Results for 'Jukka Mikonen'

162 found
Order:
  1.  7
    John Gibson, Wolfgang Huemer & Luca Pocci : A Sense of the Worlds. Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy. New York & London: Routledge, 2007. [REVIEW]Jukka Mikonen - 2008 - SATS 9 (2).
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  76
    The Value of Autonomy in Medical Ethics.Jukka Varelius - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (3):377-388.
    This articles assesses the arguments that bioethicists have presented for the view that patient’ autonomy has value over and beyond its instrumental value in promoting the patients’ wellbeing. It argues that this view should be rejected and concludes that patients’ autonomy should be taken to have only instrumental value in medicine.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  3.  46
    The Cognitive Value of Philosophical Fiction.Jukka Mikkonen - 2013 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Can literary fictions convey significant philosophical views, understood in terms of propositional knowledge? This study addresses the philosophical value of literature by examining how literary works impart philosophy truth and knowledge and to what extent the works should be approached as communications of their authors. Beginning with theories of fiction, it examines the case against the prevailing ‘pretence’ and ‘make-believe’ theories of fiction hostile to propositional theories of literary truth. Tackling further arguments against the cognitive function and value of literature, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  4.  14
    A Logical Approach to Context-Specific Independence.Jukka Corander, Antti Hyttinen, Juha Kontinen, Johan Pensar & Jouko Väänänen - 2019 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 170 (9):975-992.
    Directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) constitute a qualitative representation for conditional independence (CI) properties of a probability distribution. It is known that every CI statement implied by the topology of a DAG is witnessed over it under a graph-theoretic criterion of d-separation. Alternatively, all such implied CI statements are derivable from the local independencies encoded by a DAG using the so-called semi-graphoid axioms. We consider Labeled Directed Acyclic Graphs (LDAGs) modeling graphically scenarios exhibiting context-specific independence (CSI). Such CSI statements are modeled (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  32
    Is Ethical Expertise Possible?Jukka Varelius - 2008 - Medicine Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):127-132.
    Services of ethics committees are nowadays commonly used in such various spheres of life as health care, public administration, business, law, engineering, and scientific research. It is taken that as their members have expertise in ethics, these committees can have valuable contributions to make in solving practical moral problems. It has, however, also been maintained that it is simply absurd to claim that one has some special knowledge and skills in moral matters; in connection with moral questions there is no (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  6.  24
    The Concept of Subject Position in Empirical Social Research.Jukka Torronen - 2001 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 31 (3):313–329.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  7.  45
    Situational, Cultural and Societal Identities: Analysing Subject Positions as Classifications, Participant Roles, Viewpoints and Interactive Positions.Jukka Törrönen - 2014 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1):80-98.
    In this article I develop tools for analyzing the identities that emerge in qualitative material. I approach identities as historically, socially and culturally produced subject positions, as processes that are in a constant state of becoming and that receive their temporary stability and meaning in concrete contexts and circumstances. I suggest that the identities and subject positions that materialize in qualitative material can be analyzed from four different perspectives. They can be approached by focusing on (1) classifications that define the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  18
    Fiction and the Weave of Life.Jukka Mikkonen - 2008 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 66 (4):403-406.
  9.  26
    The Causality Horizon and the Developmental Bases of Morphological Evolution.Jukka Jernvall - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (3):286-292.
    With the advent of evolutionary developmental research, or EvoDevo, there is hope of discovering the roles that the genetic bases of development play in morphological evolution. Studies in EvoDevo span several levels of organismal organization. Low-level studies identify the ultimate genetic changes responsible for morphological variation and diversity. High-level studies of development focus on how genetic differences affect the dynamics of gene networks and epigenetic interactions to modify morphology. Whereas an increasing number of studies link independent acquisition of homoplastic or (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  10.  67
    Pluralism in Political Corporate Social Responsibility.Jukka Mäkinen & Arno Kourula - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (4):649-678.
    Within corporate social responsibility (CSR), the exploration of the political role of firms (political CSR) has recently experienced a revival. We review three key periods of political CSR literature—classic, instrumental, and new political CSR—and use the Rawlsian conceptualization of division of moral labor within political systems to describe each period’s background political theories. The three main arguments of the paper are as follows. First, classic CSR literature was more pluralistic in terms of background political theories than many later texts. Second, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  11. Mental Illness, Natural Death, and Non-Voluntary Passive Euthanasia.Jukka Varelius - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-14.
    When it is considered to be in their best interests, withholding and withdrawing life-supporting treatment from non-competent physically ill or injured patients – non-voluntary passive euthanasia, as it has been called – is generally accepted. A central reason in support of the procedures relates to the perceived manner of death they involve: in non-voluntary passive euthanasia death is seen to come about naturally. When a non-competent psychiatric patient attempts to kill herself, the mental health care providers treating her are obligated (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  1
    Introduction.Jukka Varelius & Michael Cholbi - 1st ed. 2015 - In Jukka Varelius & Michael Cholbi (eds.), New Directions in the Ethics of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. Springer Verlag.
  13.  54
    Autonomy, Wellbeing, and the Case of the Refusing Patient.Jukka Varelius - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):117-125.
    A moral problem arises when a patient refuses a treatment that would save her life. Should the patient be treated against her will? According to an influential approach to questions of biomedical ethics, certain considerations pertaining to individual autonomy provide a solution to this problem. According to this approach, we should respect the patient’s autonomy and, since she has made an autonomous decision against accepting the treatment, she should not be treated. This article argues against the view that our answer (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  14.  16
    Boundaries Between Business and Politics: A Study on the Division of Moral Labor.Jukka Mäkinen & Eero Kasanen - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (1):103-116.
    The dominant framing of the political corporate social responsibility discussion challenges the traditional economic conception of the firm and aims to produce a paradigm shift in CSR studies wherein the traditional, apolitical view of corporations’ roles in society is replaced by the political conception of CSR. In this paper, we show how the major framing of the political CSR discussion calls for a redirection to take international hard legal and moral regulations, as well as the need for the boundaries between (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  15.  4
    Religion and the Cultural Public Sphere: The Case of the Finnish Liberal Intelligentsia During the Turmoil of the Early Twentieth Century.Jukka Kortti - 2018 - History of European Ideas 44 (1):98-112.
    ABSTRACTThe political public sphere is at one and the same time both public, and private and religion operates in both the public and the private spheres in the modern way of life. This article approaches the dynamics between the cultural and the political public sphere from the point of view of religion; how the cultural intelligentsia developed its worldview fuelled with attitudes towards religion in times of political turmoil. The case study, based on the empirical analysis of cultural periodicals and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  9
    Synthesising Corporate Responsibility on Organisational and Societal Levels of Analysis: An Integrative Perspective.Pasi Heikkurinen & Jukka Mäkinen - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (3):589-607.
    This article develops an integrative perspective on corporate responsibility by synthesising competing perspectives on the responsibility of the corporation at the organisational and societal levels of analysis. We review three major corporate responsibility perspectives, which we refer to as economic, critical, and politico-ethical. We analyse the major potential uses and pitfalls of the perspectives, and integrate the debate on these two levels. Our synthesis concludes that when a society has a robust division of moral labour in place, the responsibility of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17.  31
    Neural and Developmental Bases of the Ability to Recognize Social Signals of Emotions.Jukka M. Leppänen - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2):179-188.
    Humans in diverse cultures develop a capacity to recognize and share others’ emotional states. In this article, studies in adult and developmental populations are reviewed and synthesized to build a framework for understanding the neural bases and development of emotion recognition. It is proposed that foundations for the development of emotion recognition are provided by an experience-expectant neural circuitry that emerges early in life, biases infants to attend to biologically salient information, and is refined and specialized through experience for processing (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18. New Directions in the Ethics of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia.Jukka Varelius & Michael Cholbi (eds.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    Introduction Cholbi, Michael (et al.) Pages 1-10 -/- Assisted Dying and the Proper Role of Patient Autonomy Bullock, Emma C. Pages 11-25 -/- Preventing Assistance to Die: Assessing Indirect Paternalism Regarding Voluntary Active Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide Schramme, Thomas Pages 27-40 -/- Autonomy, Interests, Justice and Active Medical Euthanasia Savulescu, Julian Pages 41-58 -/- Mental Illness, Lack of Autonomy, and Physician-Assisted Death Varelius, Jukka Pages 59-77 -/- Euthanasia for Mental Suffering Raus, Kasper (et al.) Pages 79-96 -/- Assisted Dying (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19. Medical Expertise, Existential Suffering and Ending Life.Jukka Varelius - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (2):104-107.
    In this article, I assess the position that voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide ought not to be accepted in the cases of persons who suffer existentially but who have no medical condition, because existential questions do not fall within the domain of physicians’ professional expertise. I maintain that VE and PAS based on suffering arising from medical conditions involves existential issues relevantly similar to those confronted in connection with existential suffering. On that basis I conclude that if VE and PAS (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  20.  42
    Teachers' Ethical Choices in Sociomoral Settings.Jukka Husu & Kirsi Tirri - 2001 - Journal of Moral Education 30 (4):361-375.
    This article discusses ethical dilemmas in early childhood education as identified by kindergarten and elementary school teachers (N = 26). Ethical dilemmas are investigated in the theoretical framework of moral relevance and moral conflict (Wallace 1988). Professional ethics challenges teachers to collaborate with colleagues and parents. The empirical findings present conflicts between teachers and parents, collegial conflicts between teachers, and cultural conflicts in the community. The method used in the study is a relational reading of teachers' narratives. Interpretative accounts are (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21. Ending Life, Morality, and Meaning.Jukka Varelius - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):559-574.
    Opponents of voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide often maintain that the procedures ought not to be accepted because ending an innocent human life would both be morally wrong in itself and have unfortunate consequences. A gravely suffering patient can grant that ending his life would involve such harm but still insist that he would have reason to continue living only if there were something to him in his abstaining from ending his life. Though relatively rarely, the notion of meaning of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  69
    The Defence of Utilitarianism in Early Rawls: A Study of Methodological Development.Jukka Mäkinen & Marja-Liisa Kakkuri-Knuuttila - 2013 - Utilitas 25 (1):1-31.
    Rawls scholarship has not paid much attention to Rawls's early methodological writings so far, pretty much focusing on the reflective equilibrium which he is understood to have adopted in A Theory of Justice. Nelson Goodman's coherence-theoretical formulations concerning the justification of inductive logic in Fact, Fiction and Forecast have been suggested as the source of the RE. Following Rawls's methodological development in his early works, we shall challenge both these views. Our analysis reveals that the basic elements of RE can (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23.  45
    Ethicalization in Bioscience—A Pilot Study in Finland.Matti Häyry, Jukka Takala, Piia Jallinoja, Salla Lötjönen & Tuija Takala - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (3):282-284.
    Concepts that refer to trends like globalization and medicalization have, of late, become a hallmark of public debates. The logic of such concepts is that the same word can refer both to good and bad developments, partly depending on the chosen viewpoint. Hardly anyone opposes the global enforcement of human rights, but the global liberation of trade is sometimes viewed with suspicion. In a similar vein, advances in medicine are seldom seen as a bad thing, but medical solutions to social (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  24.  22
    In Defense of a Regulated Market Economy.Jukka Mäkinen & Eero Kasanen - 2015 - Journal of Global Ethics 11 (1):99-109.
    The dominant understanding of political corporate social responsibility suggests new, broader political roles for businesses in the globalized economy, challenging the classical liberal social order. In this paper, we show how the major framing of the political CSR discussion not only challenges the classical liberal social order but also goes against the more general political economic perspective of the regulated market economy. We argue that this latter tendency of the political CSR discussion is its main weakness. We introduce a Rawlsian (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  25.  17
    Affective Processing Requires Awareness.Mikko Lähteenmäki, Jukka Hyönä, Mika Koivisto & Lauri Nummenmaa - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (2):339-365.
  26. Is Whistle-Blowing Compatible with Employee Loyalty?Jukka Varelius - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):263-275.
    Whistle-blowing would appear to involve a conflict between employee loyalty and protection of public interest. Several business ethicists have, however, argued that this conflict is indeed merely apparent. According to the central argument to that effect, when the nature of employee loyalty is understood correctly, it becomes clear that whistle-blowing does not threaten employees' loyalty to their employer. This is because blowing the whistle about one's employer's wrongdoing and being loyal to them serves the same goal, the moral good of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  27.  33
    The Identity Problem for Realist Structuralism II : A Reply to Shapiro.Jukka Keränen - 2006 - In Fraser MacBride (ed.), Identity and Modality. Oxford University Press. pp. 146--163.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28.  29
    Knowledge, Imagination, and Stories in the Aesthetic Experience of Forests.Jukka Mikkonen - 2018 - Estetika 55 (1):3-24.
    A key dispute in environmental aesthetics concerns the role of scientific knowledge in our aesthetic appreciation of the natural environment. In this article, I will explore this debate by focusing on the aesthetic experience of forests. I intend to question reductive forms of the scientific approach and support the role of imagination and stories in nature appreciation.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. Execution by Lethal Injection, Euthanasia, Organ‐Donation and the Proper Goals of Medicine.Jukka Varelius - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (3):140-149.
    ABSTRACTIn a recent issue of this journal, David Silver and Gerald Dworkin discuss the physicians' role in execution by lethal injection. Dworkin concludes that discussion by stating that, at that point, he is unable to think of an acceptable set of moral principles to support the view that it is illegitimate for physicians to participate in execution by lethal injection that would not rule out certain other plausible moral judgements, namely that euthanasia is under certain conditions legitimate and that organ‐donation (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  30.  54
    Suffering at the End of Life.Jukka Varelius - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):195-200.
    In the end‐of‐life context, alleviation of the suffering of a distressed patient is usually seen as a, if not the, central goal for the medical personnel treating her. Yet it has also been argued that suffering should be seen as a part of good dying. More precisely, it has been maintained that alleviating a dying patient’s suffering can make her unable to take care of practical end‐of‐life matters, deprive her of an opportunity to ask questions about and find meaning in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  13
    Health and Autonomy.Jukka Varelius - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):221-230.
    Individual autonomy is a prominent value in Western medicine and medical ethics, and there it is often accepted that the only way to pay proper respect to autonomy is to let the patients themselves determine what is good for them. Adopting this approach has, however, given rise to some unwanted results, thus motivating a quest for an objective conception of health. Unfortunately, the purportedly objective conceptions of health have failed in objectivity, and if a conception of health is not acceptable (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  19
    The Production of Values: The Concept of Modality in Textual Discourse Analysis.Pekka Sulkunen & Jukka Törrönen - 1997 - Semiotica 113 (1-2):43-70.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  33.  7
    Semantic Categorization Precedes Affective Evaluation of Visual Scenes.Lauri Nummenmaa, Jukka Hyönä & Manuel G. Calvo - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (2):222-246.
  34.  11
    Is Ethical Expertise Possible?Jukka Varelius - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):127-132.
    Services of ethics committees are nowadays commonly used in such various spheres of life as health care, public administration, business, law, engineering, and scientific research. It is taken that as their members have expertise in ethics, these committees can have valuable contributions to make in solving practical moral problems. It has, however, also been maintained that it is simply absurd to claim that one has some special knowledge and skills in moral matters; in connection with moral questions there is no (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  35.  71
    Explanatoriness: Cause Versus Craig.Jukka Keränen & Wesley Salmon - 2005 - Synthese 143 (1-2):125 - 147.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36. Illness, Suffering and Voluntary Euthanasia.Jukka Varelius - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (2):75–83.
    It is often accepted that we may legitimately speak about voluntary euthanasia only in cases of persons who are suffering because they are incurably injured or have an incurable disease. This article argues that when we consider the moral acceptability of voluntary euthanasia, we have no good reason to concentrate only on persons who are ill or injured and suffering.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  37.  18
    Evolution of Strategies to Stay in the Game.Jukka Jokela & Erkki Haukioja - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (2):177-196.
    Life-history evolution is a complexprocess. Life-history theory covers the fundamentallevel of the process, the evolution of life-historytraits. Life-history traits interact; thosecoevolving as a response to the same selectionpressure form life-history tactics. Top level of thehierarchy, life-history strategy, is formed bygenetically interconnected tactics. Our aim is toexpand the traditional view to life-history evolutionby considering what boundary conditions a successfullife-history strategy has to fulfil. We claim thatthe most fundamental condition successful strategieshave to meet is to minimize the risk of evolutionaryfailure. Here the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  77
    On the Moral Acceptability of Physician‐Assisted Dying for Non‐Autonomous Psychiatric Patients.Jukka Varelius - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (4):227-233.
    Several authors have recently suggested that the suffering caused by mental illness could provide moral grounds for physician-assisted dying. Yet they typically require that psychiatric-assisted dying could come to question in the cases of autonomous, or rational, psychiatric patients only. Given that also non-autonomous psychiatric patients can sometimes suffer unbearably, this limitation appears questionable. In this article, I maintain that restricting psychiatric-assisted dying to autonomous, or rational, psychiatric patients would not be compatible with endorsing certain end-of-life practices commonly accepted in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39.  16
    The Ethics of Bankruptcy.Jukka Kilpi - 1998 - Routledge.
    The fundamental ethical problem in bankruptcy is that insolvents have promised to pay their debts but can not keep their promise. The Ethics of Bankruptcy examines the morality of bankruptcy. The author compares and contrasts the Humean doctrine of promises as useful conventions with the Kantian view of autonomous agency constituting promissory obligations; he explores ethical concerns raised by forgiveness, utilitarianism and distributive justice and the moral aspects of insolvents' contractual, fiduciary, tortious and criminal liability. Finally, the author assesses recent (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  40. Voluntary Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and the Goals of Medicine.Jukka Varelius - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (2):121 – 137.
    It is plausible that what possible courses of action patients may legitimately expect their physicians to take is ultimately determined by what medicine as a profession is supposed to do and, consequently, that we can determine the moral acceptability of voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide on the basis of identifying the proper goals of medicine. This article examines the main ways of defining the proper goals of medicine found in the recent bioethics literature and argues that they cannot provide a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  41.  72
    Autonomy, Subject-Relativity, and Subjective and Objective Theories of Well-Being in Bioethics.Jukka Varelius - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (5):363-379.
    Among the different approaches to questions of biomedical ethics, there is a view that stresses the importance of a patient’s right to make her own decisions in evaluative questions concerning her own well-being. This approach, the autonomy-based approach to biomedical ethics, has usually led to the adoption of a subjective theory of well-being on the basis of its commitment to the value of autonomy and to the view that well-being is always relative to a subject. In this article, it is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  42.  41
    On Studying the Cognitive Value of Literature.Jukka Mikkonen - 2015 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (3):273-282.
    The debate on the cognitive value of literature is undergoing a change. On the one hand, several philosophers recommend an epistemological move from “knowledge” to “understanding” in describing the cognitive benefits of literature. On the other hand, skeptics call for methodological discussion and demand evidence for the claim that readers actually learn from literature. These two ideas, the notion of understanding and the demand for evidence, seem initially inconsistent, for the notion of understanding implies that the cognitive benefits of literature (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  87
    Minimally Conscious State and Human Dignity.Jukka Varelius - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (1):35-50.
    Recent progress in neurosciences has improved our understanding of chronic disorders of consciousness. One example of this advancement is the emergence of the new diagnostic category of minimally conscious state (MCS). The central characteristic of MCS is impaired consciousness. Though the phenomenon now referred to as MCS pre-existed its inclusion in diagnostic classifications, the current medical ethical concepts mainly apply to patients with normal consciousness and to non-conscious patients. Accordingly, how we morally should stand with persons in minimally conscious state (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  44.  34
    Jukka Kilpi, the Ethics of Bankruptcy. [REVIEW]Thomas L. Carson - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (4):565-570.
  45.  99
    On the Body of Literary Persuasion.Jukka Mikkonen - 2010 - Estetika 47 (1):51-70.
    In this paper, the author argues that literary works have distinct cognitive significance in changing their readers’ beliefs. In particular, he discusses ‘philosophical fictions’ and truthclaims that they may imply. Basing himself broadly on Aristotle’s view of the enthymeme, he argues that a work of literary fiction persuades readers of its truths by its dramatic structure, by illustrating or implying the suppressed conclusion. Further, he suggests that it is exactly this ‘literary persuasion’ which distinguishes literary works from merely didactic works (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46.  50
    Ethics Consultation and Autonomy.Jukka Varelius - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (1):65-76.
    Services of ethics consultants are nowadays commonly used in such various spheres of life as engineering, public administration, business, law, health care, journalism, and scientific research. It has however been maintained that use of ethics consultants is incompatible with personal autonomy; in moral matters individuals should be allowed to make their own decisions. The problem this criticism refers to can be conceived of as a conflict between the professional autonomy of ethics experts and the autonomy of the persons they serve. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  47. Literary Fictions as Utterances and Artworks.Jukka Mikkonen - 2010 - Theoria 76 (1):68-90.
    During the last decades, there has been a debate on the question whether literary works are utterances, or have utterance meaning, and whether it is reasonable to approach them as such. Proponents of the utterance model in literary interpretation, whom I will refer to as ‘utterance theorists,’ such as Noël Carroll and especially Robert Stecker, suggest that because of their nature as linguistic products of intentional human action, literary works are utterances similar to those used in everyday discourse. Conversely, those (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  84
    Active and Passive Physician‐Assisted Dying and the Terminal Disease Requirement.Jukka Varelius - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):663-671.
    The view that voluntary active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide should be made available for terminal patients only is typically warranted by reference to the risks that the procedures are seen to involve. Though they would appear to involve similar risks, the commonly endorsed end-of-life practices referred to as passive euthanasia are available also for non-terminal patients. In this article, I assess whether there is good reason to believe that the risks in question would be bigger in the case of voluntary (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  36
    Mental Illness, Natural Death, and Non-Voluntary Passive Euthanasia.Jukka Varelius - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):635-648.
    When it is considered to be in their best interests, withholding and withdrawing life-supporting treatment from non-competent physically ill or injured patients – non-voluntary passive euthanasia, as it has been called – is generally accepted. A central reason in support of the procedures relates to the perceived manner of death they involve: in non-voluntary passive euthanasia death is seen to come about naturally. When a non-competent psychiatric patient attempts to kill herself, the mental health care providers treating her are obligated (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  65
    On Taylor on Autonomy and Informed Consent.Jukka Varelius - 2006 - Journal of Value Inquiry 40 (4):451-459.
    In contemporary medical ethics, it is widely accepted that concern for individual autonomy provides the ethical foundation for the doctrine of informed consent. It is taken that treating a competent patient is morally acceptable only if she has given her informed consent to being treated, because failing to secure the patient’s informed consent to her treatment would violate the patient’s autonomy. In a recent issue of this journal, James Stacey Taylor argues that this conventional view is mistaken. Taylor maintains that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
1 — 50 / 162