Results for 'Julian C. Motzkin'

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  1.  10
    Postfoundational Practical Theology for a Time of Transition.Julian C. Müller - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (1).
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  2.  56
    Withdrawing and Withholding Artificial Nutrition and Hydration From Patients in a Minimally Conscious State: Re: M and its Repercussions.Julian C. Sheather - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):543-546.
    In 2011 the English Court of Protection ruled that it would be unlawful to withdraw artificial nutrition and hydration from a woman, M, who had been in a minimally conscious state for 8 years. It was reported as the first English legal case concerning withdrawal of artificial nutrition and hydration from a patient in a minimally conscious state who was otherwise stable. In the absence of a valid and applicable advance decision refusing treatment, of other life-limiting pathology or excessively burdensome (...)
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  3. Towards an Institutional Account of the Objectivity, Necessity, and Atemporality of Mathematics.Julian C. Cole - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica 21 (1):9-36.
    I contend that mathematical domains are freestanding institutional entities that, at least typically, are introduced to serve representational functions. In this paper, I outline an account of institutional reality and a supporting metaontological perspective that clarify the content of this thesis. I also argue that a philosophy of mathematics that has this thesis as its central tenet can account for the objectivity, necessity, and atemporality of mathematics.
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  4.  57
    Creativity, Freedom, and Authority: A New Perspective On the Metaphysics of Mathematics.Julian C. Cole - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):589-608.
    I discuss a puzzle that shows there is a need to develop a new metaphysical interpretation of mathematical theories, because all well-known interpretations conflict with important aspects of mathematical activities. The new interpretation, I argue, must authenticate the ontological commitments of mathematical theories without curtailing mathematicians' freedom and authority to creatively introduce mathematical ontology during mathematical problem-solving. Further, I argue that these two constraints are best met by a metaphysical interpretation of mathematics that takes mathematical entities to be constitutively constructed (...)
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  5.  45
    Should We Respect Precedent Autonomy in Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions?Julian C. Sheather - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):547-550.
    The recent judgement in the case of Re:M in which the Court held that it would be unlawful to withdraw artificial nutrition and hydration from a woman in a minimally conscious state raises a number of ethical issues of wide application. Central to these is the extent to which precedent autonomous decisions should be respected in the absence of a legally binding advance decision. Well-being interests can survive the loss of many of the psychological faculties that support personhood. A decision (...)
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  6.  52
    Practical Theology as Part of the Landscape of Social Sciences and Humanities – A Transversal Perspective.Julian C. Müller - 2013 - Hts Theological Studies 69 (2):1-5.
    At the University of Pretoria the author, a practical theologian, experiences a fruitful soil for the development of an interdisciplinary process. He referred to concrete examples of cooperation, but used the article to reflect on best practices for the interdisciplinary dialogue. He came to the conclusion that it probably made more sense to talk of Practical-theological alternatives rather than to describe the subject in a single fixed manner of understanding and action. Our goal should rather be to open up the (...)
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  7.  57
    An Abstract Status Function Account of Corporations.Julian C. Cole - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences (1):0048393112455106.
    In this article, I articulate and defend an account of corporations motivated by John Searle’s discussion of them in his Making the Social World. According to this account, corporations are abstract entities that are the products of status function Declarations. They are also connected with, though not reducible to, various people and certain of the power relations among them. Moreover, these connections are responsible for corporations having features that stereotypical abstract entities lack (e.g., the abilities to take actions and make (...)
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  8.  20
    Thinking Through Dementia.Julian C. Hughes - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Dementia affects millions of people throughout the world. Thinking through Dementia offers a critique of the main models used to understand dementia-the biomedical, neuropsychological, and social constructionist. It discusses clinical issues and cases, together with philosophical work that might help us to better understand and treat this illness.
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  9.  36
    Types of Centredness in Health Care: Themes and Concepts. [REVIEW]Julian C. Hughes, Claire Bamford & Carl May - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):455-463.
    Background For a variety of sociological reasons, different types of centredness have become important in health and social care. In trying to characterize one type of centredness, we were led to consider, at a conceptual level, the importance of the notion of centredness in general and the reasons for there being different types of centeredness. Method We searched the literature for papers on client-, family-, patient-, person- and relationship- centred care. We identified reviews or papers that defined or discussed the (...)
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  10.  33
    Mathematical Domains: Social Constructs?Julian C. Cole - 2008 - In Bonnie Gold & Roger Simons (eds.), Proof and Other Dilemmas: Mathematics and Philosophy. Mathematics Association of America. pp. 109--128.
    I discuss social constructivism in the philosophy of mathematics and argue for a novel variety of social constructivism that I call Practice-Dependent Realism.
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  11. Mathematical Structuralism Today.Julian C. Cole - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (8):689-699.
    Two topics figure prominently in recent discussions of mathematical structuralism: challenges to the purported metaphysical insight provided by sui generis structuralism and the significance of category theory for understanding and articulating mathematical structuralism. This article presents an overview of central themes related to these topics.
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  12.  71
    Social Construction, Mathematics, and the Collective Imposition of Function Onto Reality.Julian C. Cole - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (6):1101-1124.
    Stereotypes of social construction suggest that the existence of social constructs is accidental and that such constructs have arbitrary and subjective features. In this paper, I explore a conception of social construction according to which it consists in the collective imposition of function onto reality and show that, according to this conception, these stereotypes are incorrect. In particular, I argue that the collective imposition of function onto reality is typically non-accidental and that the products of such imposition frequently have non-arbitrary (...)
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  13.  18
    Is Operant Conditioning Ready for Formal Molar Theories?Julian C. Leslie - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):398-398.
  14.  13
    Nudging the Older Person Into Care: An End to the Dilemma?Julian C. Hughes, Marie Poole & Stephen J. Louw - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):34 - 36.
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  15. Ethical Issues and Tagging in Dementia: A Survey.Julian C. Hughes, Jane Newby, Stephen J. Louw, Gill Campbell & Jane L. Hutton - 2009 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 3 (1):4.
     
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  16. Mathematical Platonism.Julian C. Cole - 2010 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  17.  14
    From the Subjective Brain to the Situated Person.Julian C. Hughes - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):29-30.
  18.  17
    Spirituality in Narratives of Meaning.Francois Wessels & Julian C. Müller - 2013 - Hts Theological Studies 69 (2):1-7.
    This article forms part of a study which was inspired by the ever-growing need for significance expressed both by my life coaching and pastoral therapy clients as well as the need for existential meaning reported both in the lay press and academic literature. The study reflected on a life that matters with a group of co-researchers in a participatory action research relationship. The study has been positioned within pastoral theology and invited the theological discourse into a reflection of existential meaning. (...)
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  19.  11
    The Practical Theologian as Decentred but Influential Facilitator.H. Elmo Pienaar & Julian C. Müller - 2012 - Hts Theological Studies 68 (2).
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  20. The Return of the Living Dead: Agency Lost and Found?Carmelo Aquilina & Julian C. Hughes - 2006 - In Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press. pp. 143--161.
     
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  21.  8
    The Use of Metaphors in Narrative Research in Exploring and Describing Experiences of Adolescent Male Orphans Affected by HIV and AIDS.Juanita Loubser & Julian C. Müller - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (2).
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  22.  23
    Book Review: Jody Azzouni. Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism. [REVIEW]Julian C. Cole - 2005 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 46 (2):235-247.
  23.  11
    Horizons on the World.Julian C. Hughes - 2009 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (3):442-447.
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  24.  12
    Introduction: The Heat of Mild Cognitive Impairment.Julian C. Hughes - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):1-2.
  25. Seeing Whole.Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Steven R. Sabat - 2006 - In Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
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  26.  10
    The Entry of Randomized Assignment Into the Social Sciences.Julian C. Jamison - 2019 - Journal of Causal Inference 7 (1).
    Although the concept of randomized assignment in order to control for extraneous confounding factors reaches back hundreds of years, the first empirical use appears to have been in an 1835 trial of homeopathic medicine. Throughout the 19th century there was a growing awareness of the need for comparison groups, albeit often without the realization that randomization could be a clean method to achieve that goal. In the second and more crucial phase of this history, four separate but related disciplines introduced (...)
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  27.  9
    Biografie as Teologie.Julian C. Müller - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (3).
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  28.  6
    Stories About Care: Women in a Historically Disadvantaged Community Infected and/or Affected by HIV/AIDS.Julian C. Müller & Sunette Pienaar - 2004 - Hts Theological Studies 60 (3).
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  29.  16
    Alan Weir , Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics . Reviewed By.Julian C. Cole - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (6):529-532.
  30.  37
    Gianluigi Oliveri. A Realist Philosophy of Mathematics. Texts in Philosophy;.Julian C. Cole - 2008 - Philosophia Mathematica 16 (3):409-420.
    1.1 ContextIn the period following the demise of logicism, formalism, and intuitionism, contributors to the philosophy of mathematics have been divided. On the one hand, there are those who tend to focus on such issues as: Do mathematical entities exist? If so, what type of entities are they and how do we know about them? If not, how can we account for the role that mathematics plays in our everyday and scientific lives? Contributors to this school—let us call it the (...)
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  31.  37
    Giovanni Sommaruga (Ed.), Foundational Theories of Classical and Constructive Mathematics, Springer, The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, Vol. 76, 2011, Pp. Xi+314. ISBN 978-94-007-0430-5 (Hardcover) US $139.00. [REVIEW]Julian C. Cole - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (5):1047-1050.
  32.  55
    Gila Sher. Epistemic Friction: An Essay on Knowledge, Truth, and Logic.Julian C. Cole - 2018 - Philosophia Mathematica 26 (1):136-148.
    © The Authors [2017]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: [email protected] Sher believes that our basic epistemic situation — that we aim to gain knowledge of a highly complex world using our severely limited, yet highly resourceful, cognitive capacities — demands that all epistemic projects be undertaken within two broad constraints: epistemic freedom and epistemic friction. The former permits us to employ our cognitive resourcefulness fully while undertaking epistemic projects, while the latter requires that (...)
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  33. The Advance Directive Conjuring Trick and the Person with Dementia.Julian C. Hughes & Sabat & R. Steven - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven, John McMillan, Tony Hope & Lieke van der Scheer (eds.), Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
     
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  34.  12
    Alzheimer's and Other Dementias.Julian C. Hughes - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    With more people in the world living into older age, Alzheimer's and other Dementias: The Facts takes a comprehensive look at the spread of dementia, and provides authoritative information and practical advice for sufferers, their families, and the medical professionals who care for them. -/- Written by a consultant in old age psychiatry, the book provides an overview of all the different types of dementia (including younger-onset dementias), from the most-recognized - Alzheimer's - to the less-frequent types, such as those (...)
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  35.  18
    Emotions and Personhood. Exploring Fragility — Making Sense of Vulnerability by Giovanni Stanghellini & René Rosfort, 2013 Oxford, Oxford University Press Xii + 340 Pp, £44.99. [REVIEW]Julian C. Hughes - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):106-108.
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  36. Patterns of Practice: A Useful Notion in Medical Ethics?Julian C. Hughes - 2009 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 1 (1):1.
    This paper introduces the notion of patterns of practice and shows the extent to which it is useful at the level of practice and at a profound philosophical level. The notion makes deep connections with ideas in the realm of the philosophy of language and thought and, in addition, it connects to virtue ethics. Using the example of whether or not to admit someone using compulsory powers or whether to treat them in the community, the notion of patterns of practice (...)
     
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  37. Seeing Whole.Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Sabat & R. Steven - 2005 - In Julian Hughes, Stephen Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
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  38.  13
    The Advance Directive Conjuring Trick and the Person with Dementia.Julian C. Hughes & Steven R. Sabat - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven (ed.), Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 123--40.
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  39.  4
    Truthfulness and the Person Living with Dementia: Embedded Intentions, Speech Acts and Conforming to the Reality.Julian C. Hughes - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (9):842-849.
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  40.  1
    Truthfulness and the Person Living with Dementia: Embedded Intentions, Speech Acts and Conforming to the Reality.Julian C. Hughes - forthcoming - Wiley: Bioethics.
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  41.  25
    The Long Life - by H. Small.Julian C. Hughes - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (1):112-114.
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  42.  14
    Understanding Dementia : A Wittgensteinian Critique of Models of Dementia.Julian C. Hughes - unknown
    How are we to understand dementia? The main argument involves an analysis (in Chapter 2) of intentional mental states, using Wittgenstein's discussion of rule-following, which suggests that such states demonstrate an irreducible, transcendental normativity. This externalist account of intentional mental states highlights the worldly embedding of practices. In Chapters 3,4 and 5, this analysis is applied respectively to the disease, cognitive neuropsychology and social constructionist models of dementia. Whilst clinically and scientifically useful, none generates an adequate account of normativity. The (...)
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  43.  10
    Resuscitation Decisions at the End of Life: Medical Views and the Juridification of Practice.Fiona M. A. MacCormick, Charlotte Emmett, Paul Paes & Julian C. Hughes - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):376-383.
    BackgroundConcerns about decision making related to resuscitation have led to two important challenges in the courts resulting in new legal precedents for decision-making practice. Systematic research investigating the experiences of doctors involved in decisions about resuscitation in light of the recent changes in law remains lacking.AimTo analyse the practice of resuscitation decision making on hospital wards from the perspectives of doctors.DesignThe data presented in this paper were collected as part of a wider research study of end-of-life care in an acute (...)
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  44.  18
    ‘He Who Helps the Guilty, Shares the Crime’? INGOs, Moral Narcissism and Complicity in Wrongdoing.Pete Buth, Benoit de Gryse, Sean Healy, Vincent Hoedt, Tara Newell, Giovanni Pintaldi, Hernan del Valle, Julian C. Sheather & Sidney Wong - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):299-304.
    Humanitarian organisations often work alongside those responsible for serious wrongdoing. In these circumstances, accusations of moral complicity are sometimes levelled at decision makers. These accusations can carry a strong if unfocused moral charge and are frequently the source of significant moral unease. In this paper, we explore the meaning and usefulness of complicity and its relation to moral accountability. We also examine the impact of concerns about complicity on the motivation of humanitarian staff and the risk that complicity may lead (...)
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  45.  9
    Able Youths and Achievement Tests.Julian C. Stanley & Heinrich Stumpf - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):263-264.
    Achievement test differences between boys and girls and between young men and young women, mostly favoring males, extend far beyond mathematics. Such pervasive differences, illustrated here, may require an explanatory theory broader than Geary's.
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  46.  5
    Challenges Faced by Patients, Relatives and Clinicians in End-Stage Dementia Decision-Making: A Qualitative Study of Swallowing Problems.Joseph Dimech, Emmanuel Agius, Julian C. Hughes & Paul Bartolo - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):39-39.
    Background Decision-making in end-stage dementia is a complex process involving medical, social, legal and ethical issues. In ESD, the person suffers from severe cognitive problems leading to a loss of capacity to decide matters regarding health and end-of-life issues. The decisional responsibility is usually passed to clinicians and relatives who can face significant difficulty in making moral decisions, particularly in the presence of life-threatening swallowing problems. Aim This study aimed to understand the decision-making processes of clinical teams and relatives in (...)
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  47. Ethics Briefing.Dominic Norcliffe-Brown, Sophie Brannan, Martin Davies, Veronica English, Caroline Ann Harrison & Julian C. Sheather - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):843-844.
    ### Challenge to the abortion act 1967 dismissed In September, the High Court dismissed a judicial review of the Abortion Act 1967 that sought a judgement of incompatibility with the European Convention on Human Rights.1 The case focused on a clause in the Act which permits abortion in England, Scotland and Wales after 24 weeks if there is a substantial risk that, if the child were born, it would suffer from ‘such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped’. (...)
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  48. Biomarking Trait Resilience With Salivary Cortisol in Chinese Undergraduates.Julian C. L. Lai, Monique O. Y. Leung, Daryl Y. H. Lee, Yun Wah Lam & Karsten Berning - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  49.  8
    Broad and Deep, but Always Rigorous: Some Appreciative Reflections on Ullin Place's Contributions to Behaviour Analysis.Julian C. Leslie - 2001 - Behavior and Philosophy 29:159 - 165.
    Ullin Place's contributions to the literature of behaviour analysis and behaviourism span the period from 1954 to 1999. In appreciation of his scholarship and breadth of vision, this paper reviews an early widely-cited contribution ("Is consciousness a brain process?" British Journal of Psychology, 1956, pp. 47-53) and a late one which should become widely cited ("Rescuing the science of human behavior from the ashes of socialism," Psychological Record, 1997, pp. 649-659). It is noted that the sweep of Place's work links (...)
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  50.  1
    Behavior Analysis: Foundations and Applications to Psychology.Julian C. Leslie & Mark F. O'Reilly - 1999 - Psychology Press.
    This psychology textbook offers a comprehensive examination of the basic principles of behavior analysis and their application to issues of social significance. Behavioral scientists are interested in elucidating the fundamental principles that govern the behavior of human and non-human animals. Behavior Analysis is designed to meet the needs of senior undergraduate courses and postgraduate training in behavior analysis and its applications. The eleven comprehensive chapters: ·consider how fundamental principles of behavior can be used in an applied setting to identify behavior (...)
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