92 found
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  1.  7
    Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2015 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    People have always been xenophobic, but an explicit philosophical and scientific view of human racial difference only began to emerge during the modern period. Why and how did this happen? Surveying a range of philosophical and natural-scientific texts, dating from the Spanish Renaissance to the German Enlightenment, Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference charts the evolution of the modern concept of race and shows that natural philosophy, particularly efforts to taxonomize and to order nature, played a crucial role. Smith demonstrates (...)
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  2.  26
    Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    Though it did not yet exist as a discrete field of scientific inquiry, biology was at the heart of many of the most important debates in seventeenth-century philosophy. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the work of G. W. Leibniz. In Divine Machines, Justin Smith offers the first in-depth examination of Leibniz's deep and complex engagement with the empirical life sciences of his day, in areas as diverse as medicine, physiology, taxonomy, generation theory, and paleontology. He shows how these (...)
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  3.  43
    Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy.Mogens Laerke, Justin E. H. Smith & Eric Schliesser (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This volume collects contributions from leading scholars of early modern philosophy from a wide variety of philosophical and geographic backgrounds. The distinguished contributors offer very different, competing approaches to the history of philosophy.
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  4.  46
    The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith (ed.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume Smith examines the early modern science of generation, which included the study of animal conception, heredity, and fetal development. Analyzing how it influenced the contemporary treatment of traditional philosophical questions, it also demonstrates how philosophical pre-suppositions about mechanism, substance, and cause informed the interpretations offered by those conducting empirical research on animal reproduction. Composed of essays written by an international team of leading scholars, the book offers a fresh perspective on some of the basic problems in early (...)
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  5.  30
    The Responsibilities of Engineers.Justin Smith, Paolo Gardoni & Colleen Murphy - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):519-538.
    Knowledge of the responsibilities of engineers is the foundation for answering ethical questions about the work of engineers. This paper defines the responsibilities of engineers by considering what constitutes the nature of engineering as a particular form of activity. Specifically, this paper focuses on the ethical responsibilities of engineers qua engineers. Such responsibilities refer to the duties acquired in virtue of being a member of a group. We examine the practice of engineering, drawing on the idea of practices developed by (...)
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  6. The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):575-577.
     
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  7. Contents.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
  8.  2
    Anton Wilhelm Amo's Philosophical Dissertations on Mind and Body.Stephen Philip Menn & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2020 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    "Anton Wilhelm Amo is the first modern African philosopher to study and teach in a European university and write in the European philosophical tradition. We give an extensive historical and philosophical introduction to Amo's life and work, and provide Latin texts, with facing translations and explanatory notes, of Amo's two philosophical dissertations, On the Impassivity of the Human Mind and the Philosophical Disputation containing a Distinct Idea of those Things that Pertain either to the Mind or to our Living and (...)
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  9.  33
    Tradition, Culture, and the Problem of Inclusion in Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - unknown
    Many today agree that philosophy, as an academic discipline, must, for the sake of its very survival, become more inclusive of a wider range of perspectives, coming from a more diverse pool of philosophers. Yet there has been little serious reflection on how our very idea of what philosophy is might be preventing this change from taking place. In this essay I would like to consider the ways in which our ideas about philosophy's relation to tradition, and its relation to (...)
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  10. The Leibniz-Stahl Controversy.François Duchesneau & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2016 - Yale University Press.
    _The first unabridged English translation of the correspondence between Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Georg Ernst Stahl detailing their opposing philosophies_ The correspondence between the eighteenth-century mathematician and philosopher G. W. Leibniz and G. E. Stahl, a chemist and physician at the court of King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, known as the Leibniz-Stahl Controversy, is one of the most important intellectual contributions on theoretical issues concerning pre-biological thinking. Editors François Duchesneau and Justin E. H. Smith offer readers the first fully (...)
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  11.  8
    Appendix 3. The Human Body, Like that of Any Animal, is a Sort of Machine.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 290-296.
  12.  1
    Irrationality: A History of the Dark Side of Reason.Justin E. H. Smith - 2019 - Princeton University Press.
    A fascinating history that reveals the ways in which the pursuit of rationality often leads to an explosion of irrationality It’s a story we can’t stop telling ourselves. Once, humans were benighted by superstition and irrationality, but then the Greeks invented reason. Later, the Enlightenment enshrined rationality as the supreme value. Discovering that reason is the defining feature of our species, we named ourselves the “rational animal.” But is this flattering story itself rational? In this sweeping account of irrationality from (...)
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  13.  1
    Irrationality: A History of the Dark Side of Reason.Justin E. H. Smith - 2019 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    From sex and music to religion and politics, a history of irrationality and the ways in which it has always been with us—and always will be In this sweeping account of irrationality from antiquity to the rise of Twitter mobs and the election of Donald Trump, Justin Smith argues that irrationality makes up the greater part of human life and history. Ranging across philosophy, politics, and current events, he shows that, throughout history, every triumph of reason has been temporary and (...)
  14. Imagination and the problem of heredity in mechanist embryology.Justin E. H. Smith - 2006 - In The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  15. Introduction.Justin E. H. Smith, Mogens Lærke & Eric Schliesser - 2013 - In Mogens Laerke, Justin E. H. Smith & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Philosophy and its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press USA.
    The introduction explain the need for how an international, inclusive discussion about the range of different methodological approaches from different traditions of philosophy can be read alongside each other and be seen in sometimes very critical conversation with each other. In addition, the introduction identifies four broad themes in the volume: the largest group of chapters advocate methods that promote history of philosophy as an unapologetic, autonomous enterprise with its own criteria within philosophy. Second, three chapters can be seen as (...)
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  16.  3
    Introduction.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 1-22.
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  17.  2
    The Philosopher: A History in Six Types.Justin E. H. Smith - 2016 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    What would the global history of philosophy look like if it were told not as a story of ideas but as a series of job descriptions—ones that might have been used to fill the position of philosopher at different times and places over the past 2,500 years? The Philosopher does just that, providing a new way of looking at the history of philosophy by bringing to life six kinds of figures who have occupied the role of philosopher in a wide (...)
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  18. Notes.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 311-356.
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  19.  27
    Leibniz on Natural History and National History.Justin Eh Smith - 2012 - History of Science 50 (4):377.
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  20.  58
    The Body-Machine in Leibniz’s Early Physiological and Medical Writings: A Selection of Texts with Commentary.Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - The Leibniz Review 17:141-179.
    Other than the historical writings, the edition of which has yet to begin, Series VIII of the Academy Edition of Leibniz’s writings, presenting his “natural-scientific, medical, and technical” contributions, has been, since the project began in 1923, consistently deemed to be of low priority, and it is only very recently that the project has got fully underway. Coming, as it does, nearer to the end of the edition of the complete works, Series VIII has the advantage of accumulating some of (...)
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  21. On the Fate of Composite Substances After 1704.Justin Erik Smith - 1998 - Studia Leibnitiana 30 (2):204-210.
    In diesem Artikel bringe ich zwei Thesen vor. Zum einen behaupte ich, daβ in den ersten Jahren des 18. Jahrhunderts eine wichtige terminologische Wende in der Leibnizschen Metaphysik stattfand: Das Thema der körperlichen Substanz wurde durch den Begriff des Organismus ersetzt. Die Entdeckung dieser Wende widerspricht der weit verbreiteten Meinung, Leibniz habe -vom Briefwechsel mit Des Bosses hier abgesehen -in seinen letzten Jahren das Interesse an einer Theorie der zusammengesetzten Einheiten verloren und stattdessen seinen früheren idealistischen Glauben, daß es nur (...)
     
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  22.  26
    Leibniz's Hylomorphic Monad.Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 2002 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 19 (1):21 - 42.
  23. Sarah Hutton, Anne Conway: A Woman Philosopher. [REVIEW]Justin Smith - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26:41-44.
     
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  24. Kontinuität und Mechanismus: zur Philosophie des jungen Leibniz in ihrem ideengeschichtlichen Kontext. [REVIEW]Richard Arthur, Christia Mercer, Justin Smith & Catherine Wilson - 1997 - The Leibniz Review 7:25-64.
  25.  2
    Preface.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  26.  55
    Leibniz and the Natural World.Justin E. H. Smith - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:73-84.
  27.  20
    The Rationalists: Between Tradition and Innovation.Carlos Fraenkel, Dario Perinetti & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
    This volume draws a balanced picture of the Rationalists by bringing their intellectual contexts, sources and full range of interests into sharper focus, without neglecting their core commitment to the epistemological doctrine that earned ...
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  28.  48
    Leibniz, le vivant et l’organisme.Justin E. H. Smith - 2010 - The Leibniz Review 20:85-96.
  29.  39
    Mundus combinatus: Studien zur Struktur der barocken Universalwissenschaft, am Beispiel Athanasius Kirchers, SJ, 1602-1680.Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 1999 - The Leibniz Review 9:97-103.
    If anyone ever lived up to our image of a baroque Universalgelehrter, it may have been the Jesuit natural philosopher Athanasius Kircher, whose life and interests spanned most of the 17th century. In his prolific career, Kircher wrote at least 14 major works, on subjects as varied as light, magnetism, music, geology, combinatorics, and Sinology. Thomas Leinkauf’s thorough, penetrating study of Kircher’s life and work does a tremendous job of making the Jesuit’s work both comprehensible and fascinating, as well as (...)
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  30.  39
    Reply to Sarah Tietz.Justin E. H. Smith - 2013 - The Leibniz Review 23:129-131.
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  31. In search of the third bird: exemplary essays from the proceedings of ESTAR(SER), 2001-2021.D. Graham Burnett, Catherine L. Hansen & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2021 - London: Strange Attractor Press.
    The real history of the covey of attention-artists who call themselves "The Birds." A great deal of uncertainty--and even some genuine confusion--surrounds the origin, evolution, and activities of the so-called Avis Tertia or "Order of the Third Bird." Sensational accounts of this "attentional cult" emphasize histrionic rituals, tragic trance-addictions, and the covert dissemination of obscurantist ontologies of the art object. Hieratic, ecstatic, and endlessly evasive, the Order attracts sensual misfits and cabalistic aesthetes--both to its ranks, and to its scholarship. In (...)
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  32. The Methodology of the History of Philosophy.Justin Smith, Eric Schliesser & Mogens Laerke (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
     
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  33.  39
    The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy.Ohad Nachtomy & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2014 - New York, NY: Oup Usa.
    This volume explores the intersection between early modern philosophy and the life sciences by presenting the contributions of important but often neglected figures such as Cudworth, Grew, Glisson, Hieronymus Fabricius, Stahl, Gallego, Hartsoeker, and More, as well as familiar figures such as Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Malebranche, and Kant.
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  34. Animal Reproduction and the Metaphysics of Cause in Leibniz.Justin Smith - unknown - Yeditepe'de Felsefe (Philosophy at Yeditepe) 3.
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  35. Bibliography.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 357-374.
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  36. Embodiment (Oxford Philosophical Concepts).Justin E. H. Smith (ed.) - 2017 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  37. Embodiment, Oxford Philosophical Concepts.Justin E. H. Smith (ed.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
  38. Franklin Perkins, Leibniz and China: A Commerce of Light. [REVIEW]Justin Smith - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25:424-427.
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  39. Gabriel Daniel : Descartes through the mirror of fiction.Justin E. H. Smith - 2019 - In Steven Nadler, Tad M. Schmaltz & Delphine Antoine-Mahut (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism. Oxford University Press.
     
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  40. Introduction.Justin E. H. Smith - 2017 - In Embodiment (Oxford Philosophical Concepts). Oxford University Press.
    This Introduction takes a broadly focused, global, and comparative view of the concept of embodiment, focusing particularly on some of the ways it has been interpreted outside of the history of European thought. It also provides a general overview of the central concerns and questions of the volume as a whole, such as: What is the historical and conceptual relationship between the idea of embodiment and the idea of subjecthood? Am I who I am principally in virtue of the fact (...)
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  41. Leibniz, Microscopy, and the Metaphysics of Composite Substance.Justin Erik Halldor Smith - 2000 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    In very recent Leibniz commentary, there has been a movement among some commentators toward the view that Leibniz was not an unwavering monadological immaterialist, committed to the substantiality only of absolutely simple, immaterial nodes of perception and appetite. It has been conceded that Leibniz was also partially sympathetic to an ontology that would concede full substantiality to composite entities. Most commentators who have been willing to concede as much have confined this alternative metaphysics to Leibniz's middle period, roughly 1676--1694. These (...)
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  42.  9
    The Internet is Not What You Think It Is: A History, a Philosophy, a Warning.Justin E. H. Smith - 2022 - Princeton University Press.
    An original deep history of the internet that tells the story of the centuries-old utopian dreams behind it—and explains why they have died today Many think of the internet as an unprecedented and overwhelmingly positive achievement of modern human technology. But is it? In The Internet Is Not What You Think It Is, Justin Smith offers an original deep history of the internet, from the ancient to the modern world—uncovering its surprising origins in nature and centuries-old dreams of radically improving (...)
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  43.  55
    Leibniz lecteur de Spinoza. La genèse d’une opposition complexe.Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 108-110.
    This book is a significant accomplishment, and for now the most comprehensive intervention in a debate that has been more than three hundred years in the making. At least since Pierre Bayle, commentators have imagined a sort of paradox in the pairing of Spinoza’s irreproachable way of life with his scandalous philosophy, in contrast with the perfect fit between Leibniz’s optimism for the status quo with his supposedly opportunistic relation to his courtly benefactors. Together with these biographical coordinates, to which (...)
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  44.  42
    “Curious Kinks of the Human Mind”: Cognition, Natural History, and the Concept of Race.Justin E. H. Smith - 2012 - Perspectives on Science 20 (4):504-529.
  45.  15
    Hegel, China, and The 19th Century Europeanization Of Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2018 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 45 (1-2):18-37.
    I clarify Hegel’s role in the Europeanization of philosophy over the course of the 19th century. I begin with an investigation of the way non-Western philosophy was conceptualized in Europe before, and after, I move on to a consideration of the debates about philosophy that emerged in late 19th century China because of European attempts, such as that of Hegel, to circumscribe the geographical and civilizational scope of this discipline. How may we see the emergence of a distinctly modern, generally (...)
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  46.  14
    Chapter Two. The “Hydraulico-Pneumaticopyrotechnical Machine of Quasi-Perpetual Motion”.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 59-94.
  47.  40
    The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics.Justin E. H. Smith - 2005 - Teaching Philosophy 28 (4):391-394.
  48.  30
    Beyond Philosophy: Ethics, History, Marxism, and Liberation Theology.Justin E. H. Smith - 2004 - Teaching Philosophy 27 (4):398-401.
  49.  29
    ‘A Series of Generations’: Leibniz on Race.Justin Eh Smith - 2013 - Annals of Science 70 (3):1-17.
    In some very interesting recent work, Peter Fenves has sought to trace G. W. Leibniz's views on human diversity back to the philosopher's core philosophical concerns, in particular to his metaphysical picture of the world as consisting in causally unconnected substances, monads, that are ‘windowless’, ‘worlds apart’. In this article I argue by contrast that Leibniz's anthropological views develop quite independently of his core metaphysics, and are rooted instead in his significant work as a historian and genealogist. In this connection, (...)
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  50.  46
    Leibniz on spermatozoa and immortality.Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 89 (3):264-282.
    In this article, I consider the significance of the discovery of spermatozoa for Leibniz's deeply held beliefs that (i) no true substance can ever be generated or destroyed, except miraculously; and (ii) that every substance must be perpetually organically embodied. I further consider the way these beliefs are transformed as Leibniz's basic middle-period commitment to corporeal substance gives way (though not entirely) to a metaphysics of monadological immaterialsm. What endures throughout, I show, is the conviction that whatever is real must (...)
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