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Kirby Flower Smith [32]Kenny Smith [31]Kurt Smith [29]Kelly C. Smith [25]
Karl E. Smith [19]Kevin Smith [15]Kendon Smith [13]K. Smith [11]

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Kimberly Smith
Open University (UK)
Kimberly Smith
Syracuse University
Karl Smith
Cardiff University
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  1.  31
    Compression and Communication in the Cultural Evolution of Linguistic Structure.Simon Kirby, Monica Tamariz, Hannah Cornish & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognition 141:87-102.
  2. The Extended Replicator.Kim Sterelny, Kelly C. Smith & Michael Dickison - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (3):377-403.
    This paper evaluates and criticises the developmental systems conception of evolution and develops instead an extension of the gene's eye conception of evolution. We argue (i) Dawkin's attempt to segregate developmental and evolutionary issues about genes is unsatisfactory. On plausible views of development it is arbitrary to single out genes as the units of selection. (ii) The genotype does not carry information about the phenotype in any way that distinguishes the role of the genes in development from that other factors. (...)
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  3. Theories of Theories of Mind.G. Segal, P. Carruthers & K. Smith - 1996 - In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press.
  4.  6
    Non‐Adjacent Dependency Learning in Humans and Other Animals.Benjamin Wilson, Michelle Spierings, Andrea Ravignani, Jutta L. Mueller, Toben H. Mintz, Frank Wijnen, Anne Kant, Kenny Smith & Arnaud Rey - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):843-858.
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  5.  36
    Governing Animals: Animal Welfare and the Liberal State.Kimberly K. Smith - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Governing Animals explores the role of the liberal state in protecting animal welfare. Examining liberal concepts such as the social contract, property rights, and representation, Kimberly K. Smith argues that liberalism properly understood can recognize the moral status and social meaning of animals and provides guidance in fashioning animal policy.
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  6.  16
    Contextual Predictability Shapes Signal Autonomy.James Winters, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2018 - Cognition 176:15-30.
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  7.  16
    Eliminating Unpredictable Variation Through Iterated Learning.Kenny Smith & Elizabeth Wonnacott - 2010 - Cognition 116 (3):444-449.
  8.  29
    Differences in Negativity Bias Underlie Variations in Political Ideology.John R. Hibbing, Kevin B. Smith & John R. Alford - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):297-307.
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  9.  64
    Cross-Situational Learning: An Experimental Study of Word-Learning Mechanisms.Kenny Smith, Andrew D. M. Smith & Richard A. Blythe - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (3):480-498.
    Cross-situational learning is a mechanism for learning the meaning of words across multiple exposures, despite exposure-by-exposure uncertainty as to the word's true meaning. We present experimental evidence showing that humans learn words effectively using cross-situational learning, even at high levels of referential uncertainty. Both overall success rates and the time taken to learn words are affected by the degree of referential uncertainty, with greater referential uncertainty leading to less reliable, slower learning. Words are also learned less successfully and more slowly (...)
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  10.  17
    Non‐Adjacent Dependency Learning in Humans and Other Animals.Benjamin Wilson, Michelle Spierings, Andrea Ravignani, Jutta L. Mueller, Toben H. Mintz, Frank Wijnen, Anne van der Kant, Kenny Smith & Arnaud Rey - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science (3):843-858.
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  11.  34
    Opening the Black Box: Corporate Codes of Ethics in Their Organizational Context. [REVIEW]Cathy Cassell, Phil Johnson & Ken Smith - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1077-1093.
    A review of the literature on Corporate Codes of Ethics suggests that whilst there exists an informative body of literature concerning the prevalence of such codes, their design, implementation and promulgation, it is also evident that there is a relative lack of consideration of their impact upon members' everyday organizational behaviour. By drawing upon organizational sociology and psychology this paper constructs a contextualist and interpretive model which seeks to enable an analysis and evaluation of their effects upon individual, group and (...)
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  12.  46
    Life as Adaptive Capacity: Bringing New Life to an Old Debate.Kelly C. Smith - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (2):76-92.
    Whatever we take “life” to mean, it must involve an attempt to describe the objective reality beyond scientists’ biases. Traditionally, this is thought to involve comparing our scientific categories to “natural kinds.” But this approach has been tainted with an implicit metaphysics, inherited from Aristotle, that does not fit biological reality. In particular, we must accept that biological categories will never be specifiable in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions or shared underlying physical structures that produce clean boundaries. Biology blurs (...)
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  13.  14
    Evolving Artificial Sign Languages in the Lab: From Improvised Gesture to Systematic Sign.Yasamin Motamedi, Marieke Schouwstra, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson & Simon Kirby - 2019 - Cognition 192:103964.
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  14.  25
    Multiply-Constrained Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test.Kevin A. Smith, David E. Huber & Edward Vul - 2013 - Cognition 128 (1):64-75.
  15.  18
    Zipf’s Law of Abbreviation and the Principle of Least Effort: Language Users Optimise a Miniature Lexicon for Efficient Communication.Jasmeen Kanwal, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson & Simon Kirby - 2017 - Cognition 165:45-52.
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  16.  8
    A Computational Model of the Cultural Co-Evolution of Language and Mindreading.Marieke Woensdregt, Chris Cummins & Kenny Smith - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):1347-1385.
    Several evolutionary accounts of human social cognition posit that language has co-evolved with the sophisticated mindreading abilities of modern humans. It has also been argued that these mindreading abilities are the product of cultural, rather than biological, evolution. Taken together, these claims suggest that the evolution of language has played an important role in the cultural evolution of human social cognition. Here we present a new computational model which formalises the assumptions that underlie this hypothesis, in order to explore how (...)
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  17.  7
    From Partners to Populations: A Hierarchical Bayesian Account of Coordination and Convention.Robert D. Hawkins, Michael Franke, Michael C. Frank, Adele E. Goldberg, Kenny Smith, Thomas L. Griffiths & Noah D. Goodman - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
  18.  10
    The Cognitive Roots of Regularization in Language.Vanessa Ferdinand, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2019 - Cognition 184:53-68.
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  19.  8
    Simplicity and Informativeness in Semantic Category Systems.Jon W. Carr, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson & Simon Kirby - 2020 - Cognition 202:104289.
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  20.  45
    Time to Start Intervening in the Human Germline? A Utilitarian Perspective.Kevin Smith - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (1):90-104.
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  21.  12
    How Culture and Biology Interact to Shape Language and the Language Faculty.Kenny Smith - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):690-712.
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  22. Against Homeopathy – a Utilitarian Perspective.Kevin Smith - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (8):398-409.
    I examine the positive and negative features of homeopathy from an ethical perspective. I consider: (a) several potentially beneficial features of homeopathy, including non-invasiveness, cost-effectiveness, holism, placebo benefits and agent autonomy; and (b) several potentially negative features of homeopathy, including failure to seek effective healthcare, wastage of resources, promulgation of false beliefs and a weakening of commitment to scientific medicine. A utilitarian analysis of the utilities and disutilities leads to the conclusion that homeopathy is ethically unacceptable and ought to be (...)
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  23.  14
    Minimal Requirements for the Emergence of Learned Signaling.Matthew Spike, Kevin Stadler, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):623-658.
    The emergence of signaling systems has been observed in numerous experimental and real-world contexts, but there is no consensus on which shared mechanisms underlie such phenomena. A number of explanatory mechanisms have been proposed within several disciplines, all of which have been instantiated as credible working models. However, they are usually framed as being mutually incompatible. Using an exemplar-based framework, we replicate these models in a minimal configuration which allows us to directly compare them. This reveals that the development of (...)
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  24.  58
    Sources of Uncertainty in Intuitive Physics.Kevin A. Smith & Edward Vul - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (1):185-199.
    Recent work suggests that people predict how objects interact in a manner consistent with Newtonian physics, but with additional uncertainty. However, the sources of uncertainty have not been examined. In this study, we measure perceptual noise in initial conditions and stochasticity in the physical model used to make predictions. Participants predicted the trajectory of a moving object through occluded motion and bounces, and we compared their behavior to an ideal observer model. We found that human judgments cannot be captured by (...)
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  25.  28
    Being a Good Nurse and Doing the Right Thing: A Qualitative Study.Katharine V. Smith & Nelda S. Godfrey - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (3):301-312.
    Despite an abundance of theoretical literature on virtue ethics in nursing and health care, very little research has been carried out to support or refute the claims made. One such claim is that ethical nursing is what happens when a good nurse does the right thing. The purpose of this descriptive, qualitative study was therefore to examine nurses’ perceptions of what it means to be a good nurse and to do the right thing. Fifty-three nurses responded to two open-ended questions: (...)
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  26.  21
    Word Meanings Evolve to Selectively Preserve Distinctions on Salient Dimensions.Catriona Silvey, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):212-226.
    Words refer to objects in the world, but this correspondence is not one-to-one: Each word has a range of referents that share features on some dimensions but differ on others. This property of language is called underspecification. Parts of the lexicon have characteristic patterns of underspecification; for example, artifact nouns tend to specify shape, but not color, whereas substance nouns specify material but not shape. These regularities in the lexicon enable learners to generalize new words appropriately. How does the lexicon (...)
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  27.  66
    Neo-Rationalism Versus Neo-Darwinism: Integrating Development and Evolution. [REVIEW]Kelly C. Smith - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):431-451.
    An increasing number of biologists are expressing discontent with the prevailing theory of neo-Darwinism. In particular, the tendency of neo-Darwinians to adopt genetic determinism and atomistic notions of both genes and organisms is seen as grossly unfair to the body of developmental theory. One faction of dissenteers, the Process Structuralists, take their inspiration from the rational morphologists who preceded Darwin. These neo-rationalists argue that a mature biology must possess universal laws and that these generative laws should be sought within organismal (...)
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  28.  10
    Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology.Carlos Mariscal & Kelly C. Smith (eds.) - 2020 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    This book focuses on the emerging scientific discipline of astrobiology, exploring the humanistic issues of this multidisciplinary field. To be sure, there are myriad scientific questions that astrobiologists have only begun to address. However, this is not a purely scientific enterprise. More research on the broader social and conceptual aspects of astrobiology is needed. Just what are our ethical obligations toward different sorts of alien life? Should we attempt to communicate with life beyond our planet? What is “life” in the (...)
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  29.  17
    Implementation of Complex Adaptive Chronic Care: The Patient Journey Record System (PaJR).Carmel M. Martin, Carl Vogel, Deirdre Grady, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Lucy Hederman, John Kellett, Kevin Smith & Brendan O’ Shea - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1226-1234.
  30. Divisibility and Cartesian Extension.K. Smith & A. Nelson - 2010 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 5.
     
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  31.  33
    Examination of Cybercrime and its Effects on Corporate Stock Value.Katherine Taken Smith, Amie Jones, Leigh Johnson & Lawrence Murphy Smith - 2019 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 17 (1):42-60.
    Purpose Cybercrime is a prevalent and serious threat to publicly traded companies. Defending company information systems from cybercrime is one of the most important aspects of technology management. Cybercrime often not only results in stolen assets and lost business but also damages a company’s reputation, which in turn may affect the company’s stock market value. This is a serious concern to company managers, financial analysts, investors and creditors. This paper aims to examine the impact of cybercrime on stock prices of (...)
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  32.  20
    Nursing History as Philosophy-Towards a Critical History of Nursing.Thomas Foth, Jette Lange & Kylie Smith - 2018 - Nursing Philosophy 19 (3):e12210.
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  33.  34
    Learning Times for Large Lexicons Through Cross‐Situational Learning.Richard A. Blythe, Kenny Smith & Andrew D. M. Smith - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (4):620-642.
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  34.  15
    Adult Learning and Language Simplification.Mark Atkinson, Kenny Smith & Simon Kirby - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2818-2854.
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  35. Sustaining Local Agriculture Barriers and Opportunities to Direct Marketing Between Farms and Restaurants in Colorado.Amory Starr, Adrian Card, Carolyn Benepe, Garry Auld, Dennis Lamm, Ken Smith & Karen Wilken - 2003 - Agriculture and Human Values 20 (3):301-321.
    Research explored methods for “shortening the food links” or developing the “local foodshed” by connecting farmers with food service buyers (for restaurants and institutions) in Colorado. Telephone interviews were used to investigate marketing and purchasing practices. Findings include that price is not a significant factor in purchasing decisions; that food buyers prioritize quality as their top purchasing criterion but are not aware that local farmers can provide higher quality, that institutions are interested in buying locally; that small farms can offer (...)
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  36.  13
    Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  37.  39
    An Examination of Cheating and its Antecedents Among Marketing and Management Majors.Kenneth J. Smith, Jeanette A. Davy & Debbie Easterling - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (1):63-80.
    This study examines cheating behaviors among 742 marketing and management majors at three public AACSB-accredited business schools. Specifically, we studied the simultaneous influence of demographic and attitudinal characteristics on: (1) reported prior cheating behavior; (2) the tendency to neutralize cheating behaviors; and, (3) likelihood of future cheating. We additionally examined the impact of in-class deterrents on neutralization of cheating behaviors and the likelihood of future cheating. We also directly tested potential mediating effects of neutralization on cheating behavior.We conducted independent assessments (...)
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  38.  84
    Sober on Brandon on Screening-Off and the Levels of Selection.Robert N. Brandon, Janis Antonovics, Richard Burian, Scott Carson, Greg Cooper, Paul Sheldon Davies, Christopher Horvath, Brent D. Mishler, Robert C. Richardson, Kelly Smith & Peter Thrall - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (3):475-486.
    Sober (1992) has recently evaluated Brandon's (1982, 1990; see also 1985, 1988) use of Salmon's (1971) concept of screening-off in the philosophy of biology. He critiques three particular issues, each of which will be considered in this discussion.
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  39.  8
    Word Learning Under Infinite Uncertainty.Richard A. Blythe, Andrew D. M. Smith & Kenny Smith - 2016 - Cognition 151:18-27.
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  40. Homeopathy is Unscientific and Unethical.Kevin Smith - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (9):508-512.
    In opposition to the premises of Against Homeopathy – a Utilitarian Perspective, all four respondents base their objections on the central claims that homeopathy is in fact scientifically plausible and is supported by empirical evidence. Despite ethical aspects forming the main thrust of Against Homeopathy, the respondents’ focus on scientific aspects represents sound strategy, since the ethical case against homeopathy would be weakened concomitant with the extent to which any plausibility for homeopathy could be demonstrated. The trouble here is that (...)
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  41.  31
    The New Problem of Genetics: A Response to Gifford. [REVIEW]Kelly C. Smith - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):331-348.
    Recently, Fred Gifford attempted to explicate the meaning of the term genetic as applied to phenotypic traits. He takes as his primary goal the explication of how the term is used and tries to avoid conclusions about how it should be used. He proposes two independent criteria (DF and PI) which together capture much of what biologists mean when they describe traits as genetic. Although Gifford's approach is extremely insightful in many ways, I argue that his analysis is not sufficiently (...)
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  42.  90
    An Examination of the Role of Attitudinal Characteristics and Motivation on the Cheating Behavior of Business Students.Jeanette A. Davy, Joel F. Kincaid, Kenneth J. Smith & Michelle A. Trawick - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):281 – 302.
    This study examines cheating behaviors among 422 business students at two public Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business-accredited business schools. Specifically, we examined the simultaneous influence of attitudinal characteristics and motivational factors on reported prior cheating behavior, the tendency to neutralize cheating behaviors, and likelihood of future cheating. In addition, we examined the impact of in-class deterrents on neutralization of cheating behaviors and the likelihood of future cheating. We also directly tested potential mediating effects of neutralization on cheating behavior. (...)
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  43.  5
    Conceptual Similarity and Communicative Need Shape Colexification: An Experimental Study.Andres Karjus, Richard A. Blythe, Simon Kirby, Tianyu Wang & Kenny Smith - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (9):e13035.
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  44.  40
    Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period.Kurt Smith - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Preliminaries : the context of modern matter. The visible and the intelligible ; Plato's early and late methods ; Matter and division -- Analysis. Analysis and clarity and distinctness ; A general theory of clarity and distinctness ; The general theory continued ; Enumeration, quantity, and measurement -- Synthesis. Synthesis and system building ; Synthesis and the principle of addition ; Metaphysics, mathematics, and metaphor ; Material structure and calculating machines ; How analysis and synthesis are related -- Sensible and (...)
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  45. Iterated Learning in Populations of Bayesian Agents.Kenny Smith - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 697--702.
     
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  46.  43
    The Great Colonization Debate.Kelly C. Smith, Keith Abney, Gregory Anderson, Linda Billings, Carl L. DeVito, Brian Patrick Green, Alan R. Johnson, Lori Marino, Gonzalo Munevar, Michael P. Oman-Reagan, Adam Potthast, James S. J. Schwartz, Koji Tachibana, John W. Traphagan & Sheri Wells-Jensen - 2019 - Futures 110:4-14.
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  47. Reconsidering Human Cross-Situational Learning Capacities: A Revision to Yu & Smith's (2007) Experimental Paradigm.Kenny Smith - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2711--2716.
     
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  48.  7
    Great Expectations: Sixth-Formers' Perceptions of Teaching and Learning in Degree-Level English.Karen Smith & Chris Hopkins - 2005 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 4 (3):304-318.
    This article feeds into the discussion of transitional issues begun in Volume 2 of Arts and Humanities in Higher Education. It draws on research into A-level students' expectations of university English and how these compare to the experiences of first-year students, university lecturers and A-level teachers. The data presented are drawn from innovative focus group sessions which gave pre-higher education and first-year university students a range of exercises to encourage them to focus on their expectations and experiences of studying English. (...)
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  49.  15
    Religion, Secular Medicine and Utilitarianism: A Response to Biggar.Kevin R. Smith - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (11):867-869.
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  50.  6
    More Harm Than Good?: The Moral Maze of Complementary and Alternative Medicine.Edzard Ernst & Kevin Smith - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book reveals the numerous ways in which moral, ethical and legal principles are being violated by those who provide, recommend or sell ‘complementary and alternative medicine’. The book analyses both academic literature and internet sources that promote CAM. Additionally the book presents a number of brief scenarios, both hypothetical and real-life, about individuals who use CAM or who fall prey to ethically dubious CAM practitioners. The events and conundrums described in these scenarios could happen to almost anyone. Professor emeritus (...)
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