Results for 'Jour AZZOUNI'

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  1. Critical Studies/Book Reviews 319.Otavio Bueno & Jour AZZOUNI - unknown
    Ask a philosopher what a proof is, and you’re likely to get an answer hii empaszng one or another regimentationl of that notion in terms of a finite sequence of formalized statements, each of which is either an axiom or is derived from an axiom by certain inference rules. (Wecan call this the formal conception of proof) Ask a mathematician what a proof is, and you will rbbl poay get a different-looking answer. Instead of stressing a partic- l uar regimented (...)
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  2.  29
    II—Jody Azzouni: Singular Thoughts.Jody Azzouni - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):45-61.
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  3.  62
    Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism.Jody Azzouni - 2004 - Oxford, England: Oup Usa.
    If we must take mathematical statements to be true, must we also believe in the existence of abstract eternal invisible mathematical objects accessible only by the power of pure thought? Jody Azzouni says no, and he claims that the way to escape such commitments is to accept true statements which are about objects that don't exist in any sense at all. Azzouni illustrates what the metaphysical landscape looks like once we avoid a militant Realism which forces our commitment (...)
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  4.  69
    Deflating Existential Commitment: A Case for Nominalism.Jody Azzouni - 2004 - Oxford, England: Oup Usa.
    If we take mathematical statements to be true, then must we also believe in the existence of invisible mathematical objects, accessible only by the power of thought? Jody Azzouni says we do not have to, and claims that the way to escape such a commitment is to accept - as an essential part of scientific doctrine - true statements which are 'about' objects which don't exist in any real sense.
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  5.  1
    Ontology Without Borders.Jody Azzouni - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    Our experience of objects is very rich. We perceive objects as possessing individuation conditions. This, however, is a projection of our senses and thinking. Azzouni shows the resulting austere metaphysics tames many ancient philosophical problems about constitution, as well as contemporary puzzles about reductionism.
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  6.  26
    Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth.Jody Azzouni - 2005 - Oxford, England: Oup Usa.
    When ordinary people - mathematicians among them - take something to follow from something else, they are exposing the backbone of our self-ascribed ability to reason. Jody Azzouni investigates the connection between that ordinary notion of consequence and the formal analogues invented by logicians. One claim of the book is that, despite our apparent intuitive grasp of consequence, we do not introspect rules by which we reason, nor do we grasp the scope and range of the domain, as it (...)
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  7. Semantic Perception: How the Illusion of a Common Language Arises and Persists.Jody Azzouni - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Jody Azzouni argues that we involuntarily experience certain physical items, certain products of human actions, and certain human actions themselves as having meaning-properties. We understand these items as possessing meaning or as having truth values. For example, a sign on a door reading "Drinks Inside" strikes native English speakers as referring to liquids in the room behind the door. The sign has a truth value--if no drinks are found in the room, the sign is misleading. Someone pointing in a (...)
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  8.  90
    Jody Azzouni. Talking About Nothing. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-19-973894-64. Pp. Iv + 273†. [REVIEW]Graham Priest - 2011 - Philosophia Mathematica 19 (3):359-363.
    Our normal discourse is replete with discussion of things which do not exist — the objects of fiction, of illusion and hallucination, of religious worship, of misguided fears and other intentional states. Let us call such discourse empty. How to account for the meaning of empty discourse, and such truth values as its statements have, are perennial and thorny philosophical topics. Many positions are well known; in this book of five chapters Azzouni advocates another. Empty discourse is literally about (...)
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  9.  92
    Metaphysical Myths, Mathematical Practice: The Ontology and Epistemology of the Exact Sciences.Jody Azzouni - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Most philosophers of mathematics try to show either that the sort of knowledge mathematicians have is similar to the sort of knowledge specialists in the empirical sciences have or that the kind of knowledge mathematicians have, although apparently about objects such as numbers, sets, and so on, isn't really about those sorts of things as well. Jody Azzouni argues that mathematical knowledge really is a special kind of knowledge with its own special means of gathering evidence. He analyses the (...)
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  10. Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations, and Fictions.Jody Azzouni - 2010 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Numbers -- Hallucinations -- Fictions -- Scientific languages, ontology, and truth -- Truth conditions and semantics.
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  11.  4
    Jody Azzouni. Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004, Viii + 342 Pp. [REVIEW]John P. Burgess - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):573-577.
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  12. Singular Thought.Tim Crane & Jody Azzouni - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):21-43.
    A singular thought can be characterized as a thought which is directed at just one object. The term ‘thought’ can apply to episodes of thinking, or to the content of the episode (what is thought). This paper argues that episodes of thinking can be just as singular, in the above sense, when they are directed at things that do not exist as when they are directed at things that do exist. In this sense, then, singular thoughts are not object-dependent.
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  13. Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth.Jody Azzouni - 2005 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press USA.
    When ordinary people--mathematicians among them--take something to follow from something else, they are exposing the backbone of our self-ascribed ability to reason. Jody Azzouni investigates the connection between that ordinary notion of consequence and the formal analogues invented by logicians. One claim of the book is that, despite our apparent intuitive grasp of consequence, we do not introspect rules by which we reason, nor do we grasp the scope and range of the domain, as it were, of our reasoning. (...)
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  14.  34
    J. Azzouni, Ontology Without Borders, Oxford University Press, New York, 2017, Xxxvi + 256 Pp. [REVIEW]Nathaniel Gan - 2018 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 24 (2):177-178.
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  15. Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations, and Fictions.Jody Azzouni - 2010 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press USA.
    Ordinary language and scientific language enable us to speak about, in a singular way, what we recognize not to exist: fictions, the contents of our hallucinations, abstract objects, and various idealized but nonexistent objects that our scientific theories are often couched in terms of. Indeed, references to such nonexistent items-especially in the case of the application of mathematics to the sciences-are indispensable. We cannot avoid talking about such things. Scientific and ordinary languages thus enable us to say things about Pegasus (...)
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  16.  23
    The Rule-Following Paradox and its Implications for Metaphysics.Jody Azzouni - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This monograph presents Azzouni’s new approach to the rule-following paradox. His solution leaves intact an isolated individual’s capacity to follow rules, and it simultaneously avoids replacing the truth conditions for meaning-talk with mere assertability conditions for that talk. Kripke’s influential version of Wittgenstein’s rule-following paradox—and Wittgenstein’s views more generally—on the contrary, make rule-following practices and assertions about those practices subject to community norms without which they lose their cogency. Azzouni summarizes and develops Kripke’s original version of Wittgenstein’s rule-following (...)
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  17. The Derivation-Indicator View of Mathematical Practice.Jody Azzouni - 2004 - Philosophia Mathematica 12 (2):81-106.
    The form of nominalism known as 'mathematical fictionalism' is examined and found wanting, mainly on grounds that go back to an early antinominalist work of Rudolf Carnap that has unfortunately not been paid sufficient attention by more recent writers.
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  18.  26
    Jody Azzouni: Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism.Gideon Rosen - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (6):312-318.
  19.  44
    Knowledge and Reference in Empirical Science.Jody Azzouni - 2000 - Routledge.
    Knowledge and Reference in Empirical Science is a fascinating study of the bounds between science and language: In what sense does science provide knowledge? Is it to be taken literally? Is science an instrument only distantly related to what's real? Does the language of science adequately describe the truth? Jody Azzouni approaches these questions through an analysis of the "reference" of kind terms. He investigates the technology of science--the actual forging and exploiting of causal links--and shows how this technology (...)
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  20.  81
    That We See That Some Diagrammatic Proofs Are Perfectly Rigorous.Jody Azzouni - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica 21 (3):323-338.
    Mistaken reasons for thinking diagrammatic proofs aren't rigorous are explored. The main result is that a confusion between the contents of a proof procedure (what's expressed by the referential elements in a proof procedure) and the unarticulated mathematical aspects of a proof procedure (how that proof procedure is enabled) gives the impression that diagrammatic proofs are less rigorous than language proofs. An additional (and independent) factor is treating the impossibility of naturally generalizing a diagrammatic proof procedure as an indication of (...)
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  21. On What It Takes for There to Be No Fact of the Matter.Jody Azzouni & Otávio Bueno - 2008 - Noûs 42 (4):753-769.
    Philosophers are very fond of making non-factualist claims—claims to the effect that there is no fact of the matter as to whether something is the case. But can these claims be coherently stated in the context of classical logic? Some care is needed here, we argue, otherwise one ends up denying a tautology or embracing a contradiction. In the end, we think there are only two strategies available to someone who wants to be a non-factualist about something, and remain within (...)
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  22.  36
    Jody Azzouni , Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions . Reviewed By.Mark Sainsbury - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (3):154-157.
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  23. Critical Studies/Book Reviews 319.Jody Azzouni & Otavio Bueno - unknown
    Ask a philosopher what a proof is, and you’re likely to get an answer hii empaszng one or another regimentationl of that notion in terms of a finite sequence of formalized statements, each of which is either an axiom or is derived from an axiom by certain inference rules. (Wecan call this the formal conception of proof) Ask a mathematician what a proof is, and you will rbbl poay get a different-looking answer. Instead of stressing a partic- l uar regimented (...)
     
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  24. Why Do Informal Proofs Conform to Formal Norms?Jody Azzouni - 2009 - Foundations of Science 14 (1-2):9-26.
    Kant discovered a philosophical problem with mathematical proof. Despite being a priori , its methodology involves more than analytic truth. But what else is involved? This problem is widely taken to have been solved by Frege’s extension of logic beyond its restricted (and largely Aristotelian) form. Nevertheless, a successor problem remains: both traditional and contemporary (classical) mathematical proofs, although conforming to the norms of contemporary (classical) logic, never were, and still aren’t, executed by mathematicians in a way that transparently reveals (...)
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  25. On "on What There Is".Jody Azzouni - 1998 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (1):1–18.
    All sides in the recent debates over the Quine‐Putnam Indispensability thesis presuppose Quine's criterion for determining what a discourse is ontologically committed to. I subject the criterion to scrutiny, especially in regard to the available competitor‐criteria, asking what means of evaluation there are for comparing alternative criteria against each other. Finding none, the paper concludes that ontological questions, in a certain sense, are philosophically indeterminate.
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  26. New Perspectives on the Philosophy of Paul Benacerraf: Truth, Objects, Infinity (Fabrice Pataut, Editor).Fabrice Pataut Jody Azzouni, Paul Benacerraf Justin Clarke-Doane, Jacques Dubucs Sébastien Gandon, Brice Halimi Jon Perez Laraudogoitia, Mary Leng Ana Leon-Mejia, Antonio Leon-Sanchez Marco Panza, Fabrice Pataut Philippe de Rouilhan & Andrea Sereni Stuart Shapiro - forthcoming - Springer.
  27. Ontological Commitment in the Vernacular.Jody Azzouni - 2007 - Noûs 41 (2):204–226.
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  28. Singular Thoughts (Objects-Directed Thoughts).Jody Azzouni - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):45-61.
    Tim Crane (2011) characterizes the cognitive role of singular thought via singular mental files: the application of such files to more than one object is senseless. As many do, he thus stresses the contrast between ‘singular’ and ‘general’. I give a counterexample, plurally-directed singular thought, and I offer alternative characterizations of singular thought—better described as ‘objects-directed thought’—initially in terms of the defeasibility of the descriptions associated with one's thinking of an object, and then more broadly in terms of whether descriptions (...)
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  29.  36
    A Simple Axiomatizable Theory of Truth.Jody Azzouni - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (3):458-493.
  30.  95
    Taking the Easy Road Out of Dodge.J. Azzouni - 2012 - Mind 121 (484):951-965.
    I defend my nominalist account of mathematics from objections that have been raised to it by Mark Colyvan.
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  31.  56
    Review of Jody Azzouni, Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism[REVIEW]Joseph Melia - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (8).
  32. Theory, Observation and Scientific Realism.Jody Azzouni - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (3):371-392.
    A normative constraint on theories about objects which we take to be real is explored: such theories are required to track the properties of the objects which they are theories of. Epistemic views in which observation (and generalizations of it) play a central role, and holist views which see epistemic virtues as applicable only to whole theories, are contrasted in the light of this constraint. It's argued that global-style epistemic virtues can't meet the constraint, although (certain) epistemic views within which (...)
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  33. Jody Azzouni, Metaphysical Myths, Mathematical Practice. [REVIEW]Louis Marinoff - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15:156-158.
     
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  34. Thick Epistemic Access: Distinguishing the Mathematical From the Empirical.Jody Azzouni - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (9):472-484.
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  35. The Inconsistency of Natural Languages: How We Live with It.Jody Azzouni - 2007 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 50 (6):590 – 605.
    I revisit my earlier arguments for the (trivial) inconsistency of natural languages, and take up the objection that no such argument can be established on the basis of surface usage. I respond with the evidential centrality of surface usage: the ways it can and can't be undercut by linguistic science. Then some important ramifications of having an inconsistent natural language are explored: (1) the temptation to engage in illegitimate reductio reasoning, (2) the breakdown of the knowledge idiom (because its facticity (...)
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  36.  96
    The Strengthened Liar, the Expressive Strength of Natural Languages, and Regimentation.Jody Azzouni - 2003 - Philosophical Forum 34 (3-4):329–350.
  37.  15
    Jody Azzouni, The Rule-Following Paradox and Its Implications for Metaphysics, Springer , 2017, Pp. $$Hbox {Viii} + 124$$, ISBN: 978-3-319-49060-1 $99.99; $89.99; $69.99. [REVIEW]Juan Colomina - 2019 - Studia Logica 107 (2):445-450.
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  38. Jody Azzouni, Metaphysical Myths, Mathematical Practice Reviewed By.Louis Marinoff - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (3):156-158.
     
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  39. The Relationship of Derivations in Artificial Languages to Ordinary Rigorous Mathematical Proof.J. Azzouni - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica 21 (2):247-254.
    The relationship is explored between formal derivations, which occur in artificial languages, and mathematical proof, which occurs in natural languages. The suggestion that ordinary mathematical proofs are abbreviations or sketches of formal derivations is presumed false. The alternative suggestion that the existence of appropriate derivations in formal logical languages is a norm for ordinary rigorous mathematical proof is explored and rejected.
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  40. Ontology and the Word 'Exist': Uneasy Relations.Jody Azzouni - 2010 - Philosophia Mathematica 18 (1):74-101.
    An extensive exploration of the special properties of ‘exist’ is here undertaken. Two of several results are: Denying that `exist’ has associated with it a set of necessary and sufficient conditions has seemed to a number of philosophers to imply metaphysical nihilism . This is because it has seemed that without such conditions the target domain of `existence’ is arbitrarily open. I show this is wrong. Second, my analysis sheds light on the puzzling question of what we are asking when (...)
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  41.  96
    A New Characterization of Scientific Theories.Jody Azzouni - 2014 - Synthese 191 (13):2993-3008.
    First, I discuss the older “theory-centered” and the more recent semantic conception of scientific theories. I argue that these two perspectives are nothing more than terminological variants of one another. I then offer a new theory-centered view of scientific theories. I argue that this new view captures the insights had by each of these earlier views, that it’s closer to how scientists think about their own theories, and that it better accommodates the phenomenon of inconsistent scientific theories.
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  42.  43
    Evading Truth Commitments: The Problem Reanalyzed.Jody Azzouni - 2009 - Logique Et Analyse 52 (206):139.
  43.  54
    Thick Epistemic Access.Jody Azzouni - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (9):472 - 484.
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  44. Applied Mathematics, Existential Commitment and the Quine-Putnam Indispensability Thesis.Jody Azzouni - 1997 - Philosophia Mathematica 5 (3):193-209.
    The ramifications are explored of taking physical theories to commit their advocates only to ‘physically real’ entities, where ‘physically real’ means ‘causally efficacious’ (e.g., actual particles moving through space, such as dust motes), the ‘physically significant’ (e.g., centers of mass), and the merely mathematical—despite the fact that, in ordinary physical theory, all three sorts of posits are quantified over. It's argued that when such theories are regimented, existential quantification, even when interpreted ‘objectually’ (that is, in terms of satisfaction via variables, (...)
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  45.  23
    Personal Identity.Nada Gligorov, Jody Azzouni, Douglas P. Lackey & Arnold Zweig - 2013 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Nada Gligorov & Abraham Schwab (eds.), The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal and Social Concerns. Oxford University Press.
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  46. Review of Jody Azzouni's Deflating Existential Consquence. [REVIEW]Thomas Hofweber - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (3):465-467.
     
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  47. Knowledge and Reference in Empirical Science.Jody Azzouni - 2000 - Routledge.
    _Knowledge and Reference in Empirical Science_ is a fascinating study of the bounds between science and language: in what sense, and of what, does science provide knowledge? Is science an instrument only distantly related to what's real? Can the language of science be used to adequately describe the truth? In this book, Jody Azziouni investigates the technology of science - the actual forging and exploiting of causal links, between ourselves and what we endeavor to know and understand.
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  48.  14
    The Inconsistency of Natural Languages: How We Live with It.Jody Azzouni - 2007 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 50 (6):590-605.
    I revisit my earlier arguments for the inconsistency of natural languages, and take up the objection that no such argument can be established on the basis of surface usage. I respond with the evidential centrality of surface usage: the ways it can and can't be undercut by linguistic science. Then some important ramifications of having an inconsistent natural language are explored: the temptation to engage in illegitimate reductio reasoning, the breakdown of the knowledge idiom. Restoring the utility of the knowledge (...)
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  49.  8
    Safia Azzouni;, Christina Brandt;, Bernd Gausemeier;, Julia Kursell;, Henning Schmidgen;, Barbara Wittmann . Eine Naturgeschichte für das 21. Jahrhundert: Hommage à/Zu Ehren von/In Honor of Hans‐Jörg Rheinberger. 292 pp. Berlin: Max‐Planck‐Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, 2011. [REVIEW]Robert Michael Brain - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):798-799.
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  50.  18
    On "On What There Is".Jody Azzouni - 1998 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (1):1-18.
    All sides in the recent debates over the Quine‐Putnam Indispensability thesis presuppose Quine's criterion for determining what a discourse is ontologically committed to. I subject the criterion to scrutiny, especially in regard to the available competitor‐criteria, asking what means of evaluation there are for comparing alternative criteria against each other. Finding none, the paper concludes that ontological questions, in a certain sense, are philosophically indeterminate.
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