Results for 'Joshua W. Reid'

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Joshua William Reid
University of Manchester
  1.  8
    S + T + M = E as a Convergent Model for the Nature of STEM.Candice M. Quinn, Joshua W. Reid & Grant E. Gardner - 2020 - Science & Education 29 (4):881-898.
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  2.  3
    Making Connections.Bridget K. Mulvey, Jennifer C. Parrish, Joshua W. Reid, Jeffrey Papa & Erin E. Peters-Burton - 2021 - Science & Education 30 (3):527-555.
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  3. The Meaning of Life as Narrative: A New Proposal for Interpreting Philosophy’s ‘Primary’ Question.Joshua W. Seachris - 2009 - Philo 12 (1):5-23.
    Even if the question, “What is the meaning of life?” is coherent, the fact remains that it is vague. Its vagueness largely centers on the use of the term “meaning.” The most prevalent strategy for addressing this vagueness is to discard the word “meaning” and reformulate the question entirely into questions such as, “What is the purpose of life?” or “What makes life valuable?” among others. This approach has philosophical merit but does not account for the intuitions and sub-questions driving (...)
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  4.  1
    God and Meaning: New Essays.Joshua W. Seachris & Stewart Goetz - 2016 - New York, NY, USA: Bloomsbury.
    Over the past decade, there has been a growing interest among analytic philosophers in life's meaning, but this surge of work is nearly all by naturalists theorizing from non-theistic starting points. To answer the need for a theistic philosophical perspective, God and Meaning features leading thinkers in analytic philosophy of religion and theology exploring important issues in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and biblical theology that intersect with life's meaning.
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  5.  35
    Exploring the Meaning of Life: An Anthology and Guide.Joshua W. Seachris - 2012 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Much more than just an anthology, this survey of humanity's search for the meaning of life includes the latest contributions to the debate, a judicious selection of key canonical essays, and insightful commentary by internationally respected philosophers. Cutting-edge viewpoint features the most recent contributions to the debate Extensive general introduction offers unprecedented context Leading contemporary philosophers provide insightful introductions to each section.
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  6.  99
    The Sub Specie Aeternitatis Perspective and Normative Evaluations of Life’s Meaningfulness: A Closer Look.Joshua W. Seachris - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):605-620.
    It is a common pessimistic worry among both philosophers and non-philosophers that our lives, viewed sub specie aeternitatis, are meaningless given that they make neither a noticeable nor lasting impact from this vast, cosmic perspective. The preferred solution for escaping this kind of pessimism is to adopt a different measure by which to evaluate life’s meaningfulness. One of two primary routes is often taken here. First, one can retreat back to the sub specie humanitatis perspective, and argue that life is (...)
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  7.  28
    The Role of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Prediction Error and Signaling Surprise.William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):119-135.
    In the past two decades, reinforcement learning has become a popular framework for understanding brain function. A key component of RL models, prediction error, has been associated with neural signals throughout the brain, including subcortical nuclei, primary sensory cortices, and prefrontal cortex. Depending on the location in which activity is observed, the functional interpretation of prediction error may change: Prediction errors may reflect a discrepancy in the anticipated and actual value of reward, a signal indicating the salience or novelty of (...)
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  8.  14
    Reconsidering Philosophy of Science Pedagogy in Psychology: An Evaluation of Methods Texts.Joshua W. Clegg - 2016 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 36 (4):199-213.
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  9.  55
    A Phenomenological Investigation of the Experience of Not Belonging.Joshua W. Clegg - 2006 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 37 (1):53-83.
    This study employed the Duquesne method of phenomenology to explore eight participants' experiences of not belonging. These experiences began with a discomforting sense of difference that then developed into self-conscious, wary behavior. This experience was followed by attempts at interpersonal transformation whose success led to an episodic view of not belonging and whose failure led to a more dramatic, personalized, isolating, and permanent view of not belonging. Such a view was also accompanied by a profound transformation in how the participants (...)
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  10.  32
    Phenomenology as Foundational to the Naturalized Consciousness.Joshua W. Clegg - 2006 - Culture and Psychology 12 (3):340-351.
  11.  74
    Computational Models of Performance Monitoring and Cognitive Control.William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):658-677.
    The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been the subject of intense interest as a locus of cognitive control. Several computational models have been proposed to account for a range of effects, including error detection, conflict monitoring, error likelihood prediction, and numerous other effects observed with single-unit neurophysiology, fMRI, and lesion studies. Here, we review the state of computational models of cognitive control and offer a new theoretical synthesis of the mPFC as signaling response–outcome predictions. This new synthesis has two interacting (...)
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  12. Consequentialism and Virtue.Robert J. Hartman & Joshua W. Bronson - forthcoming - In Christoph Halbig & Felix Timmermann (eds.), The Handbook of Virtue and Virtue Ethics.
    We examine the following consequentialist view of virtue: a trait is a virtue if and only if it has good consequences in some relevant way. We highlight some motivations for this basic account, and offer twelve choice points for filling it out. Next, we explicate Julia Driver’s consequentialist view of virtue in reference to these choice points, and we canvass its merits and demerits. Subsequently, we consider three suggestions that aim to increase the plausibility of her position, and critically analyze (...)
     
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  13.  2
    Good Science: Psychological Inquiry as Everyday Moral Practice.Joshua W. Clegg - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Good Science is an account of psychological research emphasizing the moral foundations of inquiry. This volume brings together existing disciplinary critiques of scientism, objectivism, and instrumentalism, and then discusses how these contribute to institutionalized privilege and to less morally responsive research practices. The author draws on historical, critical, feminist, and science studies traditions to provide an alternative account of psychological science and to highlight the irreducibly moral foundations of everyday scientific practice. This work outlines a theoretical framework for thinking about (...)
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  14.  19
    Kierkegaard’s Comic and Tragic Lovers.Joshua W. Schulz - 2012 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2):251-269.
    This essay examines a dialogue between Kierkegaard and the Aristotelian tradition on the topic of love and friendship. At stake in the dispute is whetherphilia or agape is the highest form of love and how we should understand the relation between the two loves. The essay contributes to the conversation by analyzing two kinds of deceptive love identified in Kierkegaard’s Works of Love, viewing each through the lens of a Shakespearian persona. Against the Aristotelian tradition, Kierkegaard defends the idiosyncratic view (...)
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  15.  18
    Predicting Violent Behavior: What Can Neuroscience Add?Russell A. Poldrack, John Monahan, Peter B. Imrey, Valerie Reyna, Marcus E. Raichle, David Faigman & Joshua W. Buckholtz - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (2):111-123.
  16.  11
    Diversity of Adipose Tissue Immune Cells: Are All Eosinophils Created Equal?W. Reid Bolus - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (10):1800150.
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  17.  5
    Art Education.W. Reid Hastie - 1966 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (2):272-273.
  18.  17
    Aristotle and the Virtues. By Howard J. Curzer.Joshua W. Schulz - 2014 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 88 (1):167-169.
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  19.  9
    Becoming Relational: From Abstract Systems to Embodied Relations.Joshua W. Clegg - 2011 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (1):65-68.
    Reviews the book, Relational being: Beyond self and community by Kenneth J. Gergen . The primary plea of the book is that psychology consider a relational rather than individual conception of its phenomena. Gergen encourages us to "treat what we take to be the individual units as derivative of relational process" . This notion of a fundamentally relational subject is one that the reader is invited to explore and to test against other, more traditional, ways of constructing being. It is (...)
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  20.  14
    Hermeneutic Theory and Objectivism in Social Psychology.Joshua W. Clegg - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2).
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  21.  18
    Hermeneutic Theory and Objectivism in Social Psychology.Joshua W. Clegg - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (2):159-163.
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  22.  8
    Introduction to the Special Section, “Psychology’s Replication Crisis”.Joshua W. Clegg & Kathleen L. Slaney - 2019 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 39 (4):199-201.
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  23.  6
    Paul Wouters;, Anne Beaulieu;, Andrea Scharnhorst;, Sally Wyatt . Virtual Knowledge: Experimenting in the Humanities and the Social Sciences. Viii + 262 Pp. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2013. $24, £16.95. [REVIEW]Joshua W. Clegg - 2013 - Isis 104 (4):874-874.
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  24.  8
    Science Fundamentalism and the Moral Hermeneutic of Research.Joshua W. Clegg - 2017 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 37 (2):128-132.
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  25.  32
    Contestation and Deliberation Within: Dryzek, Goodin, and the Possibility of Legitimacy.Joshua W. Houston - 2009 - Social Philosophy Today 25:241-253.
    In this paper, I pursue a dialogue between John Dryzek and Robert E. Goodin’s positions on deliberative democracy’s ‘problem of economy’ with an eye toward a synthesis that could lead us toward a conception of deliberation that counters the threat to legitimacy posed by this problem. By sketching a view that makes the two accounts more consonant by casting discourses as intersubjectively constituted, with deliberation as the contestation of intersubjectively constituted discourses in the public sphere, we ought to be able (...)
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  26.  17
    Contestation and Deliberation Within: Dryzek, Goodin, and the Possibility of Legitimacy.Joshua W. Houston - 2009 - Social Philosophy Today 25:241-253.
    In this paper, I pursue a dialogue between John Dryzek and Robert E. Goodin’s positions on deliberative democracy’s ‘problem of economy’ with an eye toward a synthesis that could lead us toward a conception of deliberation that counters the threat to legitimacy posed by this problem. By sketching a view that makes the two accounts more consonant by casting discourses as intersubjectively constituted, with deliberation as the contestation of intersubjectively constituted discourses in the public sphere, we ought to be able (...)
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  27.  18
    Is My Boss Really Listening to Me? The Impact of Perceived Supervisor Listening on Emotional Exhaustion, Turnover Intention, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior.Karina J. Lloyd, Diana Boer, Joshua W. Keller & Sven Voelpel - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (3):509-524.
    Little is known empirically about the role of supervisor listening and the emotional conditions that listening facilitates. Having the opportunity to speak is only one part of the communication process between employees and supervisors. Employees also react to whether they perceive the supervisor as actively listening. In two studies, this paper examines three important outcomes of employee perceptions of supervisor listening. Furthermore, positive and negative affect are investigated as distinct mediating mechanisms. Results from Study 1 revealed that employee perceptions of (...)
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  28. Some Measures of Children's Values.Peter W. Musgrave & George R. B. Reid - 1971 - Social Science Information 10 (1):137-153.
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  29.  16
    Image Analysis in Fluorescence Microscopy: Bacterial Dynamics as a Case Study.Sven van Teeffelen, Joshua W. Shaevitz & Zemer Gitai - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (5):427-436.
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  30.  18
    Perceived Stress Predicts Altered Reward and Loss Feedback Processing in Medial Prefrontal Cortex.Michael T. Treadway, Joshua W. Buckholtz & David H. Zald - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  31.  25
    Why Hazing? Measuring the Motivational Mechanisms of Newcomer Induction in College Fraternities.Gentry R. McCreary & Joshua W. Schutts - 2019 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 19 (3-4):343-365.
    Hazing behaviors as a part of group initiations have been theorized to contribute to a sense of group solidarity, to ensure loyalty and commitment of group members, to teach group-relevant skills and attitudes to group members, and to reinforce the social hierarchy within groups. In a survey of members of an international college fraternity, researchers propose and test a four-dimensional model of hazing motivation. Using exploratory factor analysis, the proposed four-factor model explains 74 percent of the overall variance and confirmatory (...)
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  32.  9
    Retrospective Recall of Affect in Clinically Depressed Individuals and Controls.Dror Ben-Zeev, Michael A. Young & Joshua W. Madsen - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):1021-1040.
  33.  8
    What is This Thing Called the Meaning of Life?Stewart Goetz & Joshua W. Seachris - 2020 - London, UK: Routledge.
    What are we asking when we ask, "What is the meaning of life?"? Can there be meaning without God? Is a happy life a meaningful life? Can an immoral life be meaningful? Does our suffering have meaning? Does death threaten meaning? What is this thing called The Meaning of Life? provides an engaging and stimulating introduction to philosophical thinking about life's meaning. Goetz and Seachris provide the reader with accessible examples, before looking at the main theoretical approaches to meaning and (...)
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  34.  44
    Testing the Controversy.Joshua M. Tybur, Geoffrey F. Miller & Steven W. Gangestad - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (4):313-328.
    Critics of evolutionary psychology and sociobiology have advanced an adaptationists-as-right-wing-conspirators (ARC) hypothesis, suggesting that adaptationists use their research to support a right-wing political agenda. We report the first quantitative test of the ARC hypothesis based on an online survey of political and scientific attitudes among 168 US psychology Ph.D. students, 31 of whom self-identified as adaptationists and 137 others who identified with another non-adaptationist meta-theory. Results indicate that adaptationists are much less politically conservative than typical US citizens and no more (...)
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  35.  41
    Medieval French Textual Studies: In Memory of T. B. W. Reid. Ian Short.Matthew Morris - 1986 - Speculum 61 (4):1002-1004.
  36. Moral Grandstanding in Public Discourse: Status-Seeking Motives as a Potential Explanatory Mechanism in Predicting Conflict.Joshua B. Grubbs, Brandon Warmke, Justin Tosi, A. Shanti James & W. Keith Campbell - 2019 - PLoS ONE 14 (10).
    Public discourse is often caustic and conflict-filled. This trend seems to be particularly evident when the content of such discourse is around moral issues (broadly defined) and when the discourse occurs on social media. Several explanatory mechanisms for such conflict have been explored in recent psychological and social-science literatures. The present work sought to examine a potentially novel explanatory mechanism defined in philosophical literature: Moral Grandstanding. According to philosophical accounts, Moral Grandstanding is the use of moral talk to seek social (...)
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  37.  96
    A New Semantics for Vagueness.Joshua D. K. Brown & James W. Garson - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (1):65-85.
    Intuitively, vagueness involves some sort of indeterminacy: if Plato is a borderline case of baldness, then there is no fact of the matter about whether or not he’s bald—he’s neither bald nor not bald. The leading formal treatments of such indeterminacy—three valued logic, supervaluationism, etc.—either fail to validate the classical theorems, or require that various classically valid inference rules be restricted. Here we show how a fully classical, yet indeterminist account of vagueness can be given within natural semantics, an alternative (...)
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  38.  27
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Christian Barry, Michael Davis, Peter K. Dews, Aaron V. Garrett, Yusuf Has, Bill E. Lawson, Val Plumwood, Joshua W. B. Preiss, Jennifer C. Rubenstein & Avital Simhony - 2003 - Ethics 113 (3):734-741.
  39.  3
    Tongues of Conscience: Weapons Research and the Scientists' DilemmaR. W. Reid.Richard G. Hewlett - 1971 - Isis 62 (1):120-121.
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  40.  13
    Discounting of Reward Sequences: A Test of Competing Formal Models of Hyperbolic Discounting.Noah Zarr, William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  41. Reid's Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, From His Collected Writings by Sir W. Hamilton, and with the Foot-Notes of the Editor.Thomas Reid & William Hamilton - 1853
     
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  42.  23
    Reid and His French Disciples: Aesthetics and Metaphysics.James W. Manns - 1993 - E.J. Brill.
    This book offers a thorough account of Thomas Reid's philosophy, focussing on his expressionist aesthetics, then traces his influence in nineteenth-century ...
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  43.  2
    The Incomplete Tyranny of Dynamic Stimuli: Gaze Similarity Predicts Response Similarity in Screen-Captured Instructional Videos.Daniel T. Levin, Jorge A. Salas, Anna M. Wright, Adrianne E. Seiffert, Kelly E. Carter & Joshua W. Little - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (6):e12984.
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  44.  17
    Review of "God and Meaning: New Essays", Joshua W. Seachris and Stewart Goetz. [REVIEW]Katherine Dormandy - 2017 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2017:1-1.
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  45.  37
    Advaita Vedanta. Edited by R. Balasubramanian. Volume II, Part 2 of History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, Edited by DP Chatto-Padhyaya. New Delhi: Centre for Studies in Civilizations, 2000. Pp. Xxiii+ 417. Price Not Given. Aesthetics & Chaos: Investigating a Creative Complicity. Edited by Grazia March. [REVIEW]Karl-Heinz Pohl, Anselm W. Müller Leiden, Numbers From Han, Kwok Siu Tong, Chan Sin, Joshua W. C. Cutler & Imagining Karma - 2003 - Philosophy East and West 53 (4):618-619.
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  46.  14
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Over the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Schizophrenia: A Quantitative Review of Cognitive Outcomes.Joshua E. Mervis, Riley J. Capizzi, Elias Boroda & Angus W. MacDonald - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  47.  40
    Perceptual Acquaintance: From Descartes to Reid.John W. Yolton - 1984 - University of Minnesota Press.
    Rich with historical and cultural value, these works are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.
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  48.  23
    PROs in the Balance: Ethical Implications of Collecting Patient Reported Outcome Measures in the Electronic Health Record.Joshua S. Crites, Cynthia Chuang, Anne Dimmock, Wenke Hwang, Bobbie Johannes, Anuradha Paranjape & Albert W. Wu - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (4):67-68.
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  49.  16
    G. W. S. Barrow, Robert Bruce And The Community Of The Realm Of Scotland. Berkeley And Los Angeles: University Of California Press, 1965. Pp. Xxiv, 502; Frontispiece Plate; 13 Maps; 2 Genealogical Tables. $7.50.Book Query [Google Scholar]E. L. G. Stones, Ed., And Trans., Anglo-Scottish Relations, 1174–1328: Some Selected Documents. London: Thomas Nelson; New York: Oxford University Press, 1965. Pp. Lvi, 198 ; 1 Plate. 84s. Net ; $13.45. [REVIEW]W. Reid - 1966 - Speculum 41 (3):517-520.
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  50.  25
    Substance: Its Nature and Existence.Dean W. Zimmerman, Joshua Hoffman & Gary S. Rosenkrantz - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):118.
    This book addresses two basic questions: What is the proper philosophical analysis of the concept of substance? and What kinds of compound substances are there? The second question is mainly addressed by asking what relations among objects are necessary and sufficient for their coming to compose a larger whole. The first 72 pages of the book contain a short history of attempts to answer the first question, and a brief presentation of the analysis the authors defend at length in their (...)
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