Results for 'Kalevi Lehto'

99 found
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  1.  21
    Evaluating Waiting Time Effect on Health Outcomes at Admission: A Prospective Randomized Study on Patients with Osteoarthritis of the Knee Joint.Johanna Hirvonen, Marja Blom, Ulla Tuominen, Seppo Seitsalo, Matti Lehto, Pekka Paavolainen, Kalevi Hietaniemi, Pekka Rissanen & Harri Sintonen - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):728-733.
  2.  82
    Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology.Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (2):167-173.
    Theses on the semiotic study of life as presented here provide a collectively formulated set of statements on what biology needs to be focused on in order to describe life as a process based on semiosis, or sign action. An aim of the biosemiotic approach is to explain how life evolves through all varieties of forms of communication and signification (including cellular adaptive behavior, animal communication, and human intellect) and to provide tools for grounding sign theories. We introduce the concept (...)
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  3.  25
    The Microbiome in Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience.Amar Sarkar, Siobhán Harty, Soili M. Lehto, Andrew H. Moeller, Timothy G. Dinan, Robin I. M. Dunbar, John F. Cryan & Philip W. J. Burnet - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (7):611-636.
  4.  52
    How Can the Study of the Humanities Inform the Study of Biosemiotics?Donald Favareau, Kalevi Kull, Gerald Ostdiek, Timo Maran, Louise Westling, Paul Cobley, Frederik Stjernfelt, Myrdene Anderson, Morten Tønnessen & Wendy Wheeler - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (1):9-31.
    This essay – a collection of contributions from 10 scholars working in the field of biosemiotics and the humanities – considers nature in culture. It frames this by asking the question ‘Why does biosemiotics need the humanities?’. Each author writes from the background of their own disciplinary perspective in order to throw light upon their interdisciplinary engagement with biosemiotics. We start with Donald Favareau, whose originary disciplinary home is ethnomethodology and linguistics, and then move on to Paul Cobley’s contribution on (...)
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  5.  28
    The Acoustic Codes: How Animal Sign Processes Create Sound-Topes and Consortia Via Conflict Avoidance. [REVIEW]Rachele Malavasi, Kalevi Kull & Almo Farina - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):89-95.
    In this essay we argue for the possibility to describe the co-presence of species in a community as a consortium built by acoustic codes, using mainly the examples of bird choruses. In this particular case, the consortium is maintained via the sound-tope that different bird species create by singing in a chorus. More generally, the formation of acoustic codes as well as cohesive communicative systems (the consortia) can be seen as a result of plastic adaptational behaviour of the specimen who (...)
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  6.  54
    Jakob von Uexküll: An Introduction.Kalevi Kull - 2001 - Semiotica 2001 (134):1-59.
    The article gives an account of life and work of Jakob von Uexk?ll, together with a description of his impact to theoretical biology, behavioural studies, and semiotics. It includes the complete bibliography of Uexk?ll's published works, as well as an extensive list of publications about him.
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  7. On Semiosis, Umwelt, and Semiosphere.Kalevi Kull - 1998 - Semiotica 120 (3-4):299-310.
     
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  8.  13
    Evolution, Choice, and Scaffolding: Semiosis is Changing Its Own Building.Kalevi Kull - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):223-234.
    We develop here a semiotic model of evolution. We point out the role of confusion and choice as a condition for semiosis, which is a precondition for semiotic learning and semiotic adaptation. Semiosis itself as interpretation and decision-making between options requires phenomenal present. The body structure of the organism is largely a product of former semiosis. The organism’s body together with the structure of the ecosystem serves also as a scaffolding for the sign processes that carry on the ontogenetic cycle (...)
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  9.  60
    Geometry, Pregeometry and Beyond.Diego Meschini, Markku Lehto & Johanna Piilonen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (3):435-464.
  10.  27
    Environmental Strategies of Affect Regulation and Their Associations With Subjective Well-Being.Kalevi M. Korpela, Tytti Pasanen, Veera Repo, Terry Hartig, Henk Staats, Michael Mason, Susana Alves, Ferdinando Fornara, Tony Marks, Sunil Saini, Massimiliano Scopelliti, Ana L. Soares, Ulrika K. Stigsdotter & Catharine Ward Thompson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  11.  25
    Biosemiotics in the Twentieth Century: A View From Biology.Kalevi Kull - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):385-414.
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  12.  23
    Biosemiotic Questions.Kalevi Kull, Claus Emmeche & Donald Favareau - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (1):41-55.
    This paper examines the biosemiotic approach to the study of life processes by fashioning a series of questions that any worthwhile semiotic study of life should ask. These questions can be understood simultaneously as: (1) questions that distinguish a semiotic biology from a non-semiotic (i.e., reductionist–physicalist) one; (2) questions that any student in biosemiotics should ask when doing a case study; and (3) still currently unanswered questions of biosemiotics. In addition, some examples of previously undertaken biosemiotic case studies are examined (...)
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  13.  16
    The Biosemiotic Concept of the Species.Kalevi Kull - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (1):61-71.
    Any biological species of biparental organisms necessarily includes, and is fundamentally dependent on, sign processes between individuals. In this case, the natural category of the species is based on family resemblances, which is why a species is not a natural kind. We describe the mechanism that generates the family resemblance. An individual recognition window and biparental reproduction almost suffice as conditions to produce species naturally. This is due to assortativity of mating which is not based on certain individual traits, but (...)
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  14.  7
    Steps Towards the Natural Meronomy and Taxonomy of Semiosis: Emotin Between Index and Symbol?Kalevi Kull - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):88-104.
    The main aim of this brief and purposely radical essay is to investigate further possibilities for empirical research in natural classification of semiosis. Before introducing emon – a missing term in the taxonomy of signs – we make a distinction between the natural and artificial, and between the taxonomic and meronomic classifications of signs. Natural classifications or typologies are empirically based, while artificial classifications do not require empirical test. Meronomy describes the relational or functional structure of the whole, while taxonomy (...)
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  15. Semiotic Ecology: Different Natures in the Semiosphere.Kalevi Kull - 1998 - Sign Systems Studies 26 (1):344-371.
  16.  32
    Ecosystems Are Made of Semiosic Bonds: Consortia, Umwelten, Biophony and Ecological Codes. [REVIEW]Kalevi Kull - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (3):347-357.
    The paper focuses on the semiotic principles of the organisation of ecosystems, attempting to find concepts that point to relations and not to elements. (1) Consortium (the term introduced by Johannes Reinke around 1873) can be defined as a group of organisms connected via (sign) relations, or groups of interspecific semiosic links in biocoenosis. The consortial relations include trophic and topic relations, both implying a recognition (identification) of the object by an organism involved (these, i.e., are sign relations). These relations (...)
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  17.  77
    Is Empty Spacetime a Physical Thing?Diego Meschini & Markku Lehto - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (8):1193-1216.
    This article deals with empty spacetime and the question of its physical reality. By “empty spacetime” we mean a collection of bare spacetime points, the remains of ridding spacetime of all matter and fields. We ask whether these geometric objects—themselves intrinsic to the concept of field—might be observable through some physical test. By taking quantum-mechanical notions into account, we challenge the negative conclusion drawn from the diffeomorphism invariance postulate of general relativity, and we propose new foundational ideas regarding the possible (...)
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  18.  20
    Introduction.Winfried Nöth & Kalevi Kull - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):9-11.
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  19.  12
    Baldwin and Biosemiotics: What Intelligence is For.Jesper Hoffmeyer & Kalevi Kull - 2003 - In Bruce H. Weber & David J. Depew (eds.), Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin Effect Reconsidered. MIT Press. pp. 253--272.
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  20.  13
    Zoosemiotics is the Study of Animal Forms of Knowing.Kalevi Kull - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (198):47-60.
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  21.  13
    Geometry, Pregeometry and Beyond.Diego Meschini, Markku Lehto & Johanna Piilonen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (3):435-464.
  22.  6
    Semiotic Fitting and the Nativeness of Community.Kalevi Kull - 2020 - Biosemiotics 13 (1):9-19.
    The concept of ‘semiotic fitting’ is what we provide as a model for the description and analysis of the diversity dynamics and nativeness in semiotic systems. One of its sources is the concept of ‘ecological fitting’ which was introduced by Daniel Janzen as the mechanism for the explanation of diversity in tropical ecosystems and which has been shown to work widely over the communities of various types. As different from the neo-Darwinian concept of fitness that describes reproductive success, ‘fitting’ describes (...)
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  23.  3
    Uexküll Studies After 2001.Kalevi Kull - 2021 - Sign Systems Studies 48 (2-4):483-509.
    Jakob von Uexküll’s work was influential at the time of the biosemiotic turn in semiotics in the 1990s and, together with the hermeneutic and phenomenological approaches, laid the basis for a semiotic turn in biology without losing a connection to the morphology and physiology of organisms. His work appears to be attractive and promising in transforming the culture–nature divide into an understanding of the difference between the living and the non-living. The biological study of subjectivity makes the Uexküllian approach pertinent (...)
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  24.  7
    A Study by Umberto Eco and His Colleagues on the History of Early Zoosemiotics: Commentary and Bibliography.Kalevi Kull - 2018 - Sign Systems Studies 46 (2/3):383-391.
    The article provides a commentary on Umberto Eco’s text “Animal language before Sebeok”, and an annotated bibliography of various versions of the article on ‘latratus canis’ that Eco published together with Roberto Lambertini, Costantino Marmo, and Andrea Tabarroni.
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  25.  26
    Uexküll and the Post-Modern Evolutionism.Kalevi Kull - 2004 - Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):99-114.
    Jakob von Uexküll’s evolutionary views are described and analysed in the context of changes in semiotic and biological thinking at the end of Modern age. As different from the late Modernist biology, a general feature of Post-Modern interpretation of living systems is that an evolutionary explanation has rather secondary importance, it is not obligatory for an understanding of adaptation. Adaptation as correspondence to environment is a communicative, hence a semiotic phenomenon.
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  26.  24
    An Introduction to Phytosemiotics.Kalevi Kull - 2000 - Sign Systems Studies 28:326-350.
    Asking, whether plants have semiosis, the article gives a review of the works on phytosemiotics, referring to the tradition in botany that has seen plants as non-mechanic systems. This approach can use the concept of biological need as the primary holistic process in living systems. Demonstrating the similarity between the need and semiosis, it is concluded that sign is a meronomic entity. A distinction between five levels of sign systems is proposed: cellular, vegetative, animal, linguistic, and cultural. Vegetative sign systems (...)
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  27.  11
    What is the Main Challenge for Contemporary Semiotics?Kalevi Kull & Ekaterina Velmezova - 2014 - Sign Systems Studies 42 (4):530-548.
  28.  27
    A Sign is Not Alive — a Text Is.Kalevi Kull - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):327-335.
    The article deals with the relationships between the concepts of life process and sign process, arguing against the simplified equation of these concepts. Assuming that organism (and its particular case — cell) is the carrier of what is called ‘life’, we attempt to find a correspondent notion in semiotics that can be equalled to the feature of being alive. A candidate for this is the textual process as a multiple sign action. Considering that biological texts are generally non-linguistic, the concept (...)
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  29.  22
    The Institution of Semiotics in Estonia.Kalevi Kull, Silvi Salupere, Peeter Torop & Mihhail Lotman - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (2/4):314-341.
    The article gives a historical overview of the institutional development of semiotics in Estonia during two centuries, and describes briefly its current status. The key characteristics of semiotics in Estonia include: (1) seminal role of two world-level classics of semiotics from the University of Tartu, Juri Lotman and Jakob von Uexkull; (2) the impact of Tartu–Moscow school of semiotics, with a series of summer schools in Kaariku in 1960s and the establishment of semiotic study of culture; (3) the publication of (...)
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  30.  9
    Toward a Reterritorialization of Cultural Theory: Estonian Theory From Baer Via Uexküll to Lotman.Marek Tamm & Kalevi Kull - 2016 - History of the Human Sciences 29 (1):75-98.
    This article argues that from a territorial perspective a certain coherence and continuity can be identified in the Estonian cultural-theoretical tradition – a discursive body based on common sources of influence and similar fundamental attitudes. We understand Estonian theory as a local episteme – a territorialized web of epistemological associations and rules for making sense of the world, which favours some premises while discouraging others. The article focuses on the older layers of Estonian theory, discussing the work of Karl Ernst (...)
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  31.  6
    Discovering Ecoserniotics.Winfried Nöth & Kalevi Küll - 2000 - Sign Systems Studies 28:421-424.
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  32.  30
    Interview with Vyacheslav V. Ivanov About Semiotics, the Languages of the Brain and History of Ideas.Ekaterina Velmezova & Kalevi Kull - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (2/4):290-313.
    The interview with one of the founders of the Tartu–Moscow school, semiotician Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich Ivanov (b. 1929) from August 2010, describes V. V. Ivanov’s opinions of several scholars and their work (including Evgenij Polivanov, Mikhail Bakhtin, Andrej Kolmogorov, Nikolaj Marr etc.), his relationships with his father Vsevolod Ivanov, as well as V. V. Ivanov’s views on the past and future of semiotics, with some emphasis on neurosemiotics, zoosemiotics, semiotics of culture, cybernetics, history of linguistics, study and protection of small languages. (...)
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  33.  10
    Umberto Eco on the Biosemiotics of Giorgio Prodi.Kalevi Kull - 2018 - Sign Systems Studies 46 (2/3):352-364.
    The article provides a commentary on Umberto Eco’s text “Giorgio Prodi and the lower threshold of semiotics”. An annotated list of Prodi’s English-language publications on semiotics is included.
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  34.  7
    Биосемиотическая беседа.Howard H. Pattee & Kalevi Kull - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (1/2):331-331.
    In this dialogue, we discuss the contrast between inexorable physical laws and the semiotic freedom of life. We agree that material and symbolic structures require complementary descriptions, as do the many hierarchical levels of their organizations. We try to clarify our concepts of laws, constraints, rules, symbols, memory, interpreters, and semiotic control. We briefly describe our different personal backgrounds that led us to a biosemiotic approach, and we speculate on the future directions of biosemiotics.
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  35.  22
    On the History of Joining Bio with Semio: FS Rothschild and the Biosemiotic Rules.Kalevi Kull - 1999 - Sign Systems Studies 27:128-138.
  36.  20
    Towards Biosemiotics with Yuri Lotman.Kalevi Kull - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):115-132.
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  37.  24
    Ladder, Tree, Web.Kalevi Kull - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):589-602.
    Fundamental turns in biological understanding can be interpreted as replacements of deep models that organise the biological knowledge. Three deep models distinguished here are a holistic ladder model that sees all levels of nature being complete (from Aristotle to the 18th century), a modernist tree model that emphasises progress and evolution (from Enlightenment to the recent times), and a web model that evaluates diversity (since the 20th century). The turn from the tree model to the web model in biology includes (...)
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  38.  23
    Biosemiotics and the Problem of Intrinsic Value of Nature.Kalevi Kull - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):353-364.
    This article poses the hypothesis that the problem of the intrinsic value of nature that stems from the work of G. E. Moore and is widely discussed in environmental philosophy, bas a parallel in a contemporary discussion in semiotics on the existence of semiosis in nature. From a semiotic point of view. value can be defined as an intentional dimension of sign. This is concordant with a biological interpretation of value that relates to biological needs. Thus. a semiotic approach in (...)
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  39.  34
    Exemplifying Umweltlehre Through One’s Own Life A Biography of Jakob von Uexküll by Florian Mildenberger.Riin Magnus & Kalevi Kull - 2009 - Biosemiotics 2 (1):121-125.
  40.  18
    The Biosemiotic Glossary Project: The Semiotic Threshold.Claudio Julio Rodríguez Higuera & Kalevi Kull - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (1):109-126.
    The present article is framed within the biosemiotic glossary project as a way to address common terminology within biosemiotic research. The glossary integrates the view of the members of the biosemiotic community through a standard survey and a literature review. The concept of ‘semiotic threshold’ was first introduced by Umberto Eco, defining it as a boundary between semiotic and non-semiotic areas. We review here the concept of ‘semiotic threshold’, first describing its denotation within semiotics via an examination on the history (...)
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  41.  14
    Profiles of Nature Exposure and Outdoor Activities Associated With Occupational Well-Being Among Employees.Katriina Hyvönen, Kaisa Törnroos, Kirsi Salonen, Kalevi Korpela, Taru Feldt & Ulla Kinnunen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42. International Relations Theory and Domestic War in the Third World: The Limits of Relevance.Kalevi J. Holsti - 1998 - In Stephanie G. Neuman (ed.), International Relations Theory and the Third World. St. Martin's Press. pp. 103--132.
     
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  43.  4
    Изучая когнитивность животных.Otto Lehto - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (3/4):420-421.
    The question of cognitive endowment in animals has been fiercely debated in the scientific community during the last couple of decades, and indeed, all throughout the long history of natural philosophy. The scientific quest for an empirical, evolutionary account of the development and emergence of cognition has met with many philosophical objections, blind alleys and epistemological quandaries. I will argue that we are dealing with conflicting philosophical world views as well as conflicting empirical paradigms of research. After looking at some (...)
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  44.  19
    Loomade kognitiivsust uurides.Otto Lehto - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (3/4):421-422.
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  45.  45
    Journals of Semiotics in the World.Kalevi Kull & Timo Maran - 2013 - Sign Systems Studies 41 (1):140-145.
    Hereby we provide a list of all semiotic journals currently published in the world, which includes 53 titles. From among these, 42 are printed on paper (among them six international journals on general semiotics, 16 journals specializing in some branch of semiotics, and 20 regional semiotics journals), while 11 appearonly as electronic publications. All in all, these journals publish articles in 16 languages.
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  46.  7
    Changes in Attitudes Towards Hastened Death Among Finnish Physicians Over the Past Sixteen Years.Reetta P. Piili, Riina Metsänoja, Heikki Hinkka, Pirkko-Liisa I. Kellokumpu-Lehtinen & Juho T. Lehto - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):40.
    The ethics of hastened death are complex. Studies on physicians’ opinions about assisted dying exist, but changes in physicians’ attitudes towards hastened death in clinical decision-making and the background factors explaining this remain unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the changes in these attitudes among Finnish physicians. A questionnaire including hypothetical patient scenarios was sent to 1182 and 1258 Finnish physicians in 1999 and 2015, respectively. Two scenarios of patients with advanced cancer were presented: one requesting an (...)
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  47.  26
    Thure von Uexküll 1908–2004.Kalevi Kull & Jesper Hoffmeyer - 2005 - Sign Systems Studies 33 (2):487-494.
  48.  18
    John Deely, From the Point of View of Biosemiotics.Paul Cobley, Donald Favareau & Kalevi Kull - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (1):1-4.
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  49.  14
    Semiotics Is a Theory of Life.Kalevi Kull - 2003 - Semiotics:15-31.
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  50.  23
    Лестница, дерево, сеть.Kalevi Kull - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):603-603.
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