Results for 'Julian J. Schl��der'

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  1.  18
    J. Vogt: Kaiser Julian und das Judentum. Studien zum Weltanschauungskampf der Spätantike. Pp. iv+74. Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1939. Paper, RM.3. [REVIEW]A. N. Sherwin-White - 1940 - The Classical Review 54 (02):118-.
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  2.  7
    Der Religion der Griechen III. Von Platon Bis Kaiser Julian. By Otto Kern. Pp. V + 352. Berlin: Weidmann, 1938. RM. 18.H. J. Rose & Otto Kern - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):169-169.
  3.  21
    Untersuchungen Zum Begriff der Philanthropia Bei Dem Kaiser Julian[REVIEW]M. J. Boyd - 1962 - The Classical Review 12 (2):167-168.
  4.  5
    Untersuchungen zum Begriff der Philanthropia bei dem Kaiser Julian[REVIEW]Robert Browning & J. Kabiersch - 1962 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 82:192-192.
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  5. Ammianus Marcellinus' Judgement of Julian's Piety.J. den Boeft - 2008 - In van der Horst, Pieter Willem, Alberdina Houtman, Albert de Jong, van de Weg & Magdalena Wilhelmina Misset (eds.), Empsychoi Logoi--Religious Innovations in Antiquity: Studies in Honour of Pieter Willem van der Horst. Brill.
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  6.  7
    Julian J. Koplin Replies.Julian J. Koplin - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (1):46-46.
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  7. Inferential Expressivism and the Negation Problem.Luca Incurvati & Julian J. Schlöder - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 16.
    We develop a novel solution to the negation version of the Frege-Geach problem by taking up recent insights from the bilateral programme in logic. Bilateralists derive the meaning of negation from a primitive *B-type* inconsistency involving the attitudes of assent and dissent. Some may demand an explanation of this inconsistency in simpler terms, but we argue that bilateralism’s assumptions are no less explanatory than those of *A-type* semantics that only require a single primitive attitude, but must stipulate inconsistency elsewhere. Based (...)
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  8.  27
    Book Review: Apocalypse: From Antiquity to the Empire of modernityHallJohn R, Apocalypse: From Antiquity to the Empire of Modernity. [REVIEW]Julian J. Potter - 2014 - Thesis Eleven 120 (1):135-138.
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  9.  11
    Moral Limits of Brain Organoid Research.Julian J. Koplin & Julian Savulescu - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):760-767.
    Brain organoid research raises ethical challenges not seen in other forms of stem cell research. Given that brain organoids partially recapitulate the development of the human brain, it is plausible that brain organoids could one day attain consciousness and perhaps even higher cognitive abilities. Brain organoid research therefore raises difficult questions about these organoids' moral status – questions that currently fall outside the scope of existing regulations and guidelines. This paper shows how these gaps can be addressed. We outline a (...)
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  10.  12
    Human‐Animal Chimeras: The Moral Insignificance of Uniquely Human Capacities.Julian J. Koplin - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (5):23-32.
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  11.  78
    Germline Gene Editing and the Precautionary Principle.Julian J. Koplin, Christopher Gyngell & Julian Savulescu - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (1):49-59.
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  12.  8
    From Blood Donation to Kidney Sales: The Gift Relationship and Transplant Commercialism.Julian J. Koplin - 2015 - Monash Bioethics Review 33 (2-3):102-122.
    In The Gift Relationship, Richard Titmuss argued that the practice of altruistic blood donation fosters social solidarity while markets in blood erode it. This paper considers the implications of this line of argument for the organ market debate. I defend Titmuss’ arguments against a number of criticisms and respond to claims that Titmuss’ work is not relevant to the context of live donor organ transplantation. I conclude that Titmuss’ arguments are more resilient than many advocates of organ markets suggest, and (...)
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  13.  31
    Book Review: Beyond Civilization: Society, Culture and the Individual in the Age of GlobalizationHarry Redner,Beyond Civilization: Society, Culture and the Individual in the Age of Globalization. [REVIEW]Julian J. Potter - 2015 - Thesis Eleven 128 (1):153-159.
  14.  4
    Why genomics researchers are sometimes morally required to hunt for secondary findings.Julian J. Koplin, Julian Savulescu & Danya F. Vears - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-11.
    Genomic research can reveal ‘unsolicited’ or ‘incidental’ findings that are of potential health or reproductive significance to participants. It is widely thought that researchers have a moral obligation, grounded in the duty of easy rescue, to return certain kinds of unsolicited findings to research participants. It is less widely thought that researchers have a moral obligation to actively look for health-related findings. This paper examines whether there is a moral obligation, grounded in the duty of easy rescue, to actively hunt (...)
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  15. Counterfactual Knowability Revisited.Julian J. Schlöder - 2019 - Synthese (2):1-15.
    Anti-realism is plagued by Fitch’s paradox: the remarkable result that if one accepts that all truths are knowable, minimal assumptions about the nature of knowledge entail that every truth is known. Dorothy Edgington suggests to address this problem by understanding p is knowable to be a counterfactual claim, but her proposal must contend with a forceful objection by Timothy Williamson. I revisit Edgington’s basic idea and find that Williamson’s objection is obviated by a refined understanding of counterfactual knowability that is (...)
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  16.  26
    Beyond Fair Benefits: Reconsidering Exploitation Arguments Against Organ Markets.Julian J. Koplin - 2018 - Health Care Analysis 26 (1):33-47.
    One common objection to establishing regulated live donor organ markets is that such markets would be exploitative. Perhaps surprisingly, exploitation arguments against organ markets have been widely rejected in the philosophical literature on the subject. It is often argued that concerns about exploitation should be addressed by increasing the price paid to organ sellers, not by banning the trade outright. I argue that this analysis rests on a particular conception of exploitation, and outline two additional ways that the charge of (...)
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  17.  16
    Burden of Proof in Bioethics.Julian J. Koplin & Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (9):597-603.
    A common strategy in bioethics is to posit a prima facie case in favour of one policy, and to then claim that the burden of proof falls on those with opposing views. If the burden of proof is not met, it is claimed, then the policy in question should be accepted. This article illustrates, and critically evaluates, examples of this strategy in debates about the sale of organs by living donors, human enhancement, and the precautionary principle. We highlight general problems (...)
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  18.  33
    The Body as Gift, Commodity, or Something in Between: Ethical Implications of Advanced Kidney Donation.Julian J. Koplin - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (5):575-596.
    An innovative program recently initiated at the University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center allows people to donate a kidney in exchange for a voucher that a loved one can redeem for a kidney if and when needed. As a relatively new practice, the ethical implications of advanced kidney donation have not yet been widely discussed. This paper reflects on some of the bioethical issues at stake in this new donation program, as well as some broader philosophical issues related to (...)
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  19.  22
    Kidney Sales and Market Regulation: A Reply to Semrau.J. Koplin Julian - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (6):653-669.
    Luke Semrau argues that the documented harms of existing organ markets do not undermine the case for establishing regulated systems of paid kidney donation. He offers two arguments in support of this conclusion. First, Semrau argues that the harms of kidney selling are straightforwardly amenable to regulatory solution. Second, Semrau argues that even in existing black markets, sellers would likely have experienced greater harm if the option of selling a kidney were not available. This commentary challenges both of Semrau’s claims. (...)
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  20.  43
    The Logic of the Knowledge Norm of Assertion.Julian J. Schlöder - 2018 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):49-57.
    The knowledge norm of assertion is the subject of a lively debate on when someone is in a position to assert something. However, not much has been said about the logic that underlies such debate. In this paper, I propose a formalisation of the knowledge norm in a deontic logic that aims to be explanatory and conceptually sound. Afterwards, I investigate some problems that this formalisation makes visible. This reveals some significant limitations of the underlying logic: it can neither contain (...)
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  21. Epistemic Multilateral Logic.Luca Incurvati & Julian J. Schlöder - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-44.
    We present epistemic multilateral logic, a general logical framework for reasoning involving epistemic modality. Standard bilateral systems use propositional formulae marked with signs for assertion and rejection. Epistemic multilateral logic extends standard bilateral systems with a sign for the speech act of weak assertion (Incurvati and Schlöder 2019) and an operator for epistemic modality. We prove that epistemic multilateral logic is sound and complete with respect to the modal logic S5 modulo an appropriate translation. The logical framework developed provides the (...)
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  22.  5
    The Ambiguous Lessons of the Iranian Model of Paid Living Kidney Donation: Fry-Revere, S. . The Kidney Sellers: A Journey of Discovery in Iran.Julian J. Koplin - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (3-4):284-290.
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  23. Weak Assertion.Luca Incurvati & Julian J. Schlöder - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (277):741-770.
    We present an inferentialist account of the epistemic modal operator might. Our starting point is the bilateralist programme. A bilateralist explains the operator not in terms of the speech act of rejection ; we explain the operator might in terms of weak assertion, a speech act whose existence we argue for on the basis of linguistic evidence. We show that our account of might provides a solution to certain well-known puzzles about the semantics of modal vocabulary whilst retaining classical logic. (...)
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  24. Weak Rejection.Luca Incurvati & Julian J. Schlöder - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (4):741-760.
    ABSTRACTLinguistic evidence supports the claim that certain, weak rejections are less specific than assertions. On the basis of this evidence, it has been argued that rejected sentences cannot be premisses and conclusions in inferences. We give examples of inferences with weakly rejected sentences as premisses and conclusions. We then propose a logic of weak rejection which accounts for the relevant phenomena and is motivated by principles of coherence in dialogue. We give a semantics for which this logic is sound and (...)
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  25.  26
    Reply to A. Wayman's 'Reply to L. W. J. Van der Kuijp'.Leonard W. J. Van der Kuijp & Klaus K. Klostermaier - 1979 - Philosophy East and West 29 (4):515 - 518.
  26. Entitlement Theories of Justice: From Nozick to Roemer and Beyond: Robert J. Van der Veen & Philippe Van Parijs.Robert J. van der Veen - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):69-81.
    In Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick contrasts entitlement theories of justice and “traditional” theories such as Rawls', utilitarianism or egalitarianism, and advocates the former against the latter. What exactly is an entitlement theory of justice? Nozick's book offers two distinct characterizations. On the one hand, he explicitly describes “the general outlines of the entitlement theory” as maintaining “that the holdings of a person are just if he is entitled to them by the principles of justice in acquisition and transfer, (...)
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  27.  8
    Roles and Ranks: The Importance of Hierarchy for Group Functioning.Julian J. Zlatev, Nir Halevy & Larissa Z. Tiedens - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  28.  2
    The Moral Relevance of Humanization.Julian J. Koplin - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):59-61.
    Greely’s target article outlines six categories of ethical issues associated with human brain surrogate research. Some of these issues are familiar from other research contexts; others, less...
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  29.  1
    Transforming Power: Challenging Contemporary Secular Society.B. J. Van der Walt - 2007 - Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa.
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  30.  23
    Proceedings of the 22nd Amsterdam Colloquium.Julian J. Schlöder, Dean McHugh & Floris Roelofsen (eds.) - 2019
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  31.  95
    Understanding Focus: Pitch, Placement and Coherence.Julian J. Schlöder & Alex Lascarides - 2020 - Semantics and Pragmatics.
    This paper presents a novel account of focal stress and pitch contour in English dialogue. We argue that one should analyse and treat focus and pitch contour jointly, since (i) some pragmatic interpretations vary with contour (e.g., whether an utterance accepts or rejects; or whether it implicates a positive or negative answer); and (ii) there are utterances with identical prosodic focus that in the same context are infelicitous with one contour, but felicitous with another. We offer an account of two (...)
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  32. Zazie dans les polders-Astérix chez les Bataves: le jeu de mots est-il vraiment intraduisible?J. van Baardewijk, A. van der Linden & M. Niessen - 1988 - Contrastes 16:29-48.
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  33.  6
    Consequences and Kidneys in Advance.Julian J. Koplin - forthcoming - International Journal of Applied Philosophy.
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  34.  8
    Consequences and Kidneys.Julian J. Koplin - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):137-148.
    Kidney for Sale by Owner discusses a range of different arguments that can be offered in defence of live donor kidney markets. Although Cherry’s case for establishing such markets does not rest on consequentialist considerations, Cherry nonetheless suggests that allowing the sale of organs would have net positive consequences. He argues that both renal failure patients and people living in poverty could benefit from participating in the market, and further claims that a legal trade in organs would not shape society (...)
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  35.  2
    ‘It’s Not Worse Than Eating Them’: The Limits of Analogy in Bioethics.Julian J. Koplin - 2020 - Monash Bioethics Review 38 (2):129-145.
    Bioethicists often defend novel practices by drawing analogies with practices that we are already familiar with and currently tolerate. If some novel practice is less bad than some widely-accepted practice, then we cannot rightly reject it. Using the bioethics literature on xenotransplantation and interspecies blastocyst complementation as a case study, I show how this style of argument can go awry. The key problem is that our moral intuitions about familiar practices can be distorted by their seeming normality. When considering the (...)
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  36.  28
    Galen and his Predecessors J. Kollesch, D. Nickel, (edd.): Galen unddas hellenistische Erbe. Verhandlungen des IV. Internationalen Galen-Symposiums veranstaltet vom Institut für Geschichte der Medizin am Bereich Medizin (Charité) der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. 18-20 September 1989. Pp. 214. (Sudhoffs Archiv, Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, 32.) Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1993. Paper, DM 74/SF 74/ÖS 577. [REVIEW]Philip J. Van Der Eijk - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (2):405-407.
  37.  99
    Ten Philosophical Problems in Deontic Logic.Gabriella Pigozzi, J. Hansen & Leon van der Torre - manuscript
    The paper discusses ten philosophical problems in deontic logic: how to formally represent norms, when a set of norms may be termed ‘coherent’, how to deal with normative conflicts, how contraryto-duty obligations can be appropriately modeled, how dyadic deontic operators may be redefined to relate to sets of norms instead of preference relations between possible worlds, how various concepts of permission can be accommodated, how meaning postulates and counts-as conditionals can be taken into account, and how sets of norms may (...)
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  38.  46
    Assertion and Rejection.Julian J. Schlöder - forthcoming - In Daniel Altshuler (ed.), Linguistics Meets Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    I argue that rejection is a speech act that cannot be reduced to assertion. Adapting an argument by Huw Price, I conclude that rejection is best conceived of as the speech act that is used to register that some other speech act is (or would be) violating a rule of the conversation game. This can be naturally understood as registering *norm violations* where speech acts are characterised by their essential norms. However, I argue that rejection itself is not to be (...)
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  39. J. van der Meulen, Hegel, Die gebrochene Mitte. [REVIEW]J. Kopper - 1960 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 52:244.
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  40. J. van der Meulen, Hegel, Die gebrochene Mitte.J. Kopper - 1960 - Kant-Studien 52:244.
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  41.  44
    C.J.H. Jansen, J.M. Smits En L.C. Winkel , 16 Juristen En Hun Filosofische Inspiratie. Nijmegen 2004: Ars Aequi Libri. 232 Pagina's. ISBN 9069165120. [REVIEW]J. Zwart & M. J. C. M. van der Poel - 2005 - Philosophia Reformata 70 (2):169-173.
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  42.  60
    The Influence of German Idealistic Morphology on the Development of C.J. Van der Klaauw's Epistemology.Rudie Trienes - 1988 - Acta Biotheoretica 37 (2):91-119.
    Notwithstanding the general rise of experimental disciplines in biology in the first decades of our century, in Germany and in the Netherlands the interest in the idealistic morphological tradition flourished, and compensated for a reductionistic causal approach to natural phenomena. This article analyses the influence of the German idealistic morphologists W. Lubosch and A. Meyer on the development of C.J. van der Klaauw's epistemology. It discusses the gradual incorporation of non-causal principles into van der Klaauw's concept of biology. Van der (...)
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  43.  93
    Comorbidity: A Network Perspective.Angélique Oj Cramer, Lourens J. Waldorp, Han Lj van der Maas & Denny Borsboom - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):137-150.
    The pivotal problem of comorbidity research lies in the psychometric foundation it rests on, that is, latent variable theory, in which a mental disorder is viewed as a latent variable that causes a constellation of symptoms. From this perspective, comorbidity is a (bi)directional relationship between multiple latent variables. We argue that such a latent variable perspective encounters serious problems in the study of comorbidity, and offer a radically different conceptualization in terms of a network approach, where comorbidity is hypothesized to (...)
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  44. Corporate Governance in South Africa.G. J. Rossouw, A. van der Watt & D. P. Malan Rossouw - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):289 - 302.
    The King Report on Corporate Governance (1994) evoked unprecedented interest in corporate governance in South Africa. This does not mean that corporate governance was not an issue of concern before the release of this historical report. To the contrary, corporate governance in its broader sense has been at stake since the inception of the first publicly owned companies in South Africa. This article intends to give an overview of corporate governance in South Africa. It starts by making a distinction between (...)
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  45.  14
    Julian Nida-Rümelin: Der Akademisierungswahn. Zur Krise beruflicher und akademischer Bildung.Ulrike Bardt - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (4):342-348.
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  46.  19
    Career Stage and Work Setting Create Different Barriers for Evidence‐Based Medicine.Maartje H. J. Swennen, Geert J. M. G. van der Heijden, Geert H. Blijham & Cor J. Kalkman - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):775-785.
  47.  3
    Temporal Structure in Haptic Signaling Under a Cooperative Task.Nicolas Thorne, Juliane J. Honisch, Toshiyuki Kondo, Slawomir Nasuto & Yoshikatsu Hayashi - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  48. H. J. Brosch: Der Seinsbegriff bei Boëthius. [REVIEW]J. Müller - 1937 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 15:350.
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  49.  20
    Towards Understanding Tolerance in Education.Ferdinand J. Potgieter, Johannes L. Van der Walt & Charste C. Wolhuter - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (3):01-08.
    In recent years, schools and education authorities world wide have been paying increasing attention to issues surrounding diversity and religious tolerance. The term 'tolerance' is, however, clouded by considerable confusion and vagueness. This article seeks to contribute to recent scholarly attempts at understanding tolerance and the term that denotes it. After a brief semantic analysis of the term 'tolerance', arguments concerning the onticity of tolerance as phenomenon or entity are discussed. By examining its onticity we explore and explain some of (...)
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  50.  60
    Reply to A. Wayman's 'Reply to L. W. J. Van der Kuijp'.Leonard W. J.der Kuijp & Klaus K. Klostermaier - 1979 - Philosophy East and West 29 (4):515 - 518.
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