13 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Julia R. Bursten [7]Julia Bursten [5]Julia R. S. Bursten [1]
See also
Julia Bursten
University of Kentucky
  1.  17
    Why Attention is Not Explanation: Surgical Intervention and Causal Reasoning About Neural Models.Christopher Grimsley, Elijah Mayfield & Julia Bursten - 2020 - Proceedings of the 12th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.
    As the demand for explainable deep learning grows in the evaluation of language technologies, the value of a principled grounding for those explanations grows as well. Here we study the state-of-the-art in explanation for neural models for natural-language processing (NLP) tasks from the viewpoint of philosophy of science. We focus on recent evaluation work that finds brittleness in explanations obtained through attention mechanisms.We harness philosophical accounts of explanation to suggest broader conclusions from these studies. From this analysis, we assert the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  15
    Conceptual Analysis for Nanoscience.Julia Bursten, Jill Millstone & Michael J. Hartmann - 2016 - Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 7:1917-1918.
    A short overview, written for a primarily scientific audience, of how conceptual analysis and philosophy of science can assist in nanoscience research.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  51
    Microstructure Without Essentialism: A New Perspective on Chemical Classification.Julia R. Bursten - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (4):633-653,.
    Recently, macroscopic accounts of chemical kind individuation have been proposed as alternatives to the microstructural essentialist account advocated by Kripke, Putnam, and others. These accounts argue that individuation of chemical kinds is based on macroscopic criteria such as reactivity or thermodynamics, and they challenge the essentialism that grounds the Kripke-Putnam view. Using a variety of chemical examples, I argue that microstructure grounds these macroscopic accounts, but that this grounding need not imply essentialism. Instead, kinds are individuated on the basis of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  4.  51
    Smaller Than a Breadbox: Scale and Natural Kinds.Julia R. Bursten - 2018 - British Journal for Philosophy of Science 69 (1):1-23.
    ABSTRACT I propose a division of the literature on natural kinds into metaphysical worries, semantic worries, and methodological worries. I argue that the latter set of worries, which concern how classification influences scientific practices, should occupy centre stage in philosophy of science discussions about natural kinds. I apply this methodological framework to the problems of classifying chemical species and nanomaterials. I show that classification in nanoscience differs from classification in chemistry because the latter relies heavily on compositional identity, whereas the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5. Pauling's Defence of Bent-Equivalent Bonds: A View of Evolving Explanatory Demands in Modern Chemistry.Julia R. Bursten - 2012 - Annals of Science 69 (1):69-90.
    Summary Linus Pauling played a key role in creating valence-bond theory, one of two competing theories of the chemical bond that appeared in the first half of the 20th century. While the chemical community preferred his theory over molecular-orbital theory for a number of years, valence-bond theory began to fall into disuse during the 1950s. This shift in the chemical community's perception of Pauling's theory motivated Pauling to defend the theory, and he did so in a peculiar way. Rather than (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  27
    Macroscopic Metaphysics: Middle-Sized Objects and Longish Processes: By Paul Needham, Cham, Springer, 2017, Xi + 224 Pp., ISBN 9783319709987, US$109.99. [REVIEW]Julia R. S. Bursten - 2019 - Tandf: International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 32 (1):63–64.
  7. The Space Between and the Space Within: On the Definition, Conception, and Function of Space in Leibniz's Late Metaphysics.Julia Bursten - forthcoming - Think.
  8.  49
    Sam Kean. The Disappearing Spoon, and Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World From the Periodic Table of the Elements.Julia R. Bursten - 2011 - Spontaneous Generations 5 (1):100-102.
    Sometimes the right book finds you at the right time, and it shifts your perception of a familiar subject just a little, just enough to make a difference. It reminds you of something important you haven’t thought of in a while, or it shows you a new way of looking at and interacting with the world. Last winter, for me, that book was The Disappearing Spoon, by Sam Kean. I heard a very fuzzy description of the book at a holiday (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  12
    Anne Marcovich; Terry Shinn. Toward a New Dimension: Exploring the Nanoscale. Xiv + 213 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. £35. [REVIEW]Julia R. Bursten - 2016 - Isis 107 (4):902-903.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  19
    Conceptual Strategies and Inter-Theory Relations: The Case of Nanoscale Cracks.Julia Bursten - 2018 - Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 62:158–165.
    Winsberg's "handshaking" account of inter-model relations is a well-known theory of multiscale modeling in physical systems. Winsberg argues that relations among the component models in a multiscale modeling system are not related mereologically, but rather by empirically determined algorithms. I argue that while the handshaking account does demonstrate the existence of non-mereological relationships among component models, Winsberg does not attend to the different ways in which handshaking algorithms are developed. By overlooking the distinct strategies employed in different handshake models, Winsberg's (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  9
    Reconsidering Explanation: Lessons From Nanosynthesis.Julia R. Bursten - unknown
    Nanosynthesis forces a reevaluation of received views on scientific explanation. I discuss the synthesis of anisotropic metal nanoparticles, a typical nanosynthesis research program, in order to demonstrate the failure of standard philosophical accounts of explanation to capture the dynamics of information exchange in synthetic sciences. I argue that using the language of effective heuristics, coupled with attention to changes in the meanings of concepts across different length scales, is a more promising means of capturing how information is obtained from the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  5
    Conceptual Strategies and Inter-Theory Relations: The Case of Nanoscale Cracks.Julia R. Bursten - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 62:158-165.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  16
    Perspectives on Classification in Synthetic Sciences: Unnatural Kinds.Julia Bursten - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    This volume launches a new series of contemporary conversations about scientific classification. Most philosophical conversations about kinds have focused centrally or solely on natural kinds, that is, kinds whose existence is not dependent on the scientific process of synthesis. This volume refocuses conversations about classification on unnatural, or synthetic, kinds via extensive study of three paradigm cases of unnatural kinds: nanomaterials, stem cells, and synthetic biology.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark