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Kai Draper [20]Kaila Draper [2]
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Kaila Draper
University of Delaware
  1. Disappointment, Sadness, and Death.Kai Draper - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):387-414.
    Many find the prospect of death distressing at least partly because they believe that death deprives its subject of life’s benefits. Properly qualified, the belief is surely true. But should its truth lead us to conclude that there is something dreadful or awful about death, something that merits distress?
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  2. Diachronic Dutch Books and Sleeping Beauty.Kai Draper & Joel Pust - 2008 - Synthese 164 (2):281 - 287.
    Hitchcock advances a diachronic Dutch Book argument (DDB) for a 1/3 answer to the Sleeping Beauty problem. Bradley and Leitgeb argue that Hitchcock’s DDB argument fails. We demonstrate the following: (a) Bradley and Leitgeb’s criticism of Hitchcock is unconvincing; (b) nonetheless, there are serious reasons to worry about the success of Hitchcock’s argument; (c) however, it is possible to construct a new DDB for 1/3 about which such worries cannot be raised.
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  3. War and Individual Rights: The Foundations of Just War Theory.Kai Draper - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Drawing on insights of thinkers in the natural rights tradition, Draper analyzes numerous hypothetical cases including those involving a runaway trolley, then seeks to determine if killing civilians in war is ever justified. In his consideration of this issue he avoids appealing to the principle of double effect. Having considered hypothetical cases at length, he leaves it to others to decide if any option to go to war is justifiable. In this regard he himself is sceptical.
     
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  4. Probabilistic Arguments for Multiple Universes.Kai Draper, Paul Draper & Joel Pust - 2007 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (3):288–307.
    In this paper, we discuss three probabilistic arguments for the existence of multiple universes. First, we provide an analysis of total evidence and use that analysis to defend Roger White's "this universe" objection to a standard fine-tuning argument for multiple universes. Second, we explain why Rodney Holder's recent cosmological argument for multiple universes is unconvincing. Third, we develop a "Cartesian argument" for multiple universes. While this argument is not open to the objections previously noted, we show that, given certain highly (...)
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  5. Rights and the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing.Kai Draper - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (3):253-280.
  6.  59
    Death and Rational Emotion.Kai Draper - 2013 - In Fred Feldman Ben Bradley (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death. pp. 297.
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  7.  32
    Even for Objectivists, Sleeping Beauty Isn’T so Simple.Kai Draper - 2017 - Analysis 77 (1):29-37.
    Writing collectively as the Oscar Seminar in 2008, John Pollock and several colleagues advance an objectivist argument for a 1/3 solution to the Sleeping Beauty problem. In 2011, Joel Pust raises a serious objection to their argument to which Paul D. Thorn, a member of the Oscar Seminar, offers a subtle reply. I argue that the Oscar Seminar s argument for 1/3 is unsound. I do not, however, defend Pust’s objection. Rather I develop a new objection, one that is not (...)
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  8.  22
    Direct Inference and the Sleeping Beauty Problem.Kaila Draper - 2019 - Synthese 198 (3):2253-2271.
    This article is an attempt to use the insights of objective probability theory to solve the Sleeping Beauty problem. The approach is to develop a partial theory of direct inference and then apply that partial theory to the problem. One of the crucial components of the partial theory is the thesis that expected indefinite probabilities provide a reliable basis for direct inference. The article relies heavily on recent work by Paul D. Thorn to defend that thesis. The article’s primary conclusion (...)
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  9. Defense.Kai Draper - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 145 (1):69 - 88.
    This paper is an exploration of the nature of what is perhaps the most widely recognized justification for inflicting harm on human beings: the appeal to defense (self-defense and other-defense). I develop and defend a rights-based account of the appeal to defense that takes into account whether and to what degree both the aggressor and his potential victim are morally responsible for the relevant threat. However, unlike most extant rights-based accounts, mine is not a forfeiture account. That is, I do (...)
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  10. Epicurean Equanimity Towards Death.Kai Draper - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (1):92–114.
    This paper assesses two reformulations of Epicurus' argument that "death ... is nothing to us, since while we exist, death is not present; and whenever death is present, we do not exist." The first resembles many contemporary reformulations in that it attempts to reach the conclusion that death is not to the disadvantage of its subject. I argue that this rather anachronistic sort of reformulation cannot succeed. The second reformulation stays closer to the spirit of Epicurus' actual position on death (...)
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  11.  76
    The Evidential Relevance of Self-Locating Information.Kai Draper - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (1):185-202.
    Philosophical interest in the role of self-locating information in the confirmation of hypotheses has intensified in virtue of the Sleeping Beauty problem. If the correct solution to that problem is 1/3, various attractive views on confirmation and probabilistic reasoning appear to be undermined; and some writers have used the problem as a basis for rejecting some of those views. My interest here is in two such views. One of them is the thesis that self-locating information cannot be evidentially relevant to (...)
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  12.  60
    Sleeping Beauty's Evidence.Kai Draper - 2007 - American Philosophical Quarterly 44 (1):61 - 70.
    The probability puzzle known as "Sleeping Beauty" raises interesting and difficult ques tions about the nature of evidence. It appears that the puzzle itself has already been solved, for there is a near consensus in the relevant philosophical literature that 1/3 is the correct answer.' Be that as it may, no new argument for that result is offered here. Instead, an at tempt is made to clarify the nature of certain problems that an answer of 1/3 raises for theories of (...)
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  13.  24
    Self-Defense, Collective Obligation, and Noncombatant Liability.Kai Draper - 1998 - Social Theory and Practice 24 (1):57-81.
  14.  47
    Fairness and Self-Defense.Kai Draper - 1993 - Social Theory and Practice 19 (1):73-92.
  15.  48
    The Personal and Impersonal Dimensions of Benevolence.Kai Draper - 2002 - Noûs 36 (2):201–227.
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    Manuscript Referees for The Journal of Ethics Volume 8: September 2003–August 2004.Justin D’Arms, Jovan Babic, Eric Cavallero, Ruth Chang, Kai Draper, A. E. Fuchs, Ann Garry, Ishtiyaque Haji, George W. Harris & Richard G. Hensen - 2004 - The Journal of Ethics 8 (473):473-473.
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  17. Lazare Benaroyo Alex John London Universite de Lausanne Carnegie Mellon University Jeff Blustein Jeff McMahan Albert Einstein College of Medicine Rutgers.E. Christian Brugger, Donald Marquis, Thomas Cavanaugh, James Nelson, Tod Chambers, Lennart Nordenfelt, James Childress, Anders Nordgren, Kai Draper & Fredrik Svenaeus - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27:1.
     
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  18.  7
    Does Deportation Infringe Rights?Kaila Draper - 2021 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 19 (3).
    Consider the migrant who illegally crosses an international border, and suppose that agents of the state she has entered apprehend and detain her, and then forcibly return her to her country of origin. Some opponents of aggressive deportation policies believe that, barring unusual circumstances, this process of using coercion and force to expel the migrant is an infringement of the migrant’s rights. Many of those who disagree contend that, because a state has a right to enact and enforce immigration restrictions, (...)
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  19.  37
    Evidence Without Priors.Kai Draper - 2010 - Philo 13 (1):18-22.
    I argue that it is possible to acquire evidence that has no probability, not even zero, prior to its acquisition. If I am right then, contrary to certain Bayesian models of confirmation, conditionalization is not the only possible basis upon which a rational agent will alter her credence in some hypothesis in response to new evidence. My conclusion follows from certain analyses of the Sleeping Beauty problem. Because those analyses are controversial, however, I alter the Sleeping Beauty scenario to generate (...)
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  20.  15
    Rights and Self-Defense.Kai Draper - 2006 - Public Affairs Quarterly 20 (2):95-113.
  21.  18
    Book Review:Nuclear Deterrence and Moral Restraint. Henry Shue. [REVIEW]Kai Draper - 1992 - Ethics 103 (1):170-.
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  22. Review: Facing Death: Epicurus and His Critics. [REVIEW]Kai Draper - 2006 - Mind 115 (460):1182-1185.