Results for 'Kara Hanson'

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  1. Disability-Adjusted Life Years: A Critical Review.Sudhir Anand & Kara Hanson - 2006 - In Sudhir Anand, Fabienne Peter & Amartya Sen (eds.), Public Health, Ethics, and Equity. Oxford University Press.
     
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  2.  22
    The Hanson-Hughes Debate on “The Crack of a Future Dawn.”.Robin Hanson - 2007 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 16 (1):99-126.
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  3. In Memory of Norwood Russell Hanson Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1964-1966.R. S. Cohen, Norwood Russell Hanson & Marx W. Wartofsky - 1967 - Reidel.
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  4. Beyond the Edge of Certainty Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy [by] Norwood Russell Hanson [and Others]. --.Robert Garland Colodny & Norwood Russell Hanson - 1965 - Prentice-Hall.
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  5.  3
    Perception and Discovery: An Introduction to Scientific Inquiry.Norwood Russell Hanson - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    We have been discussing some of the fundamental features of the classical calculus of probability. The equiprobability of rival events was seen to be a major assumption of the calculus. Moreover, it is an assumption which the pure mathematician need not bother to justify. He need only present his formal system as follows.
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  6.  2
    Hanson's Gambling Save Science?: Reply.Robin Hanson - 1995 - Social Epistemology 9 (1):45-45.
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  7. " Traktat o rzeczach następujących po sobie", przypisywany Williamowi Ockhamowi, część pierwsza:" Traktat o ruchu"/z jęz łac. tł. Marcin Karaś. [REVIEW]Marcin Karaś & William Ockham - 2007 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 52.
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  8. " Traktat o rzeczach następujących po sobie", przypisywany Williamowi Ockhamowi, część trzecia:" Traktat o czasie"/z jęz. łac. tł. Marcin Karaś. [REVIEW]Marcin Karaś & William Ockham - 2006 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 50.
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  9. Traktat o rzeczach następujących po sobie, przypisywany Williamowi Ockhamowi: część druga: Traktat o miejscu/z jęz. łac. tł. Marcin Karas. [REVIEW]Marcin Karas & William Ockham - 2008 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 53.
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  10.  40
    Kierkegaard and the Life of Faith: The Aesthetic, the Ethical, and the Religious in Fear and Trembling.Jeffrey Hanson - 2017 - Indiana University Press.
    Soren Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling is one of the most widely read works of Continental philosophy and the philosophy of religion. While several commentaries and critical editions exist, Jeffrey Hanson offers a distinctive approach to this crucial text. Hanson gives equal weight and attention to all three of Kierkegaard’s "problems," dealing with Fear and Trembling as part of the entire corpus of Kierkegaard's production and putting all parts into relation with each other. Additionally, he offers a distinctive analysis (...)
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  11. The Concept of Logical Consequence.William H. Hanson - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (3):365-409.
    In the first section, I consider what several logicians say informally about the notion of logical consequence. There is significant variation among these accounts, they are sometimes poorly explained, and some of them are clearly at odds with the usual technical definition. In the second section, I first argue that a certain kind of informal account—one that includes elements of necessity, generality, and apriority—is approximately correct. Next I refine this account and consider several important questions about it, including the appropriate (...)
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  12.  60
    Artistic Value is Attributive Goodness.Louise Hanson - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 75 (4):415-427.
    It is common to distinguish between attributive and predicative goodness. There are good reasons to think that artistic value is a kind of attributive goodness. Surprisingly, however, much debate in philosophical aesthetics has proceeded as though artistic value is a kind of predicative goodness. As I shall argue, recognising that artistic value is attributive goodness has important consequences for a number of debates in aesthetics.
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  13.  27
    Aronszajn Trees, Square Principles, and Stationary Reflection.Chris Lambie-Hanson - 2017 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 63 (3-4):265-281.
    We investigate questions involving Aronszajn trees, square principles, and stationary reflection. We first consider two strengthenings of math formula introduced by Brodsky and Rinot for the purpose of constructing κ-Souslin trees. Answering a question of Rinot, we prove that the weaker of these strengthenings is compatible with stationary reflection at κ but the stronger is not. We then prove that, if μ is a singular cardinal, math formula implies the existence of a special math formula-tree with a cf-ascent path, thus (...)
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  14. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science in Memory of Norwood Russell Hanson Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1964-1966.Norwood Russell Hanson, R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky - 1967
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  15.  10
    The Concept of Logical Consequence.William H. Hanson - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (3):365-409.
    In the first section, I consider what several logicians say informally about the notion of logical consequence. There is significant variation among these accounts, they are sometimes poorly explained, and some of them are clearly at odds with the usual technical definition. In the second section, I first argue that a certain kind of informal account—one that includes elements of necessity, generality, and apriority—is approximately correct. Next I refine this account and consider several important questions about it, including the appropriate (...)
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  16.  84
    Beyond the Skin Bag: On the Moral Responsibility of Extended Agencies.F. Allan Hanson - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (1):91-99.
    The growing prominence of computers in contemporary life, often seemingly with minds of their own, invites rethinking the question of moral responsibility. If the moral responsibility for an act lies with the subject that carried it out, it follows that different concepts of the subject generate different views of moral responsibility. Some recent theorists have argued that actions are produced by composite, fluid subjects understood as extended agencies (cyborgs, actor networks). This view of the subject contrasts with methodological individualism: the (...)
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  17.  93
    Avicenna and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Kara Richardson - 2014 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (4):743-768.
    The term “principle of sufficient reason” was coined by Leibniz, and he is often regarded as its paradigmatic proponent. But as Leibniz himself often insisted, he was by no means the first philosopher to appeal to the idea that everything must have a reason. Histories of the principle attribute versions of it to various ancient authors. A few of these studies include—or at least do not exclude—medieval philosophers; one finds the PSR in Abelard, another finds it in Aquinas. And while (...)
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  18. The Reality of (Non‐Aesthetic) Artistic Value.Louise Hanson - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):492-508.
    It has become increasingly common for philosophers to make use of the concept of artistic value, and, further, to distinguish artistic value from aesthetic value. In a recent paper, ‘The Myth of (Non-Aesthetic) Artistic Value’, Dominic Lopes takes issue with this, presenting a kind of corrective to current philosophical practice regarding the use of the concept of artistic value. Here I am concerned to defend current practice against Lopes's attack. I argue that there is some unclarity as to what aspect (...)
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  19.  12
    From Pauses to Clauses: Prosody Facilitates Learning of Syntactic Constituency.Kara Hawthorne & LouAnn Gerken - 2014 - Cognition 133 (2):420-428.
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  20. Patterns of Discovery: An Inquiry Into the Conceptual Foundations of Science.Norwood Russell Hanson - 1958 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this 1958 book, Professor Hanson turns to an equally important but comparatively neglected subject, the philosophical aspects of research and discovery.
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  21.  13
    Avicenna and Aquinas on Form and Generation.Kara Richardson - 2011 - In Dag Nikolaus Hasse & Amos Bertolacci (eds.), The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna's Metaphysics. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 251-274.
  22. Electrophysiology Reveals Semantic Memory Use in Language Comprehension.Marta Kutas & Kara D. Federmeier - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):463-470.
  23.  34
    Teaching Health Care Ethics: Why We Should Teach Nursing and Medical Students Together.Stephen Hanson - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (2):167-176.
    This article argues that teaching medical and nursing students health care ethics in an interdisciplinary setting is beneficial for them. Doing so produces an education that is theoretically more consistent with the goals of health care ethics, can help to reduce moral stress and burnout, and can improve patient care. Based on a literature review, theoretical arguments and individual observation, this article will show that the benefits of interdisciplinary education, specifically in ethics, outweigh the difficulties many schools may have in (...)
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  24. When Worlds Collide: Quantum Probability From Observer Selection? [REVIEW]Robin Hanson - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (7):1129-1150.
    In Everett's many worlds interpretation, quantum measurements are considered to be decoherence events. If so, then inexact decoherence may allow large worlds to mangle the memory of observers in small worlds, creating a cutoff in observable world size. Smaller world are mangled and so not observed. If this cutoff is much closer to the median measure size than to the median world size, the distribution of outcomes seen in unmangled worlds follows the Born rule. Thus deviations from exact decoherence can (...)
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  25.  18
    Normative Social Role Concepts in Early Childhood.Emily Foster‐Hanson & Marjorie Rhodes - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (8).
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  26.  6
    Knaster and Friends II: The C-Sequence Number.Chris Lambie-Hanson & Assaf Rinot - 2020 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 21 (1):2150002.
    Motivated by a characterization of weakly compact cardinals due to Todorcevic, we introduce a new cardinal characteristic, the C-sequence number, which can be seen as a measure of the compactness of a regular uncountable cardinal. We prove a number of ZFC and independence results about the C-sequence number and its relationship with large cardinals, stationary reflection, and square principles. We then introduce and study the more general C-sequence spectrum and uncover some tight connections between the C-sequence spectrum and the strong (...)
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  27.  72
    Shall We Vote on Values, But Bet on Beliefs?Robin Hanson - 2013 - Journal of Political Philosophy 21 (2):151-178.
    Policy disputes arise at all scales of governance: in clubs, non-profits, firms, nations, and alliances of nations. Both the means and ends of policy are disputed. While many, perhaps most, policy disputes arise from conflicting ends, important disputes also arise from differing beliefs on how to achieve shared ends. In fact, according to many experts in economics and development, governments often choose policies that are “inefficient” in the sense that most everyone could expect to gain from other feasible policies. Many (...)
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  28.  11
    Hippocrates. On Head Wounds. Edited and Translated with Commentaries by, Maury Hanson. 130 Pp., Bibl., Index. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1999. [REVIEW]Ann Ellis Hanson - 2002 - Isis 93 (4):685-686.
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  29.  24
    The Doctor's Dilemma: Paternalisms in the Medicolegal History of Assisted Reproduction and Abortion.Kara W. Swanson - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):312-325.
    This article analyzes the comparative history of the law and practice of abortion and assisted reproduction in the United States to consider the interplay between medical paternalism and legal paternalism. It supplements existing critiques of paternalism as harmful to women's equality with the medical perspective, as revealed through the writings of Alan F. Guttmacher, to consider when legal regulation might be warranted.
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  30.  47
    Causation in Arabic and Islamic Thought.Kara Richardson - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  31. Tiered Neuroscience and Mental Health Professional Development in Liberia Improves Teacher Self-Efficacy, Self-Responsibility, and Motivation.Kara Brick, Janice L. Cooper, Leona Mason, Sangay Faeflen, Josiah Monmia & Janet M. Dubinsky - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    After acquiring knowledge of the neuroscience of learning, memory, stress and emotions, teachers incorporate more cognitive engagement and student-centered practices into their lessons. However, the role understanding neuroscience plays in teachers own affective and motivational competencies has not yet been investigated. The goal of this study was to investigate how learning neuroscience effected teachers’ self-efficacy, beliefs in their ability to teach effectively, self-responsibility and other components of teacher motivation. A pilot training-of-trainers program was designed and delivered in Liberia combining basic (...)
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  32.  76
    Logarithmic Market Scoring Rules for Modular Combinatorial Information Aggregation.Robin Hanson - unknown
    In practice, scoring rules elicit good probability estimates from individuals, while betting markets elicit good consensus estimates from groups. Market scoring rules combine these features, eliciting estimates from individuals or groups, with groups costing no more than individuals. Regarding a bet on one event given another event, only logarithmic versions preserve the probability of the given event. Logarithmic versions also preserve the conditional probabilities of other events, and so preserve conditional independence relations. Given logarithmic rules that elicit relative probabilities of (...)
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  33. Formal Causality: Giving Being by Constituting and Completing.Kara Richardson - 2015 - In Jakob Leth Fink (ed.), Suárez on Aristotelian Causality. Brill. pp. 64-83.
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  34.  3
    Kara Keeling (2019) Queer Times, Black Futures.William Brown - 2020 - Film-Philosophy 24 (3):379-382.
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  35.  16
    Squares and Covering Matrices.Chris Lambie-Hanson - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (2):673-694.
    Viale introduced covering matrices in his proof that SCH follows from PFA. In the course of the proof and subsequent work with Sharon, he isolated two reflection principles, CP and S, which, under certain circumstances, are satisfied by all covering matrices of a certain shape. Using square sequences, we construct covering matrices for which CP and S fail. This leads naturally to an investigation of square principles intermediate between □κ and □ for a regular cardinal κ. We provide a detailed (...)
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  36.  37
    So You Want to Do an Online Study: Ethics Considerations and Lessons Learned.Kara Emery - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (4):293-303.
    The use of the Internet in conducting psychological research has become increasingly common over the past few decades, as Internet access has become more widespread. Although web-based work has a number of benefits, including lower cost, easy access to large samples, and strict standardization of administration, the limitations must also be considered. Among these limitations are the ethics concerns related to conducting psychological research online. These concerns include limitations in maintaining confidentiality, conducting thorough informed consent, and conducting valid assessment. Particular (...)
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  37.  63
    Avicenna's Conception of the Efficient Cause.Kara Richardson - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):220 - 239.
    The concept of efficient causation originates with Aristotle, who states that the types of cause include ‘the primary source of the change or rest’. For Medieval Aristotelians, the scope of efficient causality includes creative acts. The Islamic philosopher Avicenna is an important contributor to this conceptual change. In his Metaphysics, Avicenna defines the efficient cause or agent as that which gives being to something distinct from itself. As previous studies of Avicenna's ‘metaphysical’ conception of the efficient cause attest, it takes (...)
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  38.  8
    Squares, Ascent Paths, and Chain Conditions.Chris Lambie-Hanson & Philipp Lücke - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (4):1512-1538.
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  39.  69
    Conceptual Art and the Acquaintance Principle.Louise Hanson - 2015 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (3):247-258.
    The Acquaintance Principle has been the subject of extensive debate in philosophical aesthetics. In one of the most recent developments, it has become popular to claim that some works of conceptual art are counterexamples to it. It is further claimed that this is a genuinely new problem in the sense that it is a problem even for versions of the Acquaintance Principle modified to deal with previous objections. I argue that this is essentially correct; however, the claim as it stands (...)
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  40.  23
    The Perspective of an IRB Member.Stephen S. Hanson - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):25-27.
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  41.  19
    Bakara/184. Ayeti̇n Meâli̇ Üzeri̇nden Hüseyi̇n Kazim Kadri̇’Ni̇n Nûru’L‐Beyân’Ina Bi̇r Bakiş.Osman Kara Kara - 2014 - Sakarya Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 16 (29).
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  42.  20
    The Opinions and Experiences of Irish Obstetric and Gynaecology Trainee Doctors in Relation to Abortion Services in Ireland.Kara Aitken, Paul Patek & Mark E. Murphy - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (11):778-783.
    Introduction The provision of abortion services in the Republic of Ireland is legally restricted. Recent legislation that has been implemented allows for abortion if there is a real and substantial risk to the woman's life, but in general Irish women must travel abroad for abortion services. The aims of this study were to investigate the clinical experiences of Irish obstetric non-consultant hospital doctors that work in this environment and to assess their attitudes towards termination of pregnancy. Methods We conducted an (...)
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  43.  42
    The Formal-Structural View of Logical Consequence: A Reply to Gila Sher.William H. Hanson - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (2):243-258.
    In a recent discussion article in this journal, Gila Sher responds to some of my criticisms of her work on what she calls the formal-structural account of logical consequence. In the present paper I reply and attempt to advance the discussion in a constructive way. Unfortunately, Sher seems to have not fully understood my 1997. Several of the defenses she mounts in her 2001 are aimed at views I do not hold and did not advance in my 1997. Most prominent (...)
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  44.  25
    And Say the Cat Responded? Getting Closer to the Feline Gaze.Kara White - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (1):93-104.
    Within the field of multispecies ethnography, a lingering question remains regarding how we can understand the nonhuman side of the human–nonhuman encounter. Many authors have ventured into this topic on a theoretical level, but none have proposed an effective methodological approach for how to achieve their goals. After examining the pitfalls experienced when acting as a volunteer at an animal shelter, I propose that in order to get closer to the feline gaze, we must first utilize an understanding of a (...)
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  45.  4
    Despair as a Threat to Meaning: Kierkegaard’s Challenge to Objectivist Theories.Jeffrey Hanson - 2021 - Philosophies 6 (92):92.
    The question of meaning in life has enjoyed renewed attention in analytic discourse over the last few decades. Despite the apparently “existential” quality of this topic, existential philosophy has had little impact on this re-energized conversation. This paper draws on Kierkegaard’s _The Sickness unto Death_ in order to challenge the objectivist theory of meaning in life. According to that theory, a meaningful life is one replete with objective goods. Kierkegaard, however, exposits four forms of the spiritual sickness he calls despair (...)
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  46.  23
    Kara, Siddharth. Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery: New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2009. [REVIEW]Noam Perry - 2011 - Human Rights Review 12 (3):401-403.
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  47.  25
    The Formal-Structural View of Logical Consequence: A Reply to Gila Sher.William H. Hanson - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (2):243-258.
    In a recent discussion article in this journal, Gila Sher responds to some of my criticisms of her work on what she calls the formal-structural account of logical consequence. In the present paper I reply and attempt to advance the discussion in a constructive way. Unfortunately, Sher seems to have not fully understood my 1997. Several of the defenses she mounts in her 2001 are aimed at views I do not hold and did not advance in my 1997. Most prominent (...)
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  48. Two Arguments for Natural Teleology From Avicenna’s Shifā’.Kara Richardson - 2015 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 32 (2):123-140.
     
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  49.  17
    The Logic of Scientific Discovery.Patterns of Discovery.Karl R. Popper & Norwood R. Hanson - 1960 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (2):266-268.
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  50. A Grounded Approach to the Study of Complex Systems.Kara Vander Linden - 2006 - World Futures 62 (7):491 – 497.
    The complex and dynamic nature of systems pose a particular challenge to researchers and require the use of a research methodology designed to deal with such systems. The properties of fit, relevance, understandability, generality, control, workability, generalizability, and modifiability make Glaserian grounded theory and grounded action particularly well suited for studying systems. These methods are innovative, systemic, and sophisticated enough to reveal the underlying complexities of systems and plan actions that address their complex, dynamic nature while remaining grounded in what (...)
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