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Julia Driver [88]Julian H. Driver [1]
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Profile: Julia Driver (Washington University in St. Louis)
  1. The Suberogatory.Julia Driver - 1992 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70 (3):286 – 295.
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  2. Autonomy and the Asymmetry Problem for Moral Expertise.Julia Driver - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 128 (3):619-644.
    We seem less likely to endorse moral expertise than reasoning expertise or aesthetic expertise. This seems puzzling given that moral norms are intuitively taken to be at least more objective than aesthetic norms. One possible diagnosis of the asymmetry is that moral judgments require autonomy of judgement in away that other judgments do not. However, the author points out that aesthetic judgments that have been ‘borrowed’ by aesthetic experts generate the same autonomy worry as moral judgments which are borrowed by (...)
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  3. Consequentialism.Julia Driver - 2011 - Routledge.
    Consequentialism is the view that the rightness or wrongness of actions depend solely on their consequences. It is one of the most influential, and controversial, of all ethical theories. In this book, Julia Driver introduces and critically assesses consequentialism in all its forms. After a brief historical introduction to the problem, Driver examines utilitarianism, and the arguments of its most famous exponents, John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham, and explains the fundamental questions underlying utilitarian theory: what value is to be (...)
     
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  4. Inattentional Blindness Versus Inattentional Amnesia for Fixated but Ignored Words.Geraint Rees, C. Russell, Christopher D. Frith & Julia Driver - 1999 - Science 286 (5449):2504-7.
  5. Knowledge, Belief, and Character: Readings in Contemporary Virtue Epistemology.Alvin Goldman, Ernest Sosa, Hilary Kornblith, John Greco, Jonathan Dancy, Laurence Bonjour, Linda Zagzebski, Julia Driver, James Montmarquet, Christopher Hookway, Ricard Paul, Guy Axtell & Casey Swank (eds.) - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This is a unique collection of new and recently-published articles which debate the merits of virtue-theoretic approaches to the core epistemological issues of knowledge and justified belief. The readings all contribute to our understanding of the relative importance, for a theory of justified belief, of the reliability of our cognitive faculties and of the individuals responsibility in gathering and weighing evidence. Highlights of the readings include direct exchanges between leading exponents of this approach and their critics.
     
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  6. The Virtues of Ignorance.Julia Driver - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):373-384.
    In The Virtues of Ignorance the author demonstrates that classical theories of virtue are flawed and developes a consequentialist theory of virtue. ;Virtues are excellences of character. They are traits which are considered to be valuable in some way. A person who is virtuous is one who has a tendency to act well. Classical philosophers, such as Plato and Aristotle, believed that virtues, as human excellences, could not involve ignorance in any way. On their view, the virtuous agent, when acting (...)
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  7.  36
    Unconscious Activation of Visual Cortex in the Damaged Right Hemisphere of a Parietal Patient with Extinction.Geraint Rees, E. Wojciulik, Karen Clarke, Masud Husain, Christopher D. Frith & Julia Driver - 2000 - Brain 123 (8):1624-1633.
  8. Moral Expertise: Judgment, Practice, and Analysis.Julia Driver - 2013 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):280-296.
    This essay defends moral expertise against the skeptical considerations raised by Gilbert Ryle and others. The core of the essay articulates an account of moral expertise that draws on work on expertise in empirical moral psychology, and develops an analogy between moral expertise and linguistic expertise. The account holds that expertise is contrastive, so that a person is an expert relative to a particular contrast. Further, expertise is domain specific and characterized by behavior and judgment. Some disagreements in the literature (...)
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  9. Virtue Theory.Julia Driver - 2006 - In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell.
     
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  10. 10. Nicholas Rescher, Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason Nicholas Rescher, Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason (Pp. 917-919). [REVIEW]Tamar Schapiro, A. John Simmons, Seana Valentine Shiffrin, Sarah Buss, Julia Driver, G. F. Schueler, James Montmarquet, Mark van Roojen & Samantha Brennan - 1999 - Ethics 109 (4).
     
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  11.  78
    The Conflation of Moral and Epistemic Virtue.Julia Driver - 2003 - Metaphilosophy 34 (3):367-383.
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  12. Uneasy Virtue.Julia Driver - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    The predominant view of moral virtue can be traced back to Aristotle. He believed that moral virtue must involve intellectual excellence. To have moral virtue one must have practical wisdom - the ability to deliberate well and to see what is morally relevant in a given context. Julia Driver challenges this classical theory of virtue, arguing that it fails to take into account virtues which do seem to involve ignorance or epistemic defect. Some 'virtues of ignorance' are counterexamples to accounts (...)
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  13.  12
    Neural Response to Emotional Faces with and Without Awareness; Event-Related fMRI in a Parietal Patient with Visual Extinction and Spatial Neglect.Patrik Vuilleumier, J. L. Armony, Karen Clarke, Masud Husain, Julia Driver & Raymond J. Dolan - 2002 - Neuropsychologia 40 (12):2156-2166.
  14. Imaginative Resistance and Psychological Necessity.Julia Driver - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):301-313.
    Some of our moral commitments strike us as necessary, and this feature of moral phenomenology is sometimes viewed as incompatible with sentimentalism, since sentimentalism holds that our commitments depend, in some way, on sentiment. His dependence, or contingency, is what seems incompatible with necessity. In response to this sentimentalists hold that the commitments are psychologically necessary. However, little has been done to explore this kind of necessity. In this essay I discuss psychological necessity, and how the phenomenon of imaginative resistance (...)
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  15. Response to My Critics.Julia Driver - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1):33-41.
    This essay is a rejoinder to comments on Uneasy Virtue made by Onora O'Neill, John Skorupski, and Michael Slote in this issue. In Uneasy Virtue I presented criticisms of traditional virtue theory. I also presented an alternative – a consequentialist account of virtue, one which is a form of ‘pure evaluational externalism’. This type of theory holds that the moral quality of character traits is determined by factors external to agency (e.g. consequences). All three commentators took exception to this account. (...)
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  16.  90
    Modesty and Ignorance.Julia Driver - 1999 - Ethics 109 (4):827-834.
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  17. Luck and Fortune in Moral Evaluation.Julia Driver - 2012 - In Martijn Blaauw (ed.), Contrastivism in Philosophy: New Perspectives. Routledge.
     
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  18.  97
    Monkeying with Motives: Agent-Basing Virtue Ethics.Julia Driver - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (2):281.
    Virtue ethics has generated a great deal of excitement among ethicists largely because it is seen as an alternative to the traditional theories – utilitarianism and Kantian ethics – which have come under considerable scrutiny and criticism in the past 30 years. Rather than give up the enterprise of doing moral theory altogether, as some have suggested, others have opted to develop an alternative that would hopefully avoid the shortcomings of both utilitarianism and Kantian ethics. Several writers, such as Jorge (...)
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  19.  2
    Minimal Virtue.Julia Driver - 2016 - The Monist 99 (2):97-111.
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  20.  30
    Cosmopolitan Virtue.Julia Driver - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (4):595-608.
  21. Normative Ethical Theory in the 20th Century.Julia Driver - unknown
    Normative Ethical theory underwent a period of refinement in some areas and proliferation in others during the 20th century. Theories prominent in the 19th century, such as Utilitarianism, underwent refinement in light of criticisms; other approaches, such as normative intuitionism and virtue ethics, were developed in new directions, ones that reflected the sophistication of analytical techniques developed by philosophers in the 20th century, particularly in ordinary language philosophy. The middle of the 20th century was marked by an interest in conceptual (...)
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  22. Promising Too Much.Julia Driver - unknown
    This paper begins with the idea that we can learn a good deal about promising by examining the conditions and norms that govern promise- breaking. Sometimes promises are broken as a deliberate plan, other times they are broken because they are simply incompatible with other, more signifi cant moral norms, or because it becomes clear that they are impossible to keep. There are cases where people make promises that are actually incompatible with each other. Politicians, for example, often give such (...)
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  23. Consequentialism and Feminist Ethics.Julia Driver - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (4):183-199.
    : This essay attempts to show that sophisticated consequentialism is able to accommodate the concerns that have traditionally been raised by feminist writers in ethics. Those concerns have primarily to do with the fact that consequentialism is seen as both too demanding of the individual and neglectful of the agent's special obligations to family and friends. Here, I argue that instrumental justification for partiality can be provided, for example, even though an attitude of partiality is not characterized itself in instrumental (...)
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  24.  13
    Guy Axtell has Taught Philosophy at the University of Nevada, Reno, Since Receiving His Ph. D. In 1991. He has Written Articles on Epistemology, Philosophy of Science, American Pragmatism, and Philosophy of Religion. He is Currently at Work on a Book Entitled Pragmatic Pluralism: Understanding Philosophical Diversity. [REVIEW]Lawrence BonJour, Jonathan Dancy, Julia Driver, Alvin Goldman, John Greco & Christopher Hookway - 2000 - In Guy Axtell (ed.), Knowledge, Belief, and Character: Readings in Virtue Epistemology. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  25.  68
    Promises, Obligations, and Abilities.Julia Driver - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 44 (2):221 - 223.
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  26.  78
    Dream Immorality.Julia Driver - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (1):5-22.
    This paper focuses on an underappreciated issue that dreams raise for moral evaluation: is immorality possible in dreams? The evaluatiotial internalist is committed to answering ‘yes.’ This is because the internalist account of moral evaluation holds that the moral quality of a person's actions, what a person does, her agency in any given case is completely determined by factors that are internal to that agency, such as the person's motives and/or intentions. Actual production of either good or bad effects is (...)
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  27. Uneasy Virtue.Julia Driver - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):303-306.
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  28.  18
    The Virtues of Ignorance.Julia Driver - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):373.
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  29. FMRI and ERP Correlates of Conscious and Unconscious Vision in Parietal Extinction Patients.Julia Driver, P. Vullumieur, Martin Eimer & Geraint Rees - 2001 - NeuroImage 14.
     
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  30.  62
    Moralism.Julia Driver - 2005 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):137–151.
    abstract In this paper moralism is defined as the illicit use of moral considerations. Three different varieties of moralism are then discussed — moral absolutism, excessive standards and demandingness, and presenting non‐moral considerations as moral ones. Both individuals and theories can be regarded as moralistic in some of these senses. Indeed, some critics of consequentialism have regarded that theory as moralistic. The author then describes the problems associated with each sense of ‘moralism’ and how casuistry evolved to try to deal (...)
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  31.  97
    The History of Utilitarianism.Julia Driver - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  32.  43
    Roger Crisp, Reasons and the Good (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), Pp. 178.Julia Driver - 2011 - Utilitas 23 (2):235-237.
  33. Uneasy Virtue.Julia Driver - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (1):238-240.
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  34.  33
    The Moral Demands of Affluence.Julia Driver - 2007 - Philosophical Books 48 (1):66-70.
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  35.  19
    Moral Expertise: Judgment, Practice, and Analysis.Julia Driver - 2014 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):280-296.
    This essay defends moral expertise against the skeptical considerations raised by Gilbert Ryle and others. The core of the essay articulates an account of moral expertise that draws on work on expertise in empirical moral psychology, and develops an analogy between moral expertise and linguistic expertise. The account holds that expertise is contrastive, so that a person is an expert relative to a particular contrast. Further, expertise is domain specific and characterized by “automatic” behavior and judgment. Some disagreements in the (...)
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  36.  75
    Thomas Hurka, Virtue, Vice, and Value , Pp. Ix + 272.Julia Driver - 2006 - Utilitas 18 (2):190.
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  37.  34
    Hyperactive Ethics.Julia Driver - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (174):9-25.
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  38.  12
    On Virtue Ethics.Julia Driver & Rosalind Hursthouse - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):122.
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  39.  70
    Humble Arrogance.Julia Driver - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (4):365-369.
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  40. Human Nature. The Virtues and Human Nature.Julia Driver - 1998 - In Roger Crisp (ed.), How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues. Clarendon Press.
     
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  41.  53
    The Ethics of Intervention.Julia Driver - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):851-870.
    This essay explores the obligations that may arise from benevolently intended interventions that go awry. The author argues that even when the intervening agent has acted with good intentions and in a non-negligent manner, she may be required to continue aid in cases where her initial intervention failed. This is surprising because it means that persons who perform supererogatory acts run the risk of incurring additional heavy obligations through no fault of their own. The author also considers deflationary accounts that (...)
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  42.  32
    Moral Sense and Sentimentalism.Julia Driver - 2013 - In Roger Crisp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 358.
    This chapter focuses on sentimentalism – the view that morality is based on sentiment – in particular, the sentiment of sympathy. Sentimentalism was historically articulated in opposition to two positions: Hobbesian egoism, in which morality is based on self-interest; and Moral Rationalism, which held that morality is based on reason alone. The Sentimentalists challenged both views, arguing that there is more to what motivates human beings than simple self-interest and that reason alone is insufficient to motivate our actions, including our (...)
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  43.  2
    How Are We to Live? Ethics in an Age of Self-Interest.Julia Driver & Peter Singer - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (1):125.
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  44.  55
    The Secret Chain: A Limited Defense of Sympathy.Julia Driver - 2011 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):234-238.
    This paper responds to criticisms of sympathy-based approaches to ethics made by Jesse Prinz, focusing on the criticism that emotions are too variable to form a basis for ethics. I draw on the idea, articulated by early sentimentalists such as Hutcheson and Hume, that proper reliance on sympathy is subject to a corrective procedure in order, in part, to avoid the variability problem.
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  45.  4
    Monkeying with Motives: Agent-Basing Virtue Ethics*: Julia Driver.Julia Driver - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (2):281-288.
    Virtue ethics has generated a great deal of excitement among ethicists largely because it is seen as an alternative to the traditional theories – utilitarianism and Kantian ethics – which have come under considerable scrutiny and criticism in the past 30 years. Rather than give up the enterprise of doing moral theory altogether, as some have suggested, others have opted to develop an alternative that would hopefully avoid the shortcomings of both utilitarianism and Kantian ethics. Several writers, such as Jorge (...)
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  46.  59
    Candace Vogler, Reasonably Vicious:Reasonably Vicious.Julia Driver - 2004 - Ethics 114 (4):845-848.
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  47.  70
    Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe.Julia Driver - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  48.  6
    Knowing Better by Daniel Star.Julia Driver - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (3):713-719.
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  49.  6
    Moral Expertise: Judgment, Practice, and Analysis*: Julia Driver.Julia Driver - 2014 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):280-296.
    This essay defends moral expertise against the skeptical considerations raised by Gilbert Ryle and others. The core of the essay articulates an account of moral expertise that draws on work on expertise in empirical moral psychology, and develops an analogy between moral expertise and linguistic expertise. The account holds that expertise is contrastive, so that a person is an expert relative to a particular contrast. Further, expertise is domain specific and characterized by “automatic” behavior and judgment. Some disagreements in the (...)
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  50.  19
    Private Blame.Julia Driver - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (2):215-220.
    This paper explores a problem for Michael McKenna’s conversation model of moral responsibility that views blame as characteristically part of a conversational exchange. The problem for this model on which this paper focuses is the problem of private blame. Sometimes when we blame we do so without any intention to engage in a communicative exchange. It is argued that McKenna’s model cannot adequately account for private blame.
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