38 found
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  1.  49
    1. Marr on Computational-Level Theories Marr on Computational-Level Theories (pp. 477-500).Oron Shagrir, John D. Norton, Holger Andreas, Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen, Aris Spanos, Eckhart Arnold, Elliott Sober, Peter Gildenhuys & Adela Helena Roszkowski - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (4):477-500.
    According to Marr, a computational-level theory consists of two elements, the what and the why. This article highlights the distinct role of the Why element in the computational analysis of vision. Three theses are advanced: that the Why element plays an explanatory role in computational-level theories, that its goal is to explain why the computed function is appropriate for a given visual task, and that the explanation consists in showing that the functional relations between the representing cells are similar to (...)
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  2.  12
    Postnarrativist philosophy of historiography.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2015 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The narrativist insight -- From analytic philosophy of history to narrativism -- Three tenets of narrativist philosophy of historiography -- Representationalism and non-representationalism -- Reasoning in historiography -- Colligation -- Underdetermination and epistemic values -- From truth to warranted assertion -- The tri-partite theory of justification in historiography -- Historiography between objectivism and subjectivism -- Postnarrativist philosophy of historiography.
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  3. Kuhn, the correspondence theory of truth and coherentist epistemology.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (3):555-566.
    Kuhn argued against both the correspondence theory of truth and convergent realism. Although he likely misunderstood the nature of the correspondence theory, which it seems he wrongly believed to be an epistemic theory, Kuhn had an important epistemic point to make. He maintained that any assessment of correspondence between beliefs and reality is not possible, and therefore, the acceptance of beliefs and the presumption of their truthfulness has to be decided on the basis of other criteria. I will show that (...)
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  4.  47
    Historicism and the failure of HPS.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 55:3-11.
  5.  27
    Making sense of conceptual change.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2008 - History and Theory 47 (3):351-372.
    Arthur Lovejoy’s history of unit-ideas and the history of concepts are often criticized for being historically insensitive forms of history-writing. Critics claim that one cannot find invariable ideas or concepts in several contexts or times in history without resorting to some distortion. One popular reaction is to reject the history of ideas and concepts altogether, and take linguistic entities as the main theoretical units. Another reaction is to try to make ideas or concepts context-sensitive and to see their histories as (...)
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  6.  41
    The missing narrativist turn in the historiography of science.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):340-363.
    ABSTRACTThe narrativist turn of the 1970s and 1980s transformed the discussion of general history. With the rejection of Rankean historical realism, the focus shifted to the historian as a narrator and on narratives as literary products. Oddly, the historiography of science took a turn in the opposite direction at the same time. The social turn in the historiography of science emphasized studying science as a material and practical activity with traceable and documentable traits. This empirization of the field has led (...)
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  7.  19
    Editorial: Can History be Used to Test Philosophy?Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 12 (2):183-190.
  8.  25
    Editorial: The Philosophy of Intellectual History and Conceptual Change.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (2):143-145.
  9.  8
    Meaning changes: a study of Thomas Kuhn's philosophy.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2008 - Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.
    Thomas Kuhn with his classic The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is one of the most influential and widely read philosophers of the 20th century. Kuhn's claim that the meanings of scientific terms change is often taken to be refuted by recent advances in the philosophy of language. Meaning Changes challenges this interpretation showing that meaning change in Kuhn has multiple aspects: Semantic, mental and historical. The author describes the traditional view with clarity, but demonstrates that Kuhn's idea stems from his (...)
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  10. Kuhn on essentialism and the causal theory of reference.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (4):544-564.
    The causal theory of reference is often taken to provide a solution to the problems, such as incomparability and referential discontinuity, that the meaning-change thesis raised. I show that Kuhn successfully questioned the causal theory and Putnam's idea that reference is determined via the sameness relation of essences that holds between a sample and other members of a kind in all possible worlds. Putnam's single ‘essential' properties may be necessary but not sufficient to determine membership in a kind category. Kuhn (...)
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  11.  62
    Lakatosian Rational Reconstruction Updated.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2017 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 31 (1):83-102.
    I argue in this article that an aspect of Imre Lakatos’s philosophy has been largely ignored in previous literature. The key feature of Lakatos’s philosophy of the historiography of science is its non-representationalism, which enables comparisons of alternative ‘historiographic research programmes’ without implying that the interpretations of history re-present or mirror the past. I discuss some problems of this interpretation and show specifically that Lakatos’s philosophy does not distort the history of science despite its normative ambitions. The last section is (...)
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  12.  22
    7 Revolution as Evolution.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2012 - In Vasō Kintē & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.), Kuhn's The structure of scientific revolutions revisited. New York: Routledge. pp. 134.
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  13.  27
    Senses of Localism.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2012 - History of Science 50 (4):477-500.
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  14.  59
    I Am Knowledge. Get Me Out Of Here! On Localism And The Universality Of Science.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):590-601.
  15.  13
    Philosophy of history: twenty-first-century perspectives.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen (ed.) - 2020 - London ;: Bloomsbury Academic.
    A timely and comprehensive survey of recent developments in the philosophy of history that asks pressing questions about where the field is headed in the 21st century.
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  16.  78
    Moving Deeper into Rational Pragmatism.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 11 (1):83-118.
  17.  11
    Correction to: Debating Kuhn.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2024 - Metascience 33 (1):55-55.
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  18. Towards a Philosophy of the History of Thought?Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (1):25-54.
    There are a large number of disciplines that are interested in the theoretical aspects of the history of thought. Their perspectives and subjects may vary, but fundamentally they have a common research interest: the history of human thinking and its products. Despite this, they are studied in relative isolation. I argue that having different subjects as specific objects of research, such as political or scientific thinking, is not a valid justification for the separation. I propose the formation of a new (...)
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  19.  12
    Pluralism in reasoning: how to legitimate material inferences.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2023 - Synthese 202 (3):1-23.
    Wilfrid Sellars’s suggestion that there are valid material inferences entails that validity is not limited to formal inferences. Because material inferences are expressed in ordinary language and deal with both conceptual and empirical matters, an interesting prospect unfolds: valid reasoning is irreducibly plural. However, it is not clear what the validity of inferences composed of non-logical and descriptive vocabulary means. I argue that it is better to speak of the legitimacy rather than the validity of material inferences. A material inference (...)
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  20.  36
    Representationalism and Non-representationalism in Historiography.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2013 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 7 (3):453-479.
    This paper examines how Hayden White and specifically Frank Ankersmit have attempted to develop the representationalist account of historiography. It is notable that both reject the copy theory of representation, but nevertheless commit to the idea that historiography produces representations. I argue that it would have been more advantageous to go yet one step further and reject representationalist language altogether on the level of narratives, as this implies that one is re-presenting a given object in one’s language in some sense. (...)
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  21.  49
    Autonomy and Objectivity of Science.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (3):309-334.
    This article deals with the problematic concepts of the rational and the social, which have been typically seen as dichotomous in the history and philosophy of science literature. I argue that this view is mistaken and that the social can be seen as something that enables rationality in science, and further, that a scientific community as well as an individual can be taken as an epistemic subject. Furthermore, I consider how scientific communities could be seen as freely acting and choosing (...)
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  22.  18
    An aging literary revolution: Stuck with the paradigm.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 64:67-70.
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  23.  48
    Closing the door to cloud-cuckoo land: a reply to Šešelja and Straßer.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (3):328-331.
    Šešelja and Straßer’s critique fails to hit its target for two main reasons. First, the argument is not that Kuhn is a rationalist because he is a coherentist. Although Kuhn can be taken as a rationalist because of his commitment to epistemic values, coherence analysis provides a more comprehensive characterisation of cognitive process in scientific change than any of these values alone can offer. Further, we should understand Kuhn as characterising science as the best form of rationality we have outside (...)
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  24.  15
    Editorial: It’s Time for Fresh Ideas.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2022 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 16 (2):1-5.
  25.  11
    Editorial: Living and Editing in the Online World.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2021 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 15 (1):1-3.
  26.  14
    Editorial: Learning Lessons from History – or Not?Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 13 (2):139-140.
  27.  31
    Editorial: Plenitude is the Cost of Success.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 12 (1):1-3.
  28.  28
    Editorial: Too many books to read? Then read this.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (1):1-2.
  29.  25
    Editorial: What is This Field Called Philosophy of History?Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 13 (1):1-2.
  30.  17
    Frank Ankersmit as a Rationalist.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 12 (3):345-370.
  31.  54
    Meaning Change in the Context of Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2006 - Dissertation, University of Edinburgh
    Thomas S. Kuhn claimed that the meanings of scientific terms change in theory changes or in scientific revolutions. In philosophy, meaning change has been taken as the source of a group of problems, such as untranslatability, incommensurability, and referential variance. For this reason, the majority of analytic philosophers have sought to deny that there can be meaning change by focusing on developing a theory of reference that would guarantee referential stability. A number of philosophers have also claimed that Kuhn’s view (...)
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  32.  35
    Naturalism and the Problem of Normativity: The Case of Historiography.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2019 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 49 (5):331-363.
    This article tackles the problem of normativity in naturalism and considers it in the context of the philosophy of historiography. I argue that strong naturalism is inconsistent with genuine normat...
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  33.  31
    Rereading Kuhn.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2009 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (2):217 – 224.
  34.  5
    What’s forgotten about The Structure of Scientific Revolutions?Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2021 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 15 (3).
    Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is a classic, and it is certainly not forgotten. However, an essential aspect about it has been neglected. That is, Kuhn’s Structure is a book in philosophy of history in the sense that Structure attempts gives an account of historical events, focuses on the whole of the history of science and stipulates a structure of the history of science to explain historical events. Kuhn’s book and its contribution to the debates about the progress (...)
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  35.  42
    Welcome Note from Editor-in-Chief.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 11 (2):122-126.
  36.  99
    Kuhn’s Legacy: Theoretical and Philosophical Study of History. [REVIEW]Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2013 - Topoi 32 (1):91-99.
    This paper considers the legacy of Kuhn and his Structure with regard to the current history and philosophy of science. Kuhn can be seen as a myth breaker, whose contribution is the way he connected historical and philosophical studies of science, questioning the cumulativist image and demanding historical responsibility of the views of science. I build on Kuhn’s legacy and outline a suggestion for theoretical and philosophical study of history (of science), which can be subdivided into three categories. The first (...)
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  37.  17
    Debating Kuhn: Leandro Giri, Pablo Melogno, and Hernán Miguel (eds): Perspectives on Kuhn: contemporary approaches to the philosophy of Thomas Kuhn. Cham: Springer, 2022, x + 187 pp, 105.49€ HB 85.59€ Ebook. [REVIEW]Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2023 - Metascience 33 (1):49-53.
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  38.  43
    Alfred I. Tauber. Science and the Quest for Meaning. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2009. Pp. xi+255. $29.96. [REVIEW]Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2013 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (1):157-160.