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David M. Kaplan
University of North Texas
David Kaplan
University of California, Los Angeles
David Michael Kaplan
Washington University in St. Louis
  1. Demonstratives.David Kaplan - 1989 - In Joseph Almog, John Perry & Howard Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. pp. 481-563.
  2. The Explanatory Force of Dynamical and Mathematical Models in Neuroscience: A Mechanistic Perspective.David Michael Kaplan & Carl F. Craver - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (4):601-627.
    We argue that dynamical and mathematical models in systems and cognitive neuro- science explain (rather than redescribe) a phenomenon only if there is a plausible mapping between elements in the model and elements in the mechanism for the phe- nomenon. We demonstrate how this model-to-mechanism-mapping constraint, when satisfied, endows a model with explanatory force with respect to the phenomenon to be explained. Several paradigmatic models including the Haken-Kelso-Bunz model of bimanual coordination and the difference-of-Gaussians model of visual receptive fields are (...)
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  3. Explanation and Description in Computational Neuroscience.David Michael Kaplan - 2011 - Synthese 183 (3):339-373.
    The central aim of this paper is to shed light on the nature of explanation in computational neuroscience. I argue that computational models in this domain possess explanatory force to the extent that they describe the mechanisms responsible for producing a given phenomenon—paralleling how other mechanistic models explain. Conceiving computational explanation as a species of mechanistic explanation affords an important distinction between computational models that play genuine explanatory roles and those that merely provide accurate descriptions or predictions of phenomena. It (...)
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  4. Dynamical Models: An Alternative or Complement to Mechanistic Explanations?David M. Kaplan & William Bechtel - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):438-444.
    Abstract While agreeing that dynamical models play a major role in cognitive science, we reject Stepp, Chemero, and Turvey's contention that they constitute an alternative to mechanistic explanations. We review several problems dynamical models face as putative explanations when they are not grounded in mechanisms. Further, we argue that the opposition of dynamical models and mechanisms is a false one and that those dynamical models that characterize the operations of mechanisms overcome these problems. By briefly considering examples involving the generation (...)
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  5. Afterthoughts.David Kaplan - 1989 - In J. Almog, J. Perry & H. Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. pp. 565-614.
  6. Quantifying In.David Kaplan - 1968 - Synthese 19 (1-2):178-214.
  7. How to Demarcate the Boundaries of Cognition.David Michael Kaplan - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (4):545-570.
    Advocates of extended cognition argue that the boundaries of cognition span brain, body, and environment. Critics maintain that cognitive processes are confined to a boundary centered on the individual. All participants to this debate require a criterion for distinguishing what is internal to cognition from what is external. Yet none of the available proposals are completely successful. I offer a new account, the mutual manipulability account, according to which cognitive boundaries are determined by relationships of mutual manipulability between the properties (...)
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  8. Words.David Kaplan - 1990 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 64 (1):93-119.
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  9.  54
    Are More Details Better? On the Norms of Completeness for Mechanistic Explanations.Carl Craver & David M. Kaplan - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axy015.
    Completeness is an important but misunderstood norm of explanation. It has recently been argued that mechanistic accounts of scientific explanation are committed to the thesis that models are complete only if they describe everything about a mechanism and, as a corollary, that incomplete models are always improved by adding more details. If so, mechanistic accounts are at odds with the obvious and important role of abstraction in scientific modelling. We respond to this characterization of the mechanist’s views about abstraction and (...)
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  10. On the Logic of Demonstratives.David Kaplan - 1979 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):81 - 98.
  11. Dthat.David Kaplan - 1978 - In Peter Cole (ed.), Syntax and Semantics. Academic Press. pp. 221--243.
  12. How to Russell a Frege-Church.David Kaplan - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (19):716-729.
  13. Reading ‘On Denoting’ on its Centenary.David Kaplan - 2005 - Mind 114 (456):933-1003.
    Part 1 sets out the logical/semantical background to ‘On Denoting’, including an exposition of Russell's views in Principles of Mathematics, the role and justification of Frege's notorious Axiom V, and speculation about how the search for a solution to the Contradiction might have motivated a new treatment of denoting. Part 2 consists primarily of an extended analysis of Russell's views on knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description, in which I try to show that the discomfiture between Russell's semantical and (...)
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  14. Words on Words.David Kaplan - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy 108 (9):504-529.
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  15.  24
    Decoding the Brain: Neural Representation and the Limits of Multivariate Pattern Analysis in Cognitive Neuroscience.J. Brendan Ritchie, David Michael Kaplan & Colin Klein - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx023.
    Since its introduction, multivariate pattern analysis, or ‘neural decoding’, has transformed the field of cognitive neuroscience. Underlying its influence is a crucial inference, which we call the decoder’s dictum: if information can be decoded from patterns of neural activity, then this provides strong evidence about what information those patterns represent. Although the dictum is a widely held and well-motivated principle in decoding research, it has received scant philosophical attention. We critically evaluate the dictum, arguing that it is false: decodability is (...)
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  16. Bob and Carol and Ted and Alice.David Kaplan - 1973 - In Jaakko Hintikka (ed.), Approaches to Natural Language. D. Reidel Publishing. pp. 490--518.
  17. An Idea of Donnellan.David Kaplan - 2011 - In Joseph Almog & Paolo Leonardi (eds.), Having In Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan. Oxford, but (c) David Kaplan. pp. 122-175.
    This is a story about three of my favorite philosophers—Donnellan, Russell, and Frege—about how Donnellan’s concept of having in mind relates to ideas of the others, and especially about an aspect of Donnellan’s concept that has been insufficiently discussed: how this epistemic state can be transmitted from one person to another.
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  18. How to Reconcile Physicalism and Antireductionism About Biology.Alex Rosenberg & David Michael Kaplan - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1):43-68.
    Physicalism and antireductionism are the ruling orthodoxy in the philosophy of biology. But these two theses are difficult to reconcile. Merely embracing an epistemic antireductionism will not suffice, as both reductionists and antireductionists accept that given our cognitive interests and limitations, non-molecular explanations may not be improved, corrected or grounded in molecular ones. Moreover, antireductionists themselves view their claim as a metaphysical or ontological one about the existence of facts molecular biology cannot identify, express, or explain. However, this is tantamount (...)
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  19.  79
    What Things Still Don’T Do.David M. Kaplan - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (2):229-240.
    This paper praises and criticizes Peter-Paul Verbeek’s What Things Do ( 2006 ). The four things that Verbeek does well are: (1) remind us of the importance of technological things; (2) bring Karl Jaspers into the conversation on technology; (3) explain how technology “co-shapes” experience by reading Bruno Latour’s actor-network theory in light of Don Ihde’s post-phenomenology; (4) develop a material aesthetics of design. The three things that Verbeek does not do well are: (1) analyze the material conditions in which (...)
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  20.  36
    Moving Parts: The Natural Alliance Between Dynamical and Mechanistic Modeling Approaches.David Michael Kaplan - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (6):757-786.
    Recently, it has been provocatively claimed that dynamical modeling approaches signal the emergence of a new explanatory framework distinct from that of mechanistic explanation. This paper rejects this proposal and argues that dynamical explanations are fully compatible with, even naturally construed as, instances of mechanistic explanations. Specifically, it is argued that the mathematical framework of dynamics provides a powerful descriptive scheme for revealing temporal features of activities in mechanisms and plays an explanatory role to the extent it is deployed for (...)
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  21. A Structural Model of Parent and Teacher Influences on Science Attitudes of Eighth Graders: Evidence From NELS: 88.Rani George & David M. Kaplan - 1998 - Science Education 82 (1):93-109.
     
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  22. A Problem in Possible Worlds Semantics.David Kaplan - 1995 - In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.), Modality, Morality and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 41-52.
  23. Foundations of Intensional Logic.David Kaplan - 1964 - Dissertation, UCLA
  24. Opacity.David Kaplan - 1986 - In Lewis Edwin Hahn & Paul Arthur Schilpp (eds.), The Philosophy of W. V. Quine. Open Court. pp. 229-289.
  25. What is Russell's Theory of Descriptions?David Kaplan - 1970 - In Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen D. Breck (eds.), Physics, Logic, and History. Plenum Press. pp. 277-295.
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  26. De Re Belief.David Kaplan - 2013 - In Richard Hull (ed.), Presidential Addresses of The American Philosophical Association 1981–1990. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 25-37.
  27.  31
    Towards a Mechanistic Philosophy of Neuroscience.Carl F. Craver & David M. Kaplan - 2011 - In Steven French & Juha Saatsi (eds.), Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Science. London: Continuum. pp. 268.
  28.  3
    Paul Ricoeur and the Philosophy of Technology.David M. Kaplan - 2006 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 16 (1/2):42-56.
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  29. Transworld Heir Lines.David Kaplan - 1967 - In Michael J. Loux (ed.), The Possible and the Actual. Cornell University Press.
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  30. Explanation Revisited.David Kaplan - 1961 - Philosophy of Science 28 (4):429-436.
    In 'Hempel and Oppenheim on Explanation', (see preceding article) Eberle, Kaplan, and Montague criticize the analysis of explanation offered by Hempel and Oppenheim in their 'Studies in the Logic of Explanation'. These criticisms are shown to be related to the fact that Hempel and Oppenheim's analysis fails to satisfy simultaneously three newly proposed criteria of adequacy for any analysis of explanation. A new analysis is proposed which satisfies these criteria and thus is immune to the criticisms brought against the earlier (...)
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  31. Hempel and Oppenheim on Explanation.Rolf Eberle, David Kaplan & Richard Montague - 1961 - Philosophy of Science 28 (4):418-428.
    Hempel and Oppenheim, in their paper 'The Logic of Explanation', have offered an analysis of the notion of scientific explanation. The present paper advances considerations in the light of which their analysis seems inadequate. In particular, several theorems are proved with roughly the following content: between almost any theory and almost any singular sentence, certain relations of explainability hold.
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  32. How to Read Technology Critically.David M. Kaplan - 2009 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Evan Selinger & Søren Riis (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Technology. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  33. The Philosophy of Food.David M. Kaplan (ed.) - 2012 - University of California Press.
    This book explores food from a philosophical perspective, bringing together sixteen leading philosophers to consider the most basic questions about food: What is it exactly? What should we eat? How do we know it is safe? How should food be distributed? What is good food? David M. Kaplan’s erudite and informative introduction grounds the discussion, showing how philosophers since Plato have taken up questions about food, diet, agriculture, and animals. However, until recently, few have considered food a standard subject for (...)
     
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  34. Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic Los Angeles 1971.David Kaplan - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):581-592.
  35.  6
    Ricoeur's Critical Theory.David M. Kaplan - 2003 - State University of New York Press.
    The first book-length treatment of Paul Ricoeur's conception of philosophy as critical theory.
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  36.  32
    Saul A. Kripke, Semantical Analysis of Modal Logic I. Normal Modal Propositional Calculi. [REVIEW]David Kaplan - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (1):120-122.
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  37.  44
    Symposium on W. Wu, "Against Division".Wayne Wu, David M. Kaplan, Pete Mandik & Thomas Schenk - 2014 - Mind and Language Symposia at the Brains Blog.
  38. Thoughts on Demonstratives.David Kaplan - 1990 - In Palle Yourgrau (ed.), Demonstratives. Oxford University Press. pp. 34-49.
     
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  39.  58
    Readings in the Philosophy of Technology.David M. Kaplan (ed.) - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Readings in the Philosophy of Technology is a collection of the important works of both the forerunners of philosophy of technology and contemporary theorists, addressing a full range of topics on technology as it relates to ethics, politics, human nautre, computers, science, and the environment.
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  40.  30
    Homage to Rudolf Carnap.Herbert Feigl, Carl G. Hempel, Richard C. Jeffrey, W. V. Quine, A. Shimony, Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Herbert G. Bohnert, Robert S. Cohen, Charles Hartshorne, David Kaplan, Charles Morris, Maria Reichenbach & Wolfgang Stegmüller - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:XI-LXVI.
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  41.  32
    Topographic Organization in the Brain: Searching for General Principles.Gaurav H. Patel, David M. Kaplan & Lawrence H. Snyder - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (7):351-363.
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  42.  36
    What's Wrong with Artificial Additives?David M. Kaplan - 2013 - The Philosophers' Magazine 61 (61):87-93.
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    Responsible, Inclusive Innovation and the Nano-Divide.Doris Schroeder, Sally Dalton-Brown, Benjamin Schrempf & David Kaplan - 2016 - NanoEthics 10 (2):177-188.
    Policy makers from around the world are trying to emulate successful innovation systems in order to support economic growth. At the same time, innovation governance systems are being put in place to ensure a better integration of stakeholder views into the research and development process. In Europe, one of the most prominent and newly emerging governance frameworks is called Responsible Research and Innovation. This article aims to substantiate the following points: The concept of RRI and the concept of justice can (...)
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    What's Wrong With Genetically Modified Food?David M. Kaplan - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (Supplement):69-80.
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  45. The Mexican Marketplace Then and Now.David E. Kaplan - 1965 - In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship. pp. 80--94.
     
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  46.  42
    Perception and Cognition: Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology.David Michael Kaplan - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):463-468.
    Philosophical Psychology, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-6, Ahead of Print.
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  47.  54
    Paul Ricoeur and the Nazis.David M. Kaplan - 2007 - Research in Phenomenology 37 (2):219-236.
    Richard Wolin questions the connection between the philosophy and politics of Paul Ricoeur to make three charges: 1) Ricoeur's version of hermeneutics slides into a relativism of incommensurable perspectives; 2) Ricoeur's "covert agenda" in his recent work, Memory, History, Forgetting is to come to terms with the regrettable choices he made in his youth; 3) Ricoeur left us a written record of his pro-Vichy sympathies that raise questions about the political implications of hermeneutics. Each claim is, however, far from true. (...)
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    Review: John R. Searle, Russell's Objections to Frege's Theory of Sense and Reference. [REVIEW]David Kaplan - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (1):142-143.
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  49.  37
    What's Wrong with Functional Foods?David M. Kaplan - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):177-187.
    A “functional food” is a food-based product that provides a demonstrable physiological benefit beyond its dietary or nutritional value. This class of foods for specific health uses are designed to assist in the prevention or treatment of disease, or to enhance and improve human capacities. They include products like vitamin-fortified grains, energy bars, low-fat or low-sodium foods, and sports drinks. Three sets of concerns about functional foods deserve attention. 1) Their health benefits are greatly exaggerated and, in many cases, non-existent; (...)
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    A Registration Problem for Functional Fingerprinting.David M. Kaplan & Carl F. Craver - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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