Results for 'Julius Harms'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  10
    Sein und Zeit bei Cartesius.Julius Harms - 1976 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 18 (3):277-294.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  23
    Still Lives for Headaches: A Reply to Dorsey and Voorhoeve.Julius Schönherr - 2018 - Utilitas 30 (2):209-218.
    There is no large number of very small bads that is worse than a small number of very large bads – or so, some maintain, it seems plausible to say. In this article, I criticize and reject two recently proposed vindications of the above intuition put forth by Dale Dorsey and Alex Voorhoeve. Dorsey advocates for a threshold marked by the interference with a person's global life projects: any bad that interferes with the satisfaction of a life project is worse (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3. Lucky Joint Action.Julius Schönherr - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (1):123-142.
    In this paper, I argue that joint action permits a certain degree of luck. The cases I have in mind exhibit the following structure: each participant believes that the intended ends of each robustly support the joint action. This belief turns out to be false. Due to lucky circumstances, the discordance in intention never becomes common knowledge. However, common knowledge of the relevant intentions would have undermined the joint action altogether. The analysis of such cases shows the extent to which (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  8
    Outcome-Adaptive Randomization in Clinical Trials: Issues of Participant Welfare and Autonomy.Julius Sim - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (2):83-101.
    Outcome-adaptive randomization has been proposed as a corrective to certain ethical difficulties inherent in the traditional randomized clinical trial using fixed-ratio randomization. In particular, it has been suggested that OAR redresses the balance between individual and collective ethics in favour of the former. In this paper, I examine issues of welfare and autonomy arising in relation to OAR. A central issue in discussions of welfare in OAR is equipoise, and the moral status of OAR is crucially influenced by the way (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  80
    Practical Tortoise Raising: And Other Philosophical Essays.Simon Blackburn - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Practical philosophy and ethics -- Practical tortise raising -- Truth, beauty, and goodness -- Dilemmas: dithering, plumping, and grief -- Group minds and expressive harm -- Trust, cooperation, and human psychology -- Must we weep for sentimentalism? -- Through thick and thin -- Perspectives, fictions, errors, play -- The steps from doing to saying -- Success semantics -- Wittgenstein's irrealism -- Circles, finks, smells, and biconditionals -- The absolute conception: Putnam vs. Williams -- Julius Caesar and George Berkeley play (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  6.  18
    Reply to Critics.Aaron James - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):286-304.
    This discussion responds to important questions raised about my theory of fairness in the global economy by Christian Barry, Charles Beitz, A.J. Julius and Kristi Olson. I further elaborate how moral argument can be ‘internal’ to a social practice, how my proposed principles of fairness depend on international practice, how I can admit several relevant conceptions of ‘harm’ and why my account does not depend on a problematic conception of societal ‘endowments’.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  7. Julius Goldstein: Der Jüdische Philosoph in Seinen Tagebüchern: 1873-1929, Hamburg, Jena, Darmstadt.Julius Goldstein - 2008 - Kommission für Die Geschichte der Juden in Hessen.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  6
    Schaxel, Julius, Grundzüge der Theorienbildung in der Biologie.Julius Schaxel - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  15
    Ancient Banyan: An Inquiry Into the Meaning of ‘Hinduness’: JULIUS J. LIPNER.Julius J. Lipner - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):109-126.
    This paper suggests, against a comparative horizon and in broadly philosophical context, a fresh approach to the study of Hinduism. After indicating how religion in general and ‘Hinduism’ in particular are plural phenomena both internally and externally, the paper goes on to define a distinguishing property of Hinduness in terms of an approach that is based on a re-centring system of equilibrating and interactive polarities called ‘polycentrism’. This is described further as a calculated paradoxicality, which is articulated in the light (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  5
    Universals in Linguistic Theory. (Edited by Emmon Bach, Robert T. Harms ... Contributing Authors, Charles J. Fillmore ... Paul Kiparsky ... James D. McCawley.).Emmon Bach & R. Harms (eds.) - 1968 - Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
    Record of papers given at a symposium held at the University of Texas at Austin, April 1967; includes; C.J. Fillmore - The case for case; E. Bach - Nouns and noun phrases; J.D. McCawley - The role of semantics in a grammar; P. Kiparsky Linguistic universals and linguistic change.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  11. Ebbinghaus, Julius, Über die Fortschritte der Metaphysik.Julius Kraft - 1933 - Kant-Studien 38:239.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Saggi Sull'idealismo Magico Julius Evola.Julius Evola - 2006 - Mediterranee.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Julius Schaxel, Grundzüge der Theorienbildung in der Biologie. - Über die Darstellung allgemeiner Biologie.Julius Schultz - 1921 - Annalen der Philosophie 2:293.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  20
    Moral Notions.Julius Kovesi - 1967 - New York: Humanities P..
    Morality is often thought of as non-rational or sub-rational. In Moral Notions, first published in 1967, Julius Kovesi argues that the rationality of morality is built into the way we construct moral concepts. In showing this he also resolves the old Humean conundrum of the relation between 'facts' and 'values'. And he puts forward a method of reasoning that might make 'applied ethics' (at present largely a hodge-podge of opinions) into a constructive discipline. Kovesi's general theory of concepts - (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  15.  10
    Harm to Self.Joel Feinberg - 1986
  16. Dilthey Und Die Deutsche Philosophie der Gegenwart von Julius Stenzel. --.Julius Stenzel - 1934 - Pan-Verlagsgesellschaft.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. A Short History of Medieval Philosophy by Julius R. Weinberg. --.Julius R. Weinberg - 1966 - Princeton University Press.
  18.  53
    The Julius Caesar Objection : More Problematic Than Ever.Fraser MacBride - 2006 - In Identity and Modality. Oxford University Press. pp. 174.
    This paper investigates the meta-ontological problem, what is the Julius Caesar objection? I distinguish epistemic, metaphysical and semantic versions. I argue that neo-Fregean and supervaluationist solutions to the Caesar objection fails because, amongst other flaws, they fail to determine which version of the problem is in play.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  19.  24
    The Critical Theory of Jürgen Habermas.Julius Sensat - 1978 - Studies in Soviet Thought 23 (1):77-79.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   48 citations  
  20. Harm: Omission, Preemption, Freedom.Nathan Hanna - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (2):251-73.
    The Counterfactual Comparative Account of Harm says that an event is overall harmful for someone if and only if it makes her worse off than she otherwise would have been. I defend this account from two common objections.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  21. The Harm Principle.Nils Holtug - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (4):357-389.
    According to the Harm Principle, roughly, the state may coerce a person only if it can thereby prevent harm to others. Clearly, this principle depends crucially on what we understand by harm. Thus, if any sort of negative effect on a person may count as a harm, the Harm Principle will fail to sufficiently protect individual liberty. Therefore, a more subtle concept of harm is needed. I consider various possible conceptions and argue that none gives rise to a plausible version (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  22. Plural Harm.Neil Feit - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2):361-388.
    In this paper, I construct and defend an account of harm, specifically, all-things-considered overall harm. I start with a simple comparative account, on which an event harms a person provided that she would have been better off had it not occurred. The most significant problems for this account are overdetermination and preemption cases. However, a counterfactual comparative approach of some sort is needed to make sense of harm, or so I argue. I offer a counterfactual comparative theory that accounts (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  23. Harm to Others.Joel Feinberg - 1987 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This first volume in the four-volume series The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law focuses on the "harm principle," the commonsense view that prevention of harm to persons other than the perpetrator is a legitimate purpose of criminal legislation. Feinberg presents a detailed analysis of the concept and definition of harm and applies it to a host of practical and theoretical issues, showing how the harm principle must be interpreted if it is to be a plausible guide to the lawmaker.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   119 citations  
  24. The Julius Caesar Objection.Richard Heck - 1997 - In Richard G. Heck (ed.), Language, Thought, and Logic: Essays in Honour of Michael Dummett. Oxford University Press. pp. 273--308.
    This paper argues that that Caesar problem had a technical aspect, namely, that it threatened to make it impossible to prove, in the way Frege wanted, that there are infinitely many numbers. It then offers a solution to the problem, one that shows Frege did not really need the claim that "numbers are objects", not if that claim is intended in a form that forces the Caesar problem upon us.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  25. Nagel's Atlas.A. J. Julius - 2006 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 (2):176–192.
  26. Basic Structure and the Value of Equality.A. J. Julius - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (4):321-355.
  27. Beyond ‘Interaction’: How to Understand Social Effects on Social Cognition.Julius Schönherr & Evan Westra - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):27-52.
    In recent years, a number of philosophers and cognitive scientists have advocated for an ‘interactive turn’ in the methodology of social-cognition research: to become more ecologically valid, we must design experiments that are interactive, rather than merely observational. While the practical aim of improving ecological validity in the study of social cognition is laudable, we think that the notion of ‘interaction’ is not suitable for this task: as it is currently deployed in the social cognition literature, this notion leads to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28. Harm to Others.Martin P. Golding - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (2):295-298.
    This first volume in the four-volume series The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law focuses on the "harm principle," the commonsense view that prevention of harm to persons other than the perpetrator is a legitimate purpose of criminal legislation. Feinberg presents a detailed analysis of the concept and definition of harm and applies it to a host of practical and theoretical issues, showing how the harm principle must be interpreted if it is to be a plausible guide to the lawmaker.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   140 citations  
  29.  13
    Emotion and Meaning in Music.Julius Portnoy - 1957 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 16 (2):285-286.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   77 citations  
  30. Harming as Making Worse Off.Duncan Purves - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (10):2629-2656.
    A powerful argument against the counterfactual comparative account of harm is that it cannot distinguish harming from failing to benefit. In reply to this problem, I suggest a new account of harm. The account is a counterfactual comparative one, but it counts as harms only those events that make a person occupy his level of well-being at the world at which the event occurs. This account distinguishes harming from failing to benefit in a way that accommodates our intuitions about (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  31.  4
    Crimes, Harms, and Wrongs: On the Principles of Criminalisation.A. P. Simester - 2011 - Hart.
    When should we make use of the criminal law? Crimes, Harms, and Wrongs offers a philosophical analysis of the nature and ethical limits of criminalisation. The authors explore the scope of harm-based prohibitions, proscriptions of offensive behaviour, and 'paternalistic' prohibitions aimed at preventing self-harm, developing guiding principles for these various grounds of state prohibition. Both authors have written extensively in the field. They have produced an integrated, accessible, philosophically-sophisticated account that will be of great interest to legal academics, philosophers, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  32. “Harm” and Mill’s Harm Principle.Piers Norris Turner - 2014 - Ethics 124 (2):299-326.
    This article addresses the long-standing problem of how to understand Mill’s famous harm principle in light of his failure to specify what counts as “harm” in On Liberty. I argue that standard accounts restricting “harm” to only certain negative consequences fail to do justice to the text, and that this fact forces us to rethink Mill’s defense of individual liberty. I then offer a new account of that defense in which “harm” is understood in an expansive sense, despite apparent problems (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  33.  41
    The Harm Principle Cannot Replace the Best Interest Standard: Problems With Using the Harm Principle for Medical Decision Making for Children.Johan Christiaan Bester - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):9-19.
    For many years the prevailing paradigm for medical decision making for children has been the best interest standard. Recently, some authors have proposed that Mill’s “harm principle” should be used to mediate or to replace the best interest standard. This article critically examines the harm principle movement and identifies serious defects within the project of using Mill’s harm principle for medical decision making for children. While the harm principle proponents successfully highlight some difficulties in present-day use of the best interest (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  34. Meaning, Creativity, and the Partial Inscrutability of the Human Mind.Julius M. Moravcsik - 1998 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    In this book, Julius M. Moravcsik disputes that a natural language is not and should not be represented as a formal language. The book criticizes current philosophy of language as having an altered focus without adjusting the needed conceptual tools. It develops a new theory of lexical meaning, a new conception of cognition-humans not as information processing creatures but as primarily explanation and understanding seeking creatures-with information processing as a secondary, derivative activity. In conclusion, based on the theories of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  35. Progress and Regress in Philosophy From Hume and Kant to Hegel and Fries. Edited Posthumously by Julius Kraft. With a Pref. By Paul Bernays. Translated [From the German] by Humphrey Palmer. --. [REVIEW]Leonard Nelson & Julius Kraft - 1970 - Blackwell.
  36. Harm to Future Persons: Non-Identity Problems and Counterpart Solutions.Anthony Wrigley - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (2):175-190.
    Non-Identity arguments have a pervasive but sometimes counter-intuitive grip on certain key areas in ethics. As a result, there has been limited success in supporting the alternative view that our choices concerning future generations can be considered harmful on any sort of person-affecting principle. However, as the Non-Identity Problem relies overtly on certain metaphysical assumptions, plausible alternatives to these foundations can substantially undermine the Non-Identity argument itself. In this paper, I show how the pervasive force and nature of Non-Identity arguments (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  37.  28
    John Locke.Julius R. Weinberg - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (1):83-85.
  38. How Harmful Are the Average American's Greenhouse Gas Emissions?John Nolt - 2011 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (1):3-10.
    It has sometimes been claimed (usually without evidence) that the harm caused by an individual's participation in a greenhouse-gas-intensive economy is negligible. Using data from several contemporary sources, this paper attempts to estimate the harm done by an average American. This estimate is crude, and further refinements are surely needed. But the upshot is that the average American is responsible, through his/her greenhouse gas emissions, for the suffering and/or deaths of one or two future people.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  39.  8
    When Forgiveness Comes Easy.Julius Schönherr - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (4):513-528.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40. Harm and Its Moral Significance.Seana Valentine Shiffrin - 2012 - Legal Theory 18 (3):357-398.
    Standard, familiar models portray harms and benefits as symmetrical. Usually, harm is portrayed as involving a worsening of one's situation, and benefits as involving an improvement. Yet morally, the aversion, prevention, and relief of harms seem, at least presumptively, to matter more than the provision, protection, and maintenance of comparable and often greater benefits. Standard models of harms and benefits have difficulty acknowledging this priority, much less explaining it. They also fail to identify harm accurately and reliably. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  41. Collective Harm and the Inefficacy Problem.Julia Nefsky - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (4):e12587.
    This paper discusses the inefficacy problem that arises in contexts of “collective harm.‘ These are contexts in which by acting in a certain sort of way, people collectively cause harm, or fail to prevent it, but no individual act of the relevant sort seems to itself make a difference. The inefficacy problem is that if acting in the relevant way won’t make a difference, it’s unclear why it would be wrong. Each individual can argue, “things will be just as bad (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  42.  55
    The Possibility of Exchange.Aj Julius - 2013 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (4):361-374.
    I first characterize a moral mistake in coercion. The principle of independence with which I criticize coercion seems also to condemn exchange. I propose an account of exchange from which it follows that exchange upholds independence after all. In support of that account I argue that, of the accounts of exchange that occur to me, only this one has the consequence that, on general assumptions, a person can take part in exchange while acting, intending, and believing with sufficient reason. I (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  43.  8
    Antiken der Sammlung Julius C. und Margot Funcke. [REVIEW]B. A. Sparkes, N. Kunisch, Julius C. Funcke & Margot Funcke - 1973 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 93:271-271.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  49
    Harms and Deprivation of Benefits for Nonhuman Primates in Research.Hope Ferdowsian & Agustín Fuentes - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):143-156.
    The risks of harm to nonhuman primates, and the absence of benefits for them, are critically important to decisions about nonhuman primate research. Current guidelines for review and practice tend to be permissive for nonhuman primate research as long as minimal welfare requirements are fulfilled and human medical advances are anticipated. This situation is substantially different from human research, in which risks of harms to the individual subject are typically reduced to the extent feasible. A risk threshold is needed (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  45.  36
    Changes in Neural Resting State Activity in Primary and Higher-Order Motor Areas Induced by a Short Sensorimotor Intervention Based on the Feldenkrais Method.Julius Verrel, Eilat Almagor, Frank Schumann, Ulman Lindenberger & Simone Kühn - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  46. A Harm Based Solution to the Non-Identity Problem.Molly Gardner - 2015 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 2:427-444.
    Many of us agree that we ought not to wrong future people, but there remains disagreement about which of our actions can wrong them. Can we wrong individuals whose lives are worth living by taking actions that result in their very existence? The problem of justifying an answer to this question has come to be known as the non-identity problem.[1] While the literature contains an array of strategies for solving the problem,[2] in this paper I will take what I call (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  47.  24
    Does Certified Organic Farming Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Agricultural Production?Julius McGee - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (2):255-263.
    The increasing prevalence of ecologically sustainable products in consumer markets, such as organic produce, are generally assumed to curtail anthropogenic impacts on the environment. Here I intend to present an alternative perspective on sustainable production by interpreting the relationship between recent rises in organic agriculture and greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural production. I construct two time series fixed-effects panel regressions to estimate how increases in organic farmland impact greenhouse gas emissions derived from agricultural production. My analysis finds that the rise (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  48.  92
    Comparative Harm, Creation and Death.Neil Feit - 2016 - Utilitas 28 (2):136-163.
    Given that a person's death is bad for her, when is it bad? I defend subsequentism, the view that things that are bad in the relevant way are bad after they occur. Some have objected to this view on the grounds that it requires us to compare the amount of well-being the victim would have enjoyed, had she not died, with the amount she receives while dead; however, we cannot assign any level of well-being, not even zero, to a dead (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  49. Aristotle on Adequate Explanations.Julius M. E. Moravcsik - 1974 - Synthese 28 (1):3 - 17.
  50.  10
    Nagel's Atlas.A. J. Julius - 2006 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 (2):176-192.
1 — 50 / 1000