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Kiarash Aramesh [22]K. Aramesh [1]
  1.  57
    Iran's Experience with Surrogate Motherhood: An Islamic View and Ethical Concerns.K. Aramesh - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (5):320-322.
    Gestational surrogacy as a treatment for infertility is being practised in some well-known medical institutions in Tehran and some other cities in Iran. While the majority of Muslims in the world are Sunni, the majority of Iranians are Shiite. Most Sunni scholars do not permit surrogate motherhood, since it involves introducing the sperm of a man into the uterus of a woman to whom he is not married. Most Shiite scholars, however, have issued jurisprudential decrees (fatwas) that allow surrogate motherhood (...)
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  2.  41
    Justice as a Principle of Islamic Bioethics.Kiarash Aramesh - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):26 – 27.
  3.  11
    A Closer Look at the Iranian Model of Kidney Transplantation.Kiarash Aramesh - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (10):35-37.
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  4.  15
    Iran's Experience on Religious Bioethics: An Overview.Kiarash Aramesh - 2009 - Asian Bioethics Review 1 (4):318-328.
  5.  26
    The Influences of Bioethics and Islamic Jurisprudence on Policy-Making in Iran.Kiarash Aramesh - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):42 – 44.
  6.  36
    An Islamic View to Stem Cell Research and Cloning: Iran's Experience.Kiarash Aramesh & Soroush Dabbagh - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):62-63.
  7.  40
    A Closer Look at the Abortion Debate in Iran.Kiarash Aramesh - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):57-58.
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  8.  16
    Erratum.Aasim I. Padela, A. Arozullah, E. Moosa & Kiarash Aramesh - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (1):56-56.
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  9.  41
    An Islamic Perspective on Euthanasia.Kiarash Aramesh & Heydar Shadi - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):65-66.
  10.  50
    A Brief History of Biomedical Research Ethics in Iran: Conflict of Paradigms.Kiarash Aramesh - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (2):107-112.
    During the past two decades, Iran has experienced a noteworthy growth in its biomedical research sector. At the same time, ethical concerns and debates resulting from this burgeoning enterprise has led to increasing attention paid to biomedical ethics. In Iran, Biomedical research ethics and research oversight passed through major periods during the past decades, separated by a paradigm shift. Period 1, starting from the early 1970s, is characterized by research paternalism and complete reliance on researchers as virtuous and caring physicians. (...)
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  11. An Ethical Framework for Global Governance for Health Research.Kiarash Aramesh - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
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  12.  7
    Biopolitics, Pseudoscience, and Bioethics in the Global South.Kiarash Aramesh - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (10):26-28.
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  13. Compassion as the Reunion of Feminine and Masculine Virtues in Medicine.Kiarash Aramesh - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 10.
    The central role of the virtue of compassion in the shaping of the professional character of healthcare providers is a well-emphasized fact. On the other hand, the utmost obligation of physicians is to alleviate or eliminate human suffering. Traditionally, according to the Aristotelian understanding of virtues and virtue ethics, human virtues have been associated with masculinity. In recent decades, the founders of the ethics of care have introduced a set of virtues with feminine nature. This paper analyzes the notion of (...)
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  14.  1
    History of Attitudes Toward Death: A Comparative Study Between Persian and Western Cultures.Kiarash Aramesh - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 9 (1).
    In his seminal book on the historical periods of Western attitudes toward death, Philippe Aries describes four consecutive periods through which these attitudes evolved and transformed. According to him, the historical attitudes of Western cultures have passed through four major parts described above: “Tamed Death,” One’s Own Death,” “Thy Death,” and “Forbidden Death.” This paper, after exploring this concept through the lens of Persian Poetic Wisdom, concludes that he historical attitudes of Persian-speaking people toward death have generally passed through two (...)
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  15. In Defense of a Regulated System of Compensated Egg Donation for Research.Kiarash Aramesh - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 7 (1).
    Monetary compensation for human eggs used in research is a controversial issue and raises major concerns about women’s health and rights, including the potential of exploitation and undue inducement. Human eggs are needed for various types of studies and without payment, it would be impossible to procure sufficient eggs for vital research. Therefore, a solution seems necessary to prevent exploitation and resolve other ethical concerns while ensuring sufficient supplies of human eggs for research. A brief review of legislation in different (...)
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  16.  9
    Perspectives of Hinduism and Zoroastrianism on Abortion: A Comparative Study Between Two Pro-Life Ancient Sisters.Kiarash Aramesh - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 12.
    Hinduism and Zoroastrianism have strong historical bonds and share similar value-systems. As an instance, both of these religions are pro-life. Abortion has been explicitly mentioned in Zoroastrian Holy Scriptures including Avesta, Shayast-Nashayast and Arda Viraf Nameh. According to Zoroastrian moral teachings, abortion is evil for two reasons: killing an innocent and intrinsically good person, and the contamination caused by the dead body. In Hinduism, the key concepts involving moral deliberations on abortion are Ahimsa, Karma and reincarnation. Accordingly, abortion deliberately disrupts (...)
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  17.  1
    The Ownership of Human Body: An Islamic Perspective.Kiarash Aramesh - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2:1-4.
    Using human dead body for medical purposes is a common practice in medical schools and hospitals throughout the world. Iran, as an Islamic country is not an exception. According to the Islamic view, the body, like the soul, is a "gift" from God; therefore, human being does not possess absolute ownership on his or her body. But, the ownership of human beings on their bodies can be described as a kind of "stewardship". Accordingly, any kind of dissection or mutilation of (...)
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  18.  2
    The Compatibility Between Shiite and Kantian Approach to Passive Voluntary Euthanasia.Soroush Dabbagh & Kiarash Aramesh - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2:1-4.
    Euthanasia is one of the controversial topics in current medical ethics. Among the six well-known types of euthanasia, passive voluntary euthanasia seems to be more plausible in comparison with other types, from the moral point of view.According to the Kantian framework, ethical features come from 'reason'. Maxims are formulated as categorical imperative which has three different versions. Moreover, the second version of categorical imperative which is dubbed 'principle of ends' is associated with human dignity. It follows from this that human (...)
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  19. Attitude Towards Plagiarism Among Iranian Medical Students.Mahsa Ghajarzadeh, Kiana Hassanpour, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Arsia Jamali, Saharnaz Nedjat & Kiarash Aramesh - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):249-249.
    In recent years, scientific misconduct has received significant attention within the scientific community. Plagiarism is the most frequent type of scientific misconduct and is defined as ‘unauthorised appropriation of another's work, ideas, methods, results or words without acknowledging the source and original author’.1 ,2 ….
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  20.  2
    End-of-Life Care Ethical Decision-Making: Shiite Scholars' Views.Mina Mobasher, Kiarash Aramesh, Farzaneh Zahedi, Nouzar Nakhaee, Mamak Tahmasebi & Bagher Larijani - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 7 (1).
    Recent advances in life-sustaining treatments and technologies, have given rise to newly-emerged, critical and sometimes, controversial questions regarding different aspects of end-of-life decision-making and care. Since religious values are among the most influential factors in these decisions, the present study aimed to examine the Islamic scholars' views on end-of-life care. A structured interview based on six main questions on ethical decision-making in end-of-life care was conducted with eight Shiite experts in Islamic studies, and was analyzed through deductive content analysis. Analysis (...)
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  21.  2
    The Doctor-Patient Relationship: Toward a Conceptual Re-Examination.Hamidreza Namazi, Kiarash Aramesh & Bagher Larijani - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 9 (1).
    The nature of the doctor-patient relationship as a keystone of care necessitates philosophical, psychological and sociological considerations. The present study investigates concepts related to these three critical views considered especially important. From the philosophical viewpoint, the three concepts of "the demands of ethics “,” ethical phenomenology and "the philosophy of the relationship" are of particular importance. From a psychological point of view, the five concepts of "communication behavior patterns", "psychic distance", "emotional quotient", "conflict between pain relief and truth-telling", and "body (...)
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  22. A Comparison Between Conflict of Interest in Western and Islamic Literatures in the Realm of Medicine.Mojtaba Parsa, Kiarash Aramesh & Bagher Larijani - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 7 (1).
    In Western literatures, "conflict" is a general term that refers to discord between two or more entities. In Islamic jurisprudence, however, in addition to the term "conflict", there is another term which is called tazāhum. The two terms, however, have different definitions. Conflict between two concepts, for instance, indicates that one is right and the other is wrong, while tazāhum does not necessarily have to be between right and wrong, and may appear between two equally right concepts. Moreover, conflict exists (...)
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  23. Brief Report: The Third Annual Medical Ethics Congress in Iran.Pooneh Salari, Farzaneh Zahedi, Kiarash Aramesh & Bagher Larijani - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 6.
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