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  1.  17
    Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    Though it did not yet exist as a discrete field of scientific inquiry, biology was at the heart of many of the most important debates in seventeenth-century philosophy. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the work of G. W. Leibniz. In Divine Machines, Justin Smith offers the first in-depth examination of Leibniz's deep and complex engagement with the empirical life sciences of his day, in areas as diverse as medicine, physiology, taxonomy, generation theory, and paleontology. He shows how these (...)
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  2.  12
    The Responsibilities of Engineers.Justin Smith, Paolo Gardoni & Colleen Murphy - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):519-538.
    Knowledge of the responsibilities of engineers is the foundation for answering ethical questions about the work of engineers. This paper defines the responsibilities of engineers by considering what constitutes the nature of engineering as a particular form of activity. Specifically, this paper focuses on the ethical responsibilities of engineers qua engineers. Such responsibilities refer to the duties acquired in virtue of being a member of a group. We examine the practice of engineering, drawing on the idea of practices developed by (...)
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  3. Kontinuitaet und Mechanismus.Richard Arthur, Christia Mercer, Justin Smith & Catherine Wilson - 1997 - The Leibniz Review 7:25-64.
  4.  20
    Tradition, Culture, and the Problem of Inclusion in Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2015 - Comparative Philosophy 6 (2).
    Many today agree that philosophy, as an academic discipline, must, for the sake of its very survival, become more inclusive of a wider range of perspectives, coming from a more diverse pool of philosophers. Yet there has been little serious reflection on how our very idea of what philosophy is might be preventing this change from taking place. In this essay I would like to consider the ways in which our ideas about philosophy's relation to tradition, and its relation to (...)
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  5.  27
    Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy.Mogens Laerke, Justin E. H. Smith & Eric Schliesser (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This volume collects contributions from leading scholars of early modern philosophy from a wide variety of philosophical and geographic backgrounds. The distinguished contributors offer very different, competing approaches to the history of philosophy.
  6.  1
    Appendix 3. The Human Body, Like That of Any Animal, is a Sort of Machine.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 290-296.
  7.  1
    Introduction.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 1-22.
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  8.  48
    The Body-Machine in Leibniz’s Early Physiological and Medical Writings: A Selection of Texts with Commentary.Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - The Leibniz Review 17:141-179.
    Other than the historical writings, the edition of which has yet to begin, Series VIII of the Academy Edition of Leibniz’s writings, presenting his “natural-scientific, medical, and technical” contributions, has been, since the project began in 1923, consistently deemed to be of low priority, and it is only very recently that the project has got fully underway. Coming, as it does, nearer to the end of the edition of the complete works, Series VIII has the advantage of accumulating some of (...)
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  9.  51
    Leibniz and the Natural World.Justin E. H. Smith - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:73-84.
  10. Sarah Hutton, Anne Conway: A Woman Philosopher. [REVIEW]Justin Smith - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26:41-44.
     
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  11.  22
    Leibniz's Hylomorphic Monad.Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 2002 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 19 (1):21 - 42.
  12.  42
    Confused Perception and Corporeal Substance in Leibniz.Justin E. H. Smith - 2003 - The Leibniz Review 13:45-64.
    I argue against the view that Leibniz’s construction of reality out of perceiving substances must be seen as the first of the modern idealist philosophies. I locate this central feature of Leibniz’s thought instead in a decidedly premodern tradition. This tradition sees bodiliness as a consequence of the confused perception of finite substances, and equates God’s uniquely disembodied being with his maximally distinct perceptions. But unlike modern idealism, the premodern view takes confusion as the very feature of any created substance (...)
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  13.  1
    Index.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 375-380.
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  14. Preface.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  15.  36
    Leibniz, le vivant et l’organisme.Justin E. H. Smith - 2010 - The Leibniz Review 20:85-96.
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  16.  33
    Reply to Sarah Tietz.Justin E. H. Smith - 2013 - The Leibniz Review 23:129-131.
  17.  5
    Language, Bipedalism and the Mind-Body Problem in Edward Tyson's Orang-Outang.Justin Smith - 2007 - Intellectual History Review 17 (3):291-304.
  18.  8
    Collective Intelligence for the Common Good: Cultivating the Seeds for an Intentional Collaborative Enterprise.Douglas Schuler, Anna De Liddo, Justin Smith & Fiorella De Cindio - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (1):1-13.
  19. Sarah Hutton, Anne Conway: A Woman Philosopher Reviewed By.Justin Eh Smith - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (1):41-44.
  20.  28
    Mundus Combinatus.Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 1999 - The Leibniz Review 9:97-103.
  21. On the Fate of Composite Substances After 1704.Justin Erik Smith - 1998 - Studia Leibnitiana 30 (2):204-210.
    In diesem Artikel bringe ich zwei Thesen vor. Zum einen behaupte ich, daβ in den ersten Jahren des 18. Jahrhunderts eine wichtige terminologische Wende in der Leibnizschen Metaphysik stattfand: Das Thema der körperlichen Substanz wurde durch den Begriff des Organismus ersetzt. Die Entdeckung dieser Wende widerspricht der weit verbreiteten Meinung, Leibniz habe -vom Briefwechsel mit Des Bosses hier abgesehen -in seinen letzten Jahren das Interesse an einer Theorie der zusammengesetzten Einheiten verloren und stattdessen seinen früheren idealistischen Glauben, daß es nur (...)
     
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  22.  36
    “Curious Kinks of the Human Mind”: Cognition, Natural History, and the Concept of Race.Justin E. H. Smith - 2012 - Perspectives on Science 20 (4):504-529.
  23.  24
    Beyond Philosophy: Ethics, History, Marxism, and Liberation Theology.Justin E. H. Smith - 2004 - Teaching Philosophy 27 (4):398-401.
  24.  22
    Leibniz on Natural History and National History.Justin Eh Smith - 2012 - History of Science 50 (4):377.
  25.  20
    ‘A Series of Generations’: Leibniz on Race.Justin Eh Smith - 2013 - Annals of Science 70 (3):1-17.
    In some very interesting recent work, Peter Fenves has sought to trace G. W. Leibniz's views on human diversity back to the philosopher's core philosophical concerns, in particular to his metaphysical picture of the world as consisting in causally unconnected substances, monads, that are ‘windowless’, ‘worlds apart’. In this article I argue by contrast that Leibniz's anthropological views develop quite independently of his core metaphysics, and are rooted instead in his significant work as a historian and genealogist. In this connection, (...)
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  26.  29
    The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics.Justin E. H. Smith - 2005 - Teaching Philosophy 28 (4):391-394.
  27.  6
    What Is a World?: Deception, Possibility, and the Uses of Fiction From Cervantes to Descartes.Justin E. H. Smith - 2016 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (2):9-27.
    In this short essay I will aim to show that literary fiction is consistently at the vanguard of the exploration of philosophical problems relating to the concept of world, while what we think of as philosophy, in the narrower sense, typically arrives late on the scene, picking up themes that have already been explored in literary texts that are explicitly intended as exercises of the imagination. I will pursue this argument with a sustained investigation of the shared aims and methods (...)
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  28.  32
    Leibniz lecteur de Spinoza. La genèse d'une opposition complexe (review).Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 108-110.
    This book is a significant accomplishment, and for now the most comprehensive intervention in a debate that has been more than three hundred years in the making. At least since Pierre Bayle, commentators have imagined a sort of paradox in the pairing of Spinoza’s irreproachable way of life with his scandalous philosophy, in contrast with the perfect fit between Leibniz’s optimism for the status quo with his supposedly opportunistic relation to his courtly benefactors. Together with these biographical coordinates, to which (...)
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  29.  13
    Natives, Nature, and Natural Slavery.Justin E. H. Smith - 2014 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 35 (1-2):81-100.
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  30.  33
    Leibniz on Spermatozoa and Immortality.Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 89 (3):264-282.
    In this article, I consider the significance of the discovery of spermatozoa for Leibniz's deeply held beliefs that (i) no true substance can ever be generated or destroyed, except miraculously; and (ii) that every substance must be perpetually organically embodied. I further consider the way these beliefs are transformed as Leibniz's basic middle-period commitment to corporeal substance gives way (though not entirely) to a metaphysics of monadological immaterialsm. What endures throughout, I show, is the conviction that whatever is real must (...)
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  31.  24
    “The Unity of the Generative Power”: Modern Taxonomy and the Problem of Animal Generation.Justin E. H. Smith - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (1):pp. 78-104.
    Much recent scholarly treatment of the theoretical and practical underpinnings of biological taxonomy from the 16 th to the 18 th centuries has failed to adequately consider the importance of the mode of generation of some living entity in the determination of its species membership, as well as in the determination of the ontological profile of the species itself. In this article, I show how a unique set of considerations was brought to bear in the classification of creatures whose species (...)
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  32.  17
    Diet, Embodiment, and Virtue in the Mechanical Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):338-348.
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  33.  5
    Machines, Souls, and Vital Principles.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the debate among natural philosophers during the early modern period which concerned whether living beings could be understood as biological machines that did not require a distinct principle of life or soul to explain their complex functioning. It suggests that these innovations can be seen collectively as a gradual substitution of the categorial framework of Aristotle by one derived from the experimental and mathematical sciences. The traditional epistemic relationship between natural philosophy and metaphysics thereby began a long-term (...)
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  34.  19
    Leibniz Und Das Judentum. Studia Leibnitiana Sonderhefte.Justin E. H. Smith - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):344 – 347.
  35.  4
    Kontinuität Und Mechanismus: Zur Philosophie des Jungen Leibniz in Ihrem Ideengeschichtlichen Kontext. [REVIEW]Richard Arthur, Christia Mercer, Justin Smith & Catherine Wilson - 1997 - The Leibniz Review 7:25-64.
  36.  10
    Making Sense of the U.S. Prison Industry.Justin E. H. Smith - 2005 - Radical Philosophy Review 8 (1):83-96.
  37.  4
    Vincent Aucante.La Philosophie Médicale de Descartes. Preface by Jean‐Luc Marion. Xxi + 472 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables, App., Bibl., Index. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2006. €31. [REVIEW]Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):623-625.
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  38.  12
    Christian Platonism and the Metaphysics of Body in Leibniz.Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (1):43 – 59.
  39.  2
    Mundus Combinatus: Studien Zur Struktur der Barocken Universalwissenschaft, Am Beispiel Athanasius Kirchers, SJ, 1602-1680. [REVIEW]Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 1999 - The Leibniz Review 9:97-103.
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  40.  4
    La Génération Spontanée Et le Problème de la Reproduction des Espèces Avant Et Après Descartes.Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - Philosophiques 34 (2):273-294.
    Dans cet article je mets en évidence quelques problèmes conceptuels importants posés par le prétendu phénomène de la génération spontanée, en montrant comment ils étaient liés historiquement à la question théorique des origines et de l’ontologie des espèces biologiques. Au XVIe et XVIIe siècle tout particulièrement, la possibilité que des formes organiques soient générées dans la matière inorganique supposait la possibilité que le hasard gouverne non seulement l’apparition d’une anguille ou d’une souris, mais qu’il gouverne l’apparition originelle de leurs espèces (...)
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  41. Franklin Perkins, Leibniz and China: A Commerce of Light Reviewed By.Justin Eh Smith - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (6):424-427.
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  42.  2
    In Kind: Species of Exchange in Early Modern Science.Justin Eh Smith & James Delbourgo - 2013 - Annals of Science 70 (3):299-304.
  43.  2
    Theories of Generation and Form.Justin Eh Smith - 2013 - In Peter R. Anstey (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter examines the convention concerning the theories of generation and form in the field of natural philosophy in Great Britain during the seventeenth century. It explains that natural philosophers treated the questions of biological generation interchangeably with those coming from chemistry, mineralogy, and meteorology, and considers Antoine Goudin's argument that there are both efficient and final causes at work in the earth's production of rocks that resemble animals or parts of animals. The chapter also suggests that the ‘chymists’ were (...)
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  44.  2
    Daniel Garber. Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp. Xxii+428. $55.00. [REVIEW]Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):153-157.
  45.  1
    Abbreviations.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  46.  1
    Appendix 1. Directions Pertaining to the Institution of Medicine.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 275-287.
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  47.  1
    Appendix 2. The Animal Machine.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 288-289.
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  48.  1
    Chapter Five. The Divine Preformation Of Organic Bodies.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 165-196.
  49.  1
    Chapter Three. Organic Bodies, Part I. Nature and Structure.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 97-136.
  50.  1
    Chapter Seven. The Nature And Boundaries Of Biological Species.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 235-274.
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