Results for 'K. Baxter Janella'

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  1. Just how messy is the world?Janella K. Baxter - 2023 - In William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.), From biological practice to scientific metaphysics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
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  2.  17
    From biological practice to scientific metaphysics.William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.) - 2023 - Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Exploring what a scientific metaphysics grounded in biological practices could look like and how it might impact the way we investigate the world around us, the contributors to From Biological Practice to Scientific Metaphysics review and discuss long-held objections to metaphysics by natural scientists. They illuminate how, in order to learn about the world as it truly is, we must look not only at what scientists say but also what they do.
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  3. Introduction : toward a scientific metaphysics based on biological practice.C. Bausman William, K. Baxter Janella & M. Lean Oliver - 2023 - In William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.), From biological practice to scientific metaphysics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
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  4. How Biological Technology Should Inform the Causal Selection Debate.Janella Baxter - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    Waters’s (2007) actual difference making and Weber’s (2013, 2017) biological normality approaches to causal selection have received many criticisms, some of which miss their target. Disagreement about whether Waters’s and Weber’s views succeed in providing criteria that uniquely singles out the gene as explanatorily significant in biology has led philosophers to overlook a prior problem. Before one can address whether Waters’s and Weber’s views successfully account for the explanatory significance of genes, one must ask whether either view satisfactorily meets the (...)
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  5.  30
    Specificity as a Guide for the Safe Use of Human Germline Gene Editing—A Response to Sarkar’s Cut and Paste Genetics.Janella Baxter - 2023 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy and Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 349-354.
    For human germline gene editing to be a viable technique for preventing disease, it must meet a baseline level of safety. This commentary unpacks Sahotra Sarkar’s concept of specificity outlined in Cut and Paste Genetics, which he proposes as a guide for when human germline gene editing can be performed safely. The commentary raises conceptual questions to how specificity is intended to work and raises further epistemic questions for how evidenceEvidence meets the demands of specificity.
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  6.  41
    CRISPR-Cas changing biology?Janella Baxter - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (1):15.
    Eugene V. Koonin argues that fundamental research of CRISPR-Cas mechanisms has illuminated “fundamental principles of genome manipulation.” Koonin's discussion provides important philosophical insights for how we should understand the significance of CRISPR-Cas systems. Yet the analysis he provides is only part of a larger story. There is also a human element to the CRISPR-Cas story that concerns its development as a technology. Accounting for this part of CRISPR's history reveals that the story Koonin provides requires greater nuance. I'll show how (...)
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  7.  48
    Engineering Novel Proteins with Orthogonal tRNA: Artificial Causes that make a Difference.Janella Baxter - manuscript
    Model organisms, the use of green fluorescent proteins, and orthogonal transfer RNA are examples of artificial causes being used in biology. Recent work characterizing the research interests of biologists in terms of a common set of values has ruled out artificial causes as biologically interesting. For instance, Kenneth Waters argues that biologists are primarily interested in causes that actually obtain. Similarly, Marcel Weber argues that biologists are primarily concerned with biologically normal interventions. Both views express a widely received attitude about (...)
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  8.  36
    When is it Safe to Edit the Human Germline?Janella Baxter - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (4):1-21.
    In the fall of 2018 Jiankui He shocked the international community with the following announcement: two female babies, “Lulu” and “Nana,” whose germlines had been modified by the cutting edge, yet profoundly unsafe CRISPR-Cas9 technology had been born. This event galvanized policy makers and scientists to advocate for more explicit and firm regulation of human germline gene editing. Recent policy proposals attempt to integrate safety considerations and public input to identify specific types of diseases that may be safe targets for (...)
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  9.  22
    Clearing New Ground: Book Review of Otávio Bueno, Ruey-Lin Chen and Melinda Bonnie Fagan : Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices, Oxford University Press, 2018.Janella Baxter - 2019 - Acta Biotheoretica 67 (3):265-271.
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  10.  6
    Technological Progress in the Life Sciences.Janella Baxter - 2021 - In Zachary Pirtle, David Tomblin & Guru Madhavan (eds.), Engineering and Philosophy: Reimagining Technology and Social Progress. Springer Verlag. pp. 53-79.
    The new gene-editing tool, CRISPR-Cas9, been described as “revolutionary” This paper takes up the question of what sense, if any, might this be true and why it matters. I draw from the history and philosophy of technology to develop two types of technological revolutions, 1985). One type of revolution involves a technology that enables users to change a generatively entrenched structure. The other type involves a technology that works within a generatively entrenched structure, but as a result of incremental improvement (...)
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  11. From Biological Practice to Scientific Metaphysics. Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science, Vol. 23.William Bausman, Janella Baxter & Oliver Lean (eds.) - 2024 - Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Numerous scholarly works focus solely on scientific metaphysics or biological practice, but few attempt to bridge the two subjects. This volume, the latest in the Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science series, explores what a scientific metaphysics grounded in biological practices could look like and how it might impact the way we investigate the world around us. From Biological Practice to Scientific Metaphysics examines how to reconcile the methods of biological practice with the methods of metaphysical cosmology, notably regarding (...)
     
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  12. Kolja Ehrenstein’s Causal Pluralism in the Life Sciences. [REVIEW]Janella Baxter - 2023 - British Journal of Philosophy of Science Review of Books.
     
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  13.  16
    The Ethics of Biosurveillance.S. K. Devitt, P. W. J. Baxter & G. Hamilton - 2019 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 32 (5):709-740.
    Governments must keep agricultural systems free of pests that threaten agricultural production and international trade. Biosecurity surveillance already makes use of a wide range of technologies, such as insect traps and lures, geographic information systems, and diagnostic biochemical tests. The rise of cheap and usable surveillance technologies such as remotely piloted aircraft systems presents value conflicts not addressed in international biosurveillance guidelines. The costs of keeping agriculture pest-free include privacy violations and reduced autonomy for farmers. We argue that physical and (...)
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  14. Once a week is not enough: evaluating current measures of teamworking in stroke.Susan K. Baxter & Shelagh M. Brumfitt - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):241-247.
  15.  24
    Case Study in the Evolution of Sustainability: Baxter International Inc. [REVIEW]K. Kathy Dhanda - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (4):667-684.
    Baxter International Inc. is a global, diversified healthcare company based in Deerfield, IL. In 2011, Baxter had sales of $13.9 billion and employed approximately 48,500 people worldwide. Baxter is also recognized for its efforts toward environmental/sustainability performance and reporting. The company defines sustainability as ‘a long-term approach to including our social, economic and environmental responsibilities among our business priorities. Baxter’s efforts in this area align with and support our mission of saving and sustaining lives.’ This case (...)
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  16.  10
    Richard Hooker And The Later Puritans.John K. Stafford - 2013 - Perichoresis 11 (2):38-49.
    ABSTRACT Attention is usually drawn to the negative relationship between Richard Hooker and his Puritan opponents. Such concerns dominate the polemical landscape of the late 16th and 17th centuries. However, the extent to which later Puritans appear to converge on Hooker’s epistemology and overall attitude to the place of reason, Scripture and sacrament is often overlooked. This paper consider some key affirmations from Richard Baxter, John Owen and Hooker’s contemporary William Perkins. The paper concludes that in more settled times (...)
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  17.  19
    The Cratylus. [REVIEW]Matthew K. McCoy - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (4):798-799.
    The three stated goals of this book are to provide an interpretation of the Cratylus which determines the roles Hermogenes and Cratylus play in the argument; to do justice to the dialogue's etymologies; and to assess the value of its aporetic conclusions. Baxter succeeds in presenting the dialogue, with its seemingly divergent parts, as a well-constructed whole. Baxter's interpretation enables the reader to raise the same kind of interpretive, philosophical questions that arise when one reads Plato's more accessible (...)
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  18.  12
    The object.Antony Hudek (ed.) - 2014 - Cambridge, Massachesetts: The MIT Press.
    Discussions of the object as a key to understanding central aspects of modern and contemporary art. Artists increasingly refer to "post-object-based" work while theorists engage with material artifacts in culture. A focus on "object-based" learning treats objects as vectors for dialogue across disciplines. Virtual imaging enables the object to be abstracted or circumvented, while immaterial forms of labor challenge materialist theories. This anthology surveys such reappraisals of what constitutes the "objectness" of production, with art as its focus. Among the topics (...)
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  19.  62
    Reasoning and rationality.K. Manktelow & David E. Over - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (3):199-219.
  20.  25
    The behavioristic interpretation of consciousness. I.K. S. Lashley - 1923 - Psychological Review 30 (4):237-272.
  21. Personality and Authenticity in Light of the Memory-Modifying Potential of Optogenetics: A Reply to Objections about Potential Therapeutic Applicability of Optogenetics.Agnieszka K. Adamczyk & Przemysław Zawadzki - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 15 (2):W4-W7.
    In our article (Zawadzki and Adamczyk 2021), we analyzed threats that novel memory modifying interventions may pose in the future. More specifically, we discussed how optogenetics’ potential for reversible erasure/deactivation of memory “may impact authenticity by producing changes at different levels of personality.” Our article has received many thoughtful open peer commentaries for which we would like to express our great appreciation. We have identified two main threads of objections. They are related to the potential applicability of optogenetics as a (...)
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  22.  48
    Shogenji's probabilistic measure of coherence is incoherent.K. Akiba - 2000 - Analysis 60 (4):356-359.
  23.  48
    The fixation of (visual) evidence.K. Amann & K. Knorr Cetina - 1988 - Human Studies 11 (2-3):133 - 169.
  24. Testability and 'ad-hocness' of the contraction hypothesis.K. R. Popper - 1959 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (37):50.
  25.  13
    Beyond the Ethical Demand.K. E. Logstrup & Kees van Kooten Niekerk - 2007 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    The Danish theologian-philosopher K. E. Løgstrup is second in reputation in his homeland only to Søren Kierkegaard. He is best known outside Europe for his _The Ethical Demand_, first published in Danish in 1956 and published in an expanded English translation in 1997. _Beyond the Ethical Demand_ contains excerpts, translated into English for the first time, from the numerous books and essays Løgstrup continued to write throughout his life. In the first essay, he engages the critical response to _The Ethical (...)
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  26.  26
    Dead-Survivors, the Living Dead, and Concepts of Death.K. Mitch Hodge - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 9 (3):539-565.
    The author introduces and critically analyzes two recent, curious findings and their accompanying explanations regarding how the folk intuits the capabilities of the dead and those in a persistent vegetative state. The dead are intuited to survive death, whereas PVS patients are intuited as more dead than the dead. Current explanations of these curious findings rely on how the folk is said to conceive of death and the dead: either as the annihilation of the person, or that person’s continuation as (...)
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  27.  56
    A Novel Interpretation of the Klein-Gordon Equation.K. B. Wharton - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (3):313-332.
    The covariant Klein-Gordon equation requires twice the boundary conditions of the Schrödinger equation and does not have an accepted single-particle interpretation. Instead of interpreting its solution as a probability wave determined by an initial boundary condition, this paper considers the possibility that the solutions are determined by both an initial and a final boundary condition. By constructing an invariant joint probability distribution from the size of the solution space, it is shown that the usual measurement probabilities can nearly be recovered (...)
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  28.  6
    The behavioristic interpretation of consciousness. I.K. S. Lashley - 1923 - Psychological Review 30 (4):237-72.
  29.  51
    Symposium on J. L. Austin.K. T. Fann - 1969 - New York,: Humanities P..
    J. L. Austin (1911-1960) exercised in Post-war Oxford an intellectual authority similar to that of Wittgenstein in Cambridge. Although he completed no books of his own and published only seven papers, Austin became through lectures and talks one of the acknowledged leaders in what is called ‘Oxford philosophy’ or ‘ordinary language philosophy’. Few would dispute that among analytic philosophers Austin stands out as a great and original philosophical genius. Three volumes of his writing, published after his death, have become classics (...)
  30.  13
    Reasoning and Rationality.D. E. Over K. I. Manktelow - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (3):199-219.
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  31.  50
    Functionalism, psychology, and the philosophy of mind.K. V. Wilkes - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (1):147-167.
  32. Time-Symmetric Quantum Mechanics.K. B. Wharton - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (1):159-168.
    A time-symmetric formulation of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics is developed by applying two consecutive boundary conditions onto solutions of a time- symmetrized wave equation. From known probabilities in ordinary quantum mechanics, a time-symmetric parameter P0 is then derived that properly weights the likelihood of any complete sequence of measurement outcomes on a quantum system. The results appear to match standard quantum mechanics, but do so without requiring a time-asymmetric collapse of the wavefunction upon measurement, thereby realigning quantum mechanics with an important (...)
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  33.  49
    Headlessness without Illusions: Phenomenological Undecidability and Materialism.K. Williford - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (5-6):190-200.
    I argue that there is a version of (quasi-Armstrongian) weak illusionism that intelligibly relates phenomenal concepts and introspective opacity, accounts for the (hard) problem intuitions Chalmers highlights (modal, epistemic, explanatory, and metaphysical), and undermines the most important arguments Chalmers deploys against type-B and type-C materialisms. If this is successful, we can satisfactorily account for the meta-problem of consciousness, mollify our hard problem intuitions, and remain genuine realists about phenomenal experience.
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  34.  20
    Functionalism, Psychology, and the Philosophy of Mind.K. V. Wilkes - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (1):147-167.
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  35.  10
    Physicalism.K. V. Wilkes - 1978 - Philosophy 54 (209):423-425.
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  36.  24
    Using self-view television to distinguish between self-examination and social behavior in the bottlenose Dolphin.K. Marten & S. Psarakos - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):205-24.
    In mirror mark tests dolphins twist, posture, and engage in open-mouth and head movements, often repetitive. Because postures and an open mouth are also dolphin social behaviours, we used self-view television as a manipulatable mirror to distinguish between self-examination and social behavior. Two dolphins were exposed to alternating real-time self-view and playback of the same to determine if they distinguished between them. The adult male engaged in elaborate open-mouth behaviors in mirror mode, but usually just watched when playing back the (...)
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  37. A microelectrode study of the spatial arrangement of iso-orientation bands in the cat's striate cortex.K. Albus - 1985 - In David Rose & Vernon Dobson (eds.), Models of the Visual Cortex. New York: Wiley. pp. 485--491.
  38. Charity Fund-raising: For the Needy or the Greedy?K. L. Albrecht - 1991 - Business and Society Review 79:38-41.
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  39. God and being-reflections on the 100th birthday of lavelles, Louis.K. Albert - 1983 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 90 (2):383-389.
     
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  40. Historien som en proces uden subjekt.af Erik Albæk - 1980 - In Johannes Andersen & Erik Albæk (eds.), Althusserskolen--en introduktion. Aalborg: Aalborg universitetsforlag.
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  41. On the concept of philosophy in'fedro'by Plato.K. Albert - 1989 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 81 (2):219-223.
     
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  42. Zur Diskussion über Platons ungeschriebene Lehre.K. Albert - 1991 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 44 (1991):171-191.
     
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  43.  5
    Many Ways of Pluralism: Essays in Honour of Kalarikkal Poulose Aleaz.K. P. Aleaz & V. J. John (eds.) - 2009 - Ispck & Bishop's College, Kolkata.
    Papers presented at an annual inter-disciplinary seminar held to facilitate the 60th birthday of Kalarikkal Poulose Aleaz, b. 1947, theologist from Kerala, India during 20-21 September 2007.
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  44. "Vozrozhdai︠u︡shchīĭsi︠a︡ idealizm" v mīrosozert︠s︡anīi russkago obrazovannago obshchestva.K. M. Aleev - 1906
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  45.  32
    Content, computation, and individualism in vision theory.K. Butler - 1996 - Analysis 56 (3):146-154.
  46. Valid and non-reactive verbalization of thoughts during performance of tasks - towards a solution to the central problems of introspection as a source of scientific data.K. A. Ericsson - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (9-10):1-18.
  47. Discussions: Testability and ‘ ad-hocness ’ of the contraction hypothesis.K. R. Popper - 1959 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (37):50-a-50.
  48.  5
    The Cambridge Handbook of Motivation and Learning.K. Ann Renninger & Suzanne D. Hidi - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    Written by leading researchers in educational and social psychology, learning science, and neuroscience, this edited volume is suitable for a wide-academic readership. It gives definitions of key terms related to motivation and learning alongside developed explanations of significant findings in the field. It also presents cohesive descriptions concerning how motivation relates to learning, and produces a novel and insightful combination of issues and findings from studies of motivation and/or learning across the authors' collective range of scientific fields. The authors provide (...)
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  49.  20
    Vacancy trapping in quenched aluminium alloys.K. H. Westmacott, R. S. Barnes, D. Hull & R. E. Smallman - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (67):929-935.
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  50.  5
    Physicalism.K. V. Wilkes - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (4):403-410.
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