Results for 'Joshua T. Spencer'

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Joshua Spencer
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
  1.  38
    Two Mereological Arguments Against the Possibility of an Omniscient Being.Joshua T. Spencer - 2006 - Philo 9 (1):62-72.
    In this paper I present two new arguments against the possibility of an omniscient being. My new arguments invoke considerations of cardinality and resemble several arguments originally presented by Patrick Grim. Like Grim, I give reasons to believe that there must be more objects in the universe than there are beliefs. However, my arguments will rely on certain mereological claims, namely that Classical Extensional Mereology is necessarily true of the part-whole relation. My first argument is an instance of a problem (...)
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  2. Ways of Being.Joshua Spencer - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (12):910-918.
    Ontological pluralism is the view that there are ways of being. Ontological pluralism is enjoying a revival in contemporary metaphysics. We want to say that there are numbers, fictional characters, impossible things, and holes. But, we don’t think these things all exist in the same sense as cars and human beings. If they exist or have being at all, then they have different ways of being. Fictional characters exist as objects of make‐believe and holes exist as absences in objects. But, (...)
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  3.  55
    Luke: A Commentary by John T. Carroll.F. Scott Spencer - 2013 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 67 (4):423-427.
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  4. Book Review: Acts In Its Ancient Literary Context: A Classicist Looks at the Acts of the ApostlesActs In Its Ancient Literary Context: A Classicist Looks at the Acts of the ApostlesbyAlexanderLoveday C.A.T & T Clark International, London, 2006. 290 Pp. $49.95. ISBN 978-0-567-08219-0. [REVIEW]F. Scott Spencer - 2009 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63 (1):95-95.
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  5. Book Review: Keeping the Church in its Place: The Church as Narrative Character in ActsKeeping the Church in its Place: The Church as Narrative Character in ActsbyThompsonRichard P.T & T Clark, New York, 2006. 294 Pp. $34.95. ISBN 978-0-567-2645-3. [REVIEW]F. Scott Spencer - 2008 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 62 (3):339-340.
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  6. Luke: A Commentary by John T. CarrollLuke: A Commentary by CarrollJohn T.New Testament Library. Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 2012. 554 Pp. $50.00 . ISBN 978-0-664-22106-5. [REVIEW]F. Scott Spencer - 2013 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 67 (4):423-427.
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  7. Principes de Psychologie, Tr. Sur la Nouv. Éd. Angl. Par T. Ribot Et A. Espinas.Herbert Spencer & Théodule Armand Ribot - 1875
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  8.  7
    A Critical Evaluation of the Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Touch.M. A. PhD, R. N. T. RN, Wayne Spencer & Stephen Matthiesen Dipl-Phys PhD - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163–176.
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  9.  8
    Necessity of Origins and Multi-Origin Art.Joshua Spencer & Chris Tillman - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-14.
    The Necessity of Origins is the thesis that, necessarily, if a material object wholly originates from some particular material, then it could not have wholly originated from any significantly non-overlapping material. Several philosophers have argued for this thesis using as a premise a principle that we call ‘Single Origin Necessity’. However, we argue that Single Origin Necessity is false. So any arguments for The Necessity of Origins that rely on Single Origin Necessity are unsound. We also argue that the Necessity (...)
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  10.  93
    All Things Must Pass Away.Joshua Spencer - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 7:67.
    Are there any things that are such that any things whatsoever are among them. I argue that there are not. My thesis follows from these three premises: (1) There are two or more things; (2) for any things, there is a unique thing that corresponds to those things; (3) for any two or more things, there are fewer of them than there are pluralities of them.
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  11. A Tale of Two Simples.Joshua Spencer - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (2):167 - 181.
    A material simple is a material object that has no proper parts. Some philosophers have argued for the possibility of extended simples. Some have even argued for the possibility of heterogeneous simples or simples that have intrinsic variations across their surfaces. There is a puzzle, though, that is meant to show that extended, heterogeneous simples are impossible. Although several plausible responses have been given to this puzzle, I wish to reopen the case against extended, heterogeneous simples. In this paper, I (...)
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  12.  86
    What Time Travelers Cannot Not Do (but Are Responsible for Anyway).Joshua Spencer - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (1):149-162.
    The Principle of Alternative Possibilities is the intuitive idea that someone is morally responsible for an action only if she could have done otherwise. Harry Frankfurt has famously presented putative counterexamples to this intuitive principle. In this paper, I formulate a simple version of the Principle of Alternative Possibilities that invokes a course-grained notion of actions. After warming up with a Frankfurt-Style Counterexample to this principle, I introduce a new kind of counterexample based on the possibility of time travel. At (...)
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  13. Strong Composition as Identity and Simplicity.Joshua Spencer - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (5):1177-1184.
    The general composition question asks “what are the necessary and jointly sufficient conditions any xs and any y must satisfy in order for it to be true that those xs compose that y?” Although this question has received little attention, there is an interesting and theoretically fruitful answer. Namely, strong composition as identity (SCAI): necessarily, for any xs and any y, those xs compose y iff those xs are identical to y. SCAI is theoretically fruitful because if it is true, (...)
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  14. Holes as Regions of Spacetime.Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer & Gregory Fowler - 2007 - The Monist 90 (3):372-378.
    We discuss the view that a hole is identical to the region of spacetime at which it is located. This view is more parsimonious than the view that holes are sui generus entities located at those regions surrounded by their hosts and it is more plausible than the view that there are no holes. We defend the spacetime view from several objections.
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  15.  80
    Why a Bodily Resurrection?: The Bodily Resurrection and the Mind/Body Relation.Mugg Joshua & James T. Turner Jr - 2017 - Journal of Analytic Theology 5 (1):121-144.
    The doctrine of the resurrection says that God will resurrect the body that lived and died on earth—that the post-mortem body will be numerically identical to the pre-mortem body. After exegetically supporting this claim, and defending it from a recent objection, we ask: supposing that the doctrine of the resurrection is true, what are the implications for the mind-body relation? Why would God resurrect the body that lived and died on earth? We compare three accounts of the mind-body relation that (...)
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  16.  43
    Counting on Strong Composition as Identity to Settle the Special Composition Question.Joshua Spencer - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (4):857-872.
    Strong Composition as Identity is the thesis that necessarily, for any xs and any y, those xs compose y iff those xs are non-distributively identical to y. Some have argued against this view as follows: if some many things are non-distributively identical to one thing, then what’s true of the many must be true of the one. But since the many are many in number whereas the one is not, the many cannot be identical to the one. Hence is mistaken. (...)
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  17.  38
    Could There Have Been Nothing? Against Metaphysical Nihilism, by Geraldine Coggins. [REVIEW]Joshua Spencer - 2016 - Mind 125 (500):1255-1259.
    Could There Have Been Nothing? Against Metaphysical Nihilism, by CogginsGeraldine. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Pp. xii + 171.
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  18.  72
    HeX and the Single Anthill: Playing Games with Aunt Hillary.J. M. Bishop, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay, E. B. Roesch & M. C. Spencer - 2015 - In V. C. Muller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 367-389.
    In a reflective and richly entertaining piece from 1979, Doug Hofstadter playfully imagined a conversation between ‘Achilles’ and an anthill (the eponymous ‘Aunt Hillary’), in which he famously explored many ideas and themes related to cognition and consciousness. For Hofstadter, the anthill is able to carry on a conversation because the ants that compose it play roughly the same role that neurons play in human languaging; unfortunately, Hofstadter’s work is notably short on detail suggesting how this magic might be achieved1. (...)
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  19.  48
    Unnecessary Existents.Joshua Spencer - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (5-6):766-775.
    (2013). Unnecessary existents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, Essays on the Nature of Propositions, pp. 766-775.
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  20.  55
    The Problem of Empty Names and Russellian Plenitude.Joshua Spencer - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):1-18.
    ‘Ahab is a whaler’ and ‘Holmes is a whaler’ express different propositions, even though neither ‘Ahab’ nor ‘Holmes’ has a referent. This seems to constitute a theoretical puzzle for the Russellian view of propositions. In this paper, I develop a variant of the Russellian view, Plenitudinous Russellianism. I claim that ‘Ahab is a whaler’ and ‘Holmes is a whaler’ express distinct gappy propositions. I discuss key metaphysical and semantic differences between Plenitudinous Russellianism and Traditional Russellianism and respond to objections that (...)
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  21.  1
    Necessity of Origins and Multi-Origin Art.Joshua Spencer & Chris Tillman - forthcoming - Inquiry:1-14.
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  22.  20
    Naming, Necessity and More: Explorations in the Philosophical Work of Saul Kripke By Jonathan Berg. [REVIEW]Joshua Spencer - 2016 - Analysis 76 (2):253-256.
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  23.  55
    Sorensen's Disappearing Act: A Response.Gregory Fowler & Joshua Spencer - manuscript
    Roy Sorensen has discussed a scenario he calls 'the Disappearing Act', introduced a puzzle based on this scenario, and offered a solution to this puzzle. We argue against Sorensen's solution and offer our own.
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  24.  20
    "Introduction to Ontology," by Nikk Effingham. [REVIEW]Joshua Spencer - 2014 - Teaching Philosophy 37 (2):287-290.
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  25.  20
    Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory.E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):26-33.
    Context: Constructivist approaches to cognition have mostly been descriptive, and now face the challenge of specifying the mechanisms that may support the acquisition of knowledge. Departing from cognitivism, however, requires the development of a new functional framework that will support causal, powerful and goal-directed behavior in the context of the interaction between the organism and the environment. Problem: The properties affecting the computational power of this interaction are, however, unclear, and may include partial information from the environment, exploration, distributed processing (...)
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  26.  18
    Two Thoughts on "A Tale of Two Parts".Joshua Spencer - 2014 - Res Philosophica 91 (3):485-490.
    In “A Tale of Two Simples,” I presented an argument against the possibility of extended heterogeneous simples that relied on the possibility of extended atomic regions of space. Andrew Jaeger has presented a parody of one part of my argument for a clearly absurd conclusion. In this short paper, I defend my argument by showing that there is a significant disanalogy between my support for a key premise in my argument and Jaeger’s support for the corresponding premise in his parody (...)
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  27.  7
    Book Reviews Section 3.William T. Blackstone, William Hare, Don Cochrane, Walden B. Crabtree, Patrick J. Foley, Arthur Brown, Solon T. Kimball, Jack L. Nelson, Alexander W. Austin, Godfrey Sullivan, Frederick M. Schultz, Ramon Sanchez, Garnet L. Mcdiarmid, Rosemary V. Donatelli, Frederic G. Robinson, Mathew Zachariah, Richard M. Schrader, Louis Fischer & Dale R. Spencer - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (4):225-239.
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  28.  9
    Measures of Values Among Secondary Schools Sstudents in Cross River State, Nigeria.A. M. Joshua & M. T. Joshua - 2006 - Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 8 (1).
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  29.  20
    Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW]Srimati Basu, Heather T. Frazer, Dermot Killingley, James Blumenthal, Anne M. Blackburn, Roy W. Perrett, Kees W. Bolle, Donald R. Davis, Mariko Namba Walter & George W. Spencer - 2002 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):319-337.
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  30.  4
    The Concept of the Threshold and Heymans' Law of Inhibition. II. Correlation of the Visual Threshold and Heymans' Coefficient of Inhibition in a Single Individual with Uniocular Vision. [REVIEW]L. T. Spencer & L. H. Cohen - 1928 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (3):194.
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  31.  9
    Robert Wood and the Problem of Troy in the Eighteenth Century.T. J. B. Spencer - 1957 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1/2):75-105.
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  32.  3
    Authors' Response: Learning, Anticipation and the Brain.E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):42-45.
    Upshot: Albeit mostly supportive of our work, the commentaries we received highlighted a few points that deserve additional explanation, with regard to the notion of learning in our model, the relationship between our model and the brain, as well as the notion of anticipation. This open discussion emphasizes the need for toy computer models, to fuel theoretical discussion and prevent business-as-usual from getting in the way of new ideas.
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  33.  3
    The Concept of the Threshold and Heymans' Law of Inhibition. I. Correlation Between the Visual Threshold and Heymans' Coefficient of Inhibition in Binocular Vision. [REVIEW]L. T. Spencer - 1928 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (2):88.
  34.  3
    The Concept of the Threshold and Heyman's Law of Inhibition. III.L. T. Spencer & L. H. Cohen - 1928 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (4):281.
  35. Restoring Earth, Restored to Earth: Toward an Ethic for Reinhabiting Place.Daniel T. Spencer - 2007 - In Laurel Kearns & Catherine Keller (eds.), Ecospirit: Religions and Philosophies for the Earth. Fordham University Press. pp. 415--432.
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  36. Herbert Spencer: Collected Writings.Herbert Spencer - 1996 - Routledge.
    Herbert Spencer was regarded by the Victorians as the foremost philosopher of the age, the prophet of evolution at a time when the idea had gripped the popular imagination. Until recently Spencer's posthumous reputation rested almost excusively on his social and political thought, which has itself frequently been subject to serious misrepresentation. But historians of ideas now recognise that an acquaintance with Spencer's thought is essential for the proper understanding of many aspects of Victorian intellectual life, and (...)
     
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  37.  35
    A Letter From Mr. Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer - 1893 - The Monist 3 (2):272-272.
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  38.  10
    First Principles, by Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer - unknown
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  39. The Art of Knowing One-Self: Or, an Enquiry Into the Sources of Morality [Tr. By T.W.].Jacques Abbadie & W. T. - 1695
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  40. LAGUNA, T. DE.-Introduction to the Study of Ethics. [REVIEW]A. E. T. - 1915 - Mind 24:421.
     
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  41. Modern Physical Fatalism and the Doctrine of Evolution, Including an Examination of ... Herbert Spencer's 'First Principles'.Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer - 1876
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  42. Free Notes on Herbert Spencer's First Principles, with Suggestions Regarding Space, Time, and Force. Also, Theories of Life.E. Edmond & Herbert Spencer - 1878
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  43. An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. John Locke [by J. Le Clerc, Tr. By T.F.P.].Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. - 1713
     
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  44. An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. John Locke [by J. Le Clerc, Tr. By T.F.P.]. [Followed by] the Last Will and Testament of John Locke. [REVIEW]Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. - 1714
     
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  45. The Life and Character of Mr. John Locke. Done Into Engl. By T.F.P.Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. - 1706
     
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  46. Sins of Trade and Business, a Sermon, by the Hon. W.H. Lyttelton, and the Morals of Trade, by H. Spencer.William Henry Lyttelton & Herbert Spencer - 1874
     
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  47. Preface to the Second Edition of 'Modern Physical Fatalism' by Thomas Rawson Birks, Being a Reply to the Strictures of H. Spencer [in an Appendix to the 4th Ed. Of First Principles].Charles Pritchard, Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer - 1882
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  48. Evolutionary Ethics, Critical Study of H. Spencer's 'Data of Ethics', a Paper.Clarence H. Seyler & Herbert Spencer - 1891
     
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  49. Aphorisms From the Writings of Herbert Spencer, Selected and Arranged by J.R. Gingell.Herbert Spencer & Julia Raymond Gingell - 1894
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  50. Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy of Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer & F. Howard Collins - 1897 - Williams & Northgate.
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