The author establishes an elementary system AS which contains functions +, ≐ and a constant 0 and then proves the semi-completeness and the decidability of AS, using the theory of systems of inequalities.
This writing describes a contribution of Sunda language for local Qur’ānic tafsīr. At least there are three contributions indicate local character in Sunda tafsīr: the use of language hierarchy, traditional expression and metaphor of Sunda environment. Therefore Sunda tafsīr, within Indonesian context, is a treasure of Nusantara Islam and Indonesian civilization.
This article addresses the power of human technologies to wreak destruction on a planetary scale, such as genetic manipulation and weapons of mass destruction. It proposes the need for a new ethic that would be planetary in scale. Its central aim would be to include the great historical and contemporary diversity of human cognitive and epistemological experience. An "ethic of complexity" can weave together the threads of our common heritage. Although humanity's evolutionary past has been shown to be quite diverse, (...) recent genetic and anthropological research has shown it also to be surprisingly unified. New images and metaphors are providing humanity with a vision that transcends familiar ethnic hatreds and so-called clashes of civilizations. The new planetary culture can be a shining example of unity-in-diversity, or unitas multiplex. It will be robustly diverse, intermixed to the core, and filled with awe at the rich lineages of our common past. (shrink)
SummaryBorn to a noble family in the Italian Trentino, Prati studied philosophy in Austria and Germany. Returning to Italy, he joined the carbonari, a network of revolutionary secret societies. Forced into exile in Switzerland, he worked as an educator alongside Pestalozzi. Following his expulsion from Switzerland, Prati sought refuge in Britain, becoming acquainted with Coleridge, the Benthamite utilitarians, and the Owenites. Following the July Revolution, Prati went to Paris, where he became a Saint-Simonian. Returning to Britain, he sought to convert (...) the British to Saint-Simonism, before undertaking a series of other literary projects. He eventually returned to Italy, where he entered into correspondence with the Roman Catholic philosopher Antonio Rosmini. Prati left behind him a trail of letters, newspaper articles, pamphlets, and books, written in four different European languages. These have been hitherto neglected by scholars, and constitute the basis of the current article. (shrink)
Discussion held in April at a Political Studies Association Roundtable in Manchester, England, on G. A. Cohen’s book If You’re an Egalitarian, How Come You’re So Rich?. --- Michael Otsuka's contribution sub-titled: "Il personale e politico? Il confine tra pubblico e private nella sfera della giustizia distributiva" = "Is the personal political? The boundary between the public and the private in the realm of distributive justice.".
Upshot: According to its introduction, the aim of Enaction is to “present the paradigm of enaction as a framework for a far-reaching renewal of cognitive science as a whole.” While many of the chapters make progress towards this aim, the book as a whole does not present enactivism as a coherent framework, and it could be argued that enactivism’s embrace of phenomenology means it is no longer a theory of cognition.
Within vast intolerant attitudes toward Jemaat Ahmadiyah, the community at Gondrong Kenanga, Tangerang, Banten, appears to respect and highly support dissimilarity. Gondrong Kenanga is a place where many religious people reside, such as Ahmadiyah, NU, Muhamadiyah and others. They live together without conflict, but in harmony and peaceful condition. This article will discribe a concept of peace belonging to Ahmadiyah at Gondrong Kenanga, in which it bases on the Qur’ānic doctrine that related to pluralism and harmony.
O objetivo deste ensaio é refletir sobre o significado da expressão “arte do paladar”, enfocando os aspectos da nossa história evolutiva – uma história contemporaneamente biológica e cultural – os quais fizeram de nós os únicos “macacos” capazes de cozinhar o alimento, de produzi-lo de modo sistemático, de escolhê-lo em meio a uma vasta gama de alimentos, com base em diferentes critérios, de atribuir-lhe um valor simbólico e de celebrálo através da linguagem; razões pelas quais o homem pode reivindicar plenamente (...) a invenção dos sabores. Resultado de um longo processo de elaboração da natureza, a arte do paladar é, portanto, o resultado de todos os processos pelos quais transformamos um dos atos mais naturais, isto é, o ato de comer, em um artificial, cultural e intelectual, aplicando um conhecimento, um saber prático, para conceber, imaginar e elaborar novos objetos alimentares, novas sensações para o paladar, novas possibilidades de interação social. Palavras-chave: Arte de alimentos. Sabor. Cozinhar. Culinária. Linguagem. (shrink)