Results for 'Just war doctrine'

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  1.  15
    Just War Doctrine and the Military Response to Terrorism.Joseph Boyle - 2003 - Journal of Political Philosophy 11 (2):153-170.
  2. The Platonic Roots of Just War Doctrine: A Reading of Plato’s Republic.Henrik Syse - 2010 - Diametros 23:104-123.
    Plato arguably stands as one of the precursors to what we today know as the Just War Tradition, and he has more to say about ethics and the use of force than what is often acknowledged. In this article I try to show, by analyzing selected passages and perspectives from the Republic, that Plato regards the role of military ethics as crucial in the construction of the ideal city, and he sees limitation of brutality and more generally a philosophical (...)
     
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  3.  21
    'Cyberation' and Just War Doctrine: A Response to Randall Dipert.Colonel James Cook - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):411-423.
    In this essay, I reject the suggestion that the just war tradition (JWT) does not apply to cyberwarfare (CW). That is not to say CW will not include grey areas defying easy analysis in terms of the JWT. But analogously ambiguous cases have long existed in warfare without undercutting the JWT's broad relevance. That some aspects of CW are unique is likewise no threat to the JWT's applicability. The special character of CW remains similar enough to other kinds of (...)
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  4.  37
    Just War” Doctrine and its Reflections in Our Times.Justinas Žilinskas - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (3):1201-1214.
    The present article discusses a well-known religious philosophical and partially legal doctrine of the “Just war”, developed in the Christian tradition by St. Augustine, St. Tomas Aquinas, Francisco de Vittoria, Francisco Suarez, Hugo Grotius and many other thinkers. The main thesis of the doctrine is that war will be just only if it corresponds to certain criteria, such as autoritas principi (waged by the sovereign), justa causa (on just aim) and with recta intentio (animus) or (...)
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  5. Symposium: Responding to Terror. Just War Doctrine and the Military Response to Terrorism.Joseph Boyle - 2003 - Journal of Political Philosophy 11 (2):153–170.
  6. Paul Ramsey's Just - War Doctrine.David Attwood - 1994 - Studies in Christian Ethics 7 (2):155-155.
  7. Paul Ramsey's Just-War Doctrine.James Turner Johnson - 1994 - Studies in Christian Ethics 7 (2):152-154.
  8. Just War Doctrine and Pacifism.Joseph C. Kunkel - 1983 - The Thomist 47 (4):501-512.
  9. ""Popes and Peace: The" Just War" Doctrine and Humanitarian Intervention in the 20th Century.A. Canavero - 2009 - In Jost Dülffer & Robert Frank (eds.), Peace, War and Gender From Antiquity to the Present: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. Klartext. pp. 97--113.
  10.  10
    Just War and Unjust Soldiers: American Public Opinion on the Moral Equality of Combatants.Scott D. Sagan & Benjamin A. Valentino - 2019 - Ethics and International Affairs 33 (4):411-444.
    Traditional just war doctrine holds that political leaders are morally responsible for the decision to initiate war, while individual soldiers should be judged solely by their conduct in war. According to this view, soldiers fighting in an unjust war of aggression and soldiers on the opposing side seeking to defend their country are morally equal as long as each obeys the rules of combat. Revisionist scholars, however, maintain that soldiers who fight for an unjust cause bear at least (...)
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  11.  2
    ‘Remedium Repraesaliarum’: The Medieval and Early Modern Practice and Theory of Reprisal Within the Just War Doctrine.Philippine Christina Van den Brande - 2020 - Grotiana 41 (2):305-329.
    Centuries before being included in Hugo Grotius’s De iure belli ac pacis and De iure praedae, the subject of reprisal was already being discussed in medieval literature. The aim of this paper is to examine the medieval and early modern practice and theory of reprisal as it developed before and during Grotius’s lifetime. Its first part investigates a number of important foundational elements, such as the issues of definition and terminology, and the common characteristics of a reprisal case. In the (...)
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  12. Just War Theory.Jean Bethke Elshtain (ed.) - 1992 - New York University Press.
    Available Again! Long before the "shock and awe" campaign against Iraq in March 2003, debates swarmed around the justifications of the U.S.-led war to depose Saddam Hussein. While George W. Bush's administration declared a just war of necessity, opponents charged that it was a war of choice, and even opportunism. Behind the rhetoric lie vital questions: when is war just, and what means are acceptable even in the course of a just war? Originally published in 1991, in (...)
     
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  13.  26
    The Moral Equality of Combatants – a Doctrine in Classical Just War Theory? A Response to Graham Parsons.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (2):181 - 194.
    Contrary to what has been alleged, the moral equivalence of combatants (MEC) is not a doctrine that was expressly developed by the traditional theorists of just war. Working from the axiom that just cause is unilateral, they did not embrace a conception of public war that included MEC. Indeed, MEC was introduced in the early fifteenth century as a challenge to the then reigning just war paradigm. It does not follow, however, that the distinction between private (...)
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  14. Kant and the End of War: A Critique of Just War Theory.Howard Williams - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
  15. A Note on the Theoretical Foundation of the Just War Doctrine.Thomas L. Pangle - 1979 - The Thomist 43 (3):464.
     
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  16.  94
    War and Ethics: A New Just War Theory.N. Fotion - 2007 - Continuum.
    Introduction -- Just war theory -- Objections to just war theory -- Easy cases : Germany, Japan, Korea -- Harder cases : Serbia, Russia, Kosovo, Iraq -- Multiple reasons -- More problems with just war theory -- Prevention : Sri Lanka, Thailand -- Two just war theories -- Problems with just war theory I -- Problems for just war theory II -- Closing thoughts.
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  17.  84
    Thomas Aquinas Between Just War and Pacifism.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (2):219-241.
    Some recent authors have argued that Aquinas deliberately integrated a pacifist outlook into his just war theory. Others, by contrast, have maintained that his rejection of pacifism was unequivocal. The present article attempts to set the historical record straight by an examination of Aquinas's writings on this topic. In addition to Q. 40, A. 1 of Summa theologiae II–II, the text usually cited in this connection, this article considers the biblical commentaries where Aquinas explains how the Gospel “precepts of (...)
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  18.  45
    Just War Criteria and the New Face of War: Human Shields, Manufactured Martyrs, and Little Boys with Stones.Michael Skerker - 2004 - Journal of Military Ethics 3 (1):27-39.
    This article applies jus in bello criteria to a relatively novel tactic in asymmetrical warfare: the attempt by a conventionally weaker force to shape the conditions of combat so that the (morally scrupulous) stronger force cannot advance without violating the rules of war. The weaker side accomplishes this by placing its own civilian population before the attacking force: by encouraging or forcing civilians to be human shields, by launching attacks from civilian areas, by provoking reprisal massacres, by creating humanitarian disasters, (...)
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  19.  92
    Just War and Double Effect: Distinguishing Intended Damage and Unintended Side Effects.Joseph Boyle - 2012 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 19 (2):61-71.
    Just war doctrine includes a stringent prohibition against killing and otherwise harming 'innocents', those of one's enemy population who are not engaged in the act of making war. This category includes most enemy civilians. The prohibition cannot reasonably prohibit all possible harms to these innocents. The doctrine of double effect is a way of limiting the prohibition to acts of intentionally harming innocents. This paper explores the application of double effect reasoning in this context, with a view (...)
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  20. Just War, Nonviolence, and Nuclear Deterrence: Philosophers on War and Peace.Duane L. Cady & Richard Werner (eds.) - 1991 - Longwood Academic.
  21. Just War: Principles and Cases.Richard J. Regan - 2013 - Catholic University of America Press.
     
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  22.  76
    Misreading Islamist Terrorism: The “War Against Terrorism” and Just‐War Theory.Joseph M. Schwartz - 2004 - Metaphilosophy 35 (3):273-302.
    : The Bush administration's military war on terrorism is a blunt, ineffective, and unjust response to the threat posed to innocent civilians by terrorism. Decentralized terrorist networks can only be effectively fought by international cooperation among police and intelligence agencies representing diverse nation‐states, including ones with predominantly Islamic populations. The Bush administration's allegations of a global Islamist terrorist threat to the national interests of the United States misread the decentralized and complex nature of Islamist politics. Undoubtedly there exists a “combat (...)
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  23.  32
    No Just War for the Empire.Ann Ferguson - 2006 - Radical Philosophy Today 4:27-37.
    Although international law and the Charter of the United Nations define a doctrine of just war, some critics have argued that the U.S. has become an empire that can no longer be bound by such doctrine. On the contrary, I maintain that we must retain just war doctrine as a normative base from which to critique the U.S. and its preemptive wars against terrorism. Neither the Afghanistan nor the Iraq war has been a just (...)
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  24.  79
    Just War and Terrorism: The End of the Just War Concept?Wim Smit (ed.) - 2005 - Peeters.
    With its interesting spectrum of viewpoints on some very actual and challenging themes, this book attempts to challenge the personal opinion of scholars and ...
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  25.  11
    Probabilism, Just War and Sovereing Supremacy in the Work of Gabriel Vazquez.Daniel Schwartz - 2013 - History of Political Thought 34 (2):177-194.
    Proponents of probabilism argued that 'when an opinion is probable it may be followed even when the contrary opinion is more probable'. Gabriel Vazquez (1549-1604) was the first Jesuit theologian to defend and expand this doctrine. The prevalent theory of sovereignty at the time held that: (1) when sovereigns are victims of wrongs, they take on the role of international judges (thus just wars are just punishments); and (2) the sovereign need not stand before the judgment of (...)
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  26.  44
    The Bush Doctrine, Democratization, and Humanitarian Intervention
    A Just War Critique.
    Andrew Fiala - 2007 - Theoria 54 (114):28-47.
  27.  4
    The Bush Doctrine, Democratization, and Humanitarian Intervention A Just War Critique.Andrew Fiala - 2007 - Theoria 54:28-47.
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  28.  25
    The Limited Role of the Doctrine of the Double Effect in the Just War Theory.Eduardo Rivera-López - 2017 - Ethics and Global Politics 10 (1):117-139.
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  29.  48
    Can There Be a Just War?Karsten J. Struhl - 2006 - Radical Philosophy Today 2006:3-25.
    Just war theory distinguishes between jus ad bellum (whether the war itself is just) and jus in bello (whether the conduct of the war is just). I argue, against the traditional view, that modern warfare has made it impossible to separate the two in practice. Specifically, I argue that modern war is a techno-cultural system which requires its participants to violate the primary criterion of jus in bello—noncombatant immunity. From this it follows that even a war of (...)
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  30.  11
    Sovereignty, Pluralism, and Regular War: Wolff and Vattel’s Enlightenment Critique of Just War.Pablo Kalmanovitz - 2018 - Political Theory 46 (2):218-241.
    Since its early origins, just war discourse has had two contrasting functions: it has sought to speak law and morals to power, and thus to restrain the use of force, but it has also served to authorize and legitimize the use of force. Critical voices have recently alerted to the increasing use of authorization and legitimization in a broader context of hegemonic and unilateral appropriations of just war discourse. In this article, I show that such critiques of (...) war have a long history, and reconstruct the powerful challenge that two of the foremost international jurists of the Enlightenment—Christian Wolff and Emer de Vattel—mounted against early modern accounts of just war. Their neglected theory of “regular war” helps us to recover a sense of what a truly pluralist and anti-hegemonic doctrine of ius ad bellum may look like, and reveals a deep tension in the just war tradition between the criteria of political authority and just cause. (shrink)
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  31.  37
    Philosophies of Peace and Just War in Greek Philosophy and Religions of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.Mehdi Faridzadeh (ed.) - 2004 - Global Scholarly Publications.
    Introduction By Charles Randall Paul Thank you very much. Thank you very much Reverend Kowalski. I will now introduce our panel. I'll make my own remarks I ...
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  32. The Indispensable Mental Element of Justification and the Failure of Purely Objectivist (Mostly “Revisionist”) Just War Theories.Uwe Steinhoff - 2020 - Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie (1):51-67.
    The “right intention” requirement, in the form of a requirement that the agent must have a justified true belief that the mind-independent conditions of the justification to use force are fulfilled, is not an additional criterion, but one that constrains the interpretation of the other criteria. Without it, the only possible interpretation of the mind-independent criteria is purely objectivist, that is, purely fact-relative. Pure objectivism condemns self-defense and just war theory to irrelevance since it cannot provide proper action guidance: (...)
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  33.  36
    Can the Doctrine of Just Military Intervention Survive Iraq?Daryl Glaser - 2010 - Journal of Global Ethics 6 (3):287-304.
    The disastrous consequences of the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 appear to discredit just war theories that justify military intervention in sovereign states in the name of human rights. It is possible, however, to identify factors that distinguish a defensible military intervention from the kind pursued in Iraq, and to incorporate these into a doctrine of humanitarian military intervention that would not have permitted the Iraq invasion. This improved doctrine stands in contrast to the militant interventionist (...)
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  34. Just Wars: From Cicero to Iraq.Alex J. Bellamy - 2006 - Polity Press.
    In what circumstances is it legitimate to use force? How should force be used? These are two of the most crucial questions confronting world politics today. The Just War tradition provides a set of criteria which political leaders and soldiers use to defend and rationalize war. This book explores the evolution of thinking about just wars and examines its role in shaping contemporary judgements about the use of force, from grand strategic issues of whether states have a right (...)
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  35.  75
    Ethics and War: An Introduction.Steven P. Lee - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    What are the ethical principles underpinning the idea of a just war and how should they be adapted to changing social and military circumstances? In this book, Steven P. Lee presents the basic principles of just war theory, showing how they evolved historically and how they are applied today in global relations. He examines the role of state sovereignty and individual human rights in the moral foundations of just war theory and discusses a wide range of topics (...)
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  36.  47
    The Ethics of War in Asian Civilizations: A Comparative Perspective.Torkel Brekke (ed.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    This study of the comparative ethics of war seeks to open a discussion about whether there are universal standards in the ideologies of warfare between the major religious traditions of the world. The project looks at the ideology of war in the major Asian religious traditions. Does our exploration of the ethics of war in Asian civilizations have any bearing on the pressing questions of armed conflict today? It has become clear that Islamic ethics and law contain sophisticated concepts of (...)
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  37. The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction.Helen Frowe - 2011 - Routledge.
    The Ethics of War and Peace is a lively introduction to one of the oldest but still most relevant ethical debates. Focusing on the philosophical questions surrounding the ethics of modern war, Helen Frowe presents contemporary just war theory in a stimulating and accessible way. This 2nd edition includes new material on weapons and technology, and humanitarian intervention, in addition to: theories of self-defence and national defence jus ad bellum, jus in bello and jus post bellum the moral status (...)
     
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  38. On the Ethics of War and Terrorism.Uwe Steinhoff - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    In this book Uwe Steinhoff describes and explains the basic tenets of just war theory and gives a precise, succinct and highly critical account of its present status and of the most important and controversial current debates surrounding it. Rejecting certain in effect medieval assumptions of traditional just war theory and advancing a liberal outlook, Steinhoff argues that every single individual is a legitimate authority and has under certain circumstances the right to declare war on others or the (...)
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  39.  91
    The Ethics of War.A. J. Coates - 1997 - Distributed Exclusively in the Usa by St. Martin's Press.
    Drawing on examples from the history of warfare from the crusades to the present day, "The ethics of war" explores the limits and possibilities of the moral regulation of war. While resisting the commonly held view that 'war is hell', A.J. Coates focuses on the tensions which exist between war and morality. The argument is conducted from a just war standpoint, though the moral ambiguity and mixed record of that tradition is acknowledge and the dangers which an exaggerated view (...)
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  40. An Encyclopedia of War and Ethics.Donald A. Wells (ed.) - 1996 - Greenwood Press.
  41.  90
    The War Convention and the Moral Division of Labour.Yitzhak Benbaji - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (237):593-617.
    My claim is that despite powerful arguments to the contrary, a coherent moral distinction between the jus in bello code and the jus ad bellum code can be sustained. In particular, I defend the traditional just war doctrine according to which the independence between the in bello and ad bellum codes reflects the moral equality between just and unjust combatants and between just and unjust non-combatants. In order to establish this, I construe an in bello proportionality (...)
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  42. The Other's War: Recognition and the Violence of Ethics.Tarik Kochi - 2009 - Birkbeck Law Press.
  43.  82
    Islam and War: A Study in Comparative Ethics.John Kelsay - 1993 - Westminster/John Knox Press.
    This book explores these questions and addresses the lack of comparative perspectives on the ethics of war, particularly with respect to Islam.
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  44. The New Western Way of War: Risk-Transfer War and its Crisis in Iraq.Martin Shaw - 2005 - Polity.
    The new western way of war from Vietnam in Iraq -- Theories of the new western way of war -- The global surveillance mode of warfare -- Rules of risk-transfer war -- Iraq: risk economy of a war -- A way of war in crisis.
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  45. Can Modern War Be Just?James Turner Johnson - 1984 - Yale University Press.
    Now that mankind has created the capability of destroying itself through nuclear technology, is it still possible to think in terms of a "just war"? Johnson argues that it is, and in the context of specific case studies he offers moral guidelines for addressing such major contemporary problems as terrorist activity in a foreign country, an individual’s conscientious objection to military service, and an American defense policy that requires development of weapons that may be morally employed in case of (...)
     
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  46.  9
    Deciding on Preventive War: Amartya Sen’s Idea of Justice.Deen Chatterjee - 2015 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 41 (1):69-76.
    In this article I present a critique of the moral permissibility of preventive war. Preventive intervention is a murky issue in the just-war thinking, so just-war doctrine does not provide moral clarity in this debate. By invoking the concept of a just peace, I discuss prevention from a non-interventionist perspective and show how it can be an effective measure for national security and humanitarian policies. I draw on Amartya Sen’s idea of justice to reconstruct a justice-based, (...)
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  47.  23
    Augustine and the Limits of Preemptive and Preventive War.J. Warren Smith - 2007 - Journal of Religious Ethics 35 (1):141-162.
    While Michael Walzer's distinction between preemptive and preventive wars offers important categories for current reflection upon the Bush Doctrine and the invasion of Iraq, it is often treated as a modern distinction without antecedent in the classical Christian just war tradition. This paper argues to the contrary that within Augustine's corpus there are passages in which he speaks about the use of violence in situations that we would classify today as preemptive and preventive military action. While I do (...)
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  48.  11
    "Just Journalism:" A Moral Debate Framework.Tom Brislin - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (4):209 – 219.
    The centuries-old lost War Doctrine can be a model for framing the journalistic ethics decision making process - a Just Journalism moral test of intended action against anticipated effects. A just journalism paradigm provides a clear set of criteria to be argued and met in considering action that approaches or crosses such borders of extreme professional practice as deception or intrusions into personal privacy. The debate provides a sharper focus on the effects of actions through balancing intentions, (...)
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  49.  13
    Justice, War and Inequality. The Unjust Aggressor and the Enemy of the Human Race in Vattel's Theory of the Law of Nations.Gabriella Silvestrini - 2010 - Grotiana 31 (1):44-68.
    This article discusses the well-known verdict of Vattel's legal positivism in relation to concepts of modernity and the European State System and aims at a re-interpretation of Vattel's understanding of the modern state, just war and the international order. It wants to show that even though States and individuals do not obey the same logic and reason, Vattel was neiter a Hobbesian thinker nor, as Kant claimed, a 'sorry comforter'. The main reason for this is that Vattel's doctrine (...)
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  50.  23
    God, War, and Conscience.Christopher J. Eberle - 2007 - Journal of Religious Ethics 35 (3):479-507.
    Many military officers believe that they morally ought to obey legal orders to fight even in unjust wars: they have a moral obligation to exercise indiscriminate obedience to legal orders to fight. I argue that officers should not be required to exercise indiscriminate obedience: certain theistic commitments to which many citizens and officers adhere prohibit indiscriminate obedience to legal orders to fight. This theistic argument constitutes adequate reason not to require officers to exercise indiscriminate obedience. However, this raises a further (...)
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