Results for 'Julie Carrier'

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  1. Combining Time-Frequency and Spatial Information for the Detection of Sleep Spindles.Christian O'Reilly, Jonathan Godbout, Julie Carrier & Jean-Marc Lina - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  2.  15
    Motor Memory: Consolidation–Based Enhancement Effect Revisited.Julien Doyon, Julie Carrier, Alain Simard, Abdallah Hadj Tahar, Amélie Morin, Habib Benali & Leslie G. Ungerleider - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):68-69.
    Following Karni's seminal work, Walker and other researchers have recently provided gradually convincing evidence that sleep is critical for the consolidation-based enhancement (CBE) of motor sequence learning. Studies in our laboratory using a motor adaptation paradigm, however, show that CBE can also occur after the simple passage of time, suggesting that sleep effects on memory consolidation are task-related, and possibly dependent on anatomically dissociable circuits.
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  3. Erwin Panofsky, Leo Steinberg, David Carrier: The Problem of Objectivity in Art Historical Interpretation.David Carrier - 1989 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (4):333-347.
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  4. Rejoinder to Helen Steward's Review of Carrier & Mittelstrass, Mind, Brain, Behavior.Martin Carrier & Jürgen Mittelstrass - 1995 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (1):103-104.
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  5. Symposium: On David Carrier's Artwriting. Author's Reply.R. Kuhns, Ac Danto, J. Elkins & D. Carrier - 1998 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 32 (4):27-59.
     
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  6.  30
    The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice: Science and Values Revisited.Martin Carrier, Don Howard & Janet A. Kourany (eds.) - 2008 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    ISBN-13: 978-0-8229-4317-4 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-8229-4317-4 (cloth : alk. paper) 1. Science — Philosophy. 2. Science — Social aspects. 3. Values. 4. Science and civilization. I. Carrier, Martin. II. Howard, Don, professor. III. Kourany ...
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  7.  4
    The Presentness of Painting: Adrian Stokes as Aesthetician.David Carrier - 1986 - Critical Inquiry 12 (4):753-768.
    Adrian Stokes , long admired by a small, highly distinguished, mostly English circle, was the natural successor to Pater and Ruskin. But though his place in cultural history is important, what is of particular interest now to art historians is his theory of the presentness of painting, a theory which offers a challenging critique of the practice of artwriting. From Vasari to the present, the most familiar rhetorical strategy of the art historian is the narrative of “the form, prophet-saviour-apostles,” in (...)
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  8. A World Art History and its Objects.David Carrier - 2009 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Is writing a world art history possible? Does the history of art as such even exist outside the Western tradition? Is it possible to consider the history of art in a way that is not fundamentally Eurocentric? In this highly readable and provocative book, David Carrier, a philosopher and art historian, does not attempt to write a world art history himself. Rather, he asks the question of how an art history of all cultures could be written—or whether it is (...)
     
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  9. A World Art History and its Objects.David Carrier - 2008 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Is writing a world art history possible? Does the history of art as such even exist outside the Western tradition? Is it possible to consider the history of art in a way that is not fundamentally Eurocentric? In this highly readable and provocative book, David Carrier, a philosopher and art historian, does not attempt to write a world art history himself. Rather, he asks the question of how an art history of all cultures could be written—or whether it is (...)
     
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  10.  7
    The Aesthete in the City: The Philosophy and Practice of American Abstract Painting in the 1980s.David Carrier - 1994 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In the 1980s, when the American art market flourished, critics were heavily concerned with theory. In T_he Aesthete in the City_ David Carrier offers a personal view on the artistic activity of that decade. He begins with a theoretical perspective on the relationship between two very different forms of artwriting: art criticism and art history writing. Carrier surveys the developments within theory during the 1980s, focusing on constructive critical analysis of the then fashionable work of Jean Baudrillard, Walter (...)
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  11. Enzyklopädie Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie.Gottfried Gabriel, Martin Carrier & Jürgen Mittelstrass (eds.) - 2005 - Metzler.
    Bd. 1. A-B -- Bd. 2. C-F -- Bd. 3. G-Inn -- Bd. 4. Ins-Loc.
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  12.  74
    What is Wrong with the Miracle Argument??☆.Martin Carrier - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1):23-36.
    One of the arguments advanced in favor of scientific realism is the 'miracle argument'. It says that for the anti-realist the predictive success of science appears as an utter miracle. This argument indeed has some prima facie plausibility, provided that it is sharpened by construing "predictive success" as prediction of previously unknown laws and the occurrence of a consilience of inductions. Still, the history of science teaches us that it is possible to arrive at predictive success in this sense by (...)
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  13. Underdetermination as an Epistemological Test Tube: Expounding Hidden Values of the Scientific Community.Martin Carrier - 2011 - Synthese 180 (2):189 - 204.
    Duhem—Quine underdetermination plays a constructive role in epistemology by pinpointing the impact of non-empirical virtues or cognitive values on theory choice. Underdetermination thus contributes to illuminating the nature of scientific rationality. Scientists prefer and accept one account among empirical equivalent alternatives. The non-empirical virtues operating in science are laid open in such theory choice decisions. The latter act as an epistemological test tube in making explicit commitments to how scientific knowledge should be like.
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  14.  51
    Theories for Use: On the Bearing of Basic Science on Practical Problems.Martin Carrier - 2010 - In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer. pp. 23--33.
    Funding policies for science are usually directed at supporting technological innovations. The im-pact and success of such policies depend crucially on how science and technology are connected to each other. I propose an “interactive view” of the relationship between basic science and technol-ogy development which comprises the following four claims: First, technological change derives from science but only in part. The local models used in accounting for technologically relevant phenomena contain theoretical and non-theoretical elements alike. Second, existing technologies and rules (...)
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  15.  18
    Prediction in Context: On the Comparative Epistemic Merit of Predictive Success.Martin Carrier - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 45 (1):97-102.
    The considerations set out in the paper are intended to suggest that in practical contexts predictive power does not play the outstanding roles sometimes accredited to it in an epistemic framework. Rather, predictive power is part of a network of other merits and achievements. Predictive power needs to be judged differently according to the specific conditions that apply. First, predictions need to be part of an explanatory framework if they are supposed to guide actions reliably. Second, in scientific expertise, the (...)
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  16.  53
    Changing Laws and Shifting Concepts.Martin Carrier - 2001 - In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 65--90.
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    Explaining Scientific Progress: Lakatos' Methodological Account of Kuhnian Patterns of Theory Change.Martin Carrier - 2002 - In G. Kampis, L.: Kvasz & M. Stöltzner (eds.), Appraising Lakatos: Mathematics, Methodology and the Man. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 53--72.
  18.  4
    Knowledge and Control.Martin Carrier - 2004 - In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Science, Values, and Objectivity. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 275.
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  19.  55
    The Argument From Biogenesis: Probabilities Against a Natural Origin of Life. [REVIEW]R. C. Carrier - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (5):739-764.
    No evidence exists that the accidental origin of life is too improbable to have occurred naturally, but there are numerous attempts to argue so. Dizzying statistics are cited to show that a god had to be responsible. This paper identifies the Argument from Biogenesis, then explains why all these arguments so far fail, and what would actually have to be done to make such an argument succeed. Describes seven general types of error, with examples. Includes a table of forty-seven statistics (...)
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  20.  53
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]David Carrier - 1986 - British Journal of Aesthetics 26 (3):84-85.
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  21.  63
    Semantic Incommensurability and Empirical Comparability: The Case of Lorentz and Einstein.Martin Carrier - 2004 - Philosophia Scientiae 8 (1):73-94.
    Semantic incommensurability is understood as non-translatability of concepts taken from different theories. My aim is to give a rational reconstruction of the notion of incommensurability underlying the writings of Feyerabend and the later Kuhn. I claim that incommensurability can be reconstructed on this basis as a coherent conception and that relevant instances can be identified. The translation failure between incommensurable concepts arises from the impossibility to jointly fulfil two conditions of adequacy that the context theory of meaning places on translations. (...)
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  22. Science in the Context of Application.M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
     
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  23. Perversity.L. S. Carrier - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):229-242.
    I argue that there are perverse actions, in the sense that they are acts performed in the belief that they are wrong. They are also, however, acts done in the belief that they are right. What makes them perverse is, not only that they have conflicting motivations, but that the motivation that wins out is not in accord with reason. That is, a perverse act is one resulting from one's strongest motivation but not based on all one's available reasons.
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  24. In Defense of Psychological Laws.Martin Carrier - 1998 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (3):217 – 232.
    Abstract It is argued that psychological explanations involve psychological generalizations that exhibit the same features as laws of physics. On the basis of the ?systematic theory of lawhood?, characteristic features of laws of nature are elaborated. Investigating some examples of explanations taken from cognitive psychology shows that these features can also be identified in psychological generalizations. Particular attention is devoted to the notion of ?ccteris?paribus laws?. It is argued that laws of psychology are indeed ceteris?paribus laws. However, this feature does (...)
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  25. Skepticism Made Certain.L. S. Carrier - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (5):140-150.
  26. Evolutionary Change and Lawlikeness : Beatty on Biological Generalizations.Martin Carrier - unknown
  27.  14
    Knowledge, Politics, and Commerce: Science Under the Pressure of Practice.Martin Carrier - 2011 - In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. pp. 11--30.
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  28.  18
    Kants Theorie der Materie Und Ihre Wirkung Auf Die Zeitgenössische Chemie.Martin Carrier - 1990 - Kant-Studien 81 (2):170-210.
    Kant's theory of matter is reconstructed and his views about and impact on chemistry are studied. His early "monadological" conception is analyzed and compared to other dynamical approaches of the period. His later attempt to regard matter as a continuum and to derive some of its properties from the interaction of forces is reconstructed. His conception of chemistry is examined and compared to the notion of some chemists who were inspired by Kant's work.
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  29.  61
    Introduction: Danto and His Critics: After the End of Art and Art History.David Carrier - 1998 - History and Theory 37 (4):1–16.
    In Bielefeld, Germany in April, 1997 an author conference was devoted to Arthur C. Danto's 1995 Mellon Lectures After the End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History . This essay provides an introduction to seven essays given at that conference and expanded for this Theme Issue of History and Theory. Danto presented his view of the nature of art in The Transfiguration of the Commonplace . He then added in the Mellon lectures a sociological perspective on the (...)
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  30.  10
    Does Knowledge Entail Justification?L. S. Carrier - 1994 - International Philosophical Quarterly 34 (4):413-418.
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  31. The Causal Theory of Knowledge.L. S. Carrier - 1976 - Philosophia 6 (2):237-257.
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  32.  23
    Circles Without Circularity : Testing Theories by Theory-Laden Observations.Martin Carrier - unknown
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  33.  37
    Gavin Hamilton's Oath of Brutus and David's Oath of the Horatii.David Carrier - 1988 - The Monist 71 (2):197-213.
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  34.  36
    Explanatory Loops and the Limits of Genetic Reductionism.Martin Carrier & Patrick Finzer - 2006 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):267 – 283.
    We reconstruct genetic determinism as a reductionist thesis to the effect that the molecular properties of cells can be accounted for to a great extent by their genetic outfit. The non-reductionist arguments offered at this molecular level often use the relationship between structure and function as their point of departure. By contrast, we develop a non-reductionist argument that is confined to the structural characteristics of biomolecules; no appeal to functions is made. We raise two kinds of objections against the reducibility (...)
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  35. Three Kinds of Imagination.David Carrier - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (22):819-831.
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  36.  35
    Open Letter to Sir Laurence Olivier.Sister Julie - 1949 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):210-215.
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  37.  22
    Sublime Poussin.David Carrier - 2003 - Common Knowledge 9 (1):167-167.
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  38.  14
    How to Serve the Customer and Still Be Truthful: Methodological Characteristics of Applied Research.Matthias Adam, Martin Carrier & Torsten Wilholt - 2006 - Science and Public Policy 33 (6):435-444.
    Transdisciplinarity includes the assumption that within new institutional settings, scientific research becomes more closely responsive to practical problems and user needs and is therefore often subject to considerable application pressure. This raises the question whether transdisciplinarity affects the epistemic standards and the fruitfulness of research. Case studies show how user-orientation and epistemic innovativeness can be combined. While the modeling involved in all cases under consideration was local and focused primarily on features of immediate practical relevance, it was informed by theoretical (...)
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  39.  32
    Emergence and the Final Theory, Or: How to Make Scientific Progress Sustainable.Martin Carrier - 2003 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 28 (1):7.
    Convergent scientific realism entails that science will sooner or later arrive at the final theory of the fundamental constituents of matter. At that stage, all fundamental truths about nature will be discovered so that the search for basic principle seems bound to come to a halt. I explore options for a non-convergent scientific realism that allows for sustained progress in basic research. I defend the views that the coherence of non-convergent realism requires an emergence claim and that this claim can (...)
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  40.  51
    Kant's Relational Theory of Absolute Space.Martin Carrier - 1992 - Kant-Studien 83 (4):399-416.
  41.  31
    Science in the Context of Application: Methodological Change, Conceptual Transformation, Cultural Reorientation.Martin Carrier & Alfred Nordmann - 2011 - In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. pp. 1--7.
  42.  54
    How to Define a Nonskeptical Fallibilism.L. S. Carrier - 1993 - Philosophia 22 (3-4):361-372.
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  43.  25
    How to Tell Causes From Effects: Kant's Causal Theory of Time and Modern Approaches.M. Carrier - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):59-71.
    I attempt a reconstruction of Kant's version of the causal theory of time that makes it appear coherent. Two problems are at issue. The first concerns Kant's reference to reciprocal causal influence for characterizing simultaneity. This approach is criticized by pointing out that Kant's procedure involves simultaneous counterdirected processes-which seems to run into circularity. The problem can be defused by drawing on instantaneous processes such as the propagation of gravitation in Newtonian mechanics. Another charge of circularity against Kant's causal theory (...)
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  44.  42
    Cogitamus Ergo Sumus.David Carrier - 1986 - The Monist 69 (4):521-533.
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  45.  25
    Out-Gunning Skepticism.L. S. Carrier - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):655 - 657.
  46.  15
    Winckelmann and Pater, Morelli and Freud: The Tropics of Art Historical Discourse.David Carrier - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (1):19-38.
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  47.  14
    Skepticism Disarmed.L. S. Carrier - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):107 - 114.
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  48.  17
    Constructing or Completing Physical Geometry? On the Relation Between Theory and Evidence in Accounts of Space-Time Structure.Martin Carrier - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (3):369-394.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss the relation between the observation basis and the theoretical principles of General Relativity. More specifically, this relation is analyzed with respect to constructive axiomatizations of the observation basis of space-time theories, on the one hand, and in attempts to complete them, on the other. The two approaches exclude one another so that a choice between them is necessary. I argue that the completeness approach is preferable for methodological reasons.
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  49.  25
    Reconciling Commodities and Personal Relations in Industrial Society.James Carrier - 1990 - Theory and Society 19 (5):579-598.
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  50.  15
    The Demoniacal in Gide.Warren Carrier - 1951 - Renascence 4 (1):59-65.
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