Results for 'Kara A. Johnson'

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  1.  14
    Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Optogenetics, Ethical Issues Affecting DBS Research, Neuromodulatory Approaches for Depression, Adaptive Neurostimulation, and Emerging DBS Technologies.Vinata Vedam-Mai, Karl Deisseroth, James Giordano, Gabriel Lazaro-Munoz, Winston Chiong, Nanthia Suthana, Jean-Philippe Langevin, Jay Gill, Wayne Goodman, Nicole R. Provenza, Casey H. Halpern, Rajat S. Shivacharan, Tricia N. Cunningham, Sameer A. Sheth, Nader Pouratian, Katherine W. Scangos, Helen S. Mayberg, Andreas Horn, Kara A. Johnson, Christopher R. Butson, Ro’ee Gilron, Coralie de Hemptinne, Robert Wilt, Maria Yaroshinsky, Simon Little, Philip Starr, Greg Worrell, Prasad Shirvalkar, Edward Chang, Jens Volkmann, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Andrea A. Kühn, Luming Li, Matthew Johnson, Kevin J. Otto, Robert Raike, Steve Goetz, Chengyuan Wu, Peter Silburn, Binith Cheeran, Yagna J. Pathak, Mahsa Malekmohammadi, Aysegul Gunduz, Joshua K. Wong, Stephanie Cernera, Aparna Wagle Shukla, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Wissam Deeb, Addie Patterson, Kelly D. Foote & Michael S. Okun - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    We estimate that 208,000 deep brain stimulation devices have been implanted to address neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders worldwide. DBS Think Tank presenters pooled data and determined that DBS expanded in its scope and has been applied to multiple brain disorders in an effort to modulate neural circuitry. The DBS Think Tank was founded in 2012 providing a space where clinicians, engineers, researchers from industry and academia discuss current and emerging DBS technologies and logistical and ethical issues facing the field. The (...)
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  2.  6
    Mindfulness as a Buffer of Leaders’ Self-Rated Behavioral Responses to Emotional Exhaustion: A Dual Process Model of Self-Regulation.Megan M. Walsh & Kara A. Arnold - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  3.  52
    Issue-Contingent Effects on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW]Mark A. Davis, Nancy Brown Johnson & Douglas G. Ohmer - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):373-389.
    This experiment examined the effects of three elements comprising Jones' (1991) moral intensity construct, (social consensus, personal proximity, and magnitude of consequences) in a cross-cultural comparison of ethical decision making within a human resource management (HRM) context. Results indicated social consensus had the most potent effect on judgments of moral concern and judgments of immorality. An analysis of American, Eastern European, and Indonesian responses also indicted socio-cultural differences were moderated by the type of HRM ethical issue. In addition, individual differences (...)
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  4.  10
    A Model Theory of Modal Reasoning.Victoria A. Bell & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 1998 - Cognitive Science 22 (1):25-51.
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  5.  11
    A Model Theory of Modal Reasoning.Victoria A. Bell & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 1998 - Cognitive Science 22 (1):25-51.
    This paper presents a new theory of modal reasoning, i.e. reasoning about what may or may not be the case, and what must or must not be the case. It postulates that individuals construct models of the premises in which they make explicit only what is true. A conclusion is possible if it holds in at least one model, whereas it is necessary if it holds in all the models. The theory makes three predictions, which are corroborated experimentally. First, conclusions (...)
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  6.  41
    Conflict, Metacognition, and Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson & Stephen C. Johnson - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):215-244.
    One hundred and three participants solved conflict and non-conflict versions of four reasoning tasks using a two-response procedure: a base rate task, a causal reasoning task, a denominator neglect task, and a categorical syllogisms task. Participants were asked to give their first, intuitive answer, to make a Feeling of Rightness judgment, and then were given as much time as needed to rethink their answer. They also completed a standardized measure of IQ and the actively open-minded thinking questionnaire. The FORs of (...)
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  7. Women Making Art: Women in the Visual, Literary, and Performing Arts Since 1960.Deborah J. Johnson & Wendy Oliver - 2001 - Peter Lang Publishing.
    "This important interdisciplinary book is a unique and timely contribution to the field of women in the arts. Each chapter is devoted to a single artist and a single ground-breaking work that altered the course of its art form in a full array of genres, including dance, music, installation, photography, architecture, poetry, literature, theater, film, performance art, and popular culture. These discussions are preceded by a comprehensive introduction to art by women over the past century that sets the artists who (...)
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  8.  36
    Ties That Unwind: Dynamism in Integrative Social Contracts Theory1.Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):283-302.
    Social contract theory offers a powerful method and metaphor for the study of organizational ethics. This paper considers the variant of the social contract that has arguably gained the most attention among business ethicists: integrative social contracts theory or ISCT [Donaldson and Dunfee: 1999, Ties That Bind (Harvard Business School Press, Boston)]. A core precept of ISCT - that consent to membership in an organization entails obligations to follow the norms of that organization, subject to the moral minimums of basic (...)
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  9.  35
    Visual Statistical Learning in Infancy: Evidence for a Domain General Learning Mechanism.Natasha Z. Kirkham, Jonathan A. Slemmer & Scott P. Johnson - 2002 - Cognition 83 (2):B35-B42.
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  10.  9
    Memory Constraints on Infants' Cross-Situational Statistical Learning.Haley A. Vlach & Scott P. Johnson - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):375-382.
  11.  9
    Habitual Reappraisal in Context: Peer Victimisation Moderates its Association with Physiological Reactivity to Social Stress.Kara A. Christensen, Amelia Aldao, Margaret A. Sheridan & Katie A. McLaughlin - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (2).
  12.  13
    Social Anxiety and Difficulty Disengaging Threat: Evidence From Eye-Tracking.Casey A. Schofield, Ashley L. Johnson, Albrecht W. Inhoff & Meredith E. Coles - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (2):300-311.
  13.  37
    Addressing Within-Role Conflicts of Interest in Surgery.Wendy A. Rogers & Jane Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (2):219-225.
    In this paper we argue that surgeons face a particular kind of within-role conflict of interests, related to innovation. Within-role conflicts occur when the conflicting interests are both legitimate goals of professional activity. Innovation is an integral part of surgical practice but can create within-role conflicts of interest when innovation compromises patient care in various ways, such as by extending indications for innovative procedures or by failures of informed consent. The standard remedies for conflicts of interest are transparency and recusal, (...)
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  14.  11
    Ethics of Population-Based Research.Holly A. Taylor & Summer Johnson - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (2):295-299.
    This paper considers the morally relevant ways in which population-based research is a distinct type of human subjects research that have unique moral considerations relevant for public health practitioners and researchers. By defining population-based research, the authors distinguish it from public health practice and then consider, in more detail, the ways in which population-based research differs from clinical human subjects research. Based upon the distinctions between these types of research and practice, they identify five important issues that arise in the (...)
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  15.  6
    A Demonstration of Parity Non-Conservation in Β-Decay.M. A. Grace, C. E. Johnson, R. G. Scurlock & C. V. Sowter - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (20):1050-1053.
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  16.  6
    Ethics of Population-Based Research.Holly A. Taylor & Summer Johnson - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (2):295-299.
    Multiple scholars and institutions have asked what distinguishes public health research from public health practice. Most often, they ask in order to have a clear definition of what one does in various public health settings to assess oversight and/or regulation of human subjects research. More importantly, however, whether something is considered public health research or public health practice has real ethical implications in terms of the general moral considerations at stake and the obligations of public health researchers/practitioners to the populations (...)
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  17.  4
    Aging and Source Monitoring: Cognitive Processes and Neuropsychological Correlates.Linda A. Henkel, Marcia K. Johnson & Doreen M. De Leonardis - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (3):251-268.
  18.  2
    Postmodern Existential Sociology.Joseph A. Kotarba & John M. Johnson - 2002 - Altamira Press.
    Third version of a long-standing textbook that examines the self in everyday life. Visit our website for sample chapters!
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  19.  31
    Hartshorne's Arguments Against Empirical Evidence for Necessary Existence: An Evaluation: GALEN A. JOHNSON.Galen A. Johnson - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (2):175-187.
    Is experiential evidence irrelevant to acceptance or rejection of belief in the existence of a Divine Being? Charles Hartshorne answers that it is indeed irrelevant, and this answer has an initial and, for me, continuing surprising ring to it. Specifically, Hartshorne makes two distinguishable claims: the traditional allegedly a posteriori arguments, the teleological and cosmological, are in fact incompatible with empiricist methodology and are disguised ontological arguments; the conception of God as necessary being demands that belief in such a being's (...)
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  20.  19
    Elizabeth A. Johnson, Ask the Beasts: Darwin and the God of Love.Michael J. Murray - 2016 - Journal of Analytic Theology 4:440-446.
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  21. The Changing Shape of English Nonconformity, 1825-1925.Dale A. Johnson - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This book addresses several dimensions of the transformation of English Nonconformity over the course of an important century in its history. It begins with the question of education for ministry, considering the activities undertaken by four major evangelical traditions to establish theological colleges for this purpose, and then takes up the complex three-way relationship of ministry/churches/colleges that evolved from these activities. As author Dale Johnson illustrates, this evolution came to have significant implications for the Nonconformist engagement with its message (...)
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  22.  20
    A Family Affair: A Case of Altruism or Aggrandizement? [REVIEW]David P. Boyd, Jay A. Halfond, Peder C. Johnson & Timm L. Kainen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (1):157-161.
    The case recounts an incident of theft at a CEOs home during a company party. The rogue may well be an employee, and the CEO considers his options: should he let the matter pass and preserve the good will generated by the party, or should he stand on principle and engage the issue frontally? Three commentators provide perspective on an optimal response. They consider whether the CEOs true intent is to show appreciation or showcase opulence. In addition, the aberrant behavior (...)
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  23.  12
    Wayfinding on Foot From Information in Retinal, Not Optical, Flow.James E. Cutting, Ken Springer, Paul A. Braren & Scott H. Johnson - 1992 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 121 (1):41-72.
  24.  29
    Resurrection and Reality in the Thought of Wolfhart Pannenberg.C. S. J. Elizabeth A. Johnson - 1983 - Heythrop Journal 24 (1):1–18.
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  25.  34
    A Hybrid Rule-Induction/Likelihood-Ratio Based Approach for Predicting Protein-Protein Interactions.Mudassar Iqbal, Alex A. Freitas & Colin G. Johnson - 2009 - In L. Magnani (ed.), Computational Intelligence. pp. 623--637.
    We propose a new hybrid data mining method for predicting protein-protein interactions combining Likelihood-Ratio with rule induction algorithms. In essence, the new method consists of using a rule induction algorithm to discover rules representing partitions of the data, and then the discovered rules are interpreted as “bins” which are used to compute likelihood ratios. This new method is applied to the prediction of protein-protein interactions in the Saccharomyces Cerevisiae genome, using predictive genomic features in an integrated scheme. The results show (...)
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  26.  9
    Oliver A. Johnson, 1923-2000.Carl F. Cranor - 2001 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 75 (2):116 - 118.
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  27.  5
    On the Invariance and Conservation Laws of Differential Equations.A. H. Kara - 2021 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 76 (1):89-95.
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  28.  15
    Galen A. Johnson , The Retrieval of the Beautiful: Thinking Through Merleau-Ponty's Aesthetics . Reviewed By.Dylan Trigg - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (4):282-284.
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  29.  11
    Christology's Impact on the Doctrine of God.C. S. J. Elizabeth A. Johnson - 1985 - Heythrop Journal 26 (2):143–163.
  30.  68
    A Unified Framework for Addiction: Vulnerabilities in the Decision Process.A. David Redish, Steve Jensen & Adam Johnson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):415-437.
    The understanding of decision-making systems has come together in recent years to form a unified theory of decision-making in the mammalian brain as arising from multiple, interacting systems (a planning system, a habit system, and a situation-recognition system). This unified decision-making system has multiple potential access points through which it can be driven to make maladaptive choices, particularly choices that entail seeking of certain drugs or behaviors. We identify 10 key vulnerabilities in the system: (1) moving away from homeostasis, (2) (...)
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  31.  5
    The Influence of Sexual Orientation on the Perceived Fit of Male Applicants for Both Male- and Female-Typed Jobs.Heather M. Clarke & Kara A. Arnold - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  32.  8
    A Provisional Survey of Materials for the Study of Neglected Languages.Ernest Bender, Birgit A. Bliss, Dora E. Johnson & William W. Gage - 1971 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 91 (4):568.
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  33. Greek Philosophers, by G. A. Johnson[REVIEW]A. W. Benn - 1914 - Ethics 25:552.
     
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  34.  12
    Toward a Moral Approach to Megan's Law.William A. Babcock & Michelle Johnson - 1999 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 14 (3):133-145.
    With most states now making sex offender registration information available to the public, journalists must balance their obligation to inform the public about potential dangers with respect for individuals' rights. This article examines the problems journalists face in truth telling and minimizing harm and offers suggestions for covering community notification. At minimum, we suggest journalists verify the accuracy of information received from police, make independent judgments about whether or not publication of sex offender registration information is warranted, and provide background (...)
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  35.  47
    Unintended Changes in Cognition, Mood, and Behavior Arising From Cell-Based Interventions for Neurological Conditions: Ethical Challenges.P. S. Duggan, A. W. Siegel, D. M. Blass, H. Bok, J. T. Coyle, R. Faden, J. Finkel, J. D. Gearhart, H. T. Greely, A. Hillis, A. Hoke, R. Johnson, M. Johnston, J. Kahn, D. Kerr & P. King - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):31-36.
    The prospect of using cell-based interventions to treat neurological conditions raises several important ethical and policy questions. In this target article, we focus on issues related to the unique constellation of traits that characterize CBIs targeted at the central nervous system. In particular, there is at least a theoretical prospect that these cells will alter the recipients' cognition, mood, and behavior—brain functions that are central to our concept of the self. The potential for such changes, although perhaps remote, is cause (...)
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  36.  29
    A Unified Framework for Addiction: Vulnerabilities in the Decision Process.Adam Johnson A. David Redish, Steve Jensen - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):415.
    The understanding of decision-making systems has come together in recent years to form a unified theory of decision-making in the mammalian brain as arising from multiple, interacting systems (a planning system, a habit system, and a situation-recognition system). This unified decision-making system has multiple potential access points through which it can be driven to make maladaptive choices, particularly choices that entail seeking of certain drugs or behaviors. We identify 10 key vulnerabilities in the system: (1) moving away from homeostasis, (2) (...)
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  37.  56
    Reasoning From Double Conditionals: The Effects of Logical Structure and Believability.Carlos Santamaria, Juan A. Garcia-Madruga & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (2):97-122.
    We report three experimental studies of reasoning with double conditionals, i.e. problems based on premises of the form: If A then B. If B then C. where A, B, and C, describe everyday events. We manipulated both the logical structure of the problems, using all four possible arrangements (or “figures” of their constituents, A, B, and C, and the believability of the two salient conditional conclusions that might follow from them, i.e. If A then C, or If C then A. (...)
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  38.  8
    Premium-Priced, Branded Generic Pharmaceuticals in Emerging Economies.Thomas A. Hemphill & Scott D. Johnson - 2020 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 39 (3):287-317.
    Is it socially responsible to price at a premium, company branded generic pharmaceuticals in emerging economies? Building toward an answer to this question, the study first describes the role of the branded generic sector in the economic success of the global pharmaceutical industry. Second, the concept of “shared value,” i.e., the link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility, is introduced and applied to the global pharmaceutical industry’s position on marketing generic pharmaceuticals. Third, an empirical evaluation ascertains whether there is (...)
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  39.  42
    Conditionals: A Theory of Meaning, Pragmatics, and Inference.Philip Johnson-Laird & Ruth M. J. Byrne - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (4):646-678.
    The authors outline a theory of conditionals of the form If A then C and If A then possibly C. The 2 sorts of conditional have separate core meanings that refer to sets of possibilities. Knowledge, pragmatics, and semantics can modulate these meanings. Modulation can add information about temporal and other relations between antecedent and consequent. It can also prevent the construction of possibilities to yield 10 distinct sets of possibilities to which conditionals can refer. The mental representation of a (...)
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  40.  35
    The John H. Scheide Biblical Papyri: Ezekiel.James A. Montgomery, Allan C. Johnson, H. S. Gehman & Edmund H. Kase - 1939 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 59 (2):262.
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  41.  7
    Traveler or Fugitive?A New Reading of Nikolai Karamzin’s Letters of a Russian Traveler.Alexei A. Kara-Murza - 2017 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 55 (6):410-421.
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  42.  12
    The Commons Debates of 1628Commons Debates.J. G. A. Pocock, Robert C. Johnson, Mary Frear Keeler, Maija Jansson Cole & William B. Bidwell - 1978 - Journal of the History of Ideas 39 (2):329.
  43. Lost Thoughts: Implicit Semantic Interference Impairs Reflective Access to Currently Active Information.Julie A. Higgins & Marcia K. Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):6.
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  44.  6
    Some Thoughts on the Interaction Between Perception and Reflection.Julie A. Higgins & Marcia K. Johnson - 2012 - In Jeremy M. Wolfe & Lynn C. Robertson (eds.), From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman. Oxford University Press. pp. 390.
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  45.  6
    Book Reviews : Galen A. Johnson, Earth and Sky, History and Philosophy: Island Images Inspired by Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. Peter Lang, New York, 1989. Pp. Xvi, 210, $37.00 (Cloth. [REVIEW]Kerry H. Whiteside - 1992 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):271-275.
  46.  74
    Denial of the Synthetic "A Priori".Oliver A. Johnson - 1960 - Philosophy 35 (134):255 - 264.
    In his essay “Logical Empiricism”, in the anthology Twentieth Century Philosophy, Professor Feigl writes: “All forms of empiricism agree in repudiating the existence of synthetic a priori knowledge.” Schlick makes the same point even more forcibly: “The empiricism which I represent believes itself to be clear on the point that, as a matter of principle, all propositions are either synthetic a posteriori or tautologous; synthetic a priori propositions seem to it to be a logical impossibility.” The denial of synthetic a (...)
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  47.  28
    A ten-Year Follow-Up of a Study of Memory for the Attack of September 11, 2001: Flashbulb Memories and Memories for Flashbulb Events. [REVIEW]William Hirst, Elizabeth A. Phelps, Robert Meksin, Chandan J. Vaidya, Marcia K. Johnson, Karen J. Mitchell, Randy L. Buckner, Andrew E. Budson, John D. E. Gabrieli, Cindy Lustig, Mara Mather, Kevin N. Ochsner, Daniel Schacter, Jon S. Simons, Keith B. Lyle, Alexandru F. Cuc & Andreas Olsson - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (3):604-623.
  48.  8
    Electrical Responses of the Human Retina.Lorrin A. Riggs & E. Parker Johnson - 1949 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (4):415.
  49.  11
    Improving Geriatric Transitional Care Through Inter‐Professional Care Teams.Lynn A. Blewett, Kelli Johnson, Teresa McCarthy, Thomas Lackner & Barbara Brandt - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (1):57-63.
  50.  17
    Understanding for Hire.Daniel A. Wilkenfeld & Christa M. Johnson - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (3):389-405.
    In this paper, we will explore one way in which understanding can—and, we will argue, should—be valuable. We will do this by drawing on what has been said about the different ways knowledge can be valuable. Our main contribution will be to identify one heretofore undiscussed way knowledge could be valuable, but isn’t—specifically, having value to someone other than the understander. We suggest that it is a desideratum on an account of understanding that understanding have the specified type of value; (...)
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