Results for 'Judy A. Trevena'

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  1. Cortical Movement Preparation Before and After a Conscious Decision to Move.Judy A. Trevena & Jeff G. Miller - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):162-90.
    The idea that our conscious decisions determine our actions has been challenged by a report suggesting that the brain starts to prepare for a movement before the person concerned has consciously decided to move . Libet et al. claimed that their results show that our actions are not consciously initiated. The current article describes two experiments in which we attempted to replicate Libet et al.'s comparison of participants' movement-related brain activity with the reported times of their decisions to move and (...)
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  2. Brain Preparation Before a Voluntary Action: Evidence Against Unconscious Movement Initiation.Judy Trevena & Jeff Miller - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):447-456.
    Benjamin Libet has argued that electrophysiological signs of cortical movement preparation are present before people report having made a conscious decision to move, and that these signs constitute evidence that voluntary movements are initiated unconsciously. This controversial conclusion depends critically on the assumption that the electrophysiological signs recorded by Libet, Gleason, Wright, and Pearl are associated only with preparation for movement. We tested that assumption by comparing the electrophysiological signs before a decision to move with signs present before a decision (...)
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  3.  62
    Cortical Movement Preparation and Conscious Decisions: Averaging Artifacts and Timing Biases.Jeff G. Miller & Judy A. Trevena - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):308-313.
  4.  2
    Impact of Privacy Legislation on the Number and Characteristics of People Who Are Recruited for Research: A Randomised Controlled Trial.L. Trevena - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (8):473-477.
    Background: Privacy laws have recently created restrictions on how researchers can approach study participants.Method: In a randomised trial of 152 patients, 50–74 years old, in a family practice, 60 were randomly selected to opt-out and 92 to opt-in methods. Patients were sent an introductory letter by their doctor in two phases, opt-out before and opt-in after introduction of the new Privacy Legislation in December 2001. Opt-out patients were contacted by researchers. Opt-in patients were contacted if patients responded by email, free (...)
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    A Systematic Review on Communicating with Patients About Evidence.Lyndal J. Trevena, Alexandra Barratt, Phyllis Butow & Patrina Caldwell - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (1):13-23.
  6. Kant and Knowledge of Disappearing Expression.Ronald A. T. Judy - 2003 - In Tommy Lee Lott & John P. Pittman (eds.), A Companion to African-American Philosophy. Blackwell.
     
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  7.  13
    P. Andrew Leynes, Richard L. Marsh, Jason L. Hicks, Joseph D. Allen, and Christopher B. May.J. Allan Hobson, John Christie, John Barresi, Judy Arnel Trevena, Jeff Miller, S. Pockett & Gilberto Gomes - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:139.
  8.  14
    Behavior of a Magnetic Dipole Freely Floating on Water Surface.M. A. & H. Kh - manuscript
    In this paper, the authors have detected a new effect in the area of geomagnetism, related to the behavior of a magnetic dipole freely floating on water surface. An experiment is described in the present paper in which a magnetic dipole fixed upon a float placed on non- magnetized water surface undergoes displacement along with reorientation caused by fine structure of the earth's magnetic field. This fact can probably be explained by secular decrease of the earth's major dipole moment. Further, (...)
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  9. Monty Hall Drives a Wedge Between Judy Benjamin and the Sleeping Beauty: A Reply to Bovens.José Luis Ferreira - 2010 - Analysis 70 (3):473 - 481.
    Consider van Fraassen's ( 1981) Judy Benjamin (JB) problem. Judy is dropped in an area that is divided vertically in Blue (B) and Red (R) and horizontally in Headquarters (Q) and Second Company (S). These divisions define four quadrants, as in Figure 1 (roman script headings). Judy initially believes that there is an equal chance of being in each quadrant. She is then told by a fully reliable source that if she is in R, then there is (...)
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  10.  21
    Backward Referral, Flash-Lags, and Quantum Free Will: A Response to Commentaries on Articles by Pockett, Klein, Gomes, and Trevena and Miller.Susan Pockett - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):314-325.
    The first priority of this response is to address Libet's rebuttal of my reinterpretation of his data. Then, because many authors have commented on various aspects of the debate, the rest of the response is organized in terms of subject matter, not as replies to each individual commentator. First, I reply to an objection expressed by two separate commentators to part of my reinterpretation of those of Libet's data supposedly supporting backward referral. This leads to a brief discussion of the (...)
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  11. Judy A. Hayden .The New Science and Women's Literary Discourse: Prefiguring Frankenstein. Xvi + 263 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. $85. [REVIEW]Suzanne Le-May Sheffield - 2012 - Isis 103 (1):178-179.
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  12.  81
    A New Resolution of the Judy Benjamin Problem.Igor Douven & Jan-Willem Romeijn - 2011 - Mind 120 (479):637 - 670.
    A paper on how to adapt your probabilisitc beliefs when learning a conditional.
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  13. Statistical Visions in Time: A History of Time Series Analysis, 1662-1938 by Judy L. Klein. [REVIEW]Margaret Schabas - 1998 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 89 (4):706-706.
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  14. Judy Benjamin is a Sleeping Beauty.Luc Bovens - 2010 - Analysis 70 (1):23-26.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  15.  11
    A Suitable Measure of Redemption: Poems and Commentaries by Richard Berlin, Judy Schaefer, Audrey Shafer, John Graham-Pole, and John Wright.Jack Coulehan - 2000 - Journal of Medical Humanities 21 (4):189-198.
  16. Ansorge, Ulrich, 528 Arnel Trevena, Judy, 162, 308.Elisabeth Bacon, Clive G. Ballard, William P. Banks, James J. Barrell, John Barresi, Melissa R. Beck, Derek Besner, Uri Bibi, Niels Birbaumer & Mark Bishop - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:689-690.
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  17. Ernst-Porken, M. 133 Evans, Judy 179, 232 Fabricant, S. 124 Feenberg, A. 74 Firestone, Shulamith 178–9.E. F. Denison, P. Dickens, D. Dickson, Frank Dietz, F. R. Dropper, J. S. Dryzek, Rene Dubos, R. Dumont, P. Dunleavy & R. Dworkin - 1993 - In Andrew Dobson & Paul Lucardie (eds.), The Politics of Nature: Explorations in Green Political Theory. Routledge.
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  18. Virtual Machines, Virtual Infrastructures: The New Historiography of Information TechnologyComputer: A History of the Information MachineMartin Campbell-Kelly William AsprayInformation Technology as Business History: Issues in the History and Management of ComputersJames W. CortadaTransforming Computer Technology: Information Processing for the Pentagon, 1962-1986Arthur L. Norberg Judy E. O'NeillWhere Wizards Stay Up Late: The Origins of the InternetKatie Hafner Matthew LyonTrapped in the Net: The Unanticipated Consequences of ComputerizationGene I. RochlinThe Trouble with Computers: Usefulness, Usability, and ProductivityThomas K. Landauer. [REVIEW]Paul N. Edwards - 1998 - Isis 89 (1):93-99.
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  19. R. P. T. Davenport-Hines and Judy Slinn, Glaxo: A History to 1962. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Pp. Xiv + 405. ISBN 0-521-41539-X. £55.00. [REVIEW]Mari Williams - 1994 - British Journal for the History of Science 27 (2):240.
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  20.  6
    Verschmierte Spuren der Unfreiheit: Wissenschaftsphilosophische Klarstellung zu angeblichen Artefakten bei Benjamin Libet.Olaf L. Müller - 2013 - Philosophia Naturalis 50 (1):45-83.
    Benjamin Libet's celebrated experiments concerning freedom elicited numerous attempts of _philosophical_ repudiation. Ten years ago, however, Judy Trevena and Jeff Miller published a _technical_ objection; they claim to have detected a,,smearing artifact" in Libet's calculations. This rests on a misunderstanding of Libet's methodology. In my reconstruction of Libet's argument, he draws an abductive inference to the best explanation. Now, Trevena's and Miller's objection does indeed lead to alternative explanations of Libet's measurements. These alternatives are _ad hoc_ and (...)
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  21.  45
    The Principle of Maximum Entropy and a Problem in Probability Kinematics.Stefan Lukits - 2014 - Synthese 191 (7):1-23.
    Sometimes we receive evidence in a form that standard conditioning (or Jeffrey conditioning) cannot accommodate. The principle of maximum entropy (MAXENT) provides a unique solution for the posterior probability distribution based on the intuition that the information gain consistent with assumptions and evidence should be minimal. Opponents of objective methods to determine these probabilities prominently cite van Fraassen’s Judy Benjamin case to undermine the generality of maxent. This article shows that an intuitive approach to Judy Benjamin’s case supports (...)
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  22.  20
    Business Ethics and Job-Related Constructs: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Automotive Salespeople.Earl D. Honeycutt, Judy A. Siguaw & Tammy G. Hunt - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (3):235 - 248.
    Although a number of articles have addressed ethical perceptions and behaviors, few studies have examined ethics across cultures. This research focuses on measuring the job satisfaction, customer orientation, ethics, and ethical training of automotive salespersons in the U.S. and Taiwan. The relationships of these variables to salesperson performance were also investigated. Ethics training was found to be negatively related to perceived levels of ethicalness and performance. High performance U.S. salespeople reported high ethical behavior, while the opposite was true in Taiwan. (...)
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  23.  1
    An Evaluation of a Data Linkage Training Workshop for Research Ethics Committees.Kate M. Tan, Felicity S. Flack, Natasha L. Bear & Judy A. Allen - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):13.
    In Australia research projects proposing the use of linked data require approval by a Human Research Ethics Committee . A sound evaluation of the ethical issues involved requires understanding of the basic mechanics of data linkage, the associated benefits and risks, and the legal context in which it occurs. The rapidly increasing number of research projects utilising linked data in Australia has led to an urgent need for enhanced capacity of HRECs to review research applications involving this emerging research methodology. (...)
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  24.  7
    Children's Perspectives of the Family: A Phenomenological Inquiry. [REVIEW]Roberta A. Davilla & Judy C. Pearson - 1994 - Human Studies 17 (3):325 - 341.
    As researchers and as adults, caution must be maintained in perpetuating the rational approach to all family experience. Limiting the study of the family to the adult and, more communicatively competent, older siblings creates an artificial barrier that blocks insight into early childhood socialization practices and understandings.This study has raised the notion that children have valuable experiences that they quickly learn, embody, re-produce, and can present to researchers. As family members, they create and perpetuate those practices that reify the patriarchal (...)
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  25. Betweenity: A Discussion of the Concept of Borderline.Judy Gammelgaard - 2010 - Routledge.
    From its inception psychoanalysis has sought to effect a cure through the therapeutic relationship between analyst and analysand. _Betweenity _looks at what happens when the established framework of the psychoanalytic process is challenged by those with borderline personalities. In this book Judy Gammelgaard looks at how we might understand the analysand who is unable to engage with therapy and how we might bring them to a point where they are able to do so. Areas of discussion include: the border (...)
     
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  26. The Interpretation of Libet's Results on the Timing of Conscious Events: A Commentary.Gilberto Gomes - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):221-230.
    A commentary on articles by Klein, Pockett, and Trevena and Miller, in this issue, is given. Average shift in the point of subjective equality , calculated by Klein on Libet's data, and corresponding change in mean shift, calculated by Libet et al. , may be “corrected,” taking as a reference point the end of the minimum train duration. Values obtained, if significant, indicate a latency for conscious sensation of the skin stimulus of at least 230 ms. Pockett's main conclusions (...)
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  27.  79
    Libet's Research on the Timing of Conscious Intention to Act: A Commentary.Stanley Klein - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):273-279.
    S. Pockett and G. Gomes discuss a possible bias in the method by which Libet's subjects estimated the time at which they became aware of their intent to move their hands. The bias, caused by sensory delay processing the clock information, would be sufficient to alter Trevena and Miller's conclusions regarding the timing of the lateralized readiness potential. I show that the flash-lag effect would compensate for that bias. In the last part of my commentary I note that the (...)
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  28.  10
    Medical and Nursing Clinical Decision Making: A Comparative Epistemological Analysis.Judy Rashotte & F. A. Carnevale - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (2):160-174.
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  29.  4
    Medical and Nursing Clinical Decision Making: A Comparative Epistemological Analysis.Judy Rashotte RN MScN & F. A. Carnevale RN PhD - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (2):160–174.
  30.  2
    Some Aesthetic Decisions: The Photographs of Judy Fiskin.Virginia Heckert - 2011 - J. Paul Getty Museum.
    "A monograph of the work of Los Angeles-based artist Judy Fiskin.
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  31. STEVEN A. SLOMAN (Brown University, Providence) When Explanations Compete: The Role of Explanatory Coherence on Judgements of Likelihood, 1-21.J. David Smith, Deborah G. Kemler, Lisa A. Grohskopf Nelson, Terry Appleton, Mary K. Mullen, Judy S. Deloache, Nancy M. Burns, Kevin B. Korb, Robert L. Goldstone & Jean E. Andruski - 1994 - Cognition 52 (251):251.
     
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  32.  42
    Imaging or Imagining? A Neuroethics Challenge Informed by Genetics.Judy Illes & Eric Racine - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):5 – 18.
    From a twenty-first century partnership between bioethics and neuroscience, the modern field of neuroethics is emerging, and technologies enabling functional neuroimaging with unprecedented sensitivity have brought new ethical, social and legal issues to the forefront. Some issues, akin to those surrounding modern genetics, raise critical questions regarding prediction of disease, privacy and identity. However, with new and still-evolving insights into our neurobiology and previously unquantifiable features of profoundly personal behaviors such as social attitude, value and moral agency, the difficulty of (...)
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  33. Jane Addams's Social Thought as a Model for a Pragmatist-Feminist Communitarianism.Judy D. Whipps - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):118-133.
    This paper argues that communitarian philosophy can be an important philosophic resource for feminist thinkers, particularly when considered in the light of Jane Addams's (1860-1935) feminist-pragmatism. Addams's communitarianism requires progressive change as well as a moral duty to seek out diverse voices. Contrary to some contemporary communitarians, Addams extends her concept of community to include interdependent global communities, such as the global community of women peace workers.
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  34.  35
    Advancing Neuroregenerative Medicine: A Call for Expanded Collaboration Between Scientists and Ethicists.Jocelyn Grunwell, Judy Illes & Katrina Karkazis - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (1):13-20.
    To date, ethics discussions about stem cell research overwhelmingly have centered on the morality and acceptability of using human embryonic stem cells. Governments in many jurisdictions have now answered these “first-level questions” and many have now begun to address ethical issues related to the donation of cells, gametes, or embryos for research. In this commentary, we move beyond these ethical concerns to discuss new themes that scientists on the forefront of NRM development anticipate, providing a preliminary framework for further discussion (...)
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  35.  4
    “Compliance” to “Concordance”: A Critical View. [REVIEW]Judy Z. Segal - 2007 - Journal of Medical Humanities 28 (2):81-96.
    Advocates of “concordance” describe it as a new model of shared decision-making between physicians and patients based on a partnership of equals. “Concordance” is meant to make obsolete the notion of “compliance,” in which patients are seen as, ideally, following doctors’ orders. This essay offers a critical view of concordance, arguing that the literature itself on concordance, including materials at the web site of Medicines Partnership, the implementation arm in Great Britain of the concordance model, is full of contradiction; concordance, (...)
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  36.  68
    A Brief History of Existential - Phenomenological Psychiatry a N D pSychotherapy.Dearborn Nill Judy & Halling Steen - 1995 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 26 (1):1-45.
    This article provides a historical overview of the Existential-Phenomenological tradition in psychiatry and psychotherapy, tracing its development from its origin in nineteenth and twentieth century philosophical thought, through its major European psychiatric proponents and schools, to its emergence as an influential approach in North America after World War II. The emphasis is on the implicit themes that provide continuity within this movement as well as on the distinctive contributions of individual thinkers. We conclude with a discussion of the present status (...)
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  37.  36
    Reviews : Somer Brodribb, Nothing Mat(T)Ers: A Feminist Critique of Postmodernism (Melbourne, Spinifex, 1992); Elisabeth J. Porter, Women and Moral Identity (Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1991). [REVIEW]Judy Lattas - 1994 - Thesis Eleven 37 (1):176-180.
    Reviews : Somer Brodribb, Nothing Maters: A Feminist Critique of Postmodernism ; Elisabeth J. Porter, Women and Moral Identity.
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  38.  50
    Litigation as a Measure of Last Resort: Opportunities and Challenges for Legal Practitioners with the Rise of ADR.Judy Gutman - 2011 - Legal Ethics 14 (1):1-20.
    The transformative effects of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) practices and processes in Australia are wide spread and far reaching. The move away from adjudication affects legal institutions, legal practitioners and the judiciary. As lawyers play a key role in the administration of justice, the transition to ADR transforms many areas of legal practice. This article considers the rise of ADR in Australia in the non-criminal law context, the manner in which ADR changes the way in which law is practised, and (...)
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  39.  17
    A Metadisciplinary Course as a Means of Incorporating Applied Ethics Into the Undergraduate Curriculum.Judy E. Stern - 1998 - Teaching Philosophy 21 (2):163-170.
    This paper details a “metadisciplinary” applied ethics course jointly taught and pioneered by a biologist, psychologist, and ethicist on the subject of Assisted Reproduction. Contrasted with a transdisciplinary approach and a multidisciplinary approach , a metadisciplinary approach involves both of these former characteristics while incorporating a continuous, critical appreciation for the strengths and weaknesses of the contrasting methods and scopes of each discipline’s methods of inquiry. This paper details the kinds of subjects that lend themselves to metadisciplinary approaches , staffing (...)
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  40.  42
    Equality: A Continuing Dialogue. [REVIEW]John Baker, Judy Walsh, Sara Cantillon & Kathleen Lynch - 2007 - Res Publica 13 (2):203-207.
    We reply to discussions of Equality: From Theory to Action by Harry Brighouse, Joanne Conaghan, Cillian McBride and Stuart White. We find many of their points helpful and treat them as a useful contribution to a continuing dialogue on egalitarianism.
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  41.  29
    Scale Errors by Very Young Children: A Dissociation Between Action Planning and Control.Judy S. DeLoache - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):32-33.
    Very young children occasionally commit scale errors, which involve a dramatic dissociation between planning and control: A child's visual representation of the size of a miniature object is not used in planning an action on it, but is used in the control of the action. Glover's planning–control model offers a very useful framework for analyzing this newly documented phenomenon.
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  42.  9
    Neuroethics, Confidentiality, and a Cultural Imperative in Early Onset Alzheimer Disease: A Case Study with a First Nation Population.Shaun Stevenson, B. L. Beattie, Richard Vedan, Emily Dwosh, Lindsey Bruce & Judy Illes - 2013 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8 (1):15.
    The meaningful consideration of cultural practices, values and beliefs is a necessary component in the effective translation of advancements in neuroscience to clinical practice and public discourse. Society’s immense investment in biomedical science and technology, in conjunction with an increasingly diverse socio-cultural landscape, necessitates the study of how potential discoveries in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer disease are perceived and utilized across cultures. Building on the work of neuroscientists, ethicists and philosophers, we argue that the growing field of neuroethics provides (...)
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  43.  4
    An Evaluation of a National Breast-Feeding Promotion Programme in Honduras.Barry M. Popkin, Judy Canahuati, Patricia E. Bailey & Chloe O'Gara - 1991 - Journal of Biosocial Science 23 (1):5-21.
    A significant increase occurred in the initiation and duration of breast-feeding among Honduran women between 1981 and 1987. Changes in population characteristics would be expected to lead to a decrease in breast-feeding at each infant age, but these were offset by behavioural changes that led to an increase in the likelihood of initiation and continuation of breast-feeding. An exploration of relevant factors suggests that the PROALMA breast-feeding promotion programme has had a profound effect on the breast-feeding behaviour of Honduran mothers.
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  44.  7
    The Environing Air: A Meditation on Communications Structures in Natural Environments.Judy Spark - 2013 - PhaenEx 8 (1):185-207.
    Any attention paid to the positioning of telecommunications installations in natural landscapes usually relates to the aesthetic impact. However, such paraphernalia, particularly when contrasted with “natural” surroundings, invites us to think beyond the visible. Through Heidegger’s accounts of Zuhandenheit and Vorhandenheit, as well as his later articulations on Nature as it is subjected to the ordering principles of Gestell, this paper aims to highlight the overlaps of the natural and the technological worlds inhabited by communications structures, considering the relationship between (...)
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  45.  1
    Mutual Alignment Comparison Facilitates Abstraction and Transfer of a Complex Scientific Concept.Judy M. Orton, Florencia K. Anggoro & Benjamin D. Jee - 2012 - Educational Studies 38 (4):473-477.
    Learning about a scientific concept often occurs in the context of unfamiliar examples. Mutual alignment analogy ? a type of analogical comparison in which the analogues are only partially understood ? has been shown to facilitate learning from unfamiliar examples . In the present study, we examined the role of mutual alignment analogy in the abstraction and transfer of a complex scientific concept from examples presented in expository texts. Our results provide evidence that (a) promoting comparison between two examples and (...)
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  46. A Metadisciplinary Course as a Means of Incorporating Applied Ethics Into the Undergraduate Curriculum.P. Cramer Catherine, M. Green Ronald & E. Stern Judy - 1998 - Teaching Philosophy 21 (2):163-170.
    This paper details a “metadisciplinary” applied ethics course jointly taught and pioneered by a biologist, psychologist, and ethicist on the subject of Assisted Reproduction. Contrasted with a transdisciplinary approach and a multidisciplinary approach, a metadisciplinary approach involves both of these former characteristics while incorporating a continuous, critical appreciation for the strengths and weaknesses of the contrasting methods and scopes of each discipline’s methods of inquiry. This paper details the kinds of subjects that lend themselves to metadisciplinary approaches, staffing guidelines for (...)
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  47.  11
    The Aesthetics of Childbirth.Peg Brand & Paula Granger - 2012 - In Sheila Lintott & Maureen Sander-Staudt (eds.), Philosophical Inquiries into Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Mothering: Maternal Subjects. Routledge. pp. 215-236.
    Images abound of women throughout the ages engaging in various activities. But why are there so few representations of childbirth in visual art? Feminist artist Judy Chicago once suggested that depictions of women giving birth do not commonly occur in Western culture but can be found in other contexts such as pre-Columbian art or societies previously considered "primitive." Chicago's own exploration of the theme resulted in the creation of The Birth Project (1980-85): an unprecedented series of eighty handcrafted works (...)
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  48.  16
    Memory for Melody: Infants Use a Relative Pitch Code.Judy Plantinga & Laurel J. Trainor - 2005 - Cognition 98 (1):1-11.
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  49.  11
    "On Gilligan's" In a Different Voice".Judy Auerbach, Linda Blum, Vicki Smith & Christine Williams - forthcoming - Feminist Studies 11 (1).
  50.  6
    How Should We Train Consultant Appraisers? Description and Evaluation of a Pilot Training Model Developed in Scotland.Judy Wakeling, Ian Staples & Niall Cameron - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (3):547-554.
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