Results for 'Judy F. West'

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  1.  63
    The Ethics of Smoking Policies.Judy C. Nixon & Judy F. West - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):409 - 414.
    Smoking has long been declared a health hazard. In 1964, the U.S. Surgeon General revealed that smoking was related to lung cancer. Subsequent reports linked smoking to numerous other health problems. Recent statements by the Surgeon General indicated smokers do have the right to decide to continue or quit; however, their choice to continue cannot interfere with the nonsmoker's right to breathe smoke-free air.The full impact of adverse health consequences of involuntary smoking may not be recognized yet. Smoke is now (...)
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  2.  35
    Chinese Negotiators' Subjective Variations in Intercultural Negotiations.Clyde A. Warden & Judy F. Chen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (3):529 - 537.
    Chinese negotiators are known to have a negotiation emphasis that differs from their Western counterparts, especially in issues of face and conflict. These values, however, are not monolithic, and can change depending on the negotiation circumstance. This research examines how negotiation tactics changes when Chinese negotiators are faced with counterparts from near and distant cultures. An online conjoint simulation drew 351 respondents in Taiwan to test subjective perceptions of counterparts from the USA and Japan. Chinese respondents exhibited increased cultural accommodation (...)
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  3.  3
    Chinese Negotiators’ Subjective Variations in Intercultural Negotiations.Clyde A. Warden & Judy F. Chen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3):529-537.
    Chinese negotiators are known to have a negotiation emphasis that differs from their Western counterparts, especially in issues of face and conflict. These values, however, are not monolithic, and can change depending on the negotiation circumstance. This research examines how negotiation tactics changes when Chinese negotiators are faced with counterparts from near and distant cultures. An online conjoint simulation drew 351 respondents in Taiwan to test subjective perceptions of counterparts from the USA and Japan. Chinese respondents exhibited increased cultural accommodation (...)
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  4.  9
    Affect Contagion Between Mothers and Infants: Examining Valence and Touch.Sara F. Waters, Tessa V. West, Helena R. Karnilowicz & Wendy Berry Mendes - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (7):1043-1051.
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  5.  4
    Spontaneous Recovery and Sleep.Bruce R. Ekstrand, Michael J. Sullivan, David F. Parker & James N. West - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):142.
  6. Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):645-665.
    Much research in the last two decades has demonstrated that human responses deviate from the performance deemed normative according to various models of decision making and rational judgment (e.g., the basic axioms of utility theory). This gap between the normative and the descriptive can be interpreted as indicating systematic irrationalities in human cognition. However, four alternative interpretations preserve the assumption that human behavior and cognition is largely rational. These posit that the gap is due to (1) performance errors, (2) computational (...)
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  7.  15
    Medical and Nursing Clinical Decision Making: A Comparative Epistemological Analysis.Judy Rashotte & F. A. Carnevale - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (2):160-174.
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  8. On the Failure of Cognitive Ability to Predict Myside and One-Sided Thinking Biases.Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (2):129-167.
    Two critical thinking skills—the tendency to avoid myside bias and to avoid one-sided thinking—were examined in three different experiments involving over 1200 participants and across two different paradigms. Robust indications of myside bias were observed in all three experiments. Participants gave higher evaluations to arguments that supported their opinions than those that refuted their prior positions. Likewise, substantial one-side bias was observed—participants were more likely to prefer a one-sided to a balanced argument. There was substantial variation in both types of (...)
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  9.  42
    Assessing Miserly Information Processing: An Expansion of the Cognitive Reflection Test.Maggie E. Toplak, Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):147-168.
  10.  22
    The Andria and Heautontimorumenos of Terence The Andria and Heautontimorumenos of Terence, by Andrew F. West, Ph.D., Professor of Latin in Princeton College. (Harper's Classical Series, 1888.). [REVIEW]E. M. Pease - 1889 - The Classical Review 3 (07):297-299.
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  11.  58
    Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental fnd-ings in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are fndings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers (...)
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  12.  17
    The Value of the Classics Value of the Classics. Edited by A. F. West. Demy 8vo. Pp. Viii+396. Princeton University Press, 1917. [REVIEW]Frank Granger - 1919 - The Classical Review 33 (5-6):122-123.
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  13.  7
    Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries The Great Intellectual Revolution. By J. F. West. Pp. Viii + 132. Plates and Illustrations. London: John Murray, 1965. Student's Edition 8s. 6d. Library Edition 16s. [REVIEW]M. A. Hewson - 1966 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (1):85-85.
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  14.  86
    Natural Myside Bias is Independent of Cognitive Ability.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):225 – 247.
    Natural myside bias is the tendency to evaluate propositions from within one's own perspective when given no instructions or cues (such as within-participants conditions) to avoid doing so. We defined the participant's perspective as their previously existing status on four variables: their sex, whether they smoked, their alcohol consumption, and the strength of their religious beliefs. Participants then evaluated a contentious but ultimately factual proposition relevant to each of these demographic factors. Myside bias is defined between-participants as the mean difference (...)
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  15.  4
    Neuro-Dynamics of Executive Control in Bilingual Language Switching: An MEG Study.Judy D. Zhu, Robert A. Seymour, Anita Szakay & Paul F. Sowman - 2020 - Cognition 199:104247.
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  16.  9
    Individual Differences in Rational Thought.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (2):161-188.
  17.  26
    On Priming by a Sentence Context.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):1-36.
  18.  91
    Cognitive Ability and Variation in Selection Task Performance.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (3):193-230.
    Individual differences in performance on a variety of selection tasks were examined in three studies employing over 800 participants. Nondeontic tasks were solved disproportionately by individuals of higher cognitive ability. In contrast, responses on two deontic tasks that have shown robust performance facilitationthe Drinking-age Problem and the Sears Problem-were unrelated to cognitive ability. Performance on deontic and nondeontic tasks was consistently associated. Individuals in the correct/correct cell of the bivariate performance matrix were over-represented. That is, individuals giving the modal response (...)
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  19.  22
    The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking, by Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak. [REVIEW]Joshua Weller - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (4):497-502.
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  20.  32
    Evolutionary Versus Instrumental Goals: How Evolutionary Psychology Misconceives Human Rationality.Keith E. Stanovich & R. F. West - 2003 - In David E. Over (ed.), Evolution and the Psychology of Thinking: The Debate. Psychology Press. pp. 171--230.
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  21.  12
    Medical and Nursing Clinical Decision Making: A Comparative Epistemological Analysis.Judy Rashotte RN MScN & F. A. Carnevale RN PhD - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (2):160–174.
  22.  87
    Advancing the Rationality Debate.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):701-717.
    In this response, we clarify several misunderstandings of the understanding/acceptance principle and defend our specific operationalization of that principle. We reiterate the importance of addressing the problem of rational task construal and we elaborate the notion of computational limitations contained in our target article. Our concept of thinking dispositions as variable intentional-level styles of epistemic and behavioral regulation is explained, as is its relation to the rationality debate. Many of the suggestions of the commentators for elaborating two-process models are easily (...)
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  23.  66
    Individual Differences in Framing and Conjunction Effects.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (4):289-317.
    Individual differences on a variety of framing and conjunction problems were examined in light of Slovic and Tversky's (1974) understanding/acceptance principle-that more reflective and skilled reasoners are more likely to affirm the axioms that define normative reasoning and to endorse the task construals of informed experts. The predictions derived from the principle were confirmed for the much discussed framing effect in the Disease Problem and for the conjunction fallacy on the Linda Problem. Subjects of higher cognitive ability were disproportionately likely (...)
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  24.  34
    Ethical Challenges Posed by the Ebola Virus Epidemic in West Africa.Peter F. Omonzejele - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (4):417-420.
    This paper examines how people in West Africa are reacting to the Ebola virus disease, an epidemic presently prevalent in the region. Certain lifestyle changes are suggested. Additionally, the heart of the paper focuses on the request by governments to be allowed access to experimental drugs, such as Zmapp and TKM-Ebola, for their infected populations. The author argues that granting such a request would circumvent research ethics procedures, which could potentially constitute significant risk to users of the drugs. The (...)
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  25. Selfhood and Identity in Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Hinduism: Contrasts with the West.David Y. F. Ho - 1995 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 25 (2):115–139.
  26.  69
    The Rationality Debate as a Progressive Research Program.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):531-533.
    We did not, as Brakel & Shevrin imply, intend to classify either System 1 or System 2 as rational or irrational. Instrumental rationality is assessed at the organismic level, not at the subpersonal level. Thus, neither System 1 nor System 2 are themselves inherently rational or irrational. Also, that genetic fitness and instrumental rationality are not to be equated was a major theme in our target article. We disagree with Bringsjord & Yang's point that the tasks used in the heuristics (...)
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  27.  5
    Proportional Counter Measurements of Π-Mesonic X-Rays From Beryllium.D. West & E. F. Bradley - 1956 - Philosophical Magazine 1 (1):97-100.
  28. Psychology and Religion: West and East.Carl G. Jung, Herbert Reed, Michael Fordham, Gerhard Adler & R. F. C. Hull - 1959 - Philosophy East and West 9 (3):177-180.
     
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  29.  7
    Review: C. West Churchman, F. P. Clarke, M. C. Nahm, Towards a General Logic of Propositions. [REVIEW]Alonzo Church - 1943 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):53-54.
  30. Christian Decision and Action.Richard F. West - 1968 - New York]Herder and Herder.
  31.  15
    Information Disclosure and Decision-Making: The Middle East Versus the Far East and the West.A. F. Mobeireek, F. Al-Kassimi, K. Al-Zahrani, A. Al-Shimemeri, S. al-Damegh, O. Al-Amoudi, S. Al-Eithan, B. Al-Ghamdi & M. Gamal-Eldin - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):225-229.
    Objectives: to assess physicians’ and patients’ views in Saudi Arabia towards involving the patient versus the family in the process of diagnosis disclosure and decision-making, and to compare them with views from the USA and Japan.Design: A self-completion questionnaire was translated to Arabic and validated.Participants: Physicians from different specialties and ranks and patients in a hospital or attending outpatient clinics from 6 different regions in KSA.Results: In the case of a patient with incurable cancer, 67% of doctors and 51% of (...)
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  32.  43
    Critical Care Ethics in Hong Kong: Cross-Cultural Conflicts as East Meets West.F. Cheng, Mary Ip, K. K. Wong & W. W. Yan - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (6):616 – 627.
    The practice of critical care medicine has long been a difficult task for most critical care physicians in the densely populated city of Hong Kong, where we face limited resources and a limited number of intensive care beds. Our triage decisions are largely based on the potential of functional reversibility of the patients. Provision of graded care beds may help to relieve some of the demands on the intensive care beds. Decisions to forego futile medical treatment are frequently physician-guided family-based (...)
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  33.  26
    Francine F. Abeles; Mark E. Fuller . Modern Logic, 1850–1950, East and West. Xiii + 258 Pp., Figs. Basel: Springer, 2016. $69.99. [REVIEW]Andrew Aberdein - 2017 - Isis 108 (3):719-720.
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  34. F. S. C. Northrop, The Meeting of East and West[REVIEW]Vincent Edward Smith - 1947 - The Thomist 10:253.
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  35. Hesiod Theogonia, Opera Et Dies, Scutum, Fragmenta Selecta.F. Solmsen, R. Merkelbach & M. L. West (eds.) - 1990 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In this new and third edition, the additional fragments contained in the appendix of the second edition have been incorporated in the main text. Some further discoveries have been included, and reference has been made to the results of recent research on the relative placing of certain papyrus fragments. The index of names has been brought up to date.
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  36. Rexford F. Daubenmire and the Ecology of Place: Applied Ecology in the Mid-Twentieth-Century American West.Adam M. Sowards - 2015 - In Sharon Kingsland & Denise Phillips (eds.), New Perspectives on the History of Life Sciences and Agriculture. Springer Verlag.
     
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  37.  2
    The Study of Time: Proceedings of the First Conference of the International Society for the Study of Time Oberwolfach (Black Forest) — West Germany.J. T. Fraser, F. Haber & G. Muller (eds.) - 1972 - Springer Verlag.
    The First Conference of the International Society for the Study of Time was held at the Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut at Oberwolfach in the Black Forest, Federal Republic of Germany from Sunday, 31 August to Saturday, 6 September, 1969. The origin of this conference and the formation of the Society goes back to a proposal due to J. T. Fraser that was discussed at a conference on "Interdisciplinary Perspectives of Time" held by the New York Academy of Sciences in January, 1966. It (...)
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  38. The West in Search of a Metaphysics.F. H. Heinemann - 1948 - Hibbert Journal 47:132.
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  39.  17
    Joseph F. O’Callaghan, The Last Crusade in the West: Castile and the Conquest of Granada. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014. Pp. Xiii, 364; 4 Genealogical Tables and 2 Maps. $75. ISBN: 978-0-8122-4587-5. [REVIEW]Brian Catlos - 2015 - Speculum 90 (2):572-574.
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  40.  8
    West Churchman C.. Towards a General Logic of Propositions. Philosophical Essays in Honor of Edgar Arthur Singer, Jr., Edited by Clarke F. P. And Nahm M. C., University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia 1942, Pp. 46–68. Also Reprinted Separately as Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania 1942. [REVIEW]Alonzo Church - 1943 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):53-54.
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  41.  11
    Towards a General Logic of Propositions.C. West Churchman, F. P. Clarke & M. C. Nahm - 1942 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):53-54.
  42.  4
    A Survey of Contraception in Five West European Countries.F. E. Riphagen & P. Lehert - 1989 - Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (1):23-46.
    SummaryIn 1984 and 1985, a survey was conducted of 7696 women aged 15–44 living in Italy, France, Great Britain, Spain and the Federal Republic of Germany. The aim of the study was to examine the use of contraceptive methods, the differences in contraceptive use, knowledge of fertility, communication about contraception, motives for choice and the perceptions held by women regarding contraceptive methods, particularly oral contraception. The results show important differences between the countries studied.
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  43.  5
    Philosophy and Culture East and West.F. C. Ward - 1964 - Ethics 74 (3):222-223.
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  44.  10
    East-West Parallels. Sociological Approaches to Modern Asia.Agehananda Bharati & W. F. Wertheim - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (2):222.
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  45.  5
    The Seasonal Cycle of Marine Bacteria in a West Coast Kelp-Bed.H. G. F. Mazure - 1978 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 43 (2):119-124.
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  46.  36
    Mental Illness and Cultural Issues in West African Films: Implications for Orthodox Psychiatric Practice.O. F. Aina - 2004 - Medical Humanities 30 (1):23-26.
    The portrayal of psychiatry and of the activities of supernatural forces in indigenous films produced in West Africa was critically examined in this study. Most often the content of these films is centred on African culture, African mythical stories, or real life events. Over a three year period, 163 such films were studied. Twenty five of them contained scenes of psychiatric illness. In 24 of these, there were “cases of psychoses”; and the remaining one was that of “deliberate self (...)
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  47.  6
    An Early Justiciar's Writ.F. J. West - 1959 - Speculum 34 (4):631-635.
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  48.  35
    A.F. Garvie: Homer, Odyssey, Books Vi-Viii. (Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. [REVIEW]S. West - 1996 - The Classical Review 46 (1):1-2.
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  49.  14
    How Much of Sentence Priming is Word Priming?Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (1):1-4.
  50. Jonathan Smallwood, Marc Obonsawin, and Derek Heim. Task Unrelated Thought: The Role Of.Robert West, Douglas F. Watt, P. Andrew Leynes, Christopher B. Mayhorn, Alfred Buck, Dawn M. McBride, Barbara Anne Dosher, Matthew Brown, Derek Besner & Alain Morin - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:375.
     
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