Results for 'Julia König'

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  1.  23
    Facilitation and Analogical Transfer in the THOG Task.Cynthia Koenig & Richard Griggs - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (4):355 – 370.
    This study was concerned with Wason's THOG task, a hypothetico-deductive reasoning problem for which performance is typically very poor ( < 20% correct). Recently, however, Needham and Amado (1995) and Koenig and Griggs (2004) have observed both facilitation and spontaneous analogical transfer effects for the Pythagoras version of this task. Based on their findings, Koenig and Griggs concluded that in addition to the separation of the data (the properties of the designated THOG) from the hypotheses that need to be generated (...)
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  2. Natural Law, Science, and the Social Construction of Reality.Bernie Koenig - 2004 - Upa.
    Natural Law, Science, and the Social Construction of Reality looks at changes in knowledge and the relationship to values from the modern era to today. Author Bernie Koenig examines Newton's influence on Locke and Kant, how Kant influenced Darwin and Freud, and the implications of their work for both anthropology and moral theory.
     
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  3.  44
    Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental fnd-ings in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are fndings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers (...)
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  4.  94
    The Ontogenesis of Trust.Fabrice Clement, Melissa Koenig & Paul Harris - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (4):360-379.
    Psychologists have emphasized children's acquisition of information through firsthand observation. However, many beliefs are acquired from others' testimony. In two experiments, most 4yearolds displayed sceptical trust in testimony. Having heard informants' accurate or inaccurate testimony, they anticipated that informants would continue to display such differential accuracy and they trusted the hitherto reliable informant. Yet they ignored the testimony of the reliable informant if it conflicted with what they themselves had seen. By contrast, threeyearolds were less selective in trusting a reliable (...)
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  5. The Basis of Epistemic Trust: Reliable Testimony or Reliable Sources?Paul L. Harris & Melissa A. Koenig - 2007 - Episteme 4 (3):264-284.
    What is the nature of children's trust in testimony? Is it based primarily on evidential correlations between statements and facts, as stated by Hume, or does it derive from an interest in the trustworthiness of particular speakers? In this essay, we explore these questions in an effort to understand the developmental course and cognitive bases of children's extensive reliance on testimony. Recent work shows that, from an early age, children monitor the reliability of particular informants, differentiate between those who make (...)
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  6.  31
    Accounting for Culture in Globalized Bioethics.Patricia Marshall & Barbara Koenig - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):252-266.
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  7.  17
    Brain Electric Microstates and Momentary Conscious Mind States as Building Blocks of Spontaneous Thinking: I.Daniel Lehmann, W. K. Strik, B. Henggeler & T. Koenig - 1998 - Visual Imagery and Abstract Thoughts. International Journal of Psychophysiology 29:1-11.
  8.  24
    Disclosing Results to Genomic Research Participants: Differences That Matter.Alessandro Blasimme, Alexandra Soulier, Sophie Julia, Samantha Leonard & Anne Cambon-Thomsen - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (10):20-22.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 10, Page 20-22, October 2012.
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  9.  46
    The Difference That Culture Can Make in End-of-Life Decisionmaking.H. Eugene Hern, Barbara A. Koenig, Lisa Jean Moore & Patricia A. Marshall - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (1):27-40.
    Cultural difference has been largely ignored within bioethics, particularly within the end-of-life discourses and practices that have developed over the past two decades in the U.S. healthcare system. Yet how should culturebe taken into account?
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  10.  35
    Mental Rotation in Schizophrenia.Frédérique de Vignemont, Tiziana Zalla, Andrés Posada, Anne Louvegnez, Olivier Koenig, Nicolas Georgieff & Nicolas Franck - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):295-309.
    Motor imagery provides a direct insight into action representations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the level of impairment of action monitoring in schizophrenia by evaluating the performance of schizophrenic patients on mental rotation tasks. We raised the following questions: Are schizophrenic patients impaired in motor imagery both at the explicit and at the implicit level? Are body parts more difficult for them to mentally rotate than objects? Is there any link between the performance and the hallucinating (...)
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  11.  29
    Cultural Aspects of Nondisclosure.Celia J. Orona, Barbara A. Koenig & Anne J. Davis - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (3):338.
    A basic assumption in current western medicine is that good healthcare involves informed choices. Indeed, making informed choices is not only viewed as “good practice” but a right to which each individual is entitled, a perspective only recently developed in the medical field.Moreover, in the case of ethical decisions, much of the discussion on the role of the family is cast within the autonomy paradigm of contemporary bioethics; that is, family members provide emotional support but do not make decisions for (...)
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  12.  26
    How to End Without Ever Finishing: Thai Semi-Perfectivity.J. -P. Koenig & N. Muansuwan - 2000 - Journal of Semantics 17 (2):147-182.
    Perfectivity is often assumed to entail the completion of the event described by event-denoting stems and their arguments. Although some scholars have noted that perfective markers do not always entail completion, their formal definitions contradict their informal descriptions. We show that these traditional models of perfective aspect cannot account for the aspectual system of Thai. In Thai, perfective markers do not entail that the event was completed: the resulting state of sentences that are in appareance telic in their ‘inner aspect’ (...)
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  13.  15
    A-Definites and the Discourse Status of Implicit Arguments.J.-P. Koenig - 1999 - Journal of Semantics 16 (3):207-236.
    This paper focuses on the semantics of implicit arguments and compares it with that of explicit indefinites with which they can be truth-conditionally paraphrased. It is shown that once the discourse-potential of expressions is taken into account, the semantics of implicit arguments differs from their indefinite explicit counterparts. They are shown to be semantically identical to a particular kind of non-quantificational NP (a-definites) which are characterized by their inability to serve as antecedents for future reference. A model of this behavior (...)
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  14.  46
    Sublexical Modality and the Structure of Lexical Semantic Representations.Jean-Pierre Koenig & Anthony R. Davis - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (1):71-124.
    This paper argues for a largely unnoted distinction between relational and modal components in the lexical semantics of verbs. Wehypothesize that many verbs encode two kinds of semantic information:a relationship among participants in a situation and a subset ofcircumstances or time indices at which this relationship isevaluated. The latter we term sublexical modality.We show that linking regularities between semantic arguments andsyntactic functions provide corroborating evidence in favor of thissemantic distinction, noting cases in which the semantic groundingof linking through participant-role properties (...)
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  15.  36
    Collective Fear, Individualized Risk: The Social and Cultural Context of Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer.N. Press, J. R. Fishman & B. A. Koenig - 2000 - Nursing Ethics 7 (3):237-249.
    The purpose of this article is to provide a critical examination of two aspects of culture and biomedicine that have helped to shape the meaning and practice of genetic testing for breast cancer. These are: (1) the cultural construction of fear of breast cancer, which has been fuelled in part by (2) the predominance of a ‘risk’ paradigm in contemporary biomedicine. The increasing elaboration and delineation of risk factors and risk numbers are in part intended to help women to contend (...)
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  16.  9
    Incidental Findings in CT Colonography: Literature Review and Survey of Current Research Practice.Hassan Siddiki, J. G. Fletcher, Beth McFarland, Nora Dajani, Nicholas Orme, Barbara Koenig, Marguerite Strobel & Susan M. Wolf - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):320-331.
    Incidental fndings of potential medical signifcance are seen in approximately 5-8 percent of asymptomatic subjects and 16 percent of symptomatic subjects participating in large computed tomography colonography studies, with the incidence varying further by CT acquisition technique. While most CTC research programs have a well-defned plan to detect and disclose IFs, such plans are largely communicated only verbally. Written consent documents should also inform subjects of how IFs of potential medical signifcance will be detected and reported in CTC research studies.
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  17.  7
    Why Not Grant Primacy to the Family?Barbara A. Koenig - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):33-34.
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  18.  22
    Conceptualizing "Religion": How Language Shapes and Constrains Knowledge in the Study of Religion and Health.Daniel E. Hall, Harold George Koenig & Keith G. Meador - 2004 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (3):386-401.
  19.  24
    Dead Donors and the "Shortage" of Human Organs: Are We Missing the Point?Barbara A. Koenig - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):26 – 27.
  20.  44
    Catholic Library Practice.Harry C. Koenig - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (2):327-328.
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  21.  36
    St. Augustine.Thomas Koenig - 1961 - Augustinianum 1 (1):201-202.
  22.  35
    La Réception Juridique de L’Incertitude Médicale.Guilhem Julia - 2009 - Médecine et Droit 2009 (98-99):131-137.
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  23.  39
    Reducing Cognitive Complexity in a Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning Task.Pam Marek, Richard A. Griggs & Cynthia S. Koenig - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):253 – 265.
    The confusion/non-consequential thinking explanation proposed by Newstead, Girotto, and Legrenzi (1995) for poor performance on Wason's THOG problem (a hypothetico-deductive reasoning task) was examined in three experiments with 300 participants. In general, as the cognitive complexity of the problem and the possibility of non-consequential thinking were reduced, correct performance increased. Significant but weak facilitation (33-40% correct) was found in Experiment 1 for THOG classification instructions that did not include the indeterminate response option. Substantial facilitation (up to 75% correct) was obtained (...)
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  24.  26
    Reclams Kunstführer Österreich, Baudenkmäler. Band. I: Wien, Nieder-und Oberösterreich, Burgenland; Band II, Salzburg, Tirol, Voralberg, Kärnten, Steiermark. Bearbeitet von K. Oettinger, R. Wagner-Rieger, F. Fuhrmann, A. Schmeller, L. Luchner, K. Ginhart, E. Heinzle, H. Riehl.D. Koenig - 1963 - Augustinianum 3 (1):243-244.
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  25.  17
    The Bridlington Dialogue.T. Koenig - 1961 - Augustinianum 1 (2):390-390.
  26.  12
    Lexikon der Liturgie.D. Koenig - 1963 - Augustinianum 3 (1):155-156.
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  27.  15
    Ricoeur's Interpretation of the Relation Between Phenomenological Philosophy and Psychoanalysis.Thomas R. Koenig - 1982 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 13 (2):115-142.
  28.  8
    Der gute Hirte.D. Koenig - 1963 - Augustinianum 3 (1):241-241.
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  29.  14
    Systematic Review of Ethics Consultation: A Route to Curriculum Development in Post-Graduate Medical Education.Paul S. Mueller & Barbara A. Koenig - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):21 – 23.
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  30.  5
    Response to Wilson.Bernie Koenig - 1988 - Dialogue 27 (2):357-.
  31.  6
    George F. Sefler 1945-1991.Thomas R. Koenig - 1992 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 65 (7):35 - 37.
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  32. An Introduction to Ethics.Thomas Koenig - 1974 - New York: Mss Information.
     
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  33. Art Matters: Art of Knowledge/Knowledge of Art.Bernard Koenig - 2009 - Academica Press.
     
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  34. Existentialism and Human Existence: An Account of Five Major Philosophers.Thomas Koenig - 1992 - Krieger.
    [1] The phenomenology of Edmund Husserl -- The existential philosophy of Albert Camus -- The existenz philosophy of Karl Jaspers -- The philosophy of Gabriel Marcel -- The philosophy of Martin Heidegger -- v. 2. The existential philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard -- The existential philosophy of Ortega y Gasset -- The philosophy of Martin Buber -- The existential philosophy of Nicolas Berdyaev -- The philosophy of Paul Ricoeur.
     
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  35. Human Existence and Philosophical Experience: An Introduction to Philosophy.Thomas Koenig - 1985 - R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..
     
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  36. The Philosophy of Georges Bastide.Thomas Koenig - 1971 - The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
     
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  37.  65
    Revisionist Responses to the Amoralism Objection: A Reply to Julia Markovits.Christopher Cowie - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):711-723.
    Some subjectivist views of practical reasons entail that some people, in some cases, lack sufficient reasons to act as morality requires of them. This is often thought to form the basis of an objection to these subjectivist views: ‘the amoralism objection’. This objection has been developed at length by Julia Markovits in her recent book Moral Reason. But Markovits—alongside many other proponents of this objection—does not explicitly consider that her objection is premised on a claim that her opponents deny (...)
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  38.  12
    GARDELLA, Mariana y JULIÁ, Victoria: El enigma de Cleobulina, Traducción de testimonios, acompañada de estudio preliminar, notas y apéndice, Prólogo de Walter O. Kohan, Teseo, Buenos Aires, 2018, 149p. [REVIEW]Dámaris Abigail Vanag - 2019 - Agora 38 (2).
    Recensión de la obra El enigma de Cleobulina de las especialistas en Filosofía Antigua, Mariana Gardella y Victoria Juliá. Publicada en el año 2018 por la editorial Teseo.
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  39. Julia Kristeva and the Politics of Life.Sarah K. Hansen - 2013 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 21 (1):27-42.
    In her recent writings on the powers and limits of psychoanalysis, Julia Kristeva develops a theory of power and subjectivity that engages implicitly, if not explicitly, with biopolitical themes. Exploring these engagements, this paper draws on Kristeva to discuss the mute symptoms of homo sacer and the regulatory power of the spectacle. Staging an uncommon (and sometimes antagonistic) conversation between Kristeva, Agamben, and Foucault, I construct a field of inquiry that I term the “psychic life of biopolitics.”.
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  40.  53
    Abjection, Melancholia, and Love: The Work of Julia Kristeva.John Fletcher, Andrew Benjamin & Julia Kristeva - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (3):270-271.
  41.  34
    Experiences of Exclusion When Living on a Ventilator: Reflections Based on the Application of Julia Kristeva's Philosophy to Caring Science.Berit Lindahl - 2011 - Nursing Philosophy 12 (1):12-21.
    The research presented in this work represents reflections in the light of Julia Kristeva's philosophy concerning empirical data drawn from research describing the everyday life of people dependent on ventilators. It also presents a qualitative and narrative methodological approach from a person‐centred perspective. Most research on home ventilator treatment is biomedical. There are a few published studies describing the situation of people living at home on a ventilator but no previous publications have used the thoughts in Kristeva's philosophy applied (...)
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  42.  69
    The Search for Redemption: Julia Kristeva and Slavoj Žižek on Marx, Psychoanalysis and Religion.Roland Boer - 2007 - Filozofija I Društvo 18 (1):153-176.
    Slavoj Žižek and Julia Kristeva have followed strikingly similar paths in their intellectual and political development, moving from Marxism through psychoanalysis to Christianity. This article traces the way they have distanced themselves from Marxism and taken up psychoanalysis, of either the Freudian or Lacanian variety. For Kristeva, psychoanalysis provides the therapeutic solution to individual and at times social problems, whereas for Žižek it is the best description of those problems without necessarily providing answers. However, through psychoanalysis, they have gone (...)
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  43. Homelessness or Symbolic Castration? Subjectivity, Language Acquisition, and Sociality in Julia Kristeva and Jacques Lacan.Bettina Schmitz & Translated By Julia Jansen - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):69-87.
    How much violence can a society expect its members to accept? A comparison between the language theories of Julia Kristeva and Jacques Lacan is the starting point for answering this question. A look at the early stages of language acquisition exposes the sacrificial logic of patriarchal society. Are those forces that restrict the individual to be conceived in a martial imagery of castration or is it possible that an existing society critically questions those points of socialization that leave their (...)
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  44. Crossing the Borders: An Interview with Julia Kristeva.Birgitte Huitfeldt Midttun & Julia Kristeva - 2001 - Hypatia 21 (4):164-177.
    : In this June 2004 interview, Julia Kristeva takes us through her long and extraordinary career as a writer, an intellectual, and an academic. She speaks of her early years as a radical poststructuralist, postmodern feminist, and discusses how her scope has broadened with the addition of psychoanalytical theory and practice. She answers questions about her work on the abject, melancholy, motherhood, and love, and reveals how personal experiences, like the death of her father, have shaped parts of her (...)
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  45. Homelessness or Symbolic Castration? Subjectivity, Language Acquisition, and Sociality in Julia Kristeva and Jacques Lacan.Bettina Schmitz & Julia Jansen - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):69-87.
    How much violence can a society expect its members to accept? A comparison between the language theories of Julia Kristeva and Jacques Lacan is the starting point for answering this question. A look at the early stages of language acquisition exposes the sacrificial logic of patriarchal society. Are those forces that restrict the individual to be conceived in a martial imagery of castration or is it possible that an existing society critically questions those points of socialization that leave their (...)
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  46.  79
    II–Julia Tanney: Normativity and Thought.Julia Tanney - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):45-61.
    [David Papineau] This paper disputes the common assumption that the normativity of conceptual judgement poses a problem for naturalism. My overall strategy is to argue that norms of judgement derive from moral or personal values, particularly when such values are attached to the end of truth. While there are philosophical problems associated with both moral and personal values, they are not special to the realm of judgement, nor peculiar to naturalist philosophies. This approach to the normativity of judgement is made (...)
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  47.  43
    Normativity and Judgement: Julia Tanney.Julia Tanney - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):45–61.
    [David Papineau] This paper disputes the common assumption that the normativity of conceptual judgement poses a problem for naturalism. My overall strategy is to argue that norms of judgement derive from moral or personal values, particularly when such values are attached to the end of truth. While there are philosophical problems associated with both moral and personal values, they are not special to the realm of judgement, nor peculiar to naturalist philosophies. This approach to the normativity of judgement is made (...)
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  48. Virtue and Happiness: Essays in Honour of Julia Annas.Rachana Kamtekar & Julia Annas (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This special volume of Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy presents sixteen specially written essays on virtue and happiness, and the treatment of these topics by thinkers from the fifth century BC to the third century AD. It is published in honour of Julia Annas--one of the leading scholars in the field.
     
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  49. Moral Expertise: Judgment, Practice, and Analysis*: Julia Driver.Julia Driver - 2013 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):280-296.
    This essay defends moral expertise against the skeptical considerations raised by Gilbert Ryle and others. The core of the essay articulates an account of moral expertise that draws on work on expertise in empirical moral psychology, and develops an analogy between moral expertise and linguistic expertise. The account holds that expertise is contrastive, so that a person is an expert relative to a particular contrast. Further, expertise is domain specific and characterized by behavior and judgment. Some disagreements in the literature (...)
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  50. Thinking From the Margins, Acting at the Intersections: Anna Julia Cooper's A Voice From the South.Vivian M. May - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):74 - 91.
    Anna Julia Cooper's 1892 A Voice from the South is a hybrid text that speaks provocatively to contemporary feminist philosophy. Negotiating exclusionary categories of being and knowing and writing herself into intellectual traditions meant to exclude her, Cooper's narrative methods are politically tactical and epistemologically significant. Cooper inserts subjectivity into objective analysis and underscores knowledge as located and embodied. By speaking from spaces of exclusion, Cooper fully articulates the promise of intersectional approaches to liberation.
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