Results for 'Justin P. Yuan'

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  1.  3
    Neural Correlates of Smartphone Dependence in Adolescents.Olga Tymofiyeva, Justin P. Yuan, Roma Kidambi, Chiung-Yu Huang, Eva Henje, Mark L. Rubinstein, Namasvi Jariwala, Jeffrey E. Max, Tony T. Yang & Duan Xu - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  2.  3
    Gray Matter Changes in Adolescents Participating in a Meditation Training.Justin P. Yuan, Colm G. Connolly, Eva Henje, Leo P. Sugrue, Tony T. Yang, Duan Xu & Olga Tymofiyeva - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  3.  14
    Early Mädhyamika in India and China. [REVIEW]J. H. P. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):577-577.
    This is a fine exposition of the view of Mädhyamika Buddhism established by Indian pandit Nägärjuna and its subsequent transmission to China. The teaching of Emptiness, the central doctrine of the Mädhyamika, was first brought to China in detail by Kumärajiva. A number of documents written within fifteen years of Kumaräjiva's arrival in China are analyzed to determine the aspects that were and were not understood by those students. Writings of Hui-Yuan, Seng-jui, and Seng-chao serve as the basis of (...)
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  4.  1
    Cost, Expenditure and Vulnerability.Justin Bruner, Brusse P., Kalkman Carl & David - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (3):357--375.
    The handicap principle stipulates that signal reliability can be maintained if signals are costly to produce. Yet empirical biologists are typically unable to directly measure evolutionary costs, and instead appeal to expenditure as a sensible proxy. However the link between expenditure and cost is not always as straightforward as proponents of HP assume. We consider signaling interactions where whether the expenditure associated with signaling is converted into an evolutionary cost is in some sense dependent on the behavior of the intended (...)
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  5.  9
    Educating for an Inclusive Economy: Cultivating Relationality Through International Immersion.Abigail B. Schneider & Daniel P. Justin - 2020 - Humanistic Management Journal 5 (1):133-151.
    As the gap between the world’s rich and poor grows wider and the limitations of institutional solutions such as foreign aid continue to be exposed, students of development are shifting their focus toward individualistic business-based solutions that seek to draw members of marginalized communities into the global marketplace. This focus on the individual, however, raises three interconnected issues: it privileges a view of the human person as individualistic versus relational, it proposes isolated solutions that are not scalable, and it can (...)
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  6.  15
    Relevance Theory, Pragmatic Inference and Cognitive Architecture.Wen Yuan, Francis Y. Lin & Richard P. Cooper - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (1):98-122.
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  7.  59
    Allen P. F. Sell. John Locke and the Eighteenth Century Divines. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1997.) Pp. 444. £40.00 Hbk. [REVIEW]A. B. P. - 1998 - Religious Studies 34 (2):231-234.
  8.  64
    Eberhard Herrmann. Scientific Theory and Religious Belief: An Essay on the Rationality of Views of Life. Pp. 128. Dfl. 69.90.Peter Van Inwagen. God, Knowledge and Mystery: Essays in Philosophical Theology, Pp. 284. Morton Klass. Ordered Universes: Approaches to the Anthropology of Religion. Pp. Xiv + 177. £37.00 Hb, £11.50 Pb.Ian S. Markham. Plurality and Christian Ethics. Pp. Xiv + 225. £32.50.M. A. Stewart & John P. Wright, Ed. Hume and Hume's Connexions. Pp. Xvi + 266. £39.50. [REVIEW]Brian R. Clack, C. B. & H. P. - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (2):293.
  9. Compassionate Physicians-Renate G. Justin Replies.R. G. Justin - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (6):4-4.
     
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  10. Early Christian Philosophers: Justin, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian Eric Osborn1.Irenaeus Justin - 2009 - In Graham Robert Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), The History of Western Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 3--187.
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  11. She Hui Ke Xue Jie Shi Yan Jiu: Gui Lü / Gui Fan, Yuan Yin / Li You Yu She Hui Ke Xue Jie Shi.Jihong Yuan - 2009 - Zhongguo She Hui Ke Xue Chu Ban She.
  12.  15
    Justin, Apologie pour les chrétiens. Introduction, texte critique, traduction et notes par Charles Munier. Paris, Éd. du Cerf, 2006, Sources Chrétiennes n° 507, 391 p. [REVIEW]Frédéric Chapot - 2008 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 82:127-128.
    Cet ouvrage vient couronner un ensemble d’études que Ch. Munier a consacrées à l’œuvre apologétique de Justin depuis plus d’une vingtaine d’années et dont on rappellera les principaux jalons : une série d’articles dans la présente Revue (60 [1986], p. 34-54 ; 61 [1987], p. 177-186 ; 62 [1988], p. 90-100 & 227-239), une monographie parue en 1994 à Fribourg (Suisse) dans la collection « Paradosis », et une première édition critique avec traduction, dans la même collection, en 1995. (...)
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  13.  9
    Skeptical Theism. Edited by Trent Dougherty and Justin P. McBrayer. Pp. Xx, 337, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, £75.00. [REVIEW]Jeremy Johnston - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (5):806-807.
  14.  18
    Trent Dougherty and Justin P. McBrayer : Skeptical Theism: New Essays. Oxford University Press 2014.Tyron Goldschmidt - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (2):231-234.
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  15.  17
    Trent Dougherty and Justin P. McBrayer, Skeptical Theism: New Essays. [REVIEW]Bridger Charles Landle - 2016 - Philosophy in Review 36 (4):160-163.
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  16.  9
    Skeptical Theism: New Essays, Ed. Trent Dougherty and Justin P. McBrayer. [REVIEW]Jeff Snapper - 2017 - Faith and Philosophy 34 (2):235-243.
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  17.  6
    Corine Pelluchon: Nourishment: A Philosophy of the Political Body, Trans. By Justin E. H. Smith: Bloomsbury, London and New York, 2019, 401 P.Jill Drouillard - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (2):237-243.
    “In the beginning there was hunger.” This opening quote from Levinas sets the stage for Pelluchon’s ethico-political project that revamps classical phenomenology’s intentionality of the ego by focusing on the sensing and enjoyment of the “gourmet cogito” who “lives from” and finds nourishment in a world that cannot be reduced to a noeme. She critiques Heidegger’s existential analytic and focuses on an ontology where our love of life precedes our being-towards-death, before boldly mapping out a new social pact, founded on (...)
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  18.  40
    Munier (C.) (Ed., Trans.) Justin: Apologie Pour Les Chrétiens. Introduction, Texte Critique, Traduction Et Notes. (Sources Chrétiennes 507.) Pp. 391. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 2006. Paper, €39. ISBN: 978-2-204-08254-9. Leclerc (P.), Morales (E.M.), De Vogüé (A.) (Ed., Trans.) Jérôme: Trois Vies de Moines (Paul, Malchus, Hilarion). Introduction, Texte Critique, Traduction Et Notes. (Sources Chrétiennes 508.) Pp. 337, Maps. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 2007. Paper, €39. ISBN: 978-2-204-08276-. [REVIEW]Rolando Ferri - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (1):99-101.
  19.  15
    The Aesthetics Philosophy of Ts'ai Yuan-P'ei.William J. Duiker - 1972 - Philosophy East and West 22 (4):385-401.
  20.  6
    Hsei-Wu Chang. Yüan-Hsüeh Hsiang Ho Ch'u Ch'ü . Che-Hsüeh P'ing-Lun , Vol. 10 No. 4 , Pp. 29–37.Yin Fu-Sheng - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (3):219-219.
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  21. Ts'ai Yuan-P'ei: Educator of Modern China.William J. Duiker - 1991 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In the broadest sense, this intellectual biography is designed to give insight into the reasons why Western values and institutions failed to take root in the Chinese environment. Three interrelated themes are treated by Professor Duiker: the evolution of the Chinese educational system from the beginning of the 20th century to World War II; the process by which a Chinese intellectual absorbed Western values and attitudes while retaining significant elements of his traditional Confucian world view; the goals of the humanist (...)
     
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  22. Ts'ai Yuan-P'ei: Educator of Modern China.William J. Duiker - 2003 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In the broadest sense, this intellectual biography is designed to give insight into the reasons why Western values and institutions failed to take root in the Chinese environment. Three interrelated themes are treated by Professor Duiker: the evolution of the Chinese educational system from the beginning of the 20th century to World War II; the process by which a Chinese intellectual absorbed Western values and attitudes while retaining significant elements of his traditional Confucian world view; the goals of the humanist (...)
     
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  23.  3
    University vs. Research Institute? The Dual Pillars of German Science Production, 1950–2010.Jennifer Dusdal, Justin J. W. Powell, David P. Baker, Yuan Chih Fu, Yahya Shamekhi & Manfred Stock - 2020 - Minerva 58 (3):319-342.
    The world’s third largest producer of scientific research, Germany, is the origin of the research university and the independent, extra-university research institute. Its dual-pillar research policy differentiates these organizational forms functionally: universities specialize in advanced research-based teaching; institutes specialize intensely on research. Over the past decades this policy affected each sector differently: while universities suffered a lingering “legitimation crisis,” institutes enjoyed deepening “favored sponsorship”—financial and reputational advantages. Universities led the nation’s reestablishment of scientific prominence among the highly competitive European and (...)
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  24. Philosophy, East and West: Essays in Honour of Dr. T. M. P. Mahadevan.T. M. P. Mahadevan & Hywel David Lewis (eds.) - 1976 - Blackie & Son (India).
    Bhattacharyya, K. The Advaita concept of subjectivity.--Deutsch, E. Reflections on some aspects of the theory of rasa.--Nakamura, H. The dawn of modern thought in the East.--Organ, T. Causality, Indian and Greek.--Chatterjee, M. On types of classification.--Lacombe, O. Transcendental imagination.--Bahm, A. J. Standards for comparative philosophy.--Herring, H. Appearance, its significance and meaning in the history of philosophy.--Chang Chung-yuan. Pre-rational harmony in Heidegger's essential thinking and Chʼan thought.--Staal, J. F. Making sense of the Buddhist tetralemma.--Enomiya-Lassalle, H. M. The mysticism of Carl (...)
     
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  25.  62
    Are Our Moral Responsibility Practices Justified? Wittgenstein, Strawson and Justification in ‘Freedom and Resentment’.Benjamin De Mesel - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (3):603-614.
    D. Justin Coates argues that, in ‘Freedom and Resentment’, P. F. Strawson develops a modest transcendental argument for the legitimacy of our moral responsibility practices. I disagree with Coates’ claim that Strawson’s argument provides a justification, in Wittgenstein’s and/or Strawson’s sense of that term, of our responsibility practices. I argue that my interpretation of Strawson solves some difficulties with Coates’ argument, while retaining its advantages.
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  26. Barrett, Justin L.(2004) Why Would Anyone Believe in God? Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc. $19.95, 160 Pp. Beckwith, Francis J., William Lane Craig and JP Moreland (2004) To Everyone an Answer: A Case for the Christian Worldview. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, $29.00, 396 Pp. [REVIEW]John Dillon, Lloyd P. Gerson, Franklin I. Gamwell, Sohail H. Hashmi, Steven P. Lee, Ruth Illman, Paul D. Janz, John Lachs, D. Micah Hester & Nancy K. Levene - 2005 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 57:217-218.
     
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  27.  5
    A Guide to the Wen-Yüan Pavilion Ssu-K'u Ch'üan-Shu 文淵閣四庫全書指南A Guide to the Wen-Yuan Pavilion Ssu-K'u Ch'uan-Shu.Alvin P. Cohen, William Y. Chen 陳有方 & William Y. Chen Youfang) - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (1):216.
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  28. John Toland: Nazarenus (Ed.) Justin Champion.P. Lurbe - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (3):589-590.
  29. Ya-Chou Ho T Ai-P Ing-Yang Ti Ch Ü Ti Che Hsüeh Chiao Hsüeh Ho Yen Chiu. Unesco & Chung-Kuo She Hui K. O. Hsüeh Yüan Che Hsüeh Yen Chiu so Fan I. Tsu - 1988
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  30.  8
    Everybody else is thinking it, so why can’t we?Justin P. McBrayer - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    Does the fact that other people believe something give me a reason to believe it, too? Yes, and this epistemic fact is explained by the principle of common consent. PCC says that if S knows that others believe that P, then this fact gives S a reason to believe that P. Despite the fact that most logic texts file the appeal to the majority under the category of a fallacy, the principle of common consent is true. The principle can be (...)
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  31.  34
    Rule A.P. Roger Turner & Justin Capes - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (4):580-595.
    Rule A: if it's metaphysically necessary that p, we may validly infer that no one is even partly morally responsible for the fact that p. Our principal aim in this article is to highlight the importance of this rule and to respond to two recent challenges to it. We argue that rule A is more important to contemporary theories of moral responsibility than has previously been recognized. We then consider two recent challenges to the rule and argue that neither challenge (...)
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  32.  23
    The Problem of Intransigently Biased Agents.Bennett Holman & Justin P. Bruner - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):956-968.
    In recent years the social nature of scientific inquiry has generated considerable interest. We examine the effect of an epistemically impure agent on a community of honest truth seekers. Extending a formal model of network epistemology pioneered by Zollman, we conclude that an intransigently biased agent prevents the community from ever converging to the truth. We explore two solutions to this problem, including a novel procedure for endogenous network formation in which agents choose whom to trust. We contend that our (...)
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  33. The Varieties of Impartiality, or, Would an Egalitarian Endorse the Veil?Justin P. Bruner & Matthew Lindauer - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (2):459-477.
    Social contract theorists often take the ideal contract to be the agreement or bargain individuals would make in some privileged choice situation. Recently, experimental philosophers have explored this kind of decision-making in the lab. One rather robust finding is that the exact circumstances of choice significantly affect the kinds of social arrangements experimental subjects unanimously endorse. Yet prior work has largely ignored the question of which of the many competing descriptions of the original position subjects find most compelling. This paper (...)
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  34.  18
    The Epistemology of Genealogies.Justin P. McBrayer - 2018 - In Hans van Eyghen, Rik Peels & Gijsbert van den Brink (eds.), New Developments in the Cognitive Science of Religion - the Rationality of Religious Belief. Springer. pp. 157-169.
    Beliefs have genealogies. Can tracing a belief’s genealogy illuminate the epistemic quality of the belief? This paper sets out a general epistemology of genealogies. As it turns out, genealogies for beliefs come in two sorts: those that trace a belief to some mental event that doubles as evidence for the belief and those that do not. The former have the potential to undercut the belief, rebut the belief, or—importantly—both. The latter have the potential to reinforce the belief or rebut the (...)
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  35. Skeptical Theism: New Essays.Trent Dougherty & Justin P. McBrayer (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This collection of 22 newly-commissioned essays presents cutting-edge work on skeptical theistic responses to the problem of evil and the persistent objections that such responses invite.
     
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  36. Skeptical Theism.Justin P. McBrayer - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (7):611-623.
    Most a posteriori arguments against the existence of God take the following form: (1) If God exists, the world would not be like this (where 'this' picks out some feature of the world like the existence of evil, etc.) (2) But the world is like this . (3) Therefore, God does not exist. Skeptical theists are theists who are skeptical of our ability to make judgments of the sort expressed by premise (1). According to skeptical theism, if there were a (...)
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  37. A Limited Defense of Moral Perception.Justin P. McBrayer - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 149 (3):305–320.
    One popular reason for rejecting moral realism is the lack of a plausible epistemology that explains how we come to know moral facts. Recently, a number of philosophers have insisted that it is possible to have moral knowledge in a very straightforward way—by perception. However, there is a significant objection to the possibility of moral perception: it does not seem that we could have a perceptual experience that represents a moral property, but a necessary condition for coming to know that (...)
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  38. Scepticism About the Argument From Divine Hiddenness.Justin P. Mcbrayer & Philip Swenson - 2012 - Religious Studies 48 (2):129 - 150.
    Some philosophers have argued that the paucity of evidence for theism — along with basic assumptions about God's nature — is ipso facto evidence for atheism. The resulting argument has come to be known as the argument from divine hiddenness. Theists have challenged both the major and minor premises of the argument by offering defences. However, all of the major, contemporary defences are failures. What unites these failures is instructive: each is implausible given other commitments shared by everyone in the (...)
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  39. No Harm Done? An Experimental Approach to the Non-Identity Problem.Matthew Kopec & Justin P. Bruner - manuscript
    A driving force behind much of the literature on the non-identity problem is the widely shared intuition that actions or policies that change who comes into existence don't, as a result, lose their morally problematic features. We hypothesize that this intuition isn’t entirely shared by the general public, which might have widespread implications concerning how to best motivate public support for large-scale, identity-affecting policies like those involved in climate change mitigation. To test our hypothesis, we ran a behavioural economic experiment, (...)
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  40. What Quantum Mechanics Doesn't Show.Justin P. McBrayer & Dugald Owen - 2016 - Teaching Philosophy 39 (2):163-176.
    Students often invoke quantum mechanics in class or papers to make philosophical points. This tendency has been encouraged by pop culture influences like the film What the Bleep do We Know? There is little merit to most of these putative implications. However, it is difficult for philosophy teachers unfamiliar with quantum mechanics to handle these supposed implications in a clear and careful way. This paper is a philosophy of science version of MythBusters. We offer a brief primer on the nature (...)
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  41. Moral Perception and the Causal Objection.Justin P. McBrayer - 2010 - Ratio 23 (3):291-307.
    One of the primary motivations behind moral anti-realism is a deep-rooted scepticism about moral knowledge. Moral realists attempt counter this worry by sketching a plausible moral epistemology. One of the most radical proposals in the recent literature is that we know moral facts by perception – we can literally see that an action is wrong, etc. A serious objection to moral perception is the causal objection. It is widely conceded that perception requires a causal connection between the perceived and the (...)
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  42.  31
    Policing Epistemic Communities.Justin P. Bruner - 2013 - Episteme 10 (4):403-416.
    I examine how particular social arrangements and incentive structures encourage the honest reporting of experimental results and minimize fraudulent scientific work. In particular I investigate how epistemic communities can achieve this goal by promoting members to police the community. Using some basic tools from game theory, I explore a simple model in which scientists both conduct research and have the option of investigating the findings of their peers. I find that this system of peer policing can in many cases ensure (...)
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  43.  24
    How to Beat Science and Influence People: Policy-Makers and Propaganda in Epistemic Networks.James Owen Weatherall, Cailin O’Connor & Justin P. Bruner - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axy062.
    In their recent book Merchants of Doubt [New York:Bloomsbury 2010], Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway describe the "tobacco strategy", which was used by the tobacco industry to influence policy makers regarding the health risks of tobacco products. The strategy involved two parts, consisting of promoting and sharing independent research supporting the industry's preferred position and funding additional research, but selectively publishing the results. We introduce a model of the Tobacco Strategy, and use it to argue that both prongs of the (...)
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  44.  50
    Diversity, Tolerance, and the Social Contract.Justin P. Bruner - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (4):429-448.
  45.  15
    Employee Age Alters the Effects of Justice on Emotional Exhaustion and Organizational Deviance.Justin P. Brienza & D. Ramona Bobocel - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  46.  31
    The Handicap Principle Is an Artifact.Simon M. Huttegger, Justin P. Bruner & Kevin J. S. Zollman - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):997-1009.
    The handicap principle is one of the most influential ideas in evolutionary biology. It asserts that when there is conflict of interest in a signaling interaction signals must be costly in order to be reliable. While in evolutionary biology it is a common practice to distinguish between indexes and fakable signals, we argue this dichotomy is an artifact of existing popular signaling models. Once this distinction is abandoned, we show one cannot adequately understand signaling behavior by focusing solely on cost. (...)
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  47.  32
    Disclosure and Information Transfer in Signaling Games.Justin P. Bruner - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (4):649-666.
    One of the major puzzles in evolutionary theory is how communication and information transfer are possible when the interests of those involved conflict. Perfect information transfer seems inevitable if there are physical constraints, which limit the signal repertoire of an individual, effectively making bluffing an impossibility. This, I argue, is incorrect. Unfakeable signals by no means guarantee information transfer. I demonstrate the existence of a so-called pooling equilibrium and discuss why the traditional argument for perfect information transfer does not hold (...)
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  48.  43
    Self-Correction in Science: Meta-Analysis, Bias and Social Structure.Justin P. Bruner & Bennett Holman - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 78:93-97.
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  49.  19
    Bargaining and the Dynamics of Divisional Norms.Justin P. Bruner - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):407-425.
    Recently, philosophers have investigated the emergence and evolution of the social contract. Yet extant work is limited as it focuses on the use of simple behavioral norms in rather rigid strategic settings. Drawing on axiomatic bargaining theory, we explore the dynamics of more sophisticated norms capable of guiding behavior in a wide range of scenarios. Overall, our investigation suggests the utilitarian bargaining solution has a privileged status as it has certain stability properties other social arrangements lack.
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  50.  65
    Cornea and Inductive Evidence.Justin P. McBrayer - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (1):77-86.
    One of the primary tools in the theist’s defense against “noseeum” arguments from evil is an epistemic principle concerning the Conditions Of ReasoNableEpistemic Access (CORNEA) which places an important restriction on what counts as evidence. However, CORNEA is false because it places too strong acondition on what counts as inductive evidence. If CORNEA is true, we lack evidence for a great many of our inductive beliefs. This is because CORNEA amounts to a sensitivity constraint on evidence, and inductive evidence is (...)
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