Results for 'Kabindra Nath Rai'

464 found
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  1.  23
    Direct observation of recrystallization and structural transformations in ZnS films under an electron microscope.Kailash Nath Rai, O. N. Srivastava & P. Krishna - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 21 (174):1247-1253.
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  2.  59
    Moral psychology is relationship regulation: Moral motives for unity, hierarchy, equality, and proportionality.Tage Shakti Rai & Alan Page Fiske - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):57-75.
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  3. Relational egalitarianism.Rekha Nath - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7):1-12.
    In the past few decades, there has been a growing literature on relational egalitarianism. Relational egalitarianism is a view on the nature and value of equality. In contrast to the dominant view in recent debates on equality—distributive egalitarianism, on which equality is about ensuring people have or fare the same in some respect—on the relational view, equality is a matter of the terms on which relationships are structured. But what exactly does it mean for people to relate as equals? And (...)
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  4.  31
    Can naturalism explain consciousness? A critique.Rajakishore Nath - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (4):563-571.
    The problem of consciousness is one of the most important problems both in cognitive science and in philosophy. There are different philosophers and different scientists who define consciousness and explain it differently. In philosophy, ‘consciousness’ does not have a definition in terms of genus and differentia or necessary and sufficient conditions. In this paper, I shall explore the very idea of machine consciousness. The machine consciousness has offered causal explanation to the ‘how’ and ‘what’ of consciousness, but they fail to (...)
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  5.  64
    Moral Principles or Consumer Preferences? Alternative Framings of the Trolley Problem.Tage S. Rai & Keith J. Holyoak - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (2):311-321.
    We created paired moral dilemmas with minimal contrasts in wording, a research strategy that has been advocated as a way to empirically establish principles operative in a domain‐specific moral psychology. However, the candidate “principles” we tested were not derived from work in moral philosophy, but rather from work in the areas of consumer choice and risk perception. Participants were paradoxically less likely to choose an action that sacrifices one life to save others when they were asked to provide more reasons (...)
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  6. On the Scope and Grounds of Social equality.Rekha Nath - 2015 - In Fabian Schuppert and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer Edited by Carina Fourie (ed.), Social Equality: Essays on What It Means to be Equals. Oxford University Press. pp. 186-208.
    On social equality, individuals ought to relate on terms of equality. An important issue concerning this theory, which has not received much attention, is its scope: which individuals ought to relate on egalitarian terms? The answer depends on the theory’s grounds: the basis upon which demands of social equality arise when they do. In this chapter, I consider how we ought to construe the scope and the grounds of social equality. I argue that underlying the considerations social egalitarians advance for (...)
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  7. Universalism and Ethical Values for the Environment.Jasdev Singh Rai, Celia Thorheim, Amarbayasgalan Dorjderem & Darryl Macer - 2010 - UNESCO Bangkok.
    This book discusses a variety of world views that we can find to describe human relationships with the environment, and the underlying values in them. It reviews existing international legal instruments discussing some of the ethical values that have been agreed among member states of the United Nations.
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  8. Equal Standing in the Global Community.Rekha Nath - 2011 - The Monist 94 (4):593-614.
    What bearing does living in an increasingly globalized world have upon the moral assessment of global inequality? This paper defends an account of global egalitarianism that differs from standard accounts with respect to both the content of and the justification for the imperative to reduce global inequality. According to standard accounts of global egalitarianism, the global order unjustly allows a person’s relative life prospects to track the morally arbitrary trait of where she happens to be born. After raising some worries (...)
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  9.  17
    The need for healthcare reforms: is no-fault liability the solution to medical malpractice?Shivkrit Rai & Vishwas H. Devaiah - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (1):81-93.
    Healthcare reforms in India have been a much-debated issue in the recent past. While the debate has focused mainly on the right to healthcare, another by-product that has evolved out of the debate was the current problem of medical malpractice and the healthcare law. The last decade has seen an increase in the healthcare facilities in the country. This, however, has come with a bulk of medical error cases which the courts have entertained. According to reports, there has been an (...)
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  10.  60
    Wisdom, Action, and Knowledge.Oushinar Nath - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry.
    An important debate in the current philosophy of wisdom is whether knowledge is necessary for wisdom. In this paper I argue that knowledge is necessary to explain wise actions. Towards this, firstly, I individuate two modal properties relevant for wise actions: (i) counterfactual robustness: an action performed in the actual world is wise only if it leads to or is constituted by the goals of living well in all nearby worlds; (ii) rational robustness: an action performed for the sake of (...)
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  11. Anekāntavāda and Syādvāda.Rai Ashwini Kumar, T. M. Dak & Anil Dutta Mishra (eds.) - 1997 - Ladnun, Rajasthan: Jain Vishva Bharati Institute.
     
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  12. Opit za novo obi︠a︡snenie na psikhichnoto i somatichnoto ot dialektichesko gledishte.Raĭko Dim Oshanov - 1996 - Sofii︠a︡: A. Oshanov.
     
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  13.  11
    All Job Demands are Not Equal: Exploring the Two Sides of a Coin.Alka Rai & Shweta Jaiswal - 2019 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 1 (1):1.
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  14.  10
    All job demands are not equal: exploring the two sides of a coin.Alka Rai & Shweta Jaiswal Thakur - 2020 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 13 (2):99.
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  15. History of political philosophy.Hameed Ali Khan Rai - 1981 - Lahore: Aziz Publishers.
  16. Against Institutional Luck Egalitarianism.Rekha Nath - 2014 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 8 (1):1-19.
    Kok-Chor Tan has recently defended a novel theory of egalitarian distributive justice, institutional luck egalitarianism (ILE). On this theory, it is unjust for institutions to favor some individuals over others based on matters of luck. Tan takes his theory to preserve the intuitive appeal of luck egalitarianism while avoiding what he regards as absurd implications that face other versions of luck egalitarianism. Despite the centrality of the concept of institutional influence to his theory, Tan never spells out precisely what it (...)
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  17.  28
    ODD (observation-and description-deprived) psychological research.Tage S. Rai & Alan Fiske - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):106-107.
    Most psychological research consists of experiments that put people in artificial situations that elicit unnatural behavior whose ecological validity is unknown. Without knowing the psychocultural meaning of experimental situations, we cannot interpret the responses of WEIRD people, let alone people in other cultures. Psychology, like other sciences, needs to be solidly rooted in naturalistic observation and description of people around the world. Theory should be inductively developed and tested against real-world behavior.
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  18. Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence: A Critique of the Mechanistic Theory of Mind.Rajakishore Nath - 2009 - Universal Publishers.
    This book deals with the major philosophical issues in the theoretical framework of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in particular and cognitive science in general.
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  19.  28
    Will Women Lead the Way? Differences in Demand for Corporate Social Responsibility Information for Investment Decisions.Leda Nath, Lori Holder-Webb & Jeffrey Cohen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):85-102.
    Recent years have featured a leap in academic and public interest in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities and related corporate reporting. Two main themes in this literature are the exploration of management incentives to engage in and disclose this information, and of the use and value of this information to market participants. We extend the second theme by examining the interest that specific investor classes have in the use of CSR information. We rely on feminist intersectionality, which suggests that gender (...)
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  20.  25
    The problem of self in Nāgārjuna’s philosophy: a contemporary perspective.Rajakishore Nath - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (4):537-543.
    In this paper, I would like to examine Nāgārjuna’s idea of the self and its contemporaneity interpretations in philosophy. As we know, Nāgārjuna examines the emptiness of various things in which the emptiness of the self occupies an important position in the Buddhist philosophical tradition. The main aim of this paper is to understand the meaning of emptiness to explain the nature of the self and to show how it is different from the substantial notion of self. However, Nāgārjuna’s idea (...)
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  21.  13
    The Business of Virtue: Evidence from Socially Responsible Investing in Financial Markets.Saheli Nath - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (1):181-199.
    Using the mainstreaming of socially responsible investing as our empirical context, we show that as the divestment movement in the late twentieth century got institutionalized by being incorporated as a business strategy into more mainstream financial instruments like mutual funds, the prior meanings and categorical definition of ethical investing became ambiguous due to fuzzy boundaries, duality of virtue inherent in the portfolio targets, and exercise of discretion by portfolio managers. We find that increased heterogeneity in standards led to greater ambiguity (...)
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  22.  52
    Rational Hypocrisy: A Bayesian Analysis Based on Informal Argumentation and Slippery Slopes.Tage S. Rai & Keith J. Holyoak - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (7):1456-1467.
    Moral hypocrisy is typically viewed as an ethical accusation: Someone is applying different moral standards to essentially identical cases, dishonestly claiming that one action is acceptable while otherwise equivalent actions are not. We suggest that in some instances the apparent logical inconsistency stems from different evaluations of a weak argument, rather than dishonesty per se. Extending Corner, Hahn, and Oaksford's (2006) analysis of slippery slope arguments, we develop a Bayesian framework in which accusations of hypocrisy depend on inferences of shared (...)
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  23. The problem of machine ethics in artificial intelligence.Rajakishore Nath & Vineet Sahu - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):103-111.
    The advent of the intelligent robot has occupied a significant position in society over the past decades and has given rise to new issues in society. As we know, the primary aim of artificial intelligence or robotic research is not only to develop advanced programs to solve our problems but also to reproduce mental qualities in machines. The critical claim of artificial intelligence advocates is that there is no distinction between mind and machines and thus they argue that there are (...)
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  24.  13
    Why It's Ok to Be Fat.Rekha Nath - forthcoming - New York: Routledge.
    Anti-fat sentiment is pervasive, and fat people suffer a host of harms as a result: workforce discrimination, inferior medical care, relentless teasing, and internalized shame. A significant proportion of the population endures such harms. Yet, that is not typically regarded as a serious problem. Most of us aren’t quite sure: Is it really OK to be fat? This book argues that it is. In Why It’s OK to Be Fat, Nath debunks popular narratives about weight, health, and lifestyle choices (...)
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  25.  61
    Machine intelligence (MI), competence and creativity.Rajakishore Nath - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (3):441-458.
    In mid-twentieth century, the hypothesis, ‘a machine can think’ became very popular after, Alan Turing’s article on ‘Computing Machinery and Intelligence’. This hypothesis, ‘a machine can think’ established the foundations of machine intelligence (MI), and claimed that machines have consciousness and creativity, with the power to compete with human beings. In the first section, I shall show how consciousness and creativity is conceptualized in the domain of MI. The main aim of MI is not only to construct difficult programs to (...)
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  26.  16
    Telomeres cooperate with the nuclear envelope to maintain genome stability.Rekha Rai, Tori Sodeinde, Ava Boston & Sandy Chang - 2024 - Bioessays 46 (2):2300184.
    Mammalian telomeres have evolved safeguards to prevent their recognition as DNA double‐stranded breaks by suppressing the activation of various DNA sensing and repair proteins. We have shown that the telomere‐binding proteins TRF2 and RAP1 cooperate to prevent telomeres from undergoing aberrant homology‐directed recombination by mediating t‐loop protection. Our recent findings also suggest that mammalian telomere‐binding proteins interact with the nuclear envelope to maintain chromosome stability. RAP1 interacts with nuclear lamins through KU70/KU80, and disruption of RAP1 and TRF2 function result in (...)
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  27.  18
    Science in the Indian Universities.Rais Ahmed & Madhulika Rakesh - 1992 - Minerva 30 (1):62-100.
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  28. Ennoiai, ideai, skepseis apo ton Timaion tou Platōnos.Angelos B. Mōraïtidēs - 1968
     
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  29.  27
    Can Ethics Be Without Ontology? Wittgenstein and Putnam.Rajakishore Nath - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (4):1215-1225.
    Putnam has given a different twist to the ethical issues in his philosophical writing on ethics. In his book on ‘Ethics Without Ontology,’ he has given the different interpretation to the ethical issues. Putnam states that there is no ‘ontology’ in ethics. For him, there is nothing wrong with ethics, rather there is something wrong with metaphysics. The ethics cannot be justified from a non-ethical standpoint of view. In this way, Putnam challenges both inflationary ontological ethics and deflationary ontological ethics (...)
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  30. Globalisation: Building A Global Ethics.Rajakishore Nath - 2010 - Philosophy for Business 56.
  31.  14
    Settler Colonial Socialization in Public Sector Work: Moving from Privilege to Complicity.Nisha Nath & Willow Samara Allen - 2022 - Studies in Social Justice 16 (1):200-226.
    In this piece, we ask, what are the risks of a pedagogy and politics that begins and ends with privilege? What does it mean to declare privilege when embedded in institutions of the settler colonial state? These questions are raised through an ongoing project where we interview provincial public sector workers on Treaty 6, 7 and 8 and Coast Salish Territories about their implications in settler colonialism through public sector work. In the project, we articulate the interdisciplinary framework of settler (...)
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  32. Towards universal humanism.Prem Nath - 1964 - Jullundar City: [S. L. Jain].
  33.  8
    The Yogadarśana: comprising Yogasūtra with Vyāsabhāṣya: original and romanized Sanskrit with English translation and notes.Meeta Nath - 2016 - Delhi: Vidyanidhi Prakashan. Edited by Patañjali, Vyāsa, Ganganatha Jha & Ram Nath Jha.
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  34.  6
    Filosofii︠a︡ta v krai︠a︡ na XX vek: besedi s Pol Rikʹor, Richard Rorti, Enrike Di︠u︡sel, Rikhard Viser..Ivanka Raĭnova - 1995 - Pleven: Izd-vo EA.
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  35. Ciencia nueva y escritura.Rais Busom Zabala - 1991 - Cuadernos Sobre Vico 1:155.
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  36.  46
    Private supplementary tutoring among primary students in Bangladesh.Samir Ranjan Nath - 2008 - Educational Studies 34 (1):55-72.
    Using the databases created under Education Watch, a civil society initiative to monitor primary and basic education in Bangladesh, this paper explores trends, socioeconomic differentials and cost in private supplementary tutoring among primary students and its impact on learning achievement. The rate of primary school students getting access to private supplementary tutoring is increasing at two percentage points per year and reached 31% in 2005. Incidence of private tutoring was greater among boys and urban students than respective counterparts. Educated parents (...)
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  37.  25
    Research and publishing practices, attitudes, and barriers among dental faculty: Results of a survey study of 200 teachers across India.Arpita Rai, Ansul Kumar, Lejoy Abraham, Akhilesh Chandra, Mandeep Kaur & Shamimul Hasan - 2016 - Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry 6 (1):34.
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  38.  6
    Yoga-karṇikā: an ancient treatise on yoga.Nath Aghorananda - 1981 - Delhi, India: Eastern Book Linkers. Edited by Narendra Nath Sharma.
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  39.  13
    Those Numbered Days: An Autoethnography on Living and Dying with a Cancer Patient.Suman Nath - 2018 - Journal of Human Values 24 (3):174-184.
    Doing research on cancer patients often involves painful journeys through the processes of involvement and detachment with research settings and participants. It is a self-transforming event to see close cared for people die. Yet frequently these experiences remain unreported in academic writing. The present article attempts to depict the narratives of attachment in the context of terminal illness and detachment as a consequence of death of the research participant, Jabbar, to reflect on such a journey. It focuses on the formation (...)
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  40. The unseen hand.Raushan Nath - 1971 - New Delhi,: Rajiv Publications; [distributors: Trimurti Publications.
     
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  41.  4
    Ekzystent︠s︡ialʹna filosofii︠a︡: tradyt︠s︡ii︠a︡ i perspektyvy.K. I︠U︡ Raĭda - 2009 - Kyïv: Vydavet︠s︡ʹ Parapan.
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  42.  8
    Gender Class and Representation.Shirin M. Rai & Catherine Hoskyns - 1998 - European Journal of Women's Studies 5 (3-4):345-365.
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  43. Kinsei kōki Shushi gakuha no kenkyū.Kiichi Rai - 1986 - Hiroshima-shi: Keisuisha.
     
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  44. Sorai gakuha.Tsutomu Rai - 1972
  45. Teorii︠a︡ sootnositelʹnosti.Anton Raĭkov - 2012 - Sankt-Peterburg: Aleteĭi︠a︡.
     
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  46.  6
    Vihaṅgama Yoga, the science of consciousness: with Sanskrit text of Varāhopaniṣad & Mahopaniṣad.Madan Mohan Rai - 1992 - New Delhi, India: Meharchand Lachhmandas.
    On the fundamentals of Yoga according to Hinduism.
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  47. Two Wrongs Don’t Make a Right.Rekha Nath - 2011 - Social Theory and Practice 37 (4):679-696.
    Virginia Held argues that terrorism can be justified in some instances. But unlike standard, consequentialist justifications, hers is deontological. This paper critically examines her argument. It explores how the values of fairness, responsibility, and desert can serve to justify acts of terrorism. In doing so, two interpretations of her account are considered: a responsibility-insensitive and a responsibility-sensitive interpretation. On the first, her argument collapses into a consequentialist justification. On the second, it relies on an implausible conception of responsibility. Either way, (...)
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  48.  40
    The War of Good Against Evil.Rai Gaita - 2002 - Philosophy Now 37:16-17.
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  49. Machine Consciousness, Mind & Consciousness.Rajakishore Nath - 2014 - Roceedings of the 50th Anniversary Convention of the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour,Pp. 626-631.
     
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  50. Mind in Artificial Intelligence.Rajakishore Nath - 2008 - Philosophy Pathways 140.
     
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