Results for 'Kalevi Lehto'

92 found
Order:
  1.  9
    Evaluating Waiting Time Effect on Health Outcomes at Admission: A Prospective Randomized Study on Patients with Osteoarthritis of the Knee Joint.Johanna Hirvonen, Marja Blom, Ulla Tuominen, Seppo Seitsalo, Matti Lehto, Pekka Paavolainen, Kalevi Hietaniemi, Pekka Rissanen & Harri Sintonen - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):728-733.
  2.  8
    The Microbiome in Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience.Amar Sarkar, Siobhán Harty, Soili M. Lehto, Andrew H. Moeller, Timothy G. Dinan, Robin I. M. Dunbar, John F. Cryan & Philip W. J. Burnet - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (7):611-636.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  25
    Geometry, Pregeometry and Beyond.Diego Meschini, Markku Lehto & Johanna Piilonen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (3):435-464.
  4.  48
    Is Empty Spacetime a Physical Thing?Diego Meschini & Markku Lehto - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (8):1193-1216.
    This article deals with empty spacetime and the question of its physical reality. By “empty spacetime” we mean a collection of bare spacetime points, the remains of ridding spacetime of all matter and fields. We ask whether these geometric objects—themselves intrinsic to the concept of field—might be observable through some physical test. By taking quantum-mechanical notions into account, we challenge the negative conclusion drawn from the diffeomorphism invariance postulate of general relativity, and we propose new foundational ideas regarding the possible (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  5.  19
    Loomade kognitiivsust uurides.Otto Lehto - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (3/4):421-422.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  1
    Changes in Attitudes Towards Hastened Death Among Finnish Physicians Over the Past Sixteen Years.Reetta P. Piili, Riina Metsänoja, Heikki Hinkka, Pirkko-Liisa I. Kellokumpu-Lehtinen & Juho T. Lehto - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):40.
    The ethics of hastened death are complex. Studies on physicians’ opinions about assisted dying exist, but changes in physicians’ attitudes towards hastened death in clinical decision-making and the background factors explaining this remain unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the changes in these attitudes among Finnish physicians. A questionnaire including hypothetical patient scenarios was sent to 1182 and 1258 Finnish physicians in 1999 and 2015, respectively. Two scenarios of patients with advanced cancer were presented: one requesting an (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  20
    Studying the Cognitive States of Animals.Otto Lehto - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (3/4):369-420.
    The question of cognitive endowment in animals has been fiercely debated in the scientific community during the last couple of decades (for example, in cognitive ethology and behaviourism), and indeed, all throughout the long history of natural philosophy (from Plato and Aristotle, via Descartes, to Darwin). The scientific quest for an empirical, evolutionary account of the development and emergence of cognition has met with many philosophical objections, blind alleys and epistemological quandaries. I will argue that we are dealing with conflicting (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  1
    The Effect of Study Type on Research Ethics Committees’ Queries in Medical Studies.Saara M. Happo, Arja Halkoaho, Soili M. Lehto & Tapani Keränen - 2017 - Research Ethics 13 (3-4):115-127.
    Background:Medical research involving human subjects must be evaluated by a research ethics committee before a study is initiated. However, knowledge of REC decision processes, particularly in relation to evaluating the risk–benefit balance in various study types, appears scant.Methods:The study protocols and records of a Finnish university hospital REC were surveyed for a time span of 5 years. All study procedures in each study plan were examined, and the studies were divided into clinical drug trials, clinical trials with medical devices, studies (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  3
    Изучая когнитивность животных.Otto Lehto - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (3/4):420-421.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  2
    Geometry, Pregeometry and Beyond.Diego Meschini, Markku Lehto & Johanna Piilonen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (3):435-464.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  1
    Stuck Between Bench and Bedside: Why Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Is Not Accessible to Depressed Patients in Europe.Anna-Katharine Brem & Soili M. Lehto - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  12. Martin Donald A.. Borel Determinacy. Annals of Mathematics, Ser. 2 Vol. 102 , Pp. 363–371.Martin Donald A.. Infinite Games. Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Helsinki 1978, Vol. 1, Edited by Lehto Olli, Academia Scientarium Fennica, Helsinki 1980, Pp. 269–273. [REVIEW]A. Louveau - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1425.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  18
    How Can the Study of the Humanities Inform the Study of Biosemiotics?Donald Favareau, Kalevi Kull, Gerald Ostdiek, Timo Maran, Louise Westling, Paul Cobley, Frederik Stjernfelt, Myrdene Anderson, Morten Tønnessen & Wendy Wheeler - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (1):9-31.
    This essay – a collection of contributions from 10 scholars working in the field of biosemiotics and the humanities – considers nature in culture. It frames this by asking the question ‘Why does biosemiotics need the humanities?’. Each author writes from the background of their own disciplinary perspective in order to throw light upon their interdisciplinary engagement with biosemiotics. We start with Donald Favareau, whose originary disciplinary home is ethnomethodology and linguistics, and then move on to Paul Cobley’s contribution on (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  14.  6
    Environmental Strategies of Affect Regulation and Their Associations With Subjective Well-Being.Kalevi M. Korpela, Tytti Pasanen, Veera Repo, Terry Hartig, Henk Staats, Michael Mason, Susana Alves, Ferdinando Fornara, Tony Marks, Sunil Saini, Massimiliano Scopelliti, Ana L. Soares, Ulrika K. Stigsdotter & Catharine Ward Thompson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  15.  5
    The Biosemiotic Glossary Project: The Semiotic Threshold.Claudio Julio Rodríguez Higuera & Kalevi Kull - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (1):109-126.
    The present article is framed within the biosemiotic glossary project as a way to address common terminology within biosemiotic research. The glossary integrates the view of the members of the biosemiotic community through a standard survey and a literature review. The concept of ‘semiotic threshold’ was first introduced by Umberto Eco, defining it as a boundary between semiotic and non-semiotic areas. We review here the concept of ‘semiotic threshold’, first describing its denotation within semiotics via an examination on the history (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  16.  54
    Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology.Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (2):167-173.
    Theses on the semiotic study of life as presented here provide a collectively formulated set of statements on what biology needs to be focused on in order to describe life as a process based on semiosis, or sign action. An aim of the biosemiotic approach is to explain how life evolves through all varieties of forms of communication and signification (including cellular adaptive behavior, animal communication, and human intellect) and to provide tools for grounding sign theories. We introduce the concept (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  17.  26
    Ecosystems Are Made of Semiosic Bonds: Consortia, Umwelten, Biophony and Ecological Codes. [REVIEW]Kalevi Kull - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (3):347-357.
    The paper focuses on the semiotic principles of the organisation of ecosystems, attempting to find concepts that point to relations and not to elements. (1) Consortium (the term introduced by Johannes Reinke around 1873) can be defined as a group of organisms connected via (sign) relations, or groups of interspecific semiosic links in biocoenosis. The consortial relations include trophic and topic relations, both implying a recognition (identification) of the object by an organism involved (these, i.e., are sign relations). These relations (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  18.  4
    Evolution, Choice, and Scaffolding: Semiosis is Changing Its Own Building.Kalevi Kull - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):223-234.
    We develop here a semiotic model of evolution. We point out the role of confusion and choice as a condition for semiosis, which is a precondition for semiotic learning and semiotic adaptation. Semiosis itself as interpretation and decision-making between options requires phenomenal present. The body structure of the organism is largely a product of former semiosis. The organism’s body together with the structure of the ecosystem serves also as a scaffolding for the sign processes that carry on the ontogenetic cycle (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  19. Jakob von Uexküll. Special Issue Of.Kalevi Kull - forthcoming - Semiotica.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  20.  30
    Jakob von Uexküll: An Introduction.Kalevi Kull - 2001 - Semiotica 2001 (134):1-59.
    The article gives an account of life and work of Jakob von Uexk?ll, together with a description of his impact to theoretical biology, behavioural studies, and semiotics. It includes the complete bibliography of Uexk?ll's published works, as well as an extensive list of publications about him.
    Direct download (5 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  21. Discussion of the Conceptual Basis of Biosemiotics.Andrew Robinson, Christopher Southgate & Terrence Deacon - 2010 - Zygon 45 (2):409-418.
    Kalevi Kull and colleagues recently proposed eight theses as a conceptual basis for the field of biosemiotics. We use these theses as a framework for discussing important current areas of debate in biosemiotics with particular reference to the articles collected in this issue of Zygon.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  22.  17
    Biosemiotics in the Twentieth Century: A View From Biology.Kalevi Kull - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):385-414.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  23.  17
    The Acoustic Codes: How Animal Sign Processes Create Sound-Topes and Consortia Via Conflict Avoidance. [REVIEW]Rachele Malavasi, Kalevi Kull & Almo Farina - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):89-95.
    In this essay we argue for the possibility to describe the co-presence of species in a community as a consortium built by acoustic codes, using mainly the examples of bird choruses. In this particular case, the consortium is maintained via the sound-tope that different bird species create by singing in a chorus. More generally, the formation of acoustic codes as well as cohesive communicative systems (the consortia) can be seen as a result of plastic adaptational behaviour of the specimen who (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  24. On Semiosis, Umwelt, and Semiosphere.Kalevi Kull - 1998 - Semiotica 120 (3-4):299-310.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  25.  5
    Zoosemiotics is the Study of Animal Forms of Knowing.Kalevi Kull - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (198):47-60.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  26.  42
    The Biosemiotic Approach in Biology : Theoretical Bases and Applied Models.Joao Queiroz, Claus Emmeche, Kalevi Kull & Charbel El-Hani - 2011 - In George Terzis & Robert Arp (eds.), Information and Living Systems -- Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives. MIT Press. pp. 91-130.
    Biosemiotics is a growing fi eld that investigates semiotic processes in the living realm in an attempt to combine the fi ndings of the biological sciences and semiotics. Semiotic processes are more or less what biologists have typically referred to as “ signals, ” “ codes, ”and “ information processing ”in biosystems, but these processes are here understood under the more general notion of semiosis, that is, the production, action, and interpretation of signs. Thus, biosemiotics can be seen as biology (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  16
    Biosemiotic Questions.Kalevi Kull, Claus Emmeche & Donald Favareau - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (1):41-55.
    This paper examines the biosemiotic approach to the study of life processes by fashioning a series of questions that any worthwhile semiotic study of life should ask. These questions can be understood simultaneously as: (1) questions that distinguish a semiotic biology from a non-semiotic (i.e., reductionist–physicalist) one; (2) questions that any student in biosemiotics should ask when doing a case study; and (3) still currently unanswered questions of biosemiotics. In addition, some examples of previously undertaken biosemiotic case studies are examined (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  28.  34
    Semiotic Ecology: Different Natures in the Semiosphere.Kalevi Kull - 1998 - Sign Systems Studies 26 (1):344-371.
  29.  9
    The Biosemiotic Concept of the Species.Kalevi Kull - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (1):61-71.
    Any biological species of biparental organisms necessarily includes, and is fundamentally dependent on, sign processes between individuals. In this case, the natural category of the species is based on family resemblances, which is why a species is not a natural kind. We describe the mechanism that generates the family resemblance. An individual recognition window and biparental reproduction almost suffice as conditions to produce species naturally. This is due to assortativity of mating which is not based on certain individual traits, but (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  30.  7
    Baldwin and Biosemiotics: What Intelligence is For.Jesper Hoffmeyer & Kalevi Kull - 2003 - In Bruce H. Weber & David J. Depew (eds.), Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin Effect Reconsidered. MIT Press. pp. 253--272.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  31.  19
    Uexküll and the Post-Modern Evolutionism.Kalevi Kull - 2004 - Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):99-114.
    Jakob von Uexküll’s evolutionary views are described and analysed in the context of changes in semiotic and biological thinking at the end of Modern age. As different from the late Modernist biology, a general feature of Post-Modern interpretation of living systems is that an evolutionary explanation has rather secondary importance, it is not obligatory for an understanding of adaptation. Adaptation as correspondence to environment is a communicative, hence a semiotic phenomenon.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  32.  2
    What is the Main Challenge for Contemporary Semiotics?Kalevi Kull & Ekaterina Velmezova - 2014 - Sign Systems Studies 42 (4):530.
  33.  10
    An Introduction to Phytosemiotics.Kalevi Kull - 2000 - Sign Systems Studies 28:326-350.
    Asking, whether plants have semiosis, the article gives a review of the works on phytosemiotics, referring to the tradition in botany that has seen plants as non-mechanic systems. This approach can use the concept of biological need as the primary holistic process in living systems. Demonstrating the similarity between the need and semiosis, it is concluded that sign is a meronomic entity. A distinction between five levels of sign systems is proposed: cellular, vegetative, animal, linguistic, and cultural. Vegetative sign systems (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  34.  12
    Ladder, Tree, Web.Kalevi Kull - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):589-602.
    Fundamental turns in biological understanding can be interpreted as replacements of deep models that organise the biological knowledge. Three deep models distinguished here are a holistic ladder model that sees all levels of nature being complete (from Aristotle to the 18th century), a modernist tree model that emphasises progress and evolution (from Enlightenment to the recent times), and a web model that evaluates diversity (since the 20th century). The turn from the tree model to the web model in biology includes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  35. Semiosphere is the Relational Biosphere.Kaie Kotov & Kalevi Kull - 2011 - In Claus Emmeche (ed.), Towards a Semiotic Biology: Life is the Action of Signs. Imperial College Press. pp. 179--194.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36.  16
    Biosemiotics and the Problem of Intrinsic Value of Nature.Kalevi Kull - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):353-364.
    This article poses the hypothesis that the problem of the intrinsic value of nature that stems from the work of G. E. Moore and is widely discussed in environmental philosophy, bas a parallel in a contemporary discussion in semiotics on the existence of semiosis in nature. From a semiotic point of view. value can be defined as an intentional dimension of sign. This is concordant with a biological interpretation of value that relates to biological needs. Thus. a semiotic approach in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  37.  27
    A Biosemiotic Conversation.Howard H. Pattee & Kalevi Kull - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (1/2):311-330.
    In this dialogue, we discuss the contrast between inexorable physical laws and the semiotic freedom of life. We agree that material and symbolic structures require complementary descriptions, as do the many hierarchical levels of their organizations. We try to clarify our concepts of laws, constraints, rules, symbols, memory, interpreters, and semiotic control. We briefly describe our different personal backgrounds that led us to a biosemiotic approach, and we speculate on the future directions of biosemiotics.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  38.  15
    Semiotic Study of Landscapes.Kati Lindström, Kalevi Kull & Hannes Palang - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (2/4):12-36.
    The article provides an overview of different approaches to the semiotic study of landscapes both in the field of semiotics proper and in landscape studiesin general. The article describes different approaches to the semiotic processes in landscapes from the semiological tradition where landscape has been seen as analogous to a text with its language, to more naturalized and phenomenological approaches, as well as ecosemiotic view of landscapes that goes beyond anthropocentric definitions. Special attention is paid to the potential of cultural (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  39.  13
    A Sign is Not Alive — a Text Is.Kalevi Kull - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):327-335.
    The article deals with the relationships between the concepts of life process and sign process, arguing against the simplified equation of these concepts. Assuming that organism (and its particular case — cell) is the carrier of what is called ‘life’, we attempt to find a correspondent notion in semiotics that can be equalled to the feature of being alive. A candidate for this is the textual process as a multiple sign action. Considering that biological texts are generally non-linguistic, the concept (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  40.  11
    Towards Biosemiotics with Yuri Lotman.Kalevi Kull - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):115-132.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  41.  5
    Boris Uspenskij on History, Linguistics and Semiotics.Ekaterina Velmezova & Kalevi Kull - 2017 - Sign Systems Studies 45 (3/4):404.
    The two interviews with Boris Uspenskij on history and the contemporary state of linguistics and semiotics discuss the necessity to elaborate a common terminology in semiotics, at the same time speaking about perspectives for interdisciplinary research, various research models, and the possibilities to produce proof in the humanities. Commenting upon some of his own works, in particular on Ego loquens, Boris Uspenskij reflects upon the crucial events of his academic life and on contacts with his colleagues, emphasizing the importance of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  6
    On the History of Joining Bio with Semio: FS Rothschild and the Biosemiotic Rules.Kalevi Kull - 1999 - Sign Systems Studies 27:128-138.
  43.  14
    Semiosphere and a Dual Ecology.Kalevi Kull - 2005 - Sign Systems Studies 33 (1):175-188.
    This article compares the methodologies of two types of sciences (according to J. Locke) — semiotics, and physics — and attempts thereby to characterise the semiotic and non-semiotic approaches to the description of ecosystems. The principal difference between the physical and semiotic sciences is that there exists just a single physical reality that is studied by physics via repetitiveness, whereas there are many semiotic realities that are studied as unique individuals. Seventeen complementary definitions of the semiosphere are listed, among them, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  44.  15
    Thure von Uexküll 1908–2004.Kalevi Kull & Jesper Hoffmeyer - 2005 - Sign Systems Studies 33 (2):487-494.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  45.  26
    Intervjuu Vjatšeslav V. Ivanoviga semiootikast, aju keeltest ja ideede ajaloost. Kokkuvõte.Ekaterina Velmezova & Kalevi Kull - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (2/4):313-313.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  8
    John Deely, From the Point of View of Biosemiotics.Paul Cobley, Donald Favareau & Kalevi Kull - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (1):1-4.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  23
    The Importance of Semiotics to University.Kalevi Kull - 2008 - Semiotics:494-514.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Evolution and Semiotics.Kalevi Kull - 1992 - In Thomas A. Sebeok & Jean Umiker-Sebeok (eds.), Biosemiotics: The Semiotic Web. pp. 221–233.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  49.  19
    Лестница, дерево, сеть.Kalevi Kull - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):603-603.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  22
    Juri Lotman inglise keeles.Kalevi Kull - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (2/4):356-356.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 92