1):116-119.
    Princely Authority in the Early Marwānid State: The Life of ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Marwān By MabraJoshua, xiii + 214 pp. Price HB $95.00. EAN 978–1463206321.
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  11.  13
    Joshua A. Bell;, Alison K. Brown;, Robert J. Gordon . Recreating First Contact: Expeditions, Anthropology, and Popular Culture. Xii + 261 Pp., Illus., Bibls., Index. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, 2013. $49.95. [REVIEW]Regna Darnell - 2015 - Isis 106 (2):495-496.
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  12. Ethics and Intuitions.Peter Singer - 2005 - Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):331-352.
    For millennia, philosophers have speculated about the origins of ethics. Recent research in evolutionary psychology and the neurosciences has shed light on that question. But this research also has normative significance. A standard way of arguing against a normative ethical theory is to show that in some circumstances the theory leads to judgments that are contrary to our common moral intuitions. If, however, these moral intuitions are the biological residue of our evolutionary history, it is not clear why we should (...)
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  13. Is Appetite Ever 'Persuaded'?: An Alternative Reading of Republic 554c-D.Joshua Wilburn - 2014 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 31 (3).
    Republic 554c-d—where the oligarchic individual is said to restrain his appetites ‘by compulsion and fear’, rather than by persuasion or by taming them with speech—is often cited as evidence that the appetitive part of the soul can be ‘persuaded’. I argue that the passage does not actually support that conclusion. I offer an alternative reading and suggest that appetite, on Plato’s view, is not open to persuasion.
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  14.  27
    Joshua 13–21 and the Politics of Land Division.Jerome F. D. Creach - 2012 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 66 (2):153-163.
    Joshua 13–21 makes the remarkable claim that the Lord conquered, possessed, and gave the land as a gift to Israel. Although these chapters likely originated in political concerns of Israelite kings, the theological cast of the material outstrips any political motivations that gave rise to the material. The enduring role of this section of Joshua is to shape a society devoted to and dependent on God.
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  15. Book Review: From Joshua to Calaphas: High Priests After the ExileFrom Joshua to Calaphas: High Priests After the Exile by VanderKamJames C.Fortress, Minneapolis, 2004. 548 Pp., $ 35.00. ISBN 0-8006-2617-6. [REVIEW]Richard D. Nelson - 2006 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 60 (1):98-100.
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  16. Book Review: Joshua[REVIEW]Richard D. Nelson - 2004 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 58 (4):418-420.
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  17.  25
    A New Approach to Greek and Latin Literature Joshua Whatmough: Poetic, Scientific and Other Forms of Discourse. A New Approach to Greek and Latin Literature. (Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. Xxix.) Pp. Xii+285. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press (London: Cambridge University Press), 1956. Cloth, 37s. 6d. Net. [REVIEW]D. M. Jones - 1958 - The Classical Review 8 (02):136-139.
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  18.  49
    Philosophy, Politics, Democracy * by Joshua Cohen.D. Miller - 2011 - Analysis 71 (1):202-204.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  19.  13
    Joshua or Judges?P. D. Foster - 1934 - New Blackfriars 15 (168):203-211.
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  20.  19
    Language Joshua Whatmough: Language: A Modern Synthesis. Pp. X + 270. London: Secker and Warburg, 1956. Cloth, 25s. Net.D. M. Jones - 1958 - The Classical Review 8 (01):56-57.
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  21.  16
    History of Science Teaching in England. By D. M. Turner M.A., B.Sc. (Lond.), Head of Science Department, Wycombe Abbey School; Research Assistant, University College, London. (London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd. 1927. Pp. X + 208. Price 7s. 6d.). [REVIEW]Joshua C. Gregory - 1928 - Philosophy 3 (10):256-.
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  22.  10
    A History of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Joshua Prawer.S. D. Goitein - 1964 - Speculum 39 (4):741-745.
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  23.  8
    Joshua: A Commentary.David A. Glatt-Gilad & Richard D. Nelson - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (3):483.
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  24.  6
    Ozar Massaoth. J. D. Eisenstein.Joshua Finkel - 1928 - Isis 11 (1):147-149.
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  25.  6
    Plotting the Anatomical WatershedAndreas Vesalius of Brussels, 1514-1564. C. D. O'Malley.Joshua O. Leibowitz - 1965 - Isis 56 (3):362-365.
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  26.  6
    Review: D. Shulz, Mathematics, its Nature and Methods; D. Shoulz, The New Mathematics; D. Schultz, Ways of Thinking in Natural Sciences. [REVIEW]Joshua Barlaz - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (3):288-288.
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  27.  3
    Shulz D.. . Hatteva' Wehaaretz, Vol. 7 , Pp. 184–185.Shoulz D.. . Hatteva' Wehaaretz, Vol. 7 , Pp. 286–290.Schultz D.. . Hatteva' Wehaaretz, Vol. 8 , Pp. 407–408. [REVIEW]Joshua Barlaz - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (3):288-288.
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  28. Le Guide de l'Artiste Et de l'Amateur Contenant le Poème de la Peinture de Dufresnoy, Avec Une Traduction Nouvelle Revue Par M. Kératry : Suivie de Réflexions de Ce Dernier Auteur : De Notes de Reynolds : De l'Essai Sur la Peinture, de Diderot : D'Une Lettre Sur le Paysage de Gessner : De Trois Lettres Tirées du Paresseux Sur l'Observation des Règles : L'Imitation de la Nature Et la Beauté. --.Charles-Alphonse Dufresnoy, Joshua Reynolds, Denis Diderot, Salomon Gessner & A. H. Kératry - 1824 - Grimbert.
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  29. Pushing Moral Buttons: The Interaction Between Personal Force and Intention in Moral Judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Fiery A. Cushman, Lisa E. Stewart, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2009 - Cognition 111 (3):364-371.
  30. Beyond Point-and-Shoot Morality: Why Cognitive (Neuro)Science Matters for Ethics.Joshua D. Greene - 2014 - Ethics 124 (4):695-726.
    In this article I explain why cognitive science (including some neuroscience) matters for normative ethics. First, I describe the dual-process theory of moral judgment and briefly summarize the evidence supporting it. Next I describe related experimental research examining influences on intuitive moral judgment. I then describe two ways in which research along these lines can have implications for ethics. I argue that a deeper understanding of moral psychology favors certain forms of consequentialism over other classes of normative moral theory. I (...)
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  31.  78
    Cognitive Load Selectively Interferes with Utilitarian Moral Judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Sylvia A. Morelli, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1144-1154.
  32.  29
    Cognitive Load Selectively Interferes with Utilitarian Moral Judgment.Jonathan D. Cohen Joshua D. Greene, Sylvia A. Morelli, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1144.
  33. Reflection and Reasoning in Moral Judgment.Joshua D. Greene - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (1):163-177.
    While there is much evidence for the influence of automatic emotional responses on moral judgment, the roles of reflection and reasoning remain uncertain. In Experiment 1, we induced subjects to be more reflective by completing the Cognitive Reflection Test prior to responding to moral dilemmas. This manipulation increased utilitarian responding, as individuals who reflected more on the CRT made more utilitarian judgments. A follow-up study suggested that trait reflectiveness is also associated with increased utilitarian judgment. In Experiment 2, subjects considered (...)
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  34.  22
    Divine Intuition: Cognitive Style Influences Belief in God.Amitai Shenhav, David G. Rand & Joshua D. Greene - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):423.
  35. Reorientation: Leo Strauss in the 1930s.Martin D. Yaffe & Richard S. Ruderman (eds.) - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction; Martin D. Yaffe and Richard S. Ruderman -- 1. How Strauss Became Strauss; Heinrich Meier -- 2. Spinoza's Critique of Religion: Reading Too Literally and Not Reading Literally Enough; Steven Frank -- 3. The Light Shed on the Crucial Development of Strauss's Thought by his Correspondence with Gerhard Krüger; Thomas L. Pangle -- 4. Strauss on Hermann Cohen's 'Idealizing' Appropriation of Maimonides as a Platonist; Martin D. Yaffe -- 5. Strauss on the Religious and (...)
     
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  36. Why Are VMPFC Patients More Utilitarian? A Dual-Process Theory of Moral Judgment Explains.Joshua D. Greene - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (8):322-323.
  37. Multi-System Moral Psychology.Fiery Cushman, Liane Young & Joshua D. Greene - 2010 - In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.
  38.  38
    Toward an Ethics of Organizations.Joshua D. Margolis - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (4):619-638.
    The organization is importantly different from both the nation-state and the individual and hence needs its own ethical models and theories, distinct from political and moral theory. To develop a case for organizational ethics, this paper advances arguments in three directions. First, it highlights the growing role of organizations and their distinctive attributes. Second, it illuminates the incongruities between organizations and moral and political philosophy. Third, it takes these incongruities, as well as organizations’ distinctive attributes, as a starting point for (...)
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  39. Moral Reasoning: Hints and Allegations.Joseph M. Paxton & Joshua D. Greene - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):511-527.
    Recent research in moral psychology highlights the role of emotion and intuition in moral judgment. In the wake of these findings, the role and significance of moral reasoning remain uncertain. In this article, we distinguish among different kinds of moral reasoning and review evidence suggesting that at least some kinds of moral reasoning play significant roles in moral judgment, including roles in abandoning moral intuitions in the absence of justifying reasons, applying both deontological and utilitarian moral principles, and counteracting automatic (...)
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  40.  32
    The Rat-a-Gorical Imperative: Moral Intuition and the Limits of Affective Learning.Joshua D. Greene - 2017 - Cognition 167:66-77.
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  41. Finding Faults: How Moral Dilemmas Illuminate Cognitive Structure.Joshua D. Greene - unknown
    In philosophy, a debate can live forever. Nowhere is this more evident than in ethics, a field that is fueled by apparently intractable dilemmas. To promote the wellbeing of many, may we sacrifice the rights of a few? If our actions are predetermined, can we be held responsible for them? Should people be judged on their intentions alone, or also by the consequences of their behavior? Is failing to prevent someone’s death as blameworthy as actively causing it? For generations, questions (...)
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  42.  7
    An Appraisal Theory of Empathy and Other Vicarious Emotional Experiences.Joshua D. Wondra & Phoebe C. Ellsworth - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):411-428.
  43.  6
    Beyond Point-and-Shoot Morality: Why Cognitive Science Matters for Ethics.Joshua D. Greene - 2015 - The Law and Ethics of Human Rights 9 (2):141-172.
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  44.  17
    Sacrificial Utilitarian Judgments Do Reflect Concern for the Greater Good: Clarification Via Process Dissociation and the Judgments of Philosophers.Paul Conway, Jacob Goldstein-Greenwood, David Polacek & Joshua D. Greene - 2018 - Cognition 179:241-265.
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  45.  50
    The Rise of Moral Cognition.Joshua D. Greene - 2015 - Cognition 135:39-42.
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  46.  24
    Beyond Point-and-Shoot Morality: Why Cognitive Science Matters for Ethics.Joshua D. Greene - 2015 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 9 (2):141-172.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  47. Emotion and Morality: A Tasting Menu.Joshua D. Greene - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):227-229.
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  48.  14
    Psychological Pragmatism and the Imperative of Aims: A New Approach for Business Ethics.Joshua D. Margolis - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):409-430.
    Psychological forces in play across individual, group, and organizational levels of analysis increase the likelihood that people inbusiness organizations will engage in misconduct. Therefore, it is argued, we must turn our attention from dominant normative and empirical trends in business ethics, which revolve around boundaries and constraints, and instead concentrate on methods for promoting ethical behavior in practice, exploiting psychological forces conducive to ethical conduct. This calls for a better understanding of how organizations and their inhabitants function, and, in turn, (...)
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  49.  11
    Psychological Pragmatism and the Imperative of Aims: A New Approach for Business Ethics.Joshua D. Margolis - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):409-430.
    Psychological forces in play across individual, group, and organizational levels of analysis increase the likelihood that people inbusiness organizations will engage in misconduct. Therefore, it is argued, we must turn our attention from dominant normative and empirical trends in business ethics, which revolve around boundaries and constraints, and instead concentrate on methods for promoting ethical behavior in practice, exploiting psychological forces conducive to ethical conduct. This calls for a better understanding of how organizations and their inhabitants function, and, in turn, (...)
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  50.  10
    Translating Environmental Ideologies Into Action: The Amplifying Role of Commitment to Beliefs.Matthew A. Maxwell-Smith, Paul J. Conway, Joshua D. Wright & James M. Olson - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (3):839-858.
    Consumers do not always follow their ideological beliefs about the need to engage in environmentally friendly consumption. We propose that Commitment to Beliefs —the general tendency to follow one’s value-based beliefs—can help identify who is most likely to follow their environmental ideologies. We predicted that CTB would amplify the effect of beliefs prescribing environmental stewardship, or neglect, on corresponding intentions, behavior, and purchasing decisions. In two studies, CTB amplified the positive and negative effects of relevant EF ideologies on EF purchase (...)
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