Results for 'Julian Sienkiewicz'

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  1.  86
    Countering misinformation: A multidisciplinary approach.Krzysztof Suchecki, Julian Sienkiewicz, Wesley R. Moy, Janusz A. Hołyst & Kacper T. Gradoń - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    The article explores the concept of infodemics during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on the propagation of false or inaccurate information proliferating worldwide throughout the SARS-CoV-2 health crisis. We provide an overview of disinformation, misinformation and malinformation and discuss the notion of “fake news”, and highlight the threats these phenomena bear for health policies and national and international security. We discuss the mis-/disinformation as a significant challenge to the public health, intelligence, and policymaking communities and highlight the necessity to design measures (...)
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  2.  18
    Five Modes of Scepticism: Sextus Empiricus and the Agrippan Modes.Stefan Sienkiewicz - 2019 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Stefan Sienkiewicz analyses five argument forms which are central to Pyrrhonian scepticism, as expressed in the writings of Sextus Empiricus. In particular, Sienkiewicz distinguishes between two different perspectives of the sceptic and his dogmatic opponent, and interprets the five modes of scepticism from both viewpoints.
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  3. General relativity as a perfectly Machian theory.Julian B. Barbour - 1995 - In Julian B. Barbour & H. Pfister (eds.), Mach's Principle: From Newton's Bucket to Quantum Gravity. Birkhäuser. pp. 214--36.
     
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  4.  62
    Behavioural Genetics: Why Eugenic Selection is Preferable to Enhancement.Julian Savulescu, Melanie Hemsley, Ainsley Newson & Bennett Foddy - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):157-171.
    Criminal behaviour is but one behavioural tendency for which a genetic influence has been suggested. Whilst this research certainly raises difficult ethical questions and is subject to scientific criticism, one recent research project suggests that for some families, criminal tendency might be predicted by genetics. In this paper, supposing this research is valid, we consider whether intervening in the criminal tendency of future children is ethically justifiable. We argue that, if avoidance of harm is a paramount consideration, such an intervention (...)
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  5.  14
    The Hazards of Putting Ethics on Autopilot.Julian Friedland, B. Balkin, David & Kristian Myrseth - 2024 - MIT Sloan Management Review 65 (4).
    The generative AI boom is unleashing its minions. Enterprise software vendors have rolled out legions of automated assistants that use large language model (LLM) technology, such as ChatGPT, to offer users helpful suggestions or to execute simple tasks. These so-called copilots and chatbots can increase productivity and automate tedious manual work. In this article, we explain how that leads to the risk that users' ethical competence may degrade over time — and what to do about it.
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  6.  52
    Heidegger's philosophy of art.Julian Young - 2001 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book, the first comprehensive study in English of Heidegger's philosophy of art, starts in the mid-1930s with Heidegger's discussion of the Greek temple and his Hegelian declaration that a great artwork gathers together an entire culture in affirmative celebration of its foundational 'truth', and that, by this criterion, art in modernity is 'dead'. His subsequent work on Hölderlin, whom he later identified as the decisive influence on his mature philosophy, led him into a passionate engagement with the art of (...)
  7. The End of Time: The Next Revolution in Physics.Julian Barbour - 1999 - Weidenfeld & Nicholson.
    In a revolutionary new book, a theoretical physicist attacks the foundations of modern scientific theory, including the notion of time, as he shares evidence of ...
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  8.  12
    Weighing the moral status of brain organoids and research animals.Julian J. Koplin - 2024 - Bioethics 38 (5):410-418.
    Recent advances in human brain organoid systems have raised serious worries about the possibility that these in vitro ‘mini‐brains’ could develop sentience, and thus, moral status. This article considers the relative moral status of sentient human brain organoids and research animals, examining whether we have moral reasons to prefer using one over the other. It argues that, contrary to common intuitions, the wellbeing of sentient human brain organoids should not be granted greater moral consideration than the wellbeing of nonhuman research (...)
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  9. Works of music: an essay in ontology.Julian Dodd - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- The type/token theory introduced -- Motivating the type/token theory : repeatability -- Nominalist approaches to the ontology of music -- Musical anti-realism -- The type/token theory elaborated -- Types I : abstract, unstructured, unchanging -- Types introduced and nominalism repelled -- Types as abstracta -- Types as unstructured entities -- Types as fixed and unchanging -- Types II : platonism -- Introduction : eternal existence and timelessness -- Types and properties -- The eternal existence of properties reconsidered -- (...)
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  10. What's it all about?: philosophy and the meaning of life.Julian Baggini - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    What is the meaning of life? It is a question that has intrigued the great philosophers--and has been hilariously lampooned by Monty Python. Indeed, the whole idea strikes many of us as vaguely pompous, a little absurd. Is there one profound and mysterious meaning to life, a single ultimate purpose behind human existence? In What's It All About?, Julian Baggini says no, there is no single meaning. Instead, Baggini argues meaning can be found in a variety of ways, in (...)
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  11.  23
    Great thinkers A-Z.Julian Baggini & Jeremy Stangroom (eds.) - 2004 - New York: Continuum.
    Great Thinkers A-Z is the ideal book for anyone interested in the history of Western thought and a valuable reference resource for students of philosophy and related disciplines.
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  12.  6
    Tratado de lo mejor: la moral y las formas de la vida.Julian Marias Aguilera - 1995 - Madrid: Alianza.
    En el siglo XX se ha realizado un " punto de inflexión " en la filosofía, que ha sido conocido por muy pocos, que ha sido abandonado apenas entrevisto. Este libro es el intento de tomarlo en serio y ensayar una visión de los problemas morales que no lo pase por alto; dicho con otras palabras, que no sea arcaico.
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  13. Enhancing Human Capacities.Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.) - 2011 - Blackwell.
    Enhancing Human Capacities is the first to review the very latest scientific developments in human enhancement. It is unique in its examination of the ethical and policy implications of these technologies from a broad range of perspectives. Presents a rich range of perspectives on enhancement from world leading ethicists and scientists from Europe and North America The most comprehensive volume yet on the science and ethics of human enhancement Unique in providing a detailed overview of current and expected scientific advances (...)
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  14.  70
    Time, culture, and identity: an interpretative archaeology.Julian Thomas - 1996 - New York: Routledge.
    This groundbreaking work considers one of the central themes of archaeology, time, which until recently has been taken for granted. It considers how time is used and perceived by archaeology and also how time influences the construction of identities. The book presents case studies, eg, transition from hunter gather to farming in early Neolithic, to examine temporality and identity. Drawing upon the work of Martin Heidegger, Thomas develops a way of writing about the past in which time is seenm as (...)
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  15.  10
    Dissolving the Causal-Constitution Fallacy: Diachronic Constitution and the Metaphysics of Extended Cognition.Julian Kiverstein & Michael Kirchhoff - 2023 - In Mark-Oliver Casper & Giuseppe Flavio Artese (eds.), Situated Cognition Research: Methodological Foundations. Springer Verlag. pp. 155-173.
    This chapter questions the causal-constitution fallacy raised against the extended mind. It does so by presenting our signature temporal thesis about how to understand constitutive relations in the context of the extended mind, and with respect to dynamical systems, more broadly. We call this thesis diachronic constitution. We will argue that temporalising the constitution relation is not as remarkable (nor problematic) as it might initially seem. It is (arguably) inevitable, given local interactions between microscale and macroscale states of (coupled) dynamical (...)
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  16.  17
    Animal Rights and Moral Philosophy.Julian H. Franklin - 2004 - Columbia University Press.
    Animals obviously cannot have a right of free speech or a right to vote because they lack the relevant capacities. But their right to life and to be free of exploitation is no less fundamental than the corresponding right of humans, writes Julian H. Franklin. This theoretically rigorous book will reassure the committed, help the uncertain to decide, and arm the polemicist. Franklin examines all the major arguments for animal rights proposed to date and extends the philosophy in new (...)
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  17.  7
    The Individual in the Animal Kingdom.Julian Huxley - 1995
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  18. Understanding Focus: Pitch, Placement and Coherence.Julian J. Schlöder & Alex Lascarides - 2020 - Semantics and Pragmatics.
    This paper presents a novel account of focal stress and pitch contour in English dialogue. We argue that one should analyse and treat focus and pitch contour jointly, since (i) some pragmatic interpretations vary with contour (e.g., whether an utterance accepts or rejects; or whether it implicates a positive or negative answer); and (ii) there are utterances with identical prosodic focus that in the same context are infelicitous with one contour, but felicitous with another. We offer an account of two (...)
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  19. Matter Without Form: The Ontological Status of Christ's Dead Body.Andrew J. Jaeger & Jeremy Sienkiewicz - 2018 - Journal of Analytic Theology 6:131-145.
    In this paper, we provide an account of the ontological status of Christ’s dead body, which remained in the tomb during the three days after his crucifixion. Our account holds that Christ’s dead body – during the time between his death and resurrection – was prime matter without a substantial form. We defend this account by showing how it is metaphysically possible for prime matter to exist in actuality without substantial forms. Our argument turns on the truth of two theses: (...)
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  20. Nietzsche's philosophy of art.Julian Young - 1992 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This is a clear and lucid account of Nietzsche's philosophy of art, combining exegesis, interpretation and criticism in a judicious balance. Julian Young argues that Nietzsche's thought about art can only be understood in the context of his wider philosophy. In particular, he discusses the dramatic changes in Nietzschean aesthetics against the background of the celebrated themes of the death of God, eternal recurrence, and the idea of the Übermensch. Young then divides Nietzsche's career and his philosophy of art (...)
  21. “Ethical Minefields” and the Voice of Common Sense: A Discussion with Julian Savulescu.Julian Savulescu & Evangelos D. Protopapadakis - 2019 - Conatus 4 (1):125-133.
    Theoretical ethics includes both metaethics (the meaning of moral terms) and normative ethics (ethical theories and principles). Practical ethics involves making decisions about every day real ethical problems, like decisions about euthanasia, what we should eat, climate change, treatment of animals, and how we should live. It utilizes ethical theories, like utilitarianism and Kantianism, and principles, but more broadly a process of reflective equilibrium and consistency to decide how to act and be.
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  22.  14
    How Do We Know? The Social Dimension of Knowledge: Volume 89.Julian Baggini (ed.) - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Knowledge is often thought of as something that we each individually have, something inside our own minds. But our knowledge depends on other people's testimony and expertise. And what we know depends on what our society makes it possible for us to know, either formally or informally through social norms and practices that suppress some ideas and privilege others. The philosophical study of the social dimension of knowledge is called Social Epistemology. This volume gathers experts in the field from across (...)
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  23.  4
    Epistola a Temistio.Julian - 1984 - Lecce: Milella. Edited by Themistius, Carlo Prato & A. Fornaro.
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  24.  5
    Introducción a la filosofía.Julián Marías - 1947 - Madrid:
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  25. Nietzsche's Philosophy of Art.Julian Young - 1992 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This is a clear and lucid account of Nietzsche's philosophy of art, combining exegesis, interpretation and criticism in a judicious balance. Julian Young argues that Nietzsche's thought about art can only be understood in the context of his wider philosophy. In particular, he discusses the dramatic changes in Nietzschean aesthetics against the background of the celebrated themes of the death of God, eternal recurrence, and the idea of the Übermensch. Young then divides Nietzsche's career and his philosophy of art (...)
     
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  26. Mach's principle and the structure of dynamical theories.Julian B. Barbour & Bruno Bertotti - 1982 - Proceedings of the Royal Society, London:295--306.
     
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  27.  47
    Archaeology and modernity.Julian Thomas - 2004 - New York: Routledge.
    This is the first book-length study to explore the relationship between archaeology and modern thought, showing how philosophical ideas that developed in the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries still dominate our approach to the material remains of ancient societies. It discusses the modern emphasis on method rather than ethics or meaning, our understanding of change in history and nature, the role of the nation-state in forming our views of the past, and contemporary notions of human individuality, the mind, and materiality. (...) Thomas also addresses the modern preoccupation with depth, which enables archaeology to be used as a metaphor in other disciplines. The book concludes by advocating a "counter-modern" archaeology that refuses to separate material evidence from political, moral, rhetorical, and aesthetic concerns, as well as meaning. (shrink)
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  28. The Demands of Reason: An Essay on Pyrrhonian Scepticism.Stefan Sienkiewicz - 2013 - Philosophical Review 122 (3):519-522.
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  29. The development of Machian themes in the twentieth century.Julian B. Barbour - 1999 - In Jeremy Butterfield (ed.), The arguments of time. New York: Published for the British Academy by Oxford University Press. pp. 83--109.
     
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  30.  3
    Literatura a filozofia.Barbara Sienkiewicz & Tomasz Sobieraj (eds.) - 2010 - Poznań: Wydawn. Poznańskiego Tow. Przyjaciół Nauk.
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  31.  4
    Literackość filozofii - filozoficzność literatury.Barbara Sienkiewicz & Tomasz Sobieraj (eds.) - 2009 - Warszawa: Wydawn. Naukowe "Semper".
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  32.  8
    Social support as a regulator of self-care attitude in persons with myocardial infarction.Julia Anastazja Sienkiewicz Wilowska & Maciej Wilski - 2014 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 45 (4):521-532.
    The article presents the results of research on the relationship between social support and self-care of people with myocardial infarction. 127 patients treated in a rehabilitation centre participated in the study. The Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviours and the Self-care Questionnaire developed by the author, were used. The findings suggest that persons receiving little support are characterised by lower level of self-care than people with medium and high level of support. No such difference was noted between people with medium and (...)
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  33. The Moral Imperative to Continue Gene Editing Research on Human Embryos.Julian Savulescu, Jonathan Pugh, Thomas Douglas & Chris Gyngell - 2015 - Protein Cell 6 (7):476–479.
    The publication of the first study to use gene editing techniques in human embryos (Liang et al., 2015) has drawn outrage from many in the scientific community. The prestigious scientific journals Nature and Science have published commentaries which call for this research to be strongly discouraged or halted all together (Lanphier et al., 2015; Baltimore et al., 2015). We believe this should be questioned. There is a moral imperative to continue this research.
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  34. The timelessness of quantum gravity: I. The evidence from the classical theory.Julian Barbour - 1994 - Classical and Quantum Gravity 11:2853--73.
  35. The timelessness of quantum gravity: II. The appearance of dynamics in static configurations.Julian B. Barbour - 1994 - Classical and Quantum Gravity 11:2875--97.
  36.  20
    Autonomy, Interests, Justice and Active Medical Euthanasia.Julian Savulescu - 2015 - In Michael Cholbi & Jukka Varelius (eds.), New Directions in the Ethics of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 31-48.
    There are 4 main arguments for euthanasia: (1) arguments appealing to consistency (e.g., from passive to active euthanasia); (2) the argument from respect for autonomy; (3) appeals to justice; and (4) the argument from interests (mercy or relief of suffering). I will argue that only the last is directly relevant to active euthanasia as a medical intervention, though arguments together from autonomy and justice can in practice (through the backdoor) provide a ground for voluntary active medical euthanasia (AME).
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  37. The fourfold.Julian Young - 1993 - In Charles B. Guignon (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 2--373.
     
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  38.  18
    Animal Rights and Moral Philosophy.Julian H. Franklin - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Animals obviously cannot have a right of free speech or a right to vote because they lack the relevant capacities. But their right to life and to be free of exploitation is no less fundamental than the corresponding right of humans, writes Julian H. Franklin. This theoretically rigorous book will reassure the committed, help the uncertain to decide, and arm the polemicist. Franklin examines all the major arguments for animal rights proposed to date and extends the philosophy in new (...)
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  39. What’s the Linguistic Meaning of Delusional Utterances? Speech Act Theory as a Tool for Understanding Delusions.Julian Hofmann, Pablo Hubacher Haerle & Anke Https://Orcidorg Maatz - 2023 - Philosophical Psychology 36 (7):1–21.
    Delusions have traditionally been considered the hallmark of mental illness, and their conception, diagnosis and treatment raise many of the fundamental conceptual and practical questions of psychopathology. One of these fundamental questions is whether delusions are understandable. In this paper, we propose to consider the question of understandability of delusions from a philosophy of language perspective. For this purpose, we frame the question of how delusions can be understood as a question about the meaning of delusional utterances. Accordingly, we ask: (...)
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  40. Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, death and salvation.Julian Young - 2009 - In Alex Neill & Christopher Janaway (eds.), Better Consciousness: Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Value. Wiley-Blackwell.
  41.  24
    The Pig That Wants to Be Eaten: 100 Experiments for the Armchair Philosopher.Julian Baggini - 2005 - Plume.
    Both entertaining and startling, The Pig That Wants to Be Eaten offers one hundred philosophical puzzles that stimulate thought on a host of moral, social, and personal dilemmas. Taking examples from sources as diverse as Plato and Steven Spielberg, author Julian Baggini presents abstract philosophical issues in concrete terms, suggesting possible solutions while encouraging readers to draw their own conclusions: Lively, clever, and thought-provoking, The Pig That Wants to Be Eaten is a portable feast for the mind that is (...)
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  42. Scale-invariant gravity: Particle dynamics.Julian B. Barbour - 2003 - Classical and Quantum Gravity 20:1543--70.
     
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  43. Gravity and inertia in a Machian framework.Julian B. Barbour & Bruno Bertotti - 1977 - Nuovo Cimento 38:1--27.
     
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  44. Introduction.Julian Baggini - 2024 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 95:1-13.
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  45.  5
    Philosophy: key themes.Julian Baggini - 2002 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan. Edited by Gareth Southwell.
    Introduction -- Theory of knowledge -- Moral philosophy -- Philosophy of mind -- Philosophy of religion -- Political philosoply -- Aesthetics.
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  46. Distributive justice.Julian Lamont & Christi Favor - 2012 - In Peter Adamson (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Principles of distributive justice are normative principles designed to guide the allocation of the benefits and burdens of economic activity.
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  47. The problem of consciousness.Julian Jaynes - 1982 - In H. Mifflin (ed.), The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Routledge. pp. 4--12.
     
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  48.  5
    La imagen de la vida humana.Julián Marías - 1955 - [Buenos Aires]: Emecé Editores.
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  49.  9
    Commentary on “Predictive Processing and Extended Consciousness”.Julian Kiverstein & Michael Kirchhoff - 2023 - In Mark-Oliver Casper & Giuseppe Flavio Artese (eds.), Situated Cognition Research: Methodological Foundations. Springer Verlag. pp. 209-216.
    We are grateful to Facchin and Negro (henceforth F&N) for their rich and generous engagement with our arguments for the hypothesis of the extended conscious mind (ECM). They offer a careful and insightful reconstruction of the key arguments from our 2019 monograph (Kirchhoff & Kiverstein, 2019a). In the end however they are not persuaded by the arguments of our book and raise a number of intriguing and puzzling challenges. We deal with each of their challenges and conclude that these challenges (...)
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  50.  5
    German philosophy: an introduction.Julian Roberts - 1988 - Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press.
    This book is a comprehensive introduction to German philosophy, from Kant to the present day. The book focuses on the key figures and major texts. Separate chapters are devoted to Kant, Hegel, Schelling, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Heidegger. Roberts also deals extensively with the Marxist tradition, with chapters on Feuerbach, Lukács, and Adorno. The author argues that Kant may be seen as the principal source of modern metaphysics, and his heirs as branching off into two opposing streams. This approach enables (...)
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