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Justin Leiber
Florida State University
  1. An Invitation To Cognitive Science.Justin Leiber - 1991 - Cambridge: Blackwell.
  2.  89
    Turing and the Fragility and Insubstantiality of Evolutionary Explanations: A Puzzle About the Unity of Alan Turing's Work with Some Larger Implications.Justin Leiber - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (1):83-94.
    As is well known, Alan Turing drew a line, embodied in the "Turing test," between intellectual and physical abilities, and hence between cognitive and natural sciences. Less familiarly, he proposed that one way to produce a "passer" would be to educate a "child machine," equating the experimenter's improvements in the initial structure of the child machine with genetic mutations, while supposing that the experimenter might achieve improvements more expeditiously than natural selection. On the other hand, in his foundational "On the (...)
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  3.  95
    On Turing's Turing Test and Why the Matter Matters.Justin Leiber - 1995 - Synthese 104 (1):59-69.
  4. An Invitation to Cognitive Science.Justin Leiber - 1993 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 36:179.
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  5. Philosophy, Engineering, Biology, and History: A Vindication of Turing's Views About the Distinction Between the Cognitive and Physical Sciences.Justin Leiber - 2002 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):29-37.
    Alan Turing draws a firm line between the mental and the physical, between the cognitive and physical sciences. For Turing, following a tradition that went back to D=Arcy Thompson, if not Geoffroy and Lucretius, throws talk of function, intentionality, and final causes from biology as a physical science. He likens Amother nature@ to the earnest A. I. scientist, who may send to school disparate versions of the Achild machine,@ eventually hoping for a test-passer but knowing that the vagaries of his (...)
     
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  6.  72
    Turing's Golden: How Well Turing's Work Stands Today.Justin Leiber - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):13-46.
    A. M. Turing has bequeathed us a conceptulary including 'Turing, or Turing-Church, thesis', 'Turing machine', 'universal Turing machine', 'Turing test' and 'Turing structures', plus other unnamed achievements. These include a proof that any formal language adequate to express arithmetic contains undecidable formulas, as well as achievements in computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics, biology, and cognitive science. Here it is argued that these achievements hang together and have prospered well in the 50 years since Turing's death.
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  7. Meaning and Liking Again.Justin Leiber - 1969 - Analysis 30 (2):40 - 41.
  8.  71
    “Cartesian” Linguistics?Justin Leiber - 1988 - Philosophia 18 (4):309-346.
  9. Linguistic Analysis and Existentialism.Justin Leiber - 1971 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (1):47-56.
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  10. Can Animals and Machines Be Persons?: A Dialogue.Justin Leiber - 1985 - Hackett Pub. Co..
    COMMISSIONER KLAUS VERSEN: Counselors, I want to remind you both of two matters. First, this commission is not bound by the statutes or legal precedents of ...
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  11.  50
    Helen Keller as Cognitive Scientist.Justin Leiber - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (4):419 – 440.
    Nature's experiments in isolation—the wild boy of Aveyron, Genie, their name is hardly legion—are by their nature illusive. Helen Keller, blind and deaf from her 18th month and isolated from language until well into her sixth year, presents a unique case in that every stage in her development was carefully recorded and she herself, graduate of Radcliffe College and author of 14 books, gave several careful and insightful accounts of her linguistic development and her cognitive and sensory situation. Perhaps because (...)
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  12.  99
    In Respect of Liking.Justin Leiber - 1968 - Analysis 28 (6):183 - 188.
  13.  23
    The Light Bulb and the Turing-Tested Machine.Justin Leiber - 1992 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (1):25–39.
  14. On What Sort of Speech Act Wittgenstein's Investigations is and Why It Matters (the Philosophical Forum , XXVIII, No. 3, 1997).Justin Leiber - unknown
    Philosophers concerned with speech acts, or Wittgenstein's uses of language , mostly fix their attention on actions done by issuing just a phrase or short sentence (in the appropriate circumstances with the proper qualifications, feeling, intent, uptake, etc.). "Five red apples" is Wittgenstein's paradigm example in his Philosophical Investigations . "There's a bittern at the bottom of your garden" plays a similar role in J. L. Austin's most central and ambitious essay, "Other Minds." Indeed, as Wittgenstein points out, a single (...)
     
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  15.  59
    Semantics and the Social Sciences.Justin Leiber - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (3):723-724.
    This book, by two philosophers at Bradford University, immediately strikes the American reader with two differences in the British philosophical scene. One is the enveloping commitment to "Davidsonian linguistics" which still seems the central topic for many of Oxford's younger philosophers. In this slim volume Davidsonian semantics is thought to provide that some measure of cross-cultural understanding is possible, that humanistic descriptions of human activity are irreplaceable and unrevisable since action explanation is non-nomothetic though often causal and inferential, that collectives (...)
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  16. Russell and Wittgenstein: A Study in Civility and Arrogance.Justin Leiber - 2004 - The Bertrand Russell Society Quarterly 122.
  17.  85
    Instinctive Incest Avoidance: A Paradigm Case for Evolutionary Psychology Evaporates.Justin Leiber - 2006 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (4):369–388.
    Westermarck proposed that humans have an incest avoidance instinct, triggered by frequent intimate contact with family members during the first several years of life. Westermarck reasons that familial incest will tend to produce less fit offspring, those humans without instinctive incest avoidance would hence have tended to die off and those with the avoidance instinct would have produced more viable offspring, and hence familial incest would be, as indeed it is, universally and instinctively avoided . Victorian Westermarck claimed this as (...)
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  18.  14
    The Nature of Psychological Explanation.Justin Leiber - 1986 - Review of Metaphysics 40 (1):109-110.
    This spare book amply maintains the distinction of the Bradford Book series. In chapter 1 Cummins argues that the familiar deductive-nomological notion of scientific explanation only covers transitional theories and fails to give an account of explanation through property or system analysis that is pervasive in both the physical and psychological sciences. This inadequacy of the D-N view is supposed particularly injurious in the unrobust and infant science of psychology. Explanation through analysis ranges from decidedly morphological to the decidedly systemic, (...)
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  19.  20
    Shanon on the Turing Test.Justin Leiber - 1989 - Journal of Social Behavior 19 (June):257-259.
  20.  16
    Noam Chomsky: A Philosophic Overview.Justin Leiber - 1975 - Philosophical Review 86 (4):570-573.
  21.  31
    The Politics of Linguistics.Justin Leiber - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (3):633-634.
    This book is a clear, judicious, explanatory, and short analysis of the development of linguistics, particularly in this century. While describing the ups and downs of autonomous linguistics, in its structuralist and various generativist phases, and the humanist, Marxist, and sociological opposition, Newmeyer from time to time makes striking points about the strong influence of national political agendas, as expressed in research money, on the waxing or waning of theoretical orientations in linguistics. Mirroring an older British imperialism, the burgeoning of (...)
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  22. Language and Problems of Knowledge: The Managua Lectures Noam Chomsky. [REVIEW]Justin Leiber - 1989 - Philosophical Psychology 2 (2):244.
     
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  23.  25
    Knowledge and the Flow of Information.Justin Leiber - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 40 (3):569-570.
    That this is one of the most distinguished books in the excellent Bradford Books cognitive science/philosophy series is suggested by the March 1983 issue of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, in which we find a precis of the book, some twenty commentaries, and Dretske's replies. Physicalists and anti-physicalists in psychology have both stressed the importance of "top-down" strategies and have debated, prospectively, about the likelihood that we eventually will have suitable reductions, or explanatory instantiations, of psychological generations in neurophysiological terms. Dretske (...)
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  24.  2
    Shanon on the Turing Test.Justin Leiber - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (2):257-259.
  25.  54
    Language Without Linguistics.Justin Leiber - 1999 - Synthese 120 (2):193-211.
    Though Mr. Lin purports to attack “Chomsky's view of language” and to defend the “common sense view of language”, he in fact attacks “views” that are basic and common to linguists, psycholinguists, and developmental psychologists. Indeed, though he cites W. V. O. Quine, L. Wittgenstein, and J. L. Austin in his support, they all sharply part company from his views, Austin particularly. Lin's views are not common sense but a set of scholarly and philological prejudices that linguistics disparaged from its (...)
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  26.  47
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Eric A. Weiss, Justin Leiber, Judith Felson Duchan, Mallory Selfridge, Eric Dietrich, Peter A. Facione, Timothy Joseph Day, Johan M. Lammens, Andrew Feenberg, Deborah G. Johnson, Daniel S. Levine & Ted A. Warfield - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (1):109-155.
  27.  37
    The “Many Pun” Argument.Justin Leiber - 1963 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):36-39.
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  28. Democritus (460-370 Bce.).Justin Leiber - unknown
    Democritus was born at Abdera, about 460 BCE, although according to some 490. His father was from a noble family and of great wealth, and contributed largely towards the entertainment of the army of Xerxes on his return to Asia. As a reward for this service the Persian monarch gave and other Abderites presents and left among them several Magi. Democritus, according to Diogenes Laertius, was instructed by these Magi in astronomy and theology. After the death of his father he (...)
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  29.  40
    Descartes: The Smear and Related Misconstruals.Justin Leiber - 2011 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):365-376.
    In part because he is known through his Meditations, a short pamphlet he wrote, rightly in fear, to conciliate (unsuccessfully) with the church, and because his rationalism is misconstrued when interpreted empirically, Descartes is subject to a variety of misunderstandings. It does not help that he is dogged by a canard invented in the late 1600s and revived by the animal rights movement, a canard that was designed to denigrate the then burgeoning mechanistic new science, discovered cruelly cutting up living (...)
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  30.  24
    James H. Fetzer, Philosophy and Cognitive Science, Second Edition: Revised and Expanded, Paragon Issues in Philosophy. [REVIEW]Justin Leiber - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (3):435-437.
  31.  19
    K. T. Fann "Symposium on J. L. Austin". [REVIEW]Justin Leiber - 1971 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (1):118.
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  32.  35
    Language Without Linguistics, or Badly Reinventing Oxford Ordinary Language Philosophy.Justin Leiber - 1999 - Synthese 120 (2):193 - 211.
    Though Mr. Lin purports to attack "Chomsky's view of language" and to defend the "common sense view of language", he in fact attacks "views" that are basic and common to linguists, psycholinguists, and developmental psychologists. Indeed, though he cites W. V. O. Quine, L. Wittgenstein, and J. L. Austin in his support, they all sharply part company from his views, Austin particularly. Lin's views are not common sense but a set of scholarly and philological prejudices that linguistics disparaged from its (...)
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  33. On What Sort of Speech Act Wittgenstein's Investigations is and Why It Matters.Justin Leiber - 1997 - Philosophical Forum 28 (3):232-267.
  34.  36
    Insulting.Justin Leiber - 1979 - Philosophia 8 (4):549-571.
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  35.  13
    Naming the Mind: How Psychology Found Its Language. Kurt Danziger.Justin Leiber - 1999 - Isis 90 (3):625-626.
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  36.  36
    The Wiles of Evolutionary Psychology and the Indeterminacy of Selection.Justin Leiber - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (1):53–72.
  37.  34
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Paul Sheldon Davies, David C. Graves, Justin Leiber & Anat Matar - 1995 - Philosophia 24 (3-4):531-558.
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  38.  15
    The Future Present Tense.Justin Leiber - 1985 - Philosophy and Literature 9 (2):203-211.
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  39.  13
    Psychology Without Brains.Justin Leiber - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):366-367.
    Rachlin's is a dubious melange. Of Aristotle's four basic the scientists and philosophers of the modern era expelled the last, or teleology, from science. Adaptionist evolutionary biologists now sometimes sanction talk of the function or purpose of organisms' structures and behavioral repertoires as a first step because they believe evolution through natural selection makes natural organisms look asif they are purposively designed. But, as Aristotle himself insisted, humans are as much artificial as natural and so teleology is much less appropriate. (...)
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  40.  8
    Symposium on J. L. Austin.Justin Leiber - 1971 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (1):118-120.
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  41.  27
    George Graham, Philosophy of Mind: An Introduction. [REVIEW]Justin Leiber - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (2):293-295.
  42.  11
    Paradigmatic Immorality.Justin Leiber - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (4):689 - 695.
    The notion of moral philosophy that has been dominant in Anglo-American philosophizing since G.E. Moore is peculiar. Reviewing traditional works such as Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Hume's Treatise, Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, and Mill's Utilitarianism, one is tempted to call this new notion of moral philosophy a different subject; and if one does this, it is less peculiar. However, let us accept that this new sort of moral philosophy does belong to the previous tradition; granted this, I shall explain why (...)
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  43.  10
    Coming of Age in Olduvai and the Zaire Rain Forest.Justin Leiber - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):196-197.
  44.  10
    Logic as Grammar.Justin Leiber - 1986 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (4):772-773.
    This is an excellent book for philosophers, and others concerned with natural language and cognition, who have not kept up with post-Aspects work in syntax, in particular with the Extended Standard Theory work on government and binding that relates to anaphora and quantification. It is a direct challenge to those who think that there must be a reasonably clearcut semantic level of description for sentences in natural language, one which is crucial for explaining how we learn, understand, and use natural (...)
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  45.  21
    Re(Ad) Me; Re(Ad) Myself.Justin Leiber - 1989 - Philosophy and Literature 13 (1):134-139.
    I write, as Robert Graves put it in his Oxford poetry lectures, both matador and judge, both as a novelist and as philosopher and literary theorist. Considering the present aggressive stance of literary theorists, detonating, denuding, and deconstructing the humble scrivener's offerings as if works of fiction were the shoulders of midgets on which the giants of critical theory may grind their jackboots, you will think me rash to confess to the jejune offense of novel writing, but I mean not (...)
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  46.  22
    Dickins, Cosmides, Reasoning, Modularity, and Wason's Task.Justin Leiber - 2005 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 35 (3):341–349.
  47.  20
    Nature's Experiments, Society's Closures.Justin Leiber - 1997 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 27 (2&3):325–343.
    The Wild Child, who lives through much of childhood without exposure to language or culture, is exceedingly rare. I examine three of the most famous and most well authenticated cases: Helen Keller, who was isolated from eighteen months until her seventh year; ‘Victor’, the wild boy of the forest near Aveyron, whom Itard studied; and ‘Genie,’ who was isolated from language from age two until the middle of her thirteenth year. Attention is paid both to the development of these individuals (...)
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  48. Fritz Leiber and Eyes.Justin Leiber - unknown
    I was first struck by the influence of Fritz’ writing on himself in the summer of 1968. My wife Leslie and I were living in Buffalo. I hadn’t seen my father in a couple of years. Fritz was driving in from Los Angeles to do a science fiction workshop at Clarion College in nearby Pennsylvania. We were to see him at Clarion and then he was to visit us in Buffalo. I had just finished reading Fritz’ A Specter Is Haunting (...)
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  49. Alan Mathison Turing: The Maker of Our Age.Justin Leiber - manuscript
    In his short life, Alan Turing (1912-1954) made foundational contributions to philosophy, mathematics, biology, artificial intelligence, and computer science. He, as much as anyone, invented the digital electronic computer. From September, 1939 much of his work on computation was war-driven and brutally practical. He developed high speed computing devices needed to decipher German Enigma Machine messages to and from U-boats, countering the most serious threat by far to Britain's survival during World War Two. Yet few people have an image of (...)
     
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  50.  17
    Faculty Before Folk.Justin Leiber - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):579-580.
    Pace Atran, (1) folk physics, (2) folk biology, and (3) folk psychology rest on informationally encapsulated modules that emerge before language: a gifted austic person who can see objects and animals perfectly well can nonetheless be incommunicatively mind blind.
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