Results for 'Julia K. Tanner'

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  1. The Argument From Marginal Cases and the Slippery Slope Objection.Julia K. Tanner - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (1):51-66.
    Rationality (or something similar) is usually given as the relevant difference between all humans and animals; the reason humans do but animals do not deserve moral consideration. But according to the Argument from Marginal Cases not all humans are rational, yet if such (marginal) humans are morally considerable despite lacking rationality it would be arbitrary to deny animals with similar capacities a similar level of moral consideration. The slippery slope objection has it that although marginal humans are not strictly speaking (...)
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  2. Better Not to Have Children.Gerald K. Harrison & Julia Tanner - 2011 - Think, 10(27), 113-121 (27):113-121.
    Most people take it for granted that it's morally permissible to have children. They may raise questions about the number of children it's responsible to have or whether it's permissible to reproduce when there's a strong risk of serious disability. But in general, having children is considered a good thing to do, something that's morally permissible in most cases (perhaps even obligatory).
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  3.  70
    How Many Children Should We Have?: None.Gerald K. Harrison & Julia Tanner - 2016 - The Philosophers' Magazine 75:72-77.
    Harrison and Tanner argue that having children is morally wrong.
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  4.  14
    A Longitudinal Experimental Study Comparing the Effectiveness of Happiness-Enhancing Strategies in Anglo Americans and Asian Americans.Julia K. Boehm, Sonja Lyubomirsky & Kennon M. Sheldon - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1263-1272.
  5.  8
    Deformation Studies of Initially Dislocation-Free Copper Single Crystals. I. Constant Strain-Rate Tensile Tests.K. Kamada & B. K. Tanner - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 29 (2):309-322.
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  6. The Marginal Cases Argument: Animals Matter Too.Julia Tanner - 2005 - Think 4 (10):53-62..
    If we are going to treat other species so very differently from our own — killing, eating and experimenting on pigs and sheep, for example, but never human beings — then it seems we need to come up with some morally relevant difference between us and them that justifies this difference in treatment. Otherwise it appears we are guilty of bigotry (in just the same way that someone who discriminates on the basis of race or sex is guilty of bigotry). (...)
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  7. Clarifying the Concept of Cruelty: What Makes Cruelty to Animals Cruel.Julia Tanner - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (5):818-835.
    The topic of cruelty features regularly in discussions concerning animals’ moral status. Further, condemnation of cruelty to animals is virtually unanimous. As Regan points out, ‘[i]t would be difficult to find anyone who is in favour of cruelty.’ What is to count as cruelty is therefore important. My aim here is to gain a clearer understanding of one aspect of our moral landscape: cruelty to animals. I will start by analyzing the concept of cruelty in section II. In section III (...)
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  8. Rowlands, Rawlsian Justice and Animal Experimentation.Julia Tanner - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):569-587.
    Mark Rowlands argues that, contrary to the dominant view, a Rawlsian theory of justice can legitimately be applied to animals. One of the implications of doing so, Rowlands argues, is an end to animal experimentation. I will argue, contrary to Rowlands, that under a Rawlsian theory there may be some circumstances where it is justifiable to use animals as experimental test subjects (where the individual animals are benefited by the experiments).
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  9.  97
    Species as a Relationship.Julia Tanner - 2008 - Acta Analytica 23 (4):337-347.
    The fact that humans have a special relationship to each other insofar as they belong in the same species is often taken to be a morally relevant difference between humans and other animals, one which justifies a greater moral status for all humans, regardless of their individual capacities. I give some reasons why this kind of relationship is not an appropriate ground for differential treatment of humans and nonhumans. I then argue that even if relationships do matter morally species membership (...)
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  10. Contractarianism and Secondary Direct Moral Standing for Marginal Humans and Animals.Julia Tanner - 2013 - Res Publica 19 (2):1-16.
    It is commonly thought that neo-Hobbesian contractarianism cannot yield direct moral standing for marginal humans and animals. However, it has been argued that marginal humans and animals can have a form of direct moral standing under neo-Hobbesian contractarianism: secondary moral standing. I will argue that, even if such standing is direct, this account is unsatisfactory because it is counterintuitive and fragile.
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  11. The Argument From Marginal Cases: Is Species a Relevant Difference.Julia Tanner - 2011 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):225-235.
    Marginal humans are not rational yet we still think they are morally considerable. This is inconsistent with denying animals moral status on the basis of their irrationality. Therefore, either marginal humans and animals are both morally considerable or neither are. In this paper I consider a major objection to this argument: that species is a relevant difference between humans animals.
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  12.  93
    Marginal Humans, The Argument From Kinds, And The Similarity Argument.Julia Tanner - 2006 - Facta Universitatis, Series: Linguistics and Literature 5 (1):47-63.
    In this paper I will examine two responses to the argument from marginal cases; the argument from kinds and the similarity argument. I will argue that these arguments are insufficient to show that all humans have moral status but no animals do. This does not prove that animals have moral status but it does shift the burden of proof onto those who want to maintain that all humans are morally considerable, but no animals are.
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  13. The Naturalistic Fallacy.Julia Tanner - 2006 - Richmond Journal of Philosophy 13.
    The naturalistic fallacy is a source of much confusion. In what follows I will explain what G. E. Moore meant by the naturalistic fallacy, give modern day examples of it then mention some of the different types of views it has spawned. Finally, I will consider a few criticisms of it.
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  14.  26
    Characterising the Passions: Michel Anguier's Challenge to le Brun's Theory of Expression.Julia K. Dabbs - 2002 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 65:273-296.
  15.  6
    John A. Hutchison, 1912-2000.Julia K. Hutchison - 2000 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 74 (2):111 - 112.
  16.  31
    The Active Room: Freud’s Office and the Egyptian Tomb.Julia K. Schroeder - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  17.  10
    Animals and the Moral Community: Mental Life, Moral Status, and Kinship – By Gary Steiner.Julia Tanner - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):102-104.
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  18. Harassment Online.Julia K. Ferganchick-Neufang - 1997 - Kairos (Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail. Faculté de philosophie) 2 (2).
     
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  19.  6
    Contrast of Crystal Defects Under Polarized Light.B. K. Tanner & D. J. Fathers - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 29 (5):1081-1094.
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  20.  28
    Moral Judgment Reloaded: A Moral Dilemma Validation Study.Julia F. Christensen, Albert Flexas, Margareta Calabrese, Nadine K. Gut & Antoni Gomila - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  21. Intrinsic Value and the Argument From Regress.Julia Tanner - 2007 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (2):313-322..
    Proponents of the argument from regress maintain that the existence of Instrumental Value is sufficient to establish the existence of Intrinsic Value. It is argued that the chain of instrumentally valuable things has to end somewhere. Namely with intrinsic value. In this paper, I shall argue something a little more modest than this. I do not want to argue that the regress argument proves that there is intrinsic value but rather that it proves that the idea of intrinsic value is (...)
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  22. Anthropocentrism.Julia Tanner - 2012 - In Craig W. Allin (ed.), Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues.
    Definition: considering human beings to be of central importance; the source of value.
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  23.  60
    Animals and the Moral Community: Mental Life, Moral Status, and Kinship – by Gary Steiner.Julia Tanner - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):102-104.
  24. Moral Status of Animals From Marginal Cases.Julia Tanner - 2011 - In Michael Bruce Steven Barbone (ed.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
    It matters a great deal whether animals have moral status. If animals have moral status, it may be wrong for us to use them as we currently do – hunting, farming, eating, and experimenting on them. The argument from marginal cases provides us with a reason to think that some animals have moral status that is equal to that of “marginal” humans.
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  25.  58
    The Epistemic Irresponsibility of the Subjects-of-a-Life Account.Julia Tanner - 2009 - Between the Species 13 (9):7.
    In this paper I will argue that Regan’s subjects-of-a-life account is epistemically irresponsible. Firstly, in making so many epistemic claims. Secondly in making the claims themselves.
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  26.  43
    Value, Respect and Attachment (Book Review). [REVIEW]Julia Tanner - 2002 - Philosophical Writings (21).
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  27. Why I Won’T Hurt Your Felines?Julia Tanner - 2008 - In Steven Hales (ed.), What Philosophy Can Tell You About Your Cat. Open Court Publishing.
    Some philosophers (such as Kant and Rawls) think it is only wrong to be cruel to cats because it will make one behave cruelly to humans. This explanation is unsatisfactory. Why? Because being cruel to your cat is a direct wrong to your cat regardless of the effects it has on other humans. Ascribing the wrongness of cruelty to the fact it will make one callous to other humans is to assess the character of the cruel person not the act (...)
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  28. Understanding “Understanding” in Public Understanding of Science.Joanna K. Huxster, Matthew Slater, Jason Leddington, Victor LoPiccolo, Jeffrey Bergman, Mack Jones, Caroline McGlynn, Nicolas Diaz, Nathan Aspinall, Julia Bresticker & Melissa Hopkins - 2017 - Public Understanding of Science 28:1-16.
    This study examines the conflation of terms such as “knowledge” and “understanding” in peer-reviewed literature, and tests the hypothesis that little current research clearly distinguishes between importantly distinct epistemic states. Two sets of data are presented from papers published in the journal Public Understanding of Science. In the first set, the digital text analysis tool, Voyant, is used to analyze all papers published in 2014 for the use of epistemic success terms. In the second set of data, all papers published (...)
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  29.  40
    Towards Lifting the Burden of Stereotyping.Julia Tanner - 2016 - “Ethos”:152-172.
    Some may doubt whether the question of equality of opportunity applies to women anymore. In most Western countries every career is now, in theory, open to women. Firstly, while this may be true in Western countries, it is not true in others; there are still many careers barred to women outside the West. However, affirmative action is not a remedy where women are barred from given careers, for in such cases the principle of equality of opportunity has been rejected. Rather, (...)
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  30. Julia Kristeva and the Politics of Life.Sarah K. Hansen - 2013 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 21 (1):27-42.
    In her recent writings on the powers and limits of psychoanalysis, Julia Kristeva develops a theory of power and subjectivity that engages implicitly, if not explicitly, with biopolitical themes. Exploring these engagements, this paper draws on Kristeva to discuss the mute symptoms of homo sacer and the regulatory power of the spectacle. Staging an uncommon (and sometimes antagonistic) conversation between Kristeva, Agamben, and Foucault, I construct a field of inquiry that I term the “psychic life of biopolitics.”.
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  31.  15
    Felicitas Eckrich/klaus Tanner : Forschung und Verantwortung im Konflikt? Ethische, rechtliche und ökonomische Aspekte der Totalsequenzierung des menschlichen Genoms, Nova Acta Leopoldina Band 117, Nr. 396, Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft 2013. [REVIEW]Julia Inthorn - 2016 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 60 (1):73-75.
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  32.  8
    Subsurface Damage in Alumina and Alumina–Silicon Carbide Nanocomposites.B. K. Tanner, H. Z. Wu |, S. G. Roberts & T. P. A. Hase - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (12):1219-1232.
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  33.  8
    Optical Contrast of Inclined Boundaries in Birefringent Magnetic Materials.D. J. Fathers & B. K. Tanner - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 27 (1):17-34.
  34.  53
    Picture Preferences and the Untrained Observer.R. S. Mortimer-Tanner & G. F. K. Naylor - 1965 - British Journal of Aesthetics 5 (4):351-356.
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  35.  4
    Line Defects in Barium Titanate Observed by Polarized Light Microscopy.D. J. Fathers & B. K. Tanner - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (4):749-770.
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  36. Understanding and Trusting Science.Matthew H. Slater, Joanna K. Huxster & Julia E. Bresticker - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (2):247-261.
    Science communication via testimony requires a certain level of trust. But in the context of ideologically-entangled scientific issues, trust is in short supply—particularly when the issues are politically ‘entangled’. In such cases, cultural values are better predictors than scientific literacy for whether agents trust the publicly-directed claims of the scientific community. In this paper, we argue that a common way of thinking about scientific literacy—as knowledge of particular scientific facts or concepts—ought to give way to a second-order understanding of science (...)
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  37.  29
    Soft-Bodied Fossils Are Not Simply Rotten Carcasses - Toward a Holistic Understanding of Exceptional Fossil Preservation.Luke A. Parry, Fiann Smithwick, Klara K. Nordén, Evan T. Saitta, Jesus Lozano-Fernandez, Alastair R. Tanner, Jean-Bernard Caron, Gregory D. Edgecombe, Derek E. G. Briggs & Jakob Vinther - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (1):1700167.
    Exceptionally preserved fossils are the product of complex interplays of biological and geological processes including burial, autolysis and microbial decay, authigenic mineralization, diagenesis, metamorphism, and finally weathering and exhumation. Determining which tissues are preserved and how biases affect their preservation pathways is important for interpreting fossils in phylogenetic, ecological, and evolutionary frameworks. Although laboratory decay experiments reveal important aspects of fossilization, applying the results directly to the interpretation of exceptionally preserved fossils may overlook the impact of other key processes that (...)
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  38.  11
    Soft‐Bodied Fossils Are Not Simply Rotten Carcasses – Toward a Holistic Understanding of Exceptional Fossil Preservation.A. Parry Luke, Smithwick Fiann, K. Nordén Klara, T. Saitta Evan, Lozano‐Fernandez Jesus, R. Tanner Alastair, Caron Jean‐Bernard, D. Edgecombe Gregory, E. G. Briggs Derek & Vinther Jakob - forthcoming - Bioessays.
    Exceptionally preserved fossils are the product of complex interplays of biological and geological processes including burial, autolysis and microbial decay, authigenic mineralization, diagenesis, metamorphism, and finally weathering and exhumation. Determining which tissues are preserved and how biases affect their preservation pathways is important for interpreting fossils in phylogenetic, ecological, and evolutionary frameworks. Although laboratory decay experiments reveal important aspects of fossilization, applying the results directly to the interpretation of exceptionally preserved fossils may overlook the impact of other key processes that (...)
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  39.  66
    The England of G. K. Chesterton.Julia Stapleton - 2006 - The Chesterton Review 32 (3 & 4):339-355.
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  40. Denialism as Applied Skepticism: Philosophical and Empirical Considerations.Matthew H. Slater, Joanna K. Huxster, Julia E. Bresticker & Victor LoPiccolo - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (4):871-890.
    The scientific community, we hold, often provides society with knowledge—that the HIV virus causes AIDS, that anthropogenic climate change is underway, that the MMR vaccine is safe. Some deny that we have this knowledge, however, and work to undermine it in others. It has been common to refer to such agents as “denialists”. At first glance, then, denialism appears to be a form of skepticism. But while we know that various denialist strategies for suppressing belief are generally effective, little is (...)
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  41.  9
    The Sociologists of the Chair. A Radical Analysis of the Formative Years of North American Sociology.Vernon K. Dibble, Herman Schwendinger & Julia R. Schwendinger - 1976 - History and Theory 15 (3):293.
  42.  5
    Hormones and Ethics: Understanding the Biological Basis of Unethical Conduct.Jooa Julia Lee, Francesca Gino, Ellie Shuo Jin, Leslie K. Rice & Robert A. Josephs - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (5):891-897.
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  43.  2
    The Direction of Dislocations in Flux-Grown Crystals.M. Safa, B. K. Tanner, H. Klapper & B. M. Wanklyn - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (3):811-816.
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  44. Book Review: The Digital Youth Network: Cultivating Digital Media Citizenship in Urban Communities by Barron, B., Gomez, K., Pinkard, N., & Martin, C. K. [REVIEW]Julia Ticona - 2014 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 34 (3-4):121-122.
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  45. The Parable of the Sower Beneath the Surface of Multicultural Issues The Narrow Neck of Land.Elder Paul V. Johnson, Blair G. Van Dyke, Jared M. Halverson, Sidney R. Sandstrom, Eric-Jon K. Marlowe, John Hilton Iii, Jordan Tanner, Nick Eastmond, Clyde L. Livingston & A. Paul King - 2008 - The Religious Educator 9 (3).
     
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  46.  5
    Dance on the Brain: Enhancing Intra- and Inter-Brain Synchrony.Julia C. Basso, Medha K. Satyal & Rachel Rugh - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Dance has traditionally been viewed from a Eurocentric perspective as a mode of self-expression that involves the human body moving through space, performed for the purposes of art, and viewed by an audience. In this Hypothesis and Theory article, we synthesize findings from anthropology, sociology, psychology, dance pedagogy, and neuroscience to propose The Synchronicity Hypothesis of Dance, which states that humans dance to enhance both intra- and inter-brain synchrony. We outline a neurocentric definition of dance, which suggests that dance involves (...)
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  47.  2
    Urban Influencers: An Analysis of Urban Identity in YouTube Content of Local Social Media Influencers in a Super-Diverse City.Anne K. van Eldik, Julia Kneer, Roel O. Lutkenhaus & Jeroen Jansz - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  48. The Tanner Lectures on Human Values: Volume 31.Mark Matheson (ed.) - 2012 - University of Utah Press.
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, founded July 1, 1978, at Clare Hall, Cambridge University, was established by the American scholar, industrialist, and philanthropist Obert Clark Tanner. Lectureships are awarded to outstanding scholars or leaders in broadly defined fields of human values and transcend ethnic, national, religious, or ideological distinctions. Volume 31 features lectures given during the academic year 2010–2011 at Yale University, The University of Utah, The University of Michigan, Stanford University, Princeton University, and Harvard University. _Contributors: (...)
     
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  49.  86
    Linking Visions: Feminist Bioethics, Human Rights, and the Developing World.Karen L. Baird, María Julia Bertomeu, Martha Chinouya, Donna Dickenson, Michele Harvey-Blankenship, Barbara Ann Hocking, Laura Duhan Kaplan, Jing-Bao Nie, Eileen O'Keefe, Julia Tao Lai Po-wah, Carol Quinn, Arleen L. F. Salles, K. Shanthi, Susana E. Sommer, Rosemarie Tong & Julie Zilberberg - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This collection brings together fourteen contributions by authors from around the globe. Each of the contributions engages with questions about how local and global bioethical issues are made to be comparable, in the hope of redressing basic needs and demands for justice. These works demonstrate the significant conceptual contributions that can be made through feminists' attention to debates in a range of interrelated fields, especially as they formulate appropriate responses to developments in medical technology, global economics, population shifts, and poverty.
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  50.  8
    Julia Annas , Intelligent Virtue . Reviewed By.Brian K. Cameron - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (5):339-341.
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