Results for 'Juho Rantala'

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Juho Rantala
University of Tampere
  1.  57
    Knowledge Representation: Two Kinds Of Emergence.Veikko Rantala - 2001 - Synthese 129 (2):195-209.
    Two different but closely related issues in current cognitive science will be considered in this essay. One is the controversial and extensively discussed question of how connectionist and symbolic representations of knowledge are related to each other. The other concerns the notion of connectionist learning and its relevance for the understanding of the distinction between propositional and nonpropositional knowledge. More specifically, I shall give an overview of a result in Rantala and Vadén establishing a limiting case correspondence between symbolic (...)
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  2. Quantified Modal Logic: Non-Normal Worlds and Propositional Attitudes.Veikko Rantala - 1982 - Studia Logica 41 (1):41 - 65.
    One way to obtain a comprehensive semantics for various systems of modal logic is to use a general notion of non-normal world. In the present article, a general notion of modal system is considered together with a semantic framework provided by such a general notion of non-normal world. Methodologically, the main purpose of this paper is to provide a logical framework for the study of various modalities, notably prepositional attitudes. Some specific systems are studied together with semantics using non-normal worlds (...)
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  3.  64
    Urn Models: A New Kind of Non-Standard Model for First-Order Logic.Veikko Rantala - 1975 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (4):455 - 474.
  4.  46
    The Old and the New Logic of Metascience.Veikko Rantala - 1978 - Synthese 39 (2):233 - 247.
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  5.  25
    On the Logical Basis of the Structuralist Philosophy of Science.Veikko Rantala - 1980 - Erkenntnis 15 (3):269 - 286.
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  6.  45
    New Foundations for Metascience.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1983 - Synthese 56 (1):1 - 26.
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  7. Aspects of Definability.Veikko Rantala - 1977
     
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  8.  50
    Approximative Explanation is Deductive-Nomological.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (1):126-140.
    We revive the idea that a deductive-nomological explanation of a scientific theory by its successor may be defensible, even in those common and troublesome cases where the theories concerned are mutually incompatible; and limiting, approximating and counterfactual assumptions may be required in order to define a logical relation between them. Our solution is based on a general characterization of limiting relations between physical theories using the method of nonstandard analysis.
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  9.  52
    Realism and Formal Semantics.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1982 - Synthese 52 (1):39--53.
    The doctrines of scientific realism have enjoyed a close and enduring, if not always harmonious, association with Tarski's semantic conception of truth and theories of formal semantics generally. From its inception Tarski's theory received unqualified support from some realists, like Karl Popper, who saw it as legitimizing the use of semantic notions in epistemology and the philosophy of science.
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  10.  52
    A Logical Study of the Correspondence Relation.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1984 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 13 (1):47 - 84.
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  11.  69
    Constructing General Models of Theory Dynamics.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1983 - Studia Logica 42 (2-3):347 - 362.
    This essay is an attempt to consider dynamic aspects of scientific theorising from a formal perspective. Our emphasis will be on the aims and methods for constructing formal models of theory dynamics which will be conceived from a general or 'theoretical' rather than 'applied' standpoint.
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  12.  39
    Correspondence as an Intertheory Relation.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1983 - Studia Logica 42 (2-3):363 - 371.
    In this paper we give the gist of our reconstructed notion of (limiting case) correspondence. Our notion is very general, so that it should be applicable to all the cases in which a correspondence has been said to exist in actual science.
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  13.  53
    Realism and Reference.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1982 - Synthese 52 (3):439 - 448.
  14.  39
    Review. [REVIEW]Veikko Rantala - 1991 - Synthese 86 (2):297-319.
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  15.  4
    Reduction and Explanation: Science Vs. Mathematics.Veikko Rantala - 1992 - In Javier Echeverria, Andoni Ibarra & Thomas Mormann (eds.), The Space of Mathematics: Philosophical, Epistemological, and Historical Explorations. De Gruyter. pp. 47-59.
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  16. On the Theory of Definability in First-Order Logic.Veikko Rantala - 1973
  17. Essays on the Philosophy of Music.Veikko Rantala, Lewis Eugene Rowell & Eero Tarasti (eds.) - 1988 - Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
     
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  18.  14
    Explanatory Translation. Beyond the Kuhnian Model of Conceptual Change.Veikko Rantala - 2002 - Kluwer/Springer.
    A systematic attempt to understand cognitive characteristics of translation by bringing its logical, pragmatic, and hermeneutic features together and examining a number of scientific, logical (philosophical and formal),and philosophical applications. The notion of translation investigated here is called explanatory since it is not a translation in the standard, meaning-saving sense but aims to provide an explanation for the meaning change in exact terms.
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  19. Possible Worlds.Veikko Rantala - 2003 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 80 (1):179-199.
    Finland is internationally known as one of the leading centers of twentieth century analytic philosophy. This volume offers for the first time an overall survey of the Finnish analytic school. The rise of this trend is illustrated by original articles of Edward Westermarck, Eino Kaila, Georg Henrik von Wright, and Jaakko Hintikka. Contributions of Finnish philosophers are then systematically discussed in the fields of logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, history of philosophy, ethics and social philosophy. Metaphilosophical reflections on (...)
     
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  20.  16
    Constructing a General Model of Theory Dynamics.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1982 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 11 (1/2):56-60.
    Though formal metascience has made rapid advances over the past few decades, it has seldom been seen to contribute much to the rational reconstruction of scientic development; for the most part, logical concepts have found application in the synchronic analysis of scientic theories. It should be important, therefore, to consider to what extent diachronic or dynamic aspects of scientic theorizing may also be captured within the connes of a formal metascientic framework, and what tools are best suited for constructing a (...)
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  21.  78
    The Worlds of Fiction and the Worlds of Science: A Comparative Study.Veikko Rantala & Liselotte Wiesenthal - 1989 - Synthese 78 (1):53 - 86.
  22.  4
    England First, America Second: The Ecological Predictors of Life History and Innovation.Severi Luoto, Markus J. Rantala & Indrikis Krams - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    We present data from 122 nations showing that Baumard's argument on the ecological predictors of life history strategies and innovation is incomplete. Our analyses indicate that wealth, parasite stress, and cold climate impose orthogonal effects on life histories, innovation, and industrialization. Baumard also overlooks the historical exploitation of other nations which significantly enlarged the “pooled energy budget” available to England.
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  23. The End of Art and Beyond: Essays After Danto.Arto Haapala, Jerrold Levinson & Veikko Rantala (eds.) - 1997 - Humanities Press.
     
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  24. The Work of Art, Identity and Interpretation.Veikko Rantala - 1991 - Semiotica 87 (3-4):271-292.
     
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  25.  59
    Minds as Connoting Systems: Logic and the Language of Thought. [REVIEW]V. Rantala & Tere Vaden - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (3):315-334.
    The principal aim of this essay is to discuss some logical features of the so-called Classical model of cognitive architecture as it is advocated by J. Fodor and Z. Pylyshyn in their much discussed article 'Connectionism and Cognitive Architecture: A Critical Analysis'. It is pointed out that their structural assumptions have consequences of a logical kind which call into question the view that the Classical architecture (in their sense) can be employed to model human cognition. It seems that the consequences (...)
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  26.  4
    The Others Are Too Loud! Children’s Experiences and Thoughts Related to Voice, Noise, and Communication in Nordic Preschools.Anita McAllister, Leena Rantala & Valdís Ingibjörg Jónsdóttir - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  27.  2
    England First, America Second: The Ecological Predictors of Life History and Innovation—ERRATUM.Severi Luoto, Markus J. Rantala & Indrikis Krams - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
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  28.  5
    Global ‘Revolution’ in the Early Nineteenth-Century Finnish Press.Heli Rantala - 2019 - History of European Ideas 45 (5):721-736.
    ABSTRACTThis article sheds light on the period of revolutionary turbulence by demonstrating how the concept of revolution was introduced in the Finnish print culture through foreign news reports during the early nineteenth century. The examination draws on the use of multilingual digital newspaper collections provided by the National Library of Finland. By combining key word searches to a close reading of newspaper texts, the article explores the ways in which different revolutionary movements were present in the Finnish newspapers during the (...)
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  29.  18
    The Literary Work and Intentionality.Veikko Rantala - 1992 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 5 (8).
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  30.  2
    Eating Disorders: An Evolutionary Psychoneuroimmunological Approach.Markus J. Rantala, Severi Luoto, Tatjana Krama & Indrikis Krams - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31. Counterfactual Reduction.V. Rantala - 1989 - In Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. pp. 347-360.
  32. Scientific Change, Continuity, and Problem Solving.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1984 - Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):389-399.
  33.  12
    George Stigler 1911–1991.M. L. Rantala - 1991 - Critical Review 5 (4):593-603.
  34. Corespondence as an Intertheory Relation.Davis Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1982 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 11 (1-2):48-53.
    It used to be a common view in the philosophy of science as well as among the scientists themselves that scientic change has been and will be continuos. Even in the most radical changes of theories the growth of knowledge was claimed to be cumulative. Thus, for instance, physicists may say that in radical, revolutionary changes of theories there obtains, however, some kind of correspondence between the old and new theories; the old theory can be regarded at least as a (...)
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  35.  16
    Facts and the Choice of Logical Foundations.Veikko Rantala - 1984 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 25 (4):347-353.
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  36.  9
    Metaphor and Conceptual Change.Veikko Rantala - 1996 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 31:181-190.
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  37.  6
    Translation and Scientific Change.Veikko Rantala - 1995 - In William E. Herfel, Wladyslaw Krajewski, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Ryszard Wojcicki (eds.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi. pp. 249--268.
  38. Learning and Epistemic Logic.Veikko Rantala - 2006 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 78:139.
     
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  39. Aesthetic Tension. Cognitive Aspects of Interpretation.Veikko Rantala - 2011 - Peter Lang.
    This is an interdisciplinary study of what is cognitively going on when we interpret, respresent, or evaluate cultural entities, works of art included. In addition, the role of interpretation in experience and in cultural objects is elucidated from a cognitive point of view. The book relies on theories of action, perception, possible worlds, modalities, intentionality. cognition, and brain research, and it contains anumber of case studies. The book ptovides some new insights into some much-discussed problems related to interpretation.
     
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  40. Johdatus modaalilogiikkaan.Veikko Rantala & Ari Virtanen - 2004 - Gaudeamus.
    The book studies philosophical and mathematical-logical problems of modal notions. Its starting points are possible worlds semantics and Kripke models, and it also concentrates on proof-theoretic methods.
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  41. Scientific Change and Counterfactuals in Scientific Knowledge Socialized.V. Rantala - 1988 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 108:399-408.
  42.  7
    Esa Saarinen. Introduction. Game-Theoretical Semantics, Essays on Semantics by Hintikka, Carlson, Peacocke, Rantala, and Saarinen, Edited by Esa Saarinen, Synthese Language Library, Vol. 5, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1979, Pp. Vii–Xii. - Jaakko Hintikka. Language-Games. Game-Theoretical Semantics, Essays on Semantics by Hintikka, Carlson, Peacocke, Rantala, and Saarinen, Edited by Esa Saarinen, Synthese Language Library, Vol. 5, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1979, Pp. 1–26. , Essays on Wittgenstein in Honour of G. H. Von Wright, Pp. 105-125.) - Jaakko Hintikka. Quantifiers in Logic and Quantifiers in Natural Languages. Game-Theoretical Semantics, Essays on Semantics by Hintikka, Carlson, Peacocke, Rantala, and Saarinen, Edited by Esa Saarinen, Synthese Language Library, Vol. 5, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1979, Pp. 27–47. - Jaakko Hintikka. Quantifiers Vs. Quantification Theory. Game-Theor. [REVIEW]James Higginbotham - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):240-244.
  43. Review of Veikko Rantala, Lewis Rowell, Eero Tarasti : Essays on the philosophy of music. [REVIEW]Stephen Davies - 1989 - Theoria 55 (2):137.
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  44.  25
    Justificationist Social Epistemology and Critical Thinking.Juho Ritola - 2011 - Educational Theory 61 (5):565-585.
    In this essay Juho Ritola develops a justificationist approach to social epistemology, which holds that normatively satisfactory social processes pertaining to the acquisition, storage, dissemination, and use of knowledge must be evidence-based processes that include appropriate reflective attitudes by the relevant agents and, consequently, the relevant institutions. This implies that the teaching of critical thinking and reasoning in general should strive to bring about such attitudes in students. Ritola begins by sketching a justificationist approach and defending it on a (...)
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  45. Case Study of Company's Relationship with Open Source Community in Open Source Software Development.Juho Lindman & Topi Uitto - 2008 - Iris 31:1-22.
     
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  46.  11
    Humanistic Interpretation and Machine Learning.Juho Pääkkönen & Petri Ylikoski - 2020 - Synthese:1-37.
    This paper investigates how unsupervised machine learning methods might make hermeneutic interpretive text analysis more objective in the social sciences. Through a close examination of the uses of topic modeling—a popular unsupervised approach in the social sciences—it argues that the primary way in which unsupervised learning supports interpretation is by allowing interpreters to discover unanticipated information in larger and more diverse corpora and by improving the transparency of the interpretive process. This view highlights that unsupervised modeling does not eliminate the (...)
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  47.  98
    Quantified Logic of Awareness and Impossible Possible Worlds.Giacomo Sillari - 2008 - Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (4):514-529.
    Among the many possible approaches to dealing with logical omniscience, I consider here awareness and impossible worlds structures. The former approach, pioneered by Fagin and Halpern, distinguishes between implicit and explicit knowledge, and avoids logical omniscience with respect to explicit knowledge. The latter, developed by Rantala and by Hintikka, allows for the existence of logically impossible worlds to which the agents are taken to have access; since such worlds need not behave consistently, the agents’ knowledge is fallible relative to (...)
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  48.  11
    Super Models.Jaakko Hintikka - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (2):147-150.
    Published originally in: Patoluoto, I., Saarinen, E., Stenman, P.,. Vexing Questions, An Urnful of Essays in Honour of Veikko Rantala on the Occasion of His Fiftieth Birthday. Reports from the Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki, 3, pp. 12–18.
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  49.  5
    Changes in Attitudes Towards Hastened Death Among Finnish Physicians Over the Past Sixteen Years.Reetta P. Piili, Riina Metsänoja, Heikki Hinkka, Pirkko-Liisa I. Kellokumpu-Lehtinen & Juho T. Lehto - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):40.
    The ethics of hastened death are complex. Studies on physicians’ opinions about assisted dying exist, but changes in physicians’ attitudes towards hastened death in clinical decision-making and the background factors explaining this remain unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the changes in these attitudes among Finnish physicians. A questionnaire including hypothetical patient scenarios was sent to 1182 and 1258 Finnish physicians in 1999 and 2015, respectively. Two scenarios of patients with advanced cancer were presented: one requesting an (...)
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  50.  37
    Begging the Question: A Case Study. [REVIEW]Juho Ritola - 2003 - Argumentation 17 (1):1-19.
    The essay starts by presenting two accounts of begging the question, John Biro's epistemic account and David Sanford's doxastic account. After briefly comparing these accounts, the essay will study an argument suspected of begging the question and subsequently apply the epistemic and doxastic accounts to this test case. It is found that the accounts of Biro and Sanford do not analyse the test case adequately, therefore a new account is developed using the idea of a knowledge-base.
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