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  1.  58
    Realism and Sociology: Anti-Foundationalism, Ontology, and Social Research.Justin Cruickshank - 2003 - Routledge.
    In recent years methodological debates in the social sciences have increasingly focused on issues relating to epistemology. Realism and Sociology makes an original contribution to the debate, charting a middle ground between postmodernism and positivism.
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  2. Positioning Positivism, Critical Realism and Social Constructionism in the Health Sciences: A Philosophical Orientation.Justin Cruickshank - 2012 - Nursing Inquiry 19 (1):71-82.
  3.  44
    Knowing Social Reality: A Critique of Bhaskar and Archer’s Attempt to Derive a Social Ontology From Lay Knowledge.Justin Cruickshank - 2010 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (4):579-602.
    Critical realists argue that the condition of possibility of the sciences is that they are based on a correct set of ontological assumptions or definitions. The task of philosophy is to underlabor for the sciences, by ensuring that the explanations developed are congruent with the ontological condition of possibility of the sciences. This requires critical realists to justify their claims about ontology and, to do this, they turn to ontological assumptions that are held to obtain in natural scientific knowledge and (...)
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  4.  59
    Critical Realism: The Difference in Makes.Justin Cruickshank (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    This book introduces social scientists to the difference that critical realism can make to theorizing and methodological problems within the contemporary social sciences. The chapters, which cover such topics as cultural studies, feminism, globalization, heterodox economics, education policy, the self, and the "underclass" debate, are arranged in four sections dealing with some of the major topics in contemporary social science: ethics, the consequences of the "linguistic turn", methodology and globalization.
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  5. The Usefulness of Fallibilism in Post-Positivist Philosophy: A Popperian Critique of Critical Realism.Justin Cruickshank - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (3):263-288.
    Sayer argues that Popper defended a logicist philosophy of science. The problem with such logicism is that it creates what is termed here as a `truncated foundationalism', which restricts epistemic certainty to the logical form of scientific theories whilst having nothing to say about their substantive contents. Against this it is argued that critical realism, which Sayer advocates, produces a linguistic version of truncated foundationalism and that Popper's problem-solving philosophy, with its emphasis on developing knowledge through criticism, eschews all forms (...)
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  6.  28
    Critical Realism and Critical Philosophy: On the Usefulness of Philosophical Problems.Justin Cruickshank - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):49-66.
  7.  72
    Ethnocentrism, Social Contract Liberalism and Positivistic-Conservatism: Rorty's Three Theses on Politics.Justin Cruickshank - 2000 - Res Publica 6 (1):1-23.
    In this article I argue that Rorty has three separatearguments for liberalism. The pragmatic-ethnocentric argument for liberalism,as a system which works for `us liberals'', is rejectedfor entailing relativism. The social contract argument results in an extreme formof individualism. This renders politics redundantbecause there is no need for the (liberal) state toprotect poetic individuals, who are capable ofdefending themselves. Even if the less able areharmed, the state could not prevent this, givenRorty''s arguments about discursive enrichment withina language game. Finally, the positivistic-conservative (...)
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  8.  32
    Postmodern Politics: Rorty on the Self, Agency and Liberalism.Justin Cruickshank - 2003 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (2).
  9.  25
    Anti-Authority: Comparing Popper and Rorty on the Dialogic Development of Beliefs and Practices.Justin Cruickshank - 2013 - Social Epistemology (1):1-22.
    For many, Rorty was a postmodern relativist and Popper was a positivist and Cold War liberal ideologue. The argument developed here rejects such views and explores how Rorty?s work is best understood from a Popperian problem-solving perspective. It is argued that Rorty erred in seeking justification for beliefs, unlike Popper who replaced the search for justification with criticism. Nonetheless, Rorty?s arguments about post-Nietzschean theory and reformism function as important updates to Popper?s arguments about methodological essentialism and piecemeal social engineering, respectively.
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  10.  11
    Conference Report. Debating Realism(S): The Fifth Annual IACR Conference, Roskilde 2001.Justin Cruickshank - 2001 - Alethia 4 (2).
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  11.  2
    Economic Freedom and the Harm of Adaptation: On Gadamer, Authoritarian Technocracy and the Re-Engineering of English Higher Education.Justin Cruickshank - 2019 - Social Epistemology 33 (4):337-354.
    ABSTRACTThe social democratic state pursued interventionism for positive political freedom, making markets adapt to the needs of a fair democratic society, with the provision of social rights. The...
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  12.  8
    “Neoliberalism, Technocracy and Higher Education” Editors’ Introduction.Justin Cruickshank & Ross Abbinnett - 2019 - Social Epistemology 33 (4):273-279.
    ABSTRACTThis special issue of Social Epistemology has its origin in two symposia organised by the Contemporary Philosophy of Technology Research Group at the University of Birmingham. These we...
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  13.  16
    Ontology and Nominalism: On the Case for Critical Relism. Review of Beyond Relativism: Raymond Boudon, Cognitive Rationality and Critical Realism by Cynthia Lins Hamlin.Justin Cruickshank - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):165-167.
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  14.  16
    Ontology and Nominalism: On the Case for Critical Realism.Justin Cruickshank - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):165-167.
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  15.  28
    Overcoming Essentialism: Notes on the Underclass Debate.Justin Cruickshank - 2000 - Alethia 3 (1).
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  16.  19
    Postdisciplinarity and the Study of Lay Normativity — Re-Theorising Class in Social Science.Justin Cruickshank - 2006 - Journal of Critical Realism 5 (1):110-121.
  17. 9 Practical Knowledge and Realism.Justin Cruickshank - 2004 - In Andrew Collier, Margaret Scotford Archer & William Outhwaite (eds.), Defending Objectivity: Essays in Honour of Andrew Collier. Routledge. pp. 129.
     
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  18. Practical Knowledge and Realism: Linking Andrew Collier on Lay Knowledge to Karl Popper on the Philosophy of Science.'.Justin Cruickshank - 2004 - In Andrew Collier, Margaret Scotford Archer & William Outhwaite (eds.), Defending Objectivity: Essays in Honour of Andrew Collier. Routledge.
     
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  19.  8
    Review Essays Postdisciplinarity and the Study of Lay Normativity - Re-Theorising Class in Social Science.Justin Cruickshank - 2006 - Journal of Critical Realism 5 (1):110-121.
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  20.  19
    Response to Neil Curry's Review of Realism And Sociology.Justin Cruickshank - 2004 - Journal of Critical Realism 3 (1):165-168.
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  21.  2
    Solidarity, Critique and Techno-Science: Evaluating Rorty’s Pragmatism, Freire’s Critical Pedagogy and Vattimo’s Philosophical Hermeneutics.Justin Cruickshank - 2020 - Human Affairs 30 (4):577-586.
    The critique of metaphysics can often entail a critique of liberalism. Rorty sought a revolutionary paradigm shift in philosophy and the broader humanities, by linking the rejection of metaphysics to a justification for liberal democracy and reformism. He believed that the recognition of socio-historical contingency concerning interpretations of fundamental values and of truth, combined with a humanities education, would create a sense of solidarity that would motivate reforms. Freire argues that a dialogic form of education is as important as the (...)
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  22.  23
    Some Realistic Considerations On The Death Of Philosophy.Justin Cruickshank - 2008 - Journal of Critical Realism 7 (2):314-329.
  23. Democratic Problem-Solving: Dialogues in Social Epistemology.Raphael Sassower & Justin Cruickshank - 2017 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This timely volume explores pressing questions that relate to democracy and the politics of knowledge, in a dialogue based on developing and applying philosophies that stress the importance of dialogue, democracy and criticism.
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  24. Problem-Solving and the Challenges to Democracy: Dialogues on the Philosophy and Politics of Knowledge.Raphael Sassower & Justin Cruickshank - 2017 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This timely volume explores pressing questions that relate to democracy and the politics of knowledge, in a dialogue based on developing and applying philosophies that stress the importance of dialogue, democracy and criticism.
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